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1 Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Body Temperature Regulation Matching Questions Figure 24.1 Using Figure 24.1, match the following: 1) Ten-step enzymatically driven process that converts glucose into pyruvic acid. Answer: A Diff: 2 Page Ref: 922; Fig. 24.5 2) Occurs via substrate-level phosphorylation. Answer: D Diff: 2 Page Ref: 922; Fig. 24.5 3) Produces the CO 2 involved during glucose oxidation. Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 922; Fig. 24.5 4) Where the hydrogens removed during the oxidation of food fuels are combined with O 2 . Answer: C Diff: 3 Page Ref: 922; Fig. 24.5 2 Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. 5) Contains ATP synthases, small rotary motors. Answer: C Diff: 3 Page Ref: 922 6) ATP formed by oxidative phosphorylation. Answer: E Diff: 2 Page Ref: 922 7) Involves sugar activation, sugar cleavage, and oxidation and ATP formation. Answer: A Diff: 2 Page Ref: 922; Fig. 24.5 Match the following: A) Glycolysis B) Krebs cycle and electron transport chain C) Krebs cycle and electron transport chain. 8) Glucose serves as the initial reactant. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 923-924 9) Involves the removal of hydrogen electrons and CO 2 from the substrate molecule. Diff: 3 Page Ref: 924-928 10) Occurs in the cytosol of a cell. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 923-924 11) Produces the most ATP Diff: 1 Page Ref: 924-928 12) Involves the use of oxygen to pick up excess hydrogen and electrons. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 924-928 Answers: 8) A 9) B 10) A 11) C 12) B 3 Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Match the following: A) glycogenesis B) glycogenolysis C) glycolysis D) gluconeogenesis 13) Breakdown of glycogen to release glucose. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 930; Tbl. 24.4 14) Formation of glucose from proteins or fats. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 930; Tbl. 24.4 15) Storage of glucose in the form of glycogen. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 929; Tbl. 24.4 16) Breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 923; Tbl. 24.4 Answers: 13) B 14) D 15) A 16) C Match the following: A) lipolysis B) beta oxidation C) lipogenesis D) ketogenesis 17) Synthesis of lipids from glucose or amino acids. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 931; Tbl. 24.4 18) Splitting of triglycerides into glycerol and fatty acids. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 931; Tbl. 24.4 19) Conversion of fatty acids into acetyl groups. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 931; Tbl. 24.4 20) Formation of ketone bodies. Diff: 1 Page Ref: 932; Tbl. 24.4 Answers: 17) C 18) A 19) B 20) D 4 Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. True/False Questions 1) Beta oxidation is the initial phase of fatty acid oxidation, and it occurs in the cytoplasm. Answer: FALSE Diff: 2 Page Ref: 931 2) The increased use of noncarbohydrate molecules for energy to conserve glucose is called glucose sparing. ... View Full Document

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