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ch13 Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. A budget is the plan, stated in financial terms, of how an organization expects to carry out its activities and meet its goals. True False 2. A master budget consists of (a) organizational goals, (b) strategic long-range profit plan, and (c) tactical short-range profit plan. True False 3. Individual managers' beliefs and expectations are incorporated into the budgeting process using grass roots budgeting procedures. True False 4. Participative budgeting eliminates or reduces the amount of budgetary slack inherent in the budgeting process. True False 5. Sales projections are often the most difficult part of the budgeting process because it involves a considerable amount of subjectivity. True False 6. An organization's sales staff is more likely to provide a lower sales forecast than a forecast provided by market researchers. True False 7. The Delphi technique uses highly sophisticated computerized time series analysis to reduce the subjectivity surrounding the sales forecast. True False 8. The production budget allows management to plan for the resources needed to meet the current sales demand and ensure that inventory levels are sufficient for future sales. True False 9. ABC Company has 10,000 units on hand at the beginning of the year and plans to sell 100,000 units during the year. If the ending inventory needs to be twice the beginning inventory, ABC will need to produce 90,000 units during the year. True False 10. ABC Company wants to have 10,000 units on hand at the end of the year after selling 100,000 units during the year. If the beginning inventory is 5,000 units, ABC needs to produce 105,000 units during the year. True False 11. The production budget must be prepared before the direct materials, direct labor and overhead budgets can be prepared. True False 12. Estimates for direct labor costs are obtained from the engineering and production management, as well as from the Personnel Department. True False 13. Bottlenecks in the production process can be discovered by the budgeting process before they occur. True False 14. In effect, the cash budget simply restates the budgeted income statement to the cash basis. True False 15. The cash budget is normally prepared before the budgeted income statement. True False 16. The sales budget drives the rest of the budgeting process for both manufacturers and merchandisers. True False 17. The production budget is not needed for a service organization. True False 18. Ethical conflicts can occur in the budgeting process because managers supply information for the budgets that are then used to evaluate their performance. ... View Full Document

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