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Figurative Language 1: Metaphors and Metonyms Metaphor--a word that literally means one thing is applied to a distinctly different kind of thing--metaphor functions on the principal of substitution, transformation, transcendence Metonymy--the literal term for one thing is applied to another with which it is closely associated--metonymy functions on the principle of similarity, contiguity, context Metaphors my love is a red, red rose words with short wings the storm of his sorrows the leg of the table (dead metaphor) the heart of the matter (dead metaphor) time flies (dead metaphor) she girdled the globe (catachrestical metaphor) she cracked open like a flower that had just bloomed (mixed metaphor) Metonyms The pen is mightier than the sword crown land justice speaks in many tongues ten hands worked at the mill (synecdoche) metaphoric axis (vertical) metonymic axis (horizontal) Roman Jakobsons Metaphoric and Metonymic Poles of Language Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Time (1931) Pablo Picasso, Three Musicians (1921) Maus II, pg . 43 Maus II , pg. 41 Mouse Head as Visual Metaphor Mouse Mask as Visual Metonym Definitions Metaphor: the term for one thing is applied to a distinctly different kind of thing Metonym: the term for one thing is applied to another thing with which it is closely associated... View Full Document

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