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9 Motivation and Emotion Key: Answer, Page, Type, Learning Objective, Level Type A=Applied C=Conceptual F=Factual Level (1)=Easy; (2)=Moderate; (3)=Difficult LO=Learning Objective SG=Used in Study Guide p=page MULTIPLE CHOICE Approaches to Understanding Motivation Learning Objective 9.1- What is motivation? 1. The process by which activities are started, directed, and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met is called _____________. a) motivation Correct. Motivation is defined as the process by which activities are started, directed, and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met. b) emotion Incorrect. The process by which activities are started, directed, and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met is called motivation. c) achievement d) synergy ANS: a, p. 336, F, LO=9.1, (1) 2. To psychologists, motivation refers to __________. a) a state of tension resulting from the deprivation of physical needs, such as those for food and water Incorrect. Motivation can come from psychological needs as well as physical needs. b) a process in which an individual sets goals in order to increase his or her competence and skills c) an inferred process within an organism that causes it to move toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation Correct. The key concept in motivation is that the organism is spurred to move toward a goal. d) movement through a hierarchy of needs, beginning with survival needs for sleep, food, and water and reaching the need for self-actualization ANS: c, p. 336, C, LO=9.1, (1) 42 3. Extrinsic motivation is defined as ______________. a) the pursuit of an activity for external reward Correct. Extrinsic motivation is the pursuit of an activity for external reward. b) the pursuit of an activity for its own sake c) the pursuit of an activity to relieve the state of tension caused by deprivation Incorrect. Deprivation is an intrinsic state; thus, the motivation is coming from within. d) the pursuit of an activity in order to increase ones competence and skills ANS: a, p. 336, F, LO=9.1, (1) 4. The pursuit of an activity for external reward is called __________________. a) the need for affiliation b) intrinsic motivation Incorrect. Intrinsic motivation comes from the expectation of an internal reward. c) extrinsic motivation Correct. Extrinsic motivation is the pursuit of an activity for an external reward. d) a mastery goal ANS: c, p. 336, F, LO=9.,1 (1) 5. A desire to perform a behavior to obtain an external reward or avoid punishment is known as ______. a) primary motivation b) intrinsic motivation Incorrect. Intrinsic motivation comes from the expectation of internal reward.... View Full Document

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