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EXAM 1 FINAL (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Muscular control in an infant birth to four months begins with: the head and neck begins with the shoulders begins with the hands and feet begins with the torso Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Newborns'movements are: carefully organized reflexive coordinated identical for each newborn Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Most newborns sleep: 10-12 hours a day 12-14 hours a day 14 to 17 hours a day 16-18 hours a day Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) The newborn is able to focus: 8 to 14 inches 10-12 inches 6-8 inches 9 inches Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) The newborn's basic style of behavior which emerges during the first four months is known as: basic personality personality style sensory threshold temperament Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) The most important strategy a caregiver can utilize for emotional development of a three month old infant is: utilizing the 3 A's moving the infant around frequently. rocking the infant to sleep. allowing the infant to cry for short periods of time each day. Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) According to Piaget's theory of Cognitive Development, a newborn spends the majority of his first 4 months in which stage? Concrete Operational Stage Formal Operational Stage Preoperational State Sensorimotor Stage Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Sitting when propped or in a high chair and beginning to sit alone are physical development milestones for an infant ages three to six months four to eight months newborn to four months it varies from infant to infant Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) _____________ involves reaching, grasping and releasing. Locomotion Object permanence Manipulation Eye hand coordination Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) People whom the infant does not know or does know but does not often see may cause the infant to experience fear known as: stranger anxiety. separation anxiety. avoident attachment. attachment disorder. Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) The stage of language development when the infant plays with speech sounds is known as: Cooing Telegraphic speech Babbling Baby talk Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) The develpmental age when an infant recognizes self in mirror, seeks independence and actions and plays self-designed games is: birth to 4 months four months to 8 months eight to twelve months none of the above, development is purely individual. Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Providing a quiet space and time for a 4 to 8 month old infant is a caregiver strategy to foster which area of development? Social Development Physical Development Cognitive Development Emotional Development Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Labeling and describing objects for a 4 to 8 month old is a developmental strategy in language helping infants develop: lexical words. grammatical words. babbling object permanence Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Which of the following is an example of fine motor control? crawling throwing a ball banging on a drum picking up a Cheerios off of a table Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) The establishment of object permanence is a major developmental milestone of this age range: birth to four months four to eight months eight to twelve months twelve months to eighteen months Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) A language development accomplishment that occurs from ages eight to twelve months is: connects words with objects makes sounds like conversation repeats words over and over all of the above Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Which of the folloing is not a characteristic of a caregiver or teacher of toddlers? organized and imaginative provides a highly structured environment that requires the same of each child. consistent, gentle, yet firm eaasily amused Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) What types of materials would be appropriate for a twelve to eighteen month old? rhythm instruments rattles, sound toys pull toys, push toys, puppets writing material Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) What is considered a major development for toddlers age 12-18 months? walking writing socializing playing Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) According to Erikson, the major emotional developmental stage that a toddler must resolve is called: Trust vs. Mistrust Industry vs. Inferiority Autonomy vs. Shame and Douby Happy vs. Sad Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Temper tantrums can become a developmental issue for toddlers age 12 to 18 months because: they may have been spoiled. they are insecure because their basic needs have not been met. they lack the skills to regulated their strong emotions such as anger and frustration. there is insufficient staffing in the child care center. Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Egocentrism is: wanting to play alone. not wanting to share seeing the world from your own point of view or perspective. wanting to be independent Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) When a toddler refers to anything round as a ball, he is demonstrating overgeneralization overregularization babbling telegrapic speech Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) A toddler's, age 12 to 18 months, reaction to change is influenced greatly by his: language development cognitive skills temperament none of the above Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Playing near but not with other children is known as: solitary play egocentrism parallel play creative play Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) ______________ is children's representation of objects or feelings or ideas. solitary play parallel play symbolic play creative play Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) When a toddler shows a preference for being left handed, the caregiver should allow the child to develop and maintain the handedness that is most comfortable. always guide the child to use their right hand. conference with the parents to determine which preference they have for handedness. recommend a neurological evaluation to assess for potential learning difficulties. Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) Language development for a eighteen to 24 month old toddler includes: Using 2 or 3 word sentences following one and two step directions using language to express needs and desires all of the above Question 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 3.33 points) _____________ and ____________ are two behaviors that may appear in a toddler age 18 to 24 months. having an imaginary friend and sharing saying no and frequent crying biting and aggression stranger anxiety and insomnia YOU MUST CHECK THE BOX BELOW PRIOR TO SUBMITTING YOUR EXAM! Check this box to indicate you are ready to submit your exam Current course: Related Help Center Topics Taking Exams Proctored Exams Question Types This Educator Session is being encrypted for security Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Infant and toddler curriculum is a course of study based on goals and prerequisites goals and dreams goals and philosophy goals and objectives Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The majority of people place children in child care because child care is safer than their home parents need leisure time parents need to go to work parents dont like being parents Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) One function of designing a curriculum for child care is so that parents can contribute to the decisions on the curriculum parents dont need to be involved in planning activities for their children parents get a discount for being at meetings none of the above Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following exemplifies a cultural expectation from the past that may cause conflicts in family decision making? The parent should stay home with an infant or newborn Child care is a great way to raise children Parents can work and still be effective and loving Parents are always successful at being parents Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Programs such as SEEDSeeking Educational Equity and Diversity represent stepping stones to the formal education system create partnerships with parents for progressive change prepare teachers to welcome and respond to student sensitivity in race and gender issues all of the above Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A major influence in curriculum for home based care is how many children the caregiver has how much physical space there is to work with whether or not it looks just like the toddlers home all of the above Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) In 1976, the Education of All Handicapped Children Act was passed, which eliminated bias against children with special needs established that all children with special needs were to get their own school entitled children with special needs to appropriate public education regardless of the nature of their needs none of the above Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The three main of structures the human brain, according to Drs. Paul and Gail Dennison are the cerebellum, cerebrum, and brain stem the frontal lobe, rear lobe, and gray matter the brain stem and the left and right hemispheres none of the above Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Sign language has been used successfully with lab animals autistic and Downs syndrome children. alcoholic patients none of the above Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) In designing curriculum, the purpose for providing child care should include and address the needs of the children, parents, and caregivers the owner, children, and parents the owner, caregivers, and staff none of the above Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A checklist of a functional area of the center should include the following objectives: safe, colorful, textured safe, healthy, stimulating learning environment safe, attractive, color coordinated none of the above Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) One great routine that serves the health of the caregiver and the child is washing hands before and after meals brushing teeth after meals changing diapers time-outs Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The most appropriate consequences for learning appropriate behavior are only those that are logical only those that are role modeled. punitive natural and logical Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The four areas of development on the Developmental Profile are physical, emotional, social, cognitive physical, emotional, social, psychological physical, emotional, cognitive, financial none of the above Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which are appropriate examples of materials for home-made toys? thin string, thread, buttons yarn, fabric, plastic paint, glue, scissors none of the above Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) In general, the order of muscle control in a childs physical development is head to toe toe to head belly to toe toe to belly Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A newborn baby focuses best on objects at which distance? 2 to 4 inches 8 to 14 inches 1 to 2 feet 5 to 10 feet Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Newborn babies can hear sound before they are born within two months after birth within six weeks after birth as soon as they are born Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Babies may fail to grow normally if they are not watched played with touched none of the above Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) When infants play with speech sounds, this is referred to as bubbling chanting babbling cooing Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) If an object is taken away from an infant between four and eight months, the infant will only search for it visually search for it visually and manually search for it manually not follow it Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) By the age of six months, the infant can do all but the following: drink from a cup hold his or her own bottle use a spoon competently wave Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) An infant will roll from stomach to back as soon as he or she is born between four and five months by one year by two years Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) During the five- to seven-month period, infants may demonstrate anxiety at being separated from the parent and the primary caregiver being separated from their siblings being separated from children their own age none of the above Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) When talking with an infant from four to eight months, it is a good idea to place yourself so the infant can see you call the infants name aloud make speaking and singing sounds all of the above Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Infants at the age of 8 to 12 months can use their thumb and fingers to pinch and grasp their hands to write letters their hands to play high five none of the above Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Arm and hand movements in 8 to 12 month old infants include stroking an object instead of just pinching it passing a toy from hand to hand holding their own bottle all of the above Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) To develop a concept of object permanence, the caregiver could ignore the toy to distract the toddler place objects in a particular shape point out the color of each object play hiding games with the toy Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The 3 As, developed by L. Douville-Watson, are short for Attention, Affection and Approval A, B, C's Aim, Action, and Attitudes Awareness, Alternates, and Action Question 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Piagets stage 5 of his ages and stages theory is for toddlers ages 12 to 18 months. This stage is appropriately named exportation experimentation rebellion independence Question 31 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) One perfect toy for a toddler from 12 to 18 months is a hairbrush a rattle a pail with objects to put in and take out a pair of scissors Question 32 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) When toddlers sleep times change from two to one nap a day, it is a good idea to keep them up all day to go to bed earlier at night keep nap time to a 15 minute catnap adjust eating and nap schedule so toddlers dont miss out on lunch let them sleep as long as they want Question 33 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Tantrums that are manipulative for toddlers to get negative attention should be dealt with the following way: Scream louder than they are and yell Stop! Ignore the behavior and speak to them when they have stopped Call the parents right away none of the above Question 34 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) The term parallel play refers to toddlers playing with children who are older than they are playing next to but not with each other playing on a see-saw standing next to one another Question 35 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) By the age of two a toddlers vocabulary has increased to 5 words 10 words 25 words 50 words Question 36 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Toddlers can climb out of their crib around the age of 12 months 18 months 24 months 36 months Question 37 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) To manage aggressive and antisocial behavior in a toddler, the caregiver should temporarily withdraw the 3 As and focus on positive behaviors in other children call the parents restrain the toddler none of the above Question 38 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) When it comes to toys, toddlers from 18 to 24 months share and share alike only share with their best pals generally have difficulty sharing only parallel play Question 39 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Toddler can do which of the following locomotive skills at 24 months old? walking running jumping all of the above Question 40 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Finger, hand, and wrist movements in toddlers from 24 to 30 months can only grasp and release can be coordinated with vision do not utilize the thumb and forefinger have gross motor ability only Question 41 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which is the best toy for a 24 to 30 month old toddler. pencil and paper pull toy a "feely" box for texture exploration a mobile Question 42 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) By 30 months, behaviorally toddlers will: interact with each other, but will fight over possessions rather than participate cooperatively only play next to each other, but not with each other consistently cooperate together in group activities only cooperate with friends and family Question 43 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Many children between 24 and 30 months are entering Piagets preoperational stage called perceptive preconceptual conceptual premeditative Question 44 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Attribution in language development means to give a specific adjective to the object being focused on to speak fondly of an object to give a name to the object to throw the object Question 45 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) By the time toddlers reach 30 months, their vocabulary will contain one to 50 words 50 to 100 words 100 to 200 words 200 to 300 words Question 46 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Toddlers who regress and pretend in play that they are a baby do so perhaps because they are remembering from their past development they may have a new sibling they are experiencing separation anxiety all of the above Question 47 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) With regard to feelings, toddlers from 30 to 36 months only have a concern about their own feelings are just beginning to understand that others have feelings are extremely empathetic are altruistic and selfless Question 48 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Toddlers from 30 to 36 months can understand time words that include sentences with now, soon, before, after clock time like at three oclock phrases such as no time like the present none of the above Question 49 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) ____ is the foundation of writing. Reading Eye tracking Scribbling Throwing Question 50 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) When toddlers see the world from their own point of view or perspective they are being __________________. emotionally controlled solitary stubborn egocentric ... View Full Document

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