This preview has intentionally blurred parts. Sign up to view the full document

View Full Document

Unformatted Document Excerpt

Chapter 22 Descent with Modification: A Darwinian View of Life Multiple- Choice Questions 1) Catastrophism, meaning the regular occurrence of geological or meteorological disturbances (catastrophes), was Cuvier s attempt to explain the existence of A) evolution. B) the fossil record. C) uniformitarianism. D) the origin of new species. E) natural selection. Answer: B Topic: Concept 22.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 2) Which of the events described below agrees with the idea of catastrophism? A) The gradual uplift of the Himalayas by the collision of the Australian crustal plate with the Eurasian crustal plate B) The formation of the Grand Canyon by the Colorado River over millions of years C) The gradual deposition of sediments many kilometers thick on the floors of seas and oceans D) The sudden demise of the dinosaurs, and various other groups, by the impact of a large extraterrestrial body with Earth E) The development of the Galapagos Islands from underwater seamounts over millions of years Answer: D Topic: Concept 22.1 Skill: Application/Analysis 3) What was the prevailing notion prior to the time of Lyell and Darwin? A) Earth is a few thousand years old, and populations are unchanging. B) Earth is a few thousand years old, and populations gradually change. C) Earth is millions of years old, and populations rapidly change. D) Earth is millions of years old, and populations are unchanging. E) Earth is millions of years old, and populations gradually change. Answer: A Topic: Concept 22.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 4) During a study session about evolution, one of your fellow students remarks, The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; its offspring inherited longer necks as a result. Which statement is most likely to be helpful in correcting this student s misconception? A) Characteristics acquired during an organism s life are generally not passed on through genes. B) Spontaneous mutations can result in the appearance of new traits. C) Only favorable adaptations have survival value. D) Disuse of an organ may lead to its eventual disappearance. E) Overproduction of offspring leads to a struggle for survival. Answer: A Topic: Concept 22.1 Skill: Synthesis/Evaluation Page 1 5) Which group is composed entirely of individuals who maintained that species are fixed (i.e., unchanging)? A) Aristotle, Cuvier, and Lamarck B) Linnaeus, Cuvier, and Lamarck C) Lyell, Linnaeus, and Lamarck D) Aristotle, Linnaeus, and Cuvier E) Hutton, Lyell, and Darwin Answer: D Topic: Concept 22.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 6) In the mid- 1900s, the Soviet geneticist Lysenko believed that his winter wheat plants, exposed to ever- colder temperatures, would eventually give rise to ever more cold- tolerant winter wheat. Lysenko s attempts in this regard were most in agreement with the ideas of A) Cuvier.... View Full Document

End of Preview

Sign up now to access the rest of the document