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13: Chapter The Islamic World Examine the origins and roots of the Islamic faith that are manifest in the art and architecture. Understand the near Eastern artistic traditions that shape original forms in the art of Islam. Understand and cite architectural developments and the terminology of Islamic religious, funerary and other structures. Examine the media, techniques and designs that are specific to the art of Islam, particularly in the luxury arts. Understand the contributions of Islamic art and ideas to later western art and culture. 13.1 Rise of Islam: Early Islamic Architecture and Art Examine the origins and roots of the Islamic faith that are manifest in the art and architecture. Understand the near Eastern artistic traditions that shape original forms in the art of Islam. Understand and cite architectural developments and the terminology of Islamic religious, funerary and other structures. Examine the media, techniques and designs that are specific to the art of Islam, particularly in the luxury arts. Understand the contributions of Islamic art and ideas to later western art and culture. Understand the earliest Islamic architecture as derived from the beliefs and traditions of Muslims. Understand the near Eastern artistic traditions that shape original forms in the art of Islam. Understand the various formal design elements that apply to Islamic art and why they are important. Understand and cite architectural developments and the terminology of Islamic religious, funerary and other structures. 13.2 Late Islamic Arts and Architecture Examine the media, techniques and designs that are specific to the art of Islam, particularly in the luxury arts. Understand the contributions of Islamic art and ideas to later western art and culture. Explore the art of calligraphy, delicate tile and mosaic, and carpet weaving in their expression of Islamic ideas. Understand the importance of the written and decorative page. Examine the extraordinary Islamic tile and mosaic designs. Understand the carpet tradition and its expression of faith. Chapter Discussion Questions What is the role of art and architecture in the Islamic world? What do you think are the most impressive visual qualities of Islamic art? What are some of the unique feature of Islamic mosques, mausoleums and madrasas? Multiple Choice 1. It is said Muslims worship Allah directly without a hierarchy of clergy acting as intermediaries. However during communal gatherings, the imam would stand on a stepped pulpit or ___________. a. maqsura b. mihrab c. qibla d. minbar Register to View Answer2. The coming of a new religion to Jerusalem, a city sacred to both Jews and Christians, is marked by a monument known as the ____________. a. Rock of Ages b. Kaaba c. Dome of the Rock d. Rock of Muhammad Register to View Answer3. The vault in the Hall of the Two Sisters is meant to symbolize __________. a. the dome of heaven b. Paradise c. the fusion of Islamic and Byzantine motifs d. Allahs blessing on the Nasrids Register to View AnswerSlide Identification 4. Identify this work (Figure 135) a. Mosque at Crdoba b. Great Mosque at Damascus c. Madrasa of Sultan Hasan d. Great Mosque at Isfahan Register to View Answer5. Identify this work (Figure 133) a. Hall of Two Sisters b. Shahi (Imam) Mosque c. Palace at Mshatta d. Dome of the Rock Register to View Answer Chapter 16: Early Medieval Europe Understand the distinctive artistic traditions of the European peoples after the fall of the Roman Empire. Understand the chronological placement of this period following the fall of the western Roman Empire in the fourth century but preceding the Romanesque period of the 11th century. Know the different types of art, media, and their respective cultures. Appreciate the role of Christian monks in preserving and creating art Trace influences of medieval art styles. Examine the secular and religious architectural forms in the early Middle Ages. Northern European Art Northern European Art Understand the artistic, technical and stylistic traditions of the northern European peoples. Know the different types of art and the respective cultures associated with the Merovingians, Anglo-Saxons, and Vikings. Examine the artistic traditions applied to a variety of media, such as wood, stone, and metal. Understand the artistic, technical and stylistic traditions. Know the different types of art and the respective cultures associated with the Merovingians and Saxons. Examine the European artistic traditions applied to a variety of media, such as wood, stone, and metal. Notice the imagery includes intertwined ribbon-like designs called interlacing as well as abstract animal imagery. These design features reflect the cultures of pre-Christian Northern Europe. Hiberno-Saxon Art (6th to 10th centuries) Understand the Saxon artistic influence in the British Isles. Understand the early influence of Christianity and the ways in which indigenous art forms serve the cause of Christianity. Describe the specific art elements and principles of design applied to the illuminated manuscripts, Celtic crosses and other objects. Observe the continuation of interlacing and abstract animal imagery. Why did art used for Christian purposes retain these qualities? Understand the role of Christian monks in preserving and creating illuminated manuscripts in scriptoria Examine the layout of a medieval monastery Describe the specific art elements and principles of design applied to the Celtic crosses. Carolingian Art (9th century present day France and Germany) Understand the political and religious influences on art and architecture during the Carolingian period. Understand the revival of learning and the art of the book as a result of Charlemagnes interests. Examine the secular and religious architectural forms in the Carolingian period. Observe how Charlemagnes empire revived Roman art and architectural forms. Why did he desire to do this? Understand the revival of learning and the art of the book. Examine the gold and jeweled secular and religious court art under Charlemagne and his successors. Examine the secular and religious architectural forms in the Carolingian period. Ottonian Art (10th century Germany) Examine the architecture, its formal origins and its later influence. Understand the architectural sculpture associated with St. Michaels at Hildesheim, Germany. Examine the free standing sculptural traditions of the Ottonians. Examine the appearance of the Ottonian illuminated manuscripts. Notice the golden backgrounds and linear figural styles in Ottonian illuminated manuscripts --Ottonian leaders developed significant contacts with the Byzantine empire. Chapter Discussion Questions In what ways did medieval European art and architecture depart from classical Roman art and architecture? Did any of the civilizations retain characteristics of Roman art and architecture? Explain. Compare the three major manuscript styles that developed in the Middle Ages. What previous styles of art influenced medieval European art? Multiple Choice 1. It has been said that the author-portrait of St, Matthew from the Lindisfarne Gospels shows classical influences. What supports this statement? a. The figure is seated as an imperial emperor. b. The figure is seated as an adjudicating senator. c. The figure is seated as a philosopher or poet reading or writing. d. The figure is seated as an imperial judge. Register to View Answer2. What manuscript is commonly considered the greatest achievement in Hiberno-Saxon art? a. Book of Durrow b. Book of Lindisfarne c. Book Alciun d. of Book of Kells Register to View Answer3. Equestrian statues were reminders of Romes glory. Charlemagne returned Rome after his coronation with an equestrian statue of Theodoric. Which statue served as the ultimate model for such equestrian portraits? a. Marcus Aurelius b. Alexander the Great c. Justinian d. Julius Caesar Register to View Answer Slide Identification 4. Identify the culture that produced this work (Figure 1619) a. Ottonian b. Anglo-Saxon c. Carolingian d. Merovingian Register to View Answer 5. Identify this work. (Figure 1626) a. Bernward Cross b. Charlemagne Cross c. Gero Cross d. Otto III Cross Register to View Answer Chapter 17: Romanesque Europe Understand the term Romanesque in designating the artistic style of a historic period. Examine the need for large scale pilgrimage churches, the growth of architecture and urban centers. Understand the millennial and apocalyptic mood of the Romanesque era and their impact on artistic themes. Understand the role of relics and the artistic objects designed to contain relics. Recognize differences and similarities in regional Romanesque architecture and artistic styles. Understand the narrative function of the human figure in Romanesque sculpture. Understand the term Romanesque as a style in art and architecture. Examine the result of pilgrimages and the crusades in terms of architecture in Europe. Understand the millennial and apocalyptic mood of the Romanesque era and their impact on artistic themes. Examine the result of pilgrimages and the crusades in terms of architecture in Europe. Identify architectural elements particularly those associated with the large pilgrimage and monastery churches. Explain the function of specific architectural elements such as the ambulatory, radiating chapels, and crossing square Recognize differences and similarities in regional Romanesque architectural styles. Important Elements of Romanesque Architecture - Recognize the following architectural features: Ambulatory major innovation Radiating chapels Portal and its parts Nave, transept, and side aisles Cruciform (overall shape of building) Crossing square Bays (3-D modules of nave and side aisles) Gallery/ tribune level Clerestory (usually small in Romanesque churches) Barrel vault (the norm for Romanesque naves) Groin vault (less common, used more in side aisles) Cloister (element in a monastic abbey church) Examine the pilgrimages and crusades in terms of architecture in Europe. Identify architectural elements associated with the large pilgrimage and monastery churches. Examine the architectural elements and scheme that made possible Saint-Sernins in Toulouse, France. Understand that the design of a Romanesque church is based on mathematical ratios in relation to the size of its crossing square Understand the importance of Cluny and the Cistercian religious order in architecture and art. Observe one of the large marble relief panels from Saint-Sernin Realize that these are the first precisely dated large relief panels of the Romanesque period and that they are by a known artist Understand the prominent role that sculpture will play during the Romanesque period Identify Romanesque architectural elements in Germany, Lombardy, Normandy and England. Examine the distinct qualities of Italian Romanesque. Romanesque architectural elements in Germany, Lombardy, Normandy and England. Examine the revival of stone sculpture, its placement and iconography. Observe how the arrangement and form of Romanesque sculpture is closely tied to its architectural framework Understand the narrative function of the human figure in Romanesque sculpture. Understand the role of relics and the artistic objects designed to contain relics. Recall the names of two known Romanesque sculptors Romanesque Painting and Other Arts Examine the extent and styles of mural and fresco painting on walls and in vaulted ceilings. Explore the continuing art of manuscript illumination. Understand the artists, the themes, and the styles of Romanesque manuscripts. Examine other two dimensional art, particularly weaving and embroidery. Study the form and stylistic elements of the Bayeux Tapestry. Chapter Discussion Questions Identify key elements of Romanesque architecture. What factors sparked the increase in building of churches in Western Europe? Why do you think there was such a strong positive reception of the concept of relics in Romanesque society?? What were the various roles of figural art, both two-dimensional and sculptural, during the Romanesque period? Multiple Choice 1. St.-Sernin at Toulouse has been called a pilgrimage type church. Which of the following accounts for this designation? a. It added perimeter buildings to house pilgrims. b. It attached the ambulatory to the nave. c. It had radiating chapels attached to the transept and ambulatory. d. It narrowed the main aisle to create a dignified progress for viewing the relics. Register to View Answer2. The plan of St.-Sernin is extremely regular and geometrically precise. It is based on a module seen in earlier church architecture. Which of the following churches is the prototype for this refined and rational structural approach? a. St. Michael, Hildesheim b. Monastery Church, St. Gall c. Sta. Maria Maggiore, Rome d. St. Cyriakus, Gernode e. Register to View Answer 3. Which of the following churches was the largest in Europe until the new St. Peters in Rome was constructed in the 17th century? a. Third Church at Cluny (Cluny III) b. St.-Sernin, Toulouse c. Speyer Cathedral d. SantAmbrogio, Milan Register to View AnswerSlide Identification 4. What event is pictured in this work? (Figure 1735) a. Battle of Hastings b. Battle of Poitiers c. Battle of Verdun d. Battle of Jerusalem Register to View Answer5. What type of vault was used on this structure? (Figure 176) a. barrel vault b. ribbed vault c. groined vault d. oval vault Register to View Answer Chapter 18: Gothic Europe Examine architecture and architectural decoration in the Gothic style. Examine the basic architectural elements of the Gothic style. Understand the religious attitude that makes the Gothic style desirable. Examine the great Gothic Cathedrals of France. French Gothic Architecture Understand the origins and spread of the Gothic style. Examine the basic architectural elements and decoration. Understand the religious attitude of the Gothic era. Examine the interior of Gothic structures, Gothic rib vaulting and the extension of height. Examine the stained glass windows, the materials, techniques, and the Gothic spiritual attitude about the light of God. Identify and label the parts of a typical French cathedral: (1) pinnacle, (2) flying buttress, (3) vaulting web, (4) diagonal ribs, (5) transverse rib, (6) springing, (7) clerestory, (8) oculus, (9) lancet, (10) triforium, (11) nave arcade, (12) compound pier with responds. Multiple Choice 1. Which of the following best describes a characteristic of Gothic architecture? a. Its rounded arches allowed for greater height. b. Its interior is permeated with light. c. Its interior is narrow and long windows are eliminated. d. Its side aisles are now included in order to broaden the interior. Register to View Answer2. The faade of St-Denis consists of a double-tower westwork. Which of the following could have been the influence for this faade? a. St-Sernin, Toulouse b. Ste-Madeleine, Vzelay c. Notre-Dame, Paris d. St-tienne, Caen Register to View Answer 3. Which of the following became a standard feature of French Gothic architecture? a. fan vaulting b. Perpendicular style c. rose window d. rounded arches Register to View Answer ... View Full Document

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