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Baroque Period (1600-1750) Listening Bridge Listen to the two excerpts below and compare what you hear. What is the performance medium of each piece? What is the language of the text in each piece? Which has a stronger pulse? What is the texture of each piece? Which piece has stronger cadences? In which piece are all voices equally important? Canzonette d'Amore Claudio Monteverdi Born: 1567 Died: 1643 Period: Late Renaissance/Early Baroque Country: Italy Ein' Feste Burg ist unser Gott ( A Mighty Fortress is Our God ) Johann Sebastian Bach Born: Eisenach, 21 March 1685 Died: Leipzig, 28 July 1750 Period: Late Baroque Country: Germany Ein' Feste Burg exemplifies many of the changes that occurred in music between 1600 and 1750the time period known in music as the Baroque. Listening Prelude As you listen to the music, consider the following questions. Which instruments perform this piece? What is the texture of the piece? Does the bass line play an important role? Are there decorations ( trills and other ornaments ) on the melody? Are the rhythm patterns simple or complex? Is the pulse consistent? Are there dynamic changes? Johann Sebastian Bach Air from Suite No. 3 in D major BWV 1068 Johann Sebastian Bach Born: Eisenach, 21 March 1685 Died: Leipzig, 28 July 1750 Period: Late Baroque Country: Germany Baroque Period (1600-1750) General Background The years between 1600 and 1750 were full of contradiction, change and conflict in Europe. The future would be shaped by the far-reaching consequences of war. These conflicts mainly pitted the northern countries (Belgium, Germany, England and Sweden) against the Catholic kingdoms of the south (France, Spain and Austria), and they served to further accentuate the pre-existing cultural differences between Northern and Southern Europe. However, tremendous scientific, philosophical and artistic accomplishments that constitute the practical foundation of modern civilization flourished side by side with continual warfare, political instability and a religious fervor that bordered on fanaticism. Some of the most significant events of this period include: The Scientific Revolution : The separation of science and philosophy from religious dogma led to the establishment of a scientific method of inquiry. Science and mathematics influenced nearly every aspect of life. The Catholic Counter-Reformation : In response to the Protestant Reformation, an outpouring of exuberant sculpture, architecture, painting, and music to promulgate and support the power and doctrine of the Papacy in Rome and the Catholic Church took place. The Jesuit order led the Counter-Reformation campaign.... View Full Document

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