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Course: DSCI 205, Spring 2011
School: Saint Louis
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Word Count: 377

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2 Chapter Location i.e., where is the data located between (- infinity and plus infinity) Central Tendency (group data such as population)- the data tends to be located at a central value You can make it more precise, measured by: Mean (average, sigma (term) i.e. add, n above and i=1 on the bottom i ranges between 1 and n), median (lined up numerically, its the number in the middle), and mode (the number that...

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2 Chapter Location i.e., where is the data located between (- infinity and plus infinity) Central Tendency (group data such as population)- the data tends to be located at a central value You can make it more precise, measured by: Mean (average, sigma (term) i.e. add, n above and i=1 on the bottom i ranges between 1 and n), median (lined up numerically, its the number in the middle), and mode (the number that pops up most frequently), you can have two modes (bimodal) if there is a tie No matter if your looking at individual data or a group of data is located on the number scale Variation i.e. closely- centered or wide-spread? Its more useful to you if it is closelycentered data Variability or variation which is Measured by: Range (the upper boundary minus the lower boundary), variance (how much does the lower boundary vary from the mean value, subtract the mean from the lower boundary) , standard deviation (the difference between each value and the average) Probability Is what allows us to function in complicated a world Always expressed as decimals, NOT percentages 8 rules of probability Experiment Sample Space- an enumeration of all the possible outcomes in the experiment Event Read 868 Enumeration (list)- Toss 1 coin, 2 possible outcomes {H, T} a sample space; Toss 2 coins, {HH, HT, TT, TH} Tree Diagrams (on page 869), a dot (trial) 2 possible outcomes of the trial (H, T).. Better for more complex probabilities Primary Rules Rule #1 P(event)= number of ways event can occur / all possible outcomes {sample space} Rule #2 0 <= p(event) <= 1 Rule #3 Sum[p(all events)]= 1, sum of all the possible outcomes equals 1 Compound Event Rules Rule #4 (Union) OR Event A (heads) or Event B (tails) either (A U B) Rule #5 (Intersect) AND Event A (heads) and Event B (tails) both (A N B).. backwards U Rule #6 (Complement) NOT Ac p(A)+ p(Ac) = 1 Rule #7 (Mutually Exclusive) Either/or/not both p(A U B)= p (A) + p (B) Rule # 8 (Additive Rule) Not mutually exclusive p(A U B)=p (A) + p (B)- p (A N B)
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Saint Louis - DSCI - 205
Chapter 4 Random Variable- any single value occurs randomly, any event has the same probability of occurring as any other event. Everything has an equal chance of happening Distribution- recall location and variability. It is a way of describing what that
Saint Louis - DSCI - 205
DSCI-207 John Cook School of Business Saint Louis University CourseWalt GarrettEmail: Office: Office Hours:DS-417 Phone: 314-977-3841 M 2-3, W 2-6:30, or by appointmentDSCI-207 Introduction to Business Statistics (3 credit hours) Prerequisites: MATH-1
Saint Louis - DSCI - 205
DSCI-207 John Cook School of Business Saint Louis University CourseWalt GarrettEmail: Office: Office Hours:DS-417 Phone: 314-977-3841 M 2-3, W 2-6:30, or by appointmentDSCI-207 Introduction to Business Statistics (3 credit hours) Prerequisites: MATH-1
Saint Louis - DSCI - 205
Student ID Number _PRINT YOUR NAME _DSCI-207 Spring 2009Sample ExamInstructions: For multiple choice questions, circle the letter of the BEST answer. For paired choices (with a blank line), CHECK the line next to your choice. For short answer question
Saint Louis - DSCI - 205
DSCI-207-01/02Spring 2009Sample Mid-Term QuestionsThese questions were used in Fall 2008. They will give you an idea of the type of questions to expect.Instructions: For multiple choice questions, circle the letter of the BEST answer. For short answer
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
50 item multiple choices 4 item per question Module 6 and 11 are not on the test It is both vocabulary and how things work together, the concepts as a whole. It will be both from the book and the lecture. It will be broader main concepts. 1879, late 1800s
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Language American Sign Language is autonomous with its own rules of grammar. Left hemisphere handles sign language. A creo developed grammar from the children, correcting the pigeon language of their parents. Language is programmed into the brain
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
January 14, 2009 Introduction to the History and Science of Psychology (Module 1) Psychology- the scientific study of behavior (what we do) and mental processes (what we think), they are internal subjective experiences. Psychology has its roots in philoso
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 2 (Research Methods) Research Methods 1). Descriptive: provides descriptions of behavior, just observe her and describe her behavior. 2). Correlational: establishes the degree of relationship (correlation) between two characteristics, events, or be
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 9 Perception Perceptual errors- when we do not see things accurately, our brain interprets things incorrectly Example is the arch Gestalt Psychology- the whole is greater than the sum of its parts, the entire object is more than adding up all the
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 12Chemically Altered States of Consciousness Drugs and Addiction Psychoactive drugs- drugs that influence your mind alter moods perceptions and thoughts. Illicit drugs- drugs not used for medical purposes Two types of addiction (1) Physical drug d
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 13 Association Connect events that occur in sequence Behaviorism- study of behavior (how do individuals learn and directly observable behavior) Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov was the first behaviorist who was a Russian physiologist. He studied
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 14 Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning- interaction with environment, behavior is rewarded or punished Skinners Experiments Law of effect (shaping)- if you reward a behavior, it will occur again Shaping Successive approximations Types of rein
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 15 Cognitive Learning Latent learning- learning that occurs without reinforcement, but its almost unobservable without a reward. Insight- solution to a problem just pops into your mind, occur without reinforcement Observational learning- observe th
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Human Memory Module 16 Memory- the persistence of learning over timeThree different components of memory Encoding- getting information from the external world and putt it in Storage- keeping information there Retrieval- getting information out when you n
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 17 Remembering Measuring Memory Memory can be accessed in different ways Recall- spontaneously produce this information, fill in the blank tests are recall tests. Retrieval cues are hints that help people recall. For example if you have a fill in t
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 18 Forgetting Ebbinghams curve of forgetting had 3 random letters (LEJ, XIZ, YOF) to remember. He memorized syllables, then recalls them. He realized that recall drops sharply quickly and then levels off.Encoding Failure Doesnt get to short tem, l
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 19 Cognition- the process of thinking or using the information that we stored Concepts Mental groupings of similar objects, things, people, or events. Formal concepts- have strict guidelines, a set definition, like a classification system. A math c
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 21-22 Intelligence- mental quality influences our ability to learn from our experiences, our ability to solve problems, and our ability to adapt to our situation. A mental flexibility General Intelligence Psychologists originally thought that there
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 24-25 Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence Brain Development At birth most brain cells Connections between neurons leads to psychological development not the amount of brain cells Neurons not needed die, as the child develops the connections increas
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Mary Vo Mattingly PSY 101 Wednesday, March 04, 2009 Module 27: Motivation Examines the processes that initiate, direct &amp; sustain behavior Motives: internal state that energizes an individual to do a particular behavior going towards a particular outcome/b
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 30 Sexual Attitudes Gender differences- Men think about sex more often, exhibit higher interest in having sex, and more focused on physical aspect of sex. They have more permissive attitudes. This is a socialized things, the attitudes of men. Women
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 32 Stress Stress Positive and negative things can lead to stress, not just negative. This is because how stress is defined. It is a psychological or physiological reaction to some threat or challenge. It leads us to adjust, to deal with this partic
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Personality: Contemporary Perspectives Module 35 Positive aspects, growth- humanists o Humanism Abaraham Maslow o Self-actualization- where we are on the hierarchy of needs influences/determines our personality Carl Rogers o Person-centered perspective- f
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Measuring Personality Module 36 To measure extraversion the question may say I am outgoing; agree or disagree, etc. It is measured by object self report measures. Where does personality come from?Nature vs. Nurture Each of us has a unique personality. Wh
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Wednesday, April 15, 2009 Module 37: Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorders o Deviant: does not mean bad; different (from who?); e.g. stripping down naked &amp; walking around campus, but some primitive cultures its the norm; behavior different with
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Friday, April 17, 2009 Module 38: Anxiety &amp; Mood Disorders anxiety disorders = frequent, fearful thoughts about what might happen in the future mood disorders = disorders characterized by emotional extremes Phobias: o Most of the time people say they have
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Therapies Modules 40-41 Some disorders are more biologically based so trying to treat this type in a group setting probably will not work. Then there are Phobias which tend to be more socio cultural to have a group therapy. Psychotherapy Interactions betw
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Module 44 Social Influence Chameleon Effect The manner in which someone behaves unconsciously affects your behavior. We are natural mimics of other peoples behavior. When people went to the library there was someone else posing as a participant who is in
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Nervous SystemModule 4 History of the Mind/Brain Plato (mind is located in the brain) &amp; Aristotle (mind is located in the heart) The mind is a function of the brain Gall developed Phrenology (feeling somebodys head to figure out their personality) Neuron
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Personality: the Psychoanalytic Theories Personality The characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that distinguish one person from another Conscious What we are aware of at any given moment thoughts feelings, sensations, and memories Pre
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
1. Definemotivationdesiretodosomething 2. Defineinstinct.Rigidlypatternedsenseofbehavior 3. Instinctsareprimarilyseeninanimals.Whatdohumanshaveinrelationtoinstincts? Describethistheory.Biologicalforcesunderliesomehumanbehaviors.Drive reductiontheorysugges
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
PSY 101-05 and PSY 101-03 Spring 2009, Dr. Brent Mattingly Exam Two Study Guide 1) What is learning? 2) Define acquisition, generalization, and extinction. 3) How does classical conditioning work? 4) Who is Ivan Pavlov? 5) Who is Edward Thorndike and what
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Chris Graflage Psychology 101-03 Dr. Goldstone gave a talk relating to cognitive psychology. He focused his talk on complex systems, specifically collective behavior as a complex system. He gave a simple definition of a complex system as a system made up
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY: Spring 2009 PSY 101-03: MWF 11:00 11:50 PSY 101-05: MWF 10:00 10:50 Instructor: Dr. Brent Mattingly Office: Shannon Hall 011 Office Hours: TR 10:30 11:30, or by appointment Graduate TA: Erin Solomon Office: _ Office Hours: _ Email: mat
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
STUDY QUESTIONS AND DISCUSSION TOPICSINTRODUCTION 6-9Quiz 01 1. Explain the distinction between the historical Jesus and the Christ of Christian faith. 6 2. What are some recent answers to the question, Who really was Jesus? 6 3. How is Jesus pictured on
Saint Louis - PHILOSOPHY - 100
Form of the disputed question I say that response used to reply to objections
Saint Louis - PHILOSOPHY - 100
Ethics First Exam Study GuideDrefcinski, Craig and Moreland on Moral/Ethical Relativism 1.) Drefcinski differentiates between descriptive relativism and moral relativism (referred to by Craig and Moreland as ethical relativism and normative relativism, w
Saint Louis - PHILOSOPHY - 100
Jon Wells 4/29/10 Phil 105 Sec. 18 Being Good Without God As humans, we are raised and taught in our early years about things that are acceptable to do and things that are not suitable for human behavior. For example, as little kids we are taught to not p
Saint Louis - PHILOSOPHY - 100
Nicomachean Ethics II: Virtue and the Golden Meanformal definition of virtue. Aristotle first attempts to determine its genus (the general type to which it belongs). There are, he says, three kinds of condition present in the soul: 1. emotions (pathe, li
Saint Louis - PHILOSOPHY - 100
Aristotle-Nicomachean Ethics III Aristotle on Moral Responsibility Three way distinction: 1.) voluntary/intended (hekousios); 2.) involuntary/contrary to intention (akousion) 3.) non-voluntary/unintended (also hekousios - see III.1, 1110a4-b17). Aristotle
Saint Louis - PHILOSOPHY - 100
Second Exam Study Guide Platos Republic Book I 1.) What is the first definition offered for the concept in question, and what counterexample does Socrates provide against it? (331c-e). -Justice is telling the truth and paying ones debts. Socrates counter
Saint Louis - PHILOSOPHY - 100
Can one be good or ethical without god? Religions say; -Catholics think this is true that one can be good without special revelation by god -basic prohibitions in natural life such as intentionally killing another, stealing, and adultery are understood wi
Saint Louis - PHILOSOPHY - 100
Third Exam Study Guide *Aristotles Nicomachean Ethics Book I Virtue ethicist 1.) What is the ultimate good (also the ultimate telos or end) of human beings, according to their nature as a certain kind of creature? Explain the relationship of the ultimate
Saint Louis - PHILOSOPHY - 100
Augustines Theodicy As a Christian, Augustine believed that God was all-knowing (omniscient), all-powerful (omnipotent), and all-good (omnibenevolent), yet as early as the second century B.C., the philosopher Epicurus had raised the following objection to
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Chapter 1 -Thinking, memory, and attitude operate on two different levels (conscious and unconscious) the bigger part operates automatically and independent from the other -1st principle-you must not fool yourself; you are the easiest person to fool (Feyn
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
CH 5 Vocab Developmental Psychology-branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and social change throughout lifespan Zygote-the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo Embryo- developing huma
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Chapter 5 -Developmental psychology-examines how people are continually developing, physically, cognitively, and socially; from infancy to old age. -centers on 3 major issues; -Nature v. Nurture- how do genetic inheritance (our nature) and experience we r
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
CH 11 Vocab Motivation-a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior Instinct-a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned Drive-Reduction theory-the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension st
Saint Louis - PSYCH - 101
Jon Wells Psych 101-Kellogg 11/20/2010 Sleeps Role in Emotional Memories In a recent study done by two professors, Elizabeth Kensinger from Boston College University, and Jessica Payne from The University of Notre Dame, concluded that sleep plays a large
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Quote of DayThe only thing that interferes with my learning is my education. (Albert Einstein)Brief Overview of Solid EarthHierarchy of Features Universe =&gt; contains all the mass and energy Galaxy =&gt; collection of stars that rotate or expand around a c
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Quote of DayThe dictionary is the only place where success comes before work. (Mark Twain)http:/www.wow4u.com/work/What does a scientist do? or How is science done?This is what I do.1. I become interested in a phenomenon or problem By observing somet
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Quote of DayI know the price of success: dedication, hard work and an unremitting devotion to the things you want to see happen. (Frank Lloyd Wright)http:/www.artquotes.net/quotes4working.htmChapter 2Continental Drift and Plate TectonicsContinental D
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Quote of DayKeep away from people who try to belittle your ambitions. Small people always do that, but the really great make you feel that you, too, can become great.(Mark Twain)http:/www.famous-quotes-and-quotations.com/Chapter 2Continental Drift an
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Quote of Day&quot;If you enjoy what you do, you'll never work another day in your life.&quot; (Confucius)http:/www.wow4u.com/work/Chapter 2Continental Drift and Plate TectonicsDivergent plate boundaries 1) Divergent boundaries can be found in the oceans (most
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Quote of DayWhat we use in society is either extracted from the earth by mining/drilling/etc or grown.Chapter 3Matter and Minerals1. 2. 3. 4.An atom is the most elementary matter that can not be broken apart / separated by normal physical or chemical
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Quote of Day&quot;One reason I don't drink is that I want to know when I am having a good time.&quot; (Lady Astor)http:/www.basicjokes.com/quotes/index.php?cid=504Chapter 3Matter and Minerals14. Atoms joined together form molecules (e.g., NaCl, H2O). 15. A gro
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Quote of DayDiamonds are nothing more than chunks ofcoal that stuck to their job.(Malcolm Forbes)http:/en.thinkexist.com/search/quotation.asp?id=145787Chapter 3Buying a DiamondPurchasing a loose diamondTo make a good purchase of a loose diamond, y
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Quote of DayReputation is what other people know about you. Honor is what you know about yourself.(Lois Bujold)http:/www.quotationspage.com/subjects/honor/Chapter 4Igneous Rocks and Volcanismsubatomic particles (54) atoms / elements minerals / molec
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Quote of DayYou may melt your metals and cast them into the most beautiful moulds you can; they will never excite me like the forms which this molten earth flows out into.( Henry David Thoreau )http:/www.bartleby.com/66/97/60797.htmlChapter 5Volcanoe
Saint Louis - EAS - 101
Volcanic Hazards in the USSubduction of the oceanic lithosphere below Oregon and Washington are responsible for the volcanic activity.Mt St Helens (pre-eruption)April 27, 1980The bulgehttp:/vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Imgs/Jpg/MSH/Images/MSH80_bulge_on_north_