Chapter 11
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Chapter 11

Course: PSYCH 101, Fall 2010

School: Diablo Valley College

Word Count: 559

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1. According to Freud, this part of the personality contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that strives to satisfy the basic sexual and aggressive drives. A. B. C. D. the id the superego the ego the phallic Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: A 2. According to Freud, fixation refers to a difficulty in the process of: A. B. C. D. hypnosis. psychosexual development. free association....

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According 1. to Freud, this part of the personality contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that strives to satisfy the basic sexual and aggressive drives. A. B. C. D. the id the superego the ego the phallic Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: A 2. According to Freud, fixation refers to a difficulty in the process of: A. B. C. D. hypnosis. psychosexual development. free association. projective testing. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: B 3. Freud suggested that there are three interacting systems that can explain the dynamics of the human mind. These three systems refer to: A. B. C. the id, the ego, and the superego. the oral, the anal, and the phallic. the unconscious, the preconscious, and the collective D. conscious. repression, identification, and fixation. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: A 4. The humanistic perspective of personality: A. B. C. D. emphasizes the growth potential of "healthy" individuals. emphasizes the driving force of unconscious motivations in personality. describes personality in terms of scores on various personality scales. emphasizes the importance of interaction with the environment in shaping personality. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: A 5. In promoting personality growth, the person-centered perspective emphasizes everything EXCEPT: A. B. C. D. empathy. altruism. genuineness. acceptance. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: B 6. According to Abraham Maslow, people are motivated by: A. B. C. D. instincts. drive reduction. a hierarchy of needs. optimal arousal. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: C 7. According to Hans and Sybil Eysenck, the individual variation that is apparent across people can be reduced to several dimensions, including which of the following? A. B. C. D. collectivism-individualism conformity-individualism adaptation-habituation extraversion-introversion Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: D 8. One of the Big Five personality factors is: A. agreeableness. B. C. D. psychoanalysis. self-actualization. reciprocal determinism. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Response: Your A 9. The Big Five personality factors include: A. B. C. D. conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, and selfactualization. conscientiousness, disagreeableness, neuroticism, openness, and extraversion. conscientiousness, disagreeableness, neuroticism, openness, and intraversion. conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, and extraversion. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: D 10. The _____________ perspective emphasizes that personality is the result of interactions between people and their situations. The way one thinks about a situation affects one's behavior. A. B. C. D. psychoanalytic social-cognitive trait humanistic Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: B 11. Anxious people tend to be on the lookout for potentially threatening events; that is, they perceive the world as threatening. Their personalities shape how they interpret and react to events. This is known as: A. B. C. D. reciprocal determinism. self-actualization. unconditional positive regard. social facilitation. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: A 12. Albert Bandura's social-cognitive perspective highlights the importance of: A. B. C. D. reciprocal determinism. free association. self-actualization. factor analysis. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: A 13. People are more likely to perceive themselves favorably. This is known as: A. B. C. D. the self-reference phenomenon. a self-serving bias. reciprocal determinism. the spotlight effect. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: B 14. Defensive self-esteem is to _____________ as secure self-esteem is to: A. B. C. D. moisture; dryness. the self-serving bias; learned helplessness. the Rorschach; the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT). fragility; sturdiness. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: D 15. People overestimate the degree to which others are noticing and evaluating their appearance, performance, and blunders. Gilovich termed this: A. B. C. D. the spotlight effect. the false consensus effect. unrealistic optimism. reciprocal determinism. Correct Points Earned: 1/1 Your Response: A

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