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Concept FINA180 Map 1: Antiquity and Medieval Instructions: Fill in all the blanks and send to your facilitator. Students Name: Grade: Element: Antiquity to 500 AD (SAMPLE) [Student does not need to add content] Music pp. 58-60; 77-78 Pythagoras; early Greek musicians little is known Early Roman and Christian little is known Medieval (500-1400) (Student Completes all empty fields) PP 94-100 119-125 Gregorian Chant (c.540-1100) Guido of Arezzo (c. 997-1050) Abess Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1197) Bernart de Ventadom (l. 1150-1180) Peroti (c. 1150-1240) Major Musicians: Pitch & Melody: Melody was nearly always monophonic & vocal. Melodies stemmed directly from the highly ornamented and Near Jewish and Near Eastern Chants. Early monophonic vocal music. The simultaneous sounding o tones o different pitch or harmony. Chordal accompaniment. Harmony: Rhythm: Dynamics Monophonic unison chant Monophonic unison chant Polyphony (organum) Chants rhythms were derived from Latin Texts. Gregorian Chants, based on ecclesias5ical modes o scales. Form, Color, & Expressive Content: Determined by the poetic meter if the text & the melodic line rose and fell with the inflections of speech Probably a variety, depending on the instrument early organs were loud, but the lyre was soft. Loudness of voices was probably affected by text. Doctrine of Ethos strongly affected musical performance and understanding.; combination of poetry, music, and dancing. Praxiteles, was the foremost artist of the Golden Age. Lysippus, was a great sculptor of the fourth century. In sculpture, they used marble, stone, and bronze. In architecture, stone was the prominent material. In painting, panels, murals, frescoes, and pottery were some of the mediums used. In architecture, the line was the strongest and most powerful building for the gods and goddesses. In sculpture, it was surrounded by castings of the gods and goddesses. In painting, it was limited to scenes of animal and human forms. The liturgical texts dictated the choice of modes, formal organization and styles. Art, Architecture, Artists, Sculpture Major Sculptors, & Architects: Medium: Architects: monks and friars. Line: In sculpture, they used marble, stone, and bronze. In architecture, stone was the prominent material in the Gothic period there was use o stained glass windows. In painting, wood. In architecture, use of arches of great solidity and strengths, In sculpture, Romans recreated the human body as real as possible, in the Gothic period, the bodies implied body movement. In painting, church was the main focus., in the Gothic period more defined lines Space: Color: Expressive content, Style & Form: Relief sculpture, and sculpture in general was three dimensional with fascinating characteristics that were true to life. In architecture, columns, and the use of sculptures within the building gave great depth to the flat stone. In painting, it seems that they lacked the skill to be able to hone the techniques of multidimensional painting. In architecture, the color remained the same as the stone, or marble used to build, with the exception of color as an accessory in sculptures. In painting, various colors were used, but they seem to have limited themselves on the broad spectrum of colors. Style in architecture was in three orders: Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian. Expressive content was in the ornate sculptures and engravings within the various layers of the building. Sculptures of gods and goddesses depicted them in a naturalistic fashion. Molds formed were perfect in proportions of the human body. Sculpture was the tridimensional using the human body as model. In architecture, arches and the use of sculptures within buildings. In painting, there was no sense o space. The figures are not realistic in the Gothic period there was a little sense of movement. In Architecture, no bright colors, dark interiors. In painting, no much of color until the Gothic period there was the use of contrasting colors. Religious symbolism played a great part of all arts. In painting, no much o record until the Gothic period, in this period the paintings showed a little more expressive feelings. ... View Full Document

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