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Francesca 1 Mainiero MUS 106 Section 1 Extra Credit: Chapter 4 1. Describe the changes in recording technology in the 1920s. Mainiero Before the technological advances of recording in the 1920s, records were made using an acoustical process. This was a way of recording music without electricity by capturing the vibrations that the musicians played in front of a large horn and carved the vibration grooves into a disc. During the 1920s, the microphone came about, which allowed artists to record music using an electrical process. The use of microphones helped to enhance the sound quality of recordings and multiple microphones where later used for even more sound improvement. 2. Name the ways in which Louis Armstrongs Hot Five and Hot Seven recordings had an impact on the evolution jazz. Louis Armstrong and his band revolutionized the way in which jazz was performed. For instance, each band member had their chance to solo throughout the songs. Also, Louis Armstrong was the first to begin playing his horn in the upper register, which gave a whole new sound to the world of jazz. Also, the incorporation of scat singing into their recordings was a whole new idea for jazz artists. 3. Describe how the Chicago Style is different from the New Orleans Style, not only in the music itself, but the circumstances surrounding its creation. Chicago Style was different from New Orleans style even in its musicians. For instance, New Orleans jazz artists were normally black or Creole, while Chicago Style jazz was being played by young, middle-class white artists. Unlike New Orleans Style, Chicago style began incorporating the saxophone into its songs. Another difference, is Chicago Styles emphasis on soloing one at a time rather than simultaneously. 4. Describe the club scene in Chicago in the 1920s. The club scene in Chicago was extremely vast, with hundreds of clubs, speakeasies, and cabarets huddled in central locations such as the Black Belt in the south side and Clark Street in the North. Many of these locations encouraged black and white customers together and were hidden away in alleyways. Clubs in Chicago were known for their music varieties, illegal drinking, and crime. Crime was common with the involvement of the Chicago mob running a majority of these nightlife establishments. 2 5. Describe how the classic blues singers were different than the country blues singers, in their music and the circumstances, environments, etc. The classic blues portrayed the musicians expressions of tragedy and hard times and were normally sung by black female artists. These singers normally had prior entertainment of experience some sort and the songs were performed on a 12-bar form. Country blues singers were normally male singers who played the guitar and performed on street corners and small nightclubs. 6. Describe the differences between the styles of Louis Armstrong and Bix Bedierbecke. Bix self-taught himself the cornet and developed a bell-like tone, which was quite different from the clear, attention-grabbing style of Louis Armstrong. Bix played in ballrooms and orchestras, opposed to Louis Armstrongs playing in a band. 7. How and why did organized crime have an impact on the jazz world in the 1920s? Organized crime was had a large influence on the jazz world in Chicago in the 1920s. The Chicago mob controlled the clubs in both the north and the south side. Without the clubs the musical nightlife would not have expanded as it did. These clubs offered jazz artists the opportunities to play for larger audiences, but also involved them in the middle of many police raids due to illegal alcohol sales. 8. Describe the role that W.C. Handy played in American music in the early 1920s. W.C. Handy was coined as the Father of the Blues. He first heard the blues performed at a train station and because he was a trained college bandleader, he was able to be the first to produce and publish these blues songs as sheet music. His published sheet music sparked the popularity of the blues. 9. Describe how the music of the Red Hot Peppers and the King Olivers Creole Jazz Band differed in sound and performance. Unlike King Olivers Creole Jazz Band, Jelly Roll Mortons Red Hot Peppers were known for their extensive rehearsals before recording. His strategically planed out recordings and use of the multi-microphone recording process allowed him to offer a taste of the soon to come swing era stylings of jazz music. King Olivers Creole Jazz Band, on the other hand, focused on collective improvisation rather than pre-recording rehearsals. 3 Mainiero 10. In what ways did Louis Armstrong influence jazz and American popular music? Louis Armstrong was extremely influential with his variety of musical techniques (fast tonguing, bending notes, slurring, etc.). He was also considered the first vocal interpreter of jazz music, which made him influential in both jazz and all popular American music. His vocal skills set the stage for many up and coming artists of various genres (Frank Sinatra, Billie Holiday, and Bing Crosby). Louis Armstrong was highly skilled in his instrumental and vocal stylings and ideas, which served to influence the jazz community as well as all other musical genres to come. ... View Full Document

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