soc 152A midterm 2 review
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soc 152A midterm 2 review

Course Number: SOCIOLOGY 152 A, Spring 2011

College/University: UCSB

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Sociology152AFall2010MidtermIIBookReview 98.4126:SEXANDGENDERDIFFERENCES Gender:ACentralAspectofChildhood: 1.Gendertheentirecollectionofmentalandbehavioraltraits that,toagreaterorlesserdegree,differbetweenmalesand females. 2.GenderIdentityisthesenseofwhichsexwebelongto: 3.TransgenderedhavingagenderIDthatisdiscordantwith onesanatomicalsex. 4.Genderroletheexpressionofgenderidinsocialbehavior...

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Sociology152AFall2010MidtermIIBookReview 98.4126:SEXANDGENDERDIFFERENCES Gender:ACentralAspectofChildhood: 1.Gendertheentirecollectionofmentalandbehavioraltraits that,toagreaterorlesserdegree,differbetweenmalesand females. 2.GenderIdentityisthesenseofwhichsexwebelongto: 3.TransgenderedhavingagenderIDthatisdiscordantwith onesanatomicalsex. 4.Genderroletheexpressionofgenderidinsocialbehavior (i.e.whatclotheswewear,howwetalk,howwewalk,andwhat sexweclaimtobe) 5.MandWdifferinavarietyofcognitivetraits 6.MandWdifferinsomepersonalitytraits 1 a.MoutperformWinVisiospatialskills(fig.4.8,p.100) b.WoutperformMontasksinvolvingmemorizationofthe locationofobjects(fig.4.9,p.101) 7.MandWalsodifferinpersonalitytraits a.MandWdifferinthewaysinwhichtheyshowaggression (i.e.Mmoredirectandphysical;Wmoreindirect,exmalicious gossip) b.Majorcrossculturedifferencesinsixpersonalityfactors(see bottomofpg.100) 8.Sexinfluencescognitiveskills.Itdoesnotpredestinepeople tohaveanyparticularcollectionofgendercharacteristics 9.Differencesinsexualityincludeattitudestowardscasualsex, jealousy,andfrequencyofmasturbation a.Mexpressmorepermissiveattitudestowardscasualsexthan W(aswellasnonmarital/extramaritalsex) b.WmuchmorelikelytoagreewiththestatementIwould havesexonlyifIwereinloveaswellasviewsexaspartofa longtermrelationship 2 c.WandMtendtoseekdifferentattributesinsexpartners: age,wealth,appearance,etc. d.Mshowmoreinterestandaremoresexuallyarousedwith visualsexualstimulilikepornthanW e.Jealousy emotionaljealousyWv.physicaljealousyM f.MmasturbatemorethanW,beginningatpuberty g.Mreportmorefrequentintercourse,ayoungerageoffirst intercourse,andalargernumberoftotalpartners. h.gaymenhavemorecasualsexpartnersandmoretotal partnersthanstraightmen(keepinmind,theyareseekingsex partnersinamorewillingpopulation) 10.manygenderdifferencesariseearlyinage(i.e.byage1, childrendistinguishbetweenthefacesofmalesandfemales) 3 11.Childrencanidentifytheirownsexandcategorize themselveswithsamesexchildrenbetweentheagesof23. 12.Genderconsistencyachildsunderstandingthatsexisa fixedattribute a.toydifferencesbegintodiverge Boysprefervehicles,toyweapons,balls,constructiontoys andengageinmoreroughandtumbleplaythangirls Girlspreferdolls,toykitchenimplements. b.Girls/boysplayisgovernedbydifferentmoralrules Girlsappealtosocialconventions Boysrefertoprinciplesofjustice LifeExperiencesInfluenceGender: 1.genderisimposedonnewbornsfromtheverybeginning 2.Genderismoldedbysocialization 4 a.Primarysocialinfluenceonachildisfamily b.Influenceattitudesandbehaviorsthroughdressingchildren, decorationssurroundings,toys,etc. 3.Otherinfluencesareexertedbyteachersandpeergroups.Be abletoanswerquestionslikehowto___influencehowwelearn genderroles? 4.Studyshowedthatinfantsreceivingapprovalforgender typicalbehaviorwereshowntomakegenderdistinctionsearlier inlifethanotherinfantsandexhibitedmoregenderspecific behavior 5.Gendertypicalbehaviorismoldedbyimitationsof individualsseenasauthoritativeorprotectivenotjustbydirect rewards/punishments. 5 a.Onestudytrackedeyeemovementofchildrenwhilethey watchedafilmchildrenattendedmoretothesamesex charactersinthefilmsthancharactersoftheoppostitesex b.TVplaysamajorroleininfluencinggenderstereotypes 6.Influenceoffeminismin1960splacedemphasisonsocial learningtheoriesofgender(insteadofbioones) a.Traditionalgenderdifferencescanbemodifiedoreven abolished(ifparents/societychangehowtheytreatchildren) 7.Somechildren=resistanttosocialization a.Gayortransgenderedchildrenviolategendernorms,even thoughtheyarentencouraged,influenced,ortrained b.Childrenbornasonesexbutrearedasanother(READBOX 4.3p.113) CognitiveDevelopmentModelsFocusonThoughtProcess 6 1.SexualScriptsculturalguidelinesthatprescribesexualroles a.Sexualbehaviorasaformofroleplayingwithlearnedparts b.Peoplerelyonsexualscriptswheninteractingwith prospectivepartnersfirstdatesareusuallyorganizedaround genderscriptslikewhopays,etc. c.Scriptschangeovertimeundertheinfluenceofculture d.Scriptsalsoinfluencepsychosexualdevelopmentof individuals. GenderDevelopmentInvolvesComplexInteractions: 1.natureandnurture 2.Transgenderedtheanatomyofonesexbutidentifyasthe other 7 3.transsexualasubgroupoftransgenderedpeoplewhowish tochangetheirbodyintothatoftheothersexbymedicalmeans (hormonetherapy,sexualreassignmentsurgery) 4.Genderdysphoriatheunhappinesscausedbythe discordancebetweenapersonsanatomicalsexandgender identity 5.Morethanonekindoftranssexuals:morethanonekindof transsexual a.transmenfemaletomaletranssexuals(havetypical/usual lifestory) Asyounggirlstheysaytheyareboys Expressmasculineidentityinclothes,hairstyles,friendships, activities,etc. Atpubertytheyresentdevelopingsignsofwomanhoodseekto hidethem(bindingtheirbreasts) Adulthoodverymasculineandaresexuallyattractedto women 8 (theyarehomosexualwithrespecttotheirsexbutdont identifyaslesbian Theyidentifyasheterosexualmen b.Transwomenmaletofemaletranssexuals(have2different lifestories) c.transwomen=oppositetotransmen(above) Seeksexreassignmentintheirteenyearsoryoungadulthood d.SecondStory:(lessknown) Aschildren,onlymildlygenderconformist,ornotatall Whentheygrowuptheyareusuallysexuallyattractedto women,sotheyareheterosexualwithrespecttotheirbirthsex HowevertheinterestinWisusuallyfilledwithfetishistic elements o Eroticallyarousedbywearingwomensclothes o Evolvestothefeelingsofwantingtonotonlybein Wsclothesbutalsotobeawoman. 9 DesiretobecomeaWisfueledbysexdriveandthedesireto incorporatetheobjectoftheirattractionintothemselves(purely erotic) oftenseeksexreassignment(usuallyaftertheyhavebeen heterosexuallymarriedandfatheredchildren) Canbereferredtoasautogynephiliabeingattractedto _______________(howeverthisisaHIGHLYdebatedand controversialterm) 6.Sexreassignmentisamultistageprocess,calledtransitioning 1stclientisevaluatedpsychologicallyandphysically 2ndcalledreallifeexperienceclientlivesincommunity(for 12years)asamemberoftheothersextoseeiftheycanlivein desiredgenderrole 3rdclientgivenhormonestobeginthebodychange 4thsexreassignmentsurgery 5thfollowups 8.Establishingsexual/affectionalrelationshipsisoftendifficult 9.notalltranssexualschangesexthroughtransitioning: 10 a.Learnaboutsexreassignmentthroughpeernetworks b.getblackmarkethormonepills c.Gostraighttoaprivatesurgeonwhentheyfeelready 10.Mostreportbeingsatisfiedafterreassignmentsurgeryand correlatesuccessto: a.youngageatreassignment b.Abodybuildthatpassesastheoppositesex c.Familyandsocialsupport 11.Onemajorproblemisthecostoftransitioningcouldcost 30K150K 12.SometransgendereddoNOTwantsurgeryforavarietyof reasons: a.Notenoughmoney b.Perfectlysatisfiedcrossdressingandpassingasapersonof theothersex c.CanswitchbetweenMandFgenderrolesnotpermanent 12.Transgendersandtranssexualsstruggleforawarenessand acceptance 11 a.Struggletodistinguishthemselvesfromlesbiansandgays b.Politicalactivismtakesplaceunderthelargerumbrellaofgay rightsstillfighttoclarifyaseparateidentity CH.8FERTILITY,PREGNANCY,ANDCHILDBIRTH DONTNEED! PregnancyandChildbirthRaiseMajorHealthConcerns 1.Althoughriskshavegreatlydecreasedthereisstillroom forimprovement PregnancyisConfirmedbyHormonalTests 1.fertilizationtakesplaceintheoviduct 2.Implantation:aprocessofembryoburrowinginto theendometrium a.Beginstosecretethehormonechorionic gonadotropin(hCG) b.PregnancytestsdetectthepresenceofhCGin mothersbloodorurine(laboratorytestsvs.home pregnancytest) c.Ultrasound(5to6weeks):obtainsimageoffetus TheLikelihoodofAchievingPregnancyCanBe 12 MaximizedbyTrackingOvulation 1.93%chanceofpregnancyofafertileyoungcouple whoengageincoitusseveraltimesaweekforthefirstyear 2.subfertalifaWdoesnotbecomepregnantaftera yearofunprotectedsex 3.Coitusismostlikelytoresultinpregnancywhenit takesplaceonthesamedayasovulation a.whenisovulationoccurs14daysafterthestartof menstruation b.stepstoimprovechanceofpregnancy lessfrequentejaculations manaboveposition womanlyingonbackhalfanhouraftercoitus Infertilitycanresultfromproblemsinthewomanorthe man 1.Infertilitytotalinabilitytoachievepregnancywithout medicalintervention a.equallylikelytobecausedbyproblemsintheMor W 2.avarietyoffactorscanreducespermcounts a.mostcommon=insufficientorpoorqualitysperm 13 3.ArtificialInseminationinvolvesthemanualplacement ofsemeninthevaginaoruterus 4.InvitrofertilizationAnyofavarietyofassisted reproductiontechniques(ART)inwhichfertilizationtakes placeoutsidethebody(i.e.apetridish) **READABOUTALLINVITROFIRTILIZATION TECHNIQUESANDSCREENINGRPOCEDURESON pgs.238239 5.spermcanbedonated 6.Abnormalitiesofthefemalereproductivetractmay reducefertility a.mostcommonsiteofabnormalityisoviducts b.endometriosisgrowthofendometrialtissueat abnormallocations 7.Problemswithovulation a.mostovulatoryproblemscanbereversedby lifestylechanges,psychotherapy,ordrugtreatment b.eggdonation 8.Surrogatemothers a.Traditionally,agreestobeartificiallyinseminatedwith semenfromtheman,thencarriesthefetustoterm (carryingchildfromanotherwoman) 9.Adoption 14 a.severeshortageofpreferredadoptees 10.Fertilitydeclineswithage a.childrenwhoareborntoolderparentsstandgreaterrisk ofhavingchromosomalabnormalitiesandphysical malformations(ex.Downsyndrome) ManyEmbryosDoNotSurvive 1.majorityofabnormalconceptusesarelostsomepointin theirdevelopment 2.EctopicPregnancyimplantationandresulting pregnancyatanysiteotherthantheuterus a.canbecausedbycongenitalmalformationsofthe oviductsoruterus,bydamagetotheoviductsresulting fromPIDorappendicitis,orbytreatmentwithcertainsex steroidsandcontraceptivesthatinterferewiththenormal movementoftheembryointheuterus. b.increasingprevalenceofPIDduetochlamydia infections c.commonlyleadstoearly,spontaneousabortion Pregnancy:3Trimesters 1stTrimester 1.thefetussecretessexhormonestosustainpregnancy, alsopreparesmuscleswithintheuterusforchildbirthand thebreastforlactation 15 2.Wmayexperiencesymptomsduringearlypregnancy includingbreasttendernessandmorningsickness a.Couvadepregnancylikesymptomsinthemale 3.Adequatenutritionisvitaltoasuccessfulpregnancy a.beingunderoroverweightisassociatedwithan increasedlikelihoodofprematurebirth 4.Tobacco,alcohol,drugsandradiationcanharmthefetus a.seetable8.1onpg.248 2ndTrimester 1.Beginsat13weeksofgestationalage a.periodofcommonwellbeing(easieststage) b.theabdomenswells,stretchmarksmaybegin appear,andthebreastsmyexpelsmallamountsof colostrum. c.quickeningonsetofthefetalmovements 2.Testscandetectfetalabnormalities a.amniocentesissamplingoftheamnioticfluidby passingathinneedlethroughthefrontwalloftheabdomen intotheamnioticsac. b.Chorionicvillussamplingsamplingoftissuefromthe placentabyacatheterthatispassedthroughthecervix 3.Sexduringpregnancyishealthy a.exceptforblowingairintothevagina b.sexualactivitygenerallydropsoffduringpregnancy 4.moderateexerciseishealthy 16 3rdTrimester 1.Beginsat26weeksorgestationalage 2.fetusperformsmanyofthebehaviorsthatitwillneedto surviveoutsidethewomb 3.Wsexperiencevariesgreatly a.depressionisnotuncommon 4.Locationsforchildbirth a.Athome b.Hospital(maybelesspersonal,butbestlocationif problemsareforeseenpriortodelivery) c.Birthingcenterfacilityspecializinginchildbirth care **READABOUTCHILDBIRTHCLASSESonpg.254 255 ALSOREVIEWLECTURENOTESONBIRTH PREPERATIONS(i.eDICKREED,LAMAZECLASSES, etc.) Laborhas3Stages: 1.engagement/lighteningfetuschangesitspositioninthe uterusasitsheadsinksdeepintothepelvisagainstthe cervix 2.Stage1uterinecontractionsandcervicaldilations(ie. Bloodyshow) 17 a.Effacement(thinningofcervixinpreparationfor childbirthanddilation(expansionofthecervicalcanal) b.formsofanesthesiaareavailable 3.Stage2passageofthefetusthroughthebirthcanal a.variesinduration b.crowningbabysheadappearsatthevaginal opening c.episiotomy(seevideonotes!) d.stage2endswiththepassageoftheentirebodythrough thevaginalcanal 4.Stage3expulsionofplacenta a.furtheruterinecontractions b.afterbirthexpelledplacenta 5.CSectionCesareansection(ReadBox8.4onpg.259) 6.Prematureanddelayedbirthsare hazardoustohealthofbabyandmother Theperiodafterbirthplacesmanydemandsonnewparents 1.Postpartumtheweeksfollowingbirth a.characterizedbyphysicalrecoveryfromthestressedof pregnancyandchildbirth b.Postpartumdepressiondepressioninamotherduring theperiodfollowingbirth. depressioninamotherduringtheperiodfollowingbirth 2.Childbirthandparenthoodaffectsexuality 18 a.lowerorabsentsexualactivityduetoexhaustion, preoccupations,needrecoveryforgenitaliaimmediately followingchildbirth b.ifcomfortallows,Wmayresumecoitusafter3weeks (althoughmostWwaitatleast6) Breastfeedingisthepreferredmethodofnourishingthe infant 1. lactationiscausedbythereleaseofprolactinfromthe pituitarygland a. onceprolactinreleased,oxytocinisresponsibleforthe letdownofbreastmilkintothebreasttissueand nipples 2.Thecontentofbreastmilkchangesovertime b. colostrumthemilkproducedduringthefirstfew daysafterbirth;itislowinfatbutrichinproteins c. breastsecretiongraduallybecomerichermilk(more fat) 3.Infantformulaisalternativetobreastmilk 4.breastfeedinghasmanyadvantagesandsome drawbacks (READpg.263264) CHAPTER16SEXUALASSAULT,HARRASSMENT, ANDPARTNERVIOLENCEDONTNEED! 19 WhatisRape? 1. Rape:coitus(andsometimesotherpenetrativeacts) accomplishedbyforceorthreatofforce(defsvary) 2. 3. SexualAssault:anysexualactperformedbyforceorthreat offorce StatutoryRape:penetrativesexwhenapartnerislegally unabletogiveconsentonaccountofage,intellectual disability,oralteredstateofconsciousness youngwomenarethemostfrequentvictimsofrape therehasbeenadeclineofrapeincidents 5.Mostrapesarenotreported onlyabout1/3ofrapesandattemptedrapesarereported tolawenforcement reasonsinclude:personalmatter,afraidofreprisals, protectperpetrator,policebias 4. 6.Mostperpetratorsaremenknowntothevictim morethan2outof3perpetratorsareknown.Amajority arefriendsandacquaintances. CollegeRapesareCommon 20 1. 2. 3. 4. Fstudenthas2025%chanceofexperiencingacompleted orattemptedrape(inthecourseofa5yearcollegecareer) DateRape(ieacquaintancerape)rapebetweendatingor sociallyacquaintedpeople Shouldsexualassaultaccusationsbedealtwithbycollege disciplinaryprocedures(inwhichcasesuspensionor expulsionismostseverepunishment)orlawenforcement officials(processedthruregularjudicialsystem) Thenumberonedaterapedrugisalcohol(whether consumedbyrapistorvictim) a. Manyotherdaterapedrugsoutthere(eg.Rohypnol, GHB,Ketamine) RapeCanHaveSevereEffectsontheVictim 1. Servicesareavailableforrapevictims a. Gettingmedicalattention b. Althoughallhealthcareprovidersarerequiredto reporttothepolice,thevictimisnotobligatedtodoso c. Physicalandpsychologicalinjuriesmustbeassessed d. counseling(mayhelpvictimsofrapebecome survivors) 2. Rapecaninflictlonglastingpsychologicalinjury a. Denialofapersonsautonomyinaveryintimate aspectoftheirlife 21 b. Rapetraumasyndrome(canalsobemarkedbysevere sexualproblems) Partners,familyandfriendscanofferpracticaland emotionalsupport d. Helpbycreatingaculturethatrejectsrape e. therapy f. Recoveryfromrapedoesnothappenovernight, c. butmostpeopleareeventuallyabletorecover (survivors) 3. Malevictimshavespecialconcerns a. Littleornosupportfrompeers b. Mayfeelguiltythemselves c. Maydevelopproblemsrevolvingaroundtheirsexual orientation d. Rapeinprisonsconceptofpower RapeLawsHaveBecomeMoreProtectiveofVictims 1. Countriesdifferintheirthoughtsofrapeandprosecution 2. Priorto1970s a. Womenmaybeviewedashavingvoluntarilyplaced themselvesandthemansdisposal(ieprostitutes, couples) 22 Rapelawspreviouslyusedtoprotectwomenofvirtue c. Demonstratingawomanwasofunchastecharacter 3. Reformsbeganin1970s a. Rapeshieldlawsprotecttherapevictims(by limitingtheintroductionofevidenceabouttheirprior sexualbehavior) b. Nolongernecessarytoprovecoitusoccurred 4. Majorityofrapistsgounpunished a. Abouthalfofallmenarrestedforrapeareconvicted WhyDoMenRape? (differentperspectives) 1. EvolutionaryRoots a. Humancapacityforrapeiseitheranadaptationitself orabyproductofadaptivetraits(rapesreproductive costsandbenefits) b. 2. CharacteristicsofRapists a. Lowersocioeconomicstatuslesseducation,worse relationshipswiththeirparents,selfcentered,andless capacityforempathy(definitelynotconclusive evidencehowever) 3. SocialForces 23 Rapeisalearnedbehavior b. USsocietyasarapeproneculture(duetodominant patriarchalideology) i. thinkaboutrapeandmilitarypolicy.ReadBox 16.3oncomfortwomen Theoristhavedebatedwhetherrapeissexual a. Butitseemslikelythatsexualdesireplayasignificant roleinmostrapes a. 4. InterventionProgramsareofUncertainValue 1. Programsmayreducerecidivismbuteffectissmall 2. Rapepreventionprogramsaimedatadolescentshavebeen developed a. Butoutcomeisntlookingtoopromising,although thismaybebecausetheprogramsareaimedattooold ofanagegroup b. Keystepinpreventingviolenceamongadults: promoteempathy! SexualHarrassment 1. Unwantedsexualadvancesorotherintimidatingsexual behavior Womenwhoviolategenderareharassedthemost 3. TwoKinds 2. 24 a. Quidproquo(whatforwhat?)unwelcomesexual advancesfollowedbypromisesorthreats b. Hostileworkenvironmentpatternofunwelcome sexualattentionthatmakeslifedifficultforthevictim 4. 5. 6. Freespeechandsexualharassment a. Generallysexualharassmentispatternedbehavior ratherthanaonetimeincident Sexualharassmentbeginsearly a. Andoftengirlsreportbeingtreatedasoffendersrather thanvictimsbyteachersandschoolofficials Sexualharassmentharmsitsvictims a. Decreasedjobsatisfaction,lowerorganization commitment,withdrawingfromwork,etc. 7. Stepstoendsexualharassment(pg.522) ThereAreThreeKindsofStalkers Stalkingobsessivepursuitofsomeoneinsuchawayastoput thatpersoninastateoffear 1. Intimatepartnerstalkingcurrentorformerspouseor otherintimatepartner 25 Obsessiverationalintrustionobsessivepursuitofa personbyarejectedlover delusionalstalking(erotomania):stalkerhasfixedbelief thatthevictimisinlovewithhimorcouldeasilybemade tofallinlovewithhim Grudgestalking:nonsexualrevengestalking(pursuing victimtoseekrevengeforsomeactualorimaginedinjury) a. 2. 3. IntimatePartnerViolence: 1. Unfortunatelycommon(andinsomedemographicsmore thanothers) 2. Particularproblemoncollegecampuses a. Associatedwithalcoholuse 3. Psychologicaleffects:depression,suicide,loweredself esteem,etc. Batteredwomansyndromeversionofposttraumatic stressdisorder,characterizedespeciallybeacessation ofattempttoescape Affectschildrenintherelationship Followsanescalatingcycle(severityofviolenceincreases fromcycletocycle) a. Tensionbuildingphase(involvesthreateningand/or minorassaults) b. Violencephase a. 4. 5. 26 Reconstructionphase(perpetratorisapologetic,victim forgives) 6. Diversetheoriesattempttoexplain a. Domesticviolenceisamethodusedbymento dominateandcontrolwomen 7. Manyvictimsdonotbreakupwithabusivepartner a. Why?Socialisolation,economicdependence,lackof selfesteem,etc. c. 8. Helpisavailable(pg.522) 27

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Chapter 2Describing Distributionswith NumbersBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 21Numerical SummariesxCenter of the data mean medianxVariation range quartiles (interquartile range) variance standard deviationBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 22Mean or AverageTr
Montgomery CC - MA - 116
Chapter 3The Normal DistributionsBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 31Density CurvesExample: here is ahistogram of vocabularyscores of 947 seventhgraders.The smooth curvedrawn over thehistogram is amathematical model forthe distribution.BPS - 5th Ed.Cha
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Chapter 4Scatterplots and CorrelationBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 41Explanatory and ResponseVariablesxInterested in studying the relationshipbetween two variables by measuringboth variables on the same individuals. a response variable measures an outco
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Chapter 5RegressionBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 51Linear Regressionx Objective:To quantify the linearrelationship between an explanatoryvariable (x) and response variable (y).x Wecan then predict the averageresponse for all subjects with a givenvalue
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Chapter 6Two-Way TablesBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 61Categorical Variablesx Inthis chapter we will study therelationship between two categoricalvariables (variables whose values fall ingroups or categories).x Toanalyze categorical data, use thecount
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Chapter 7Exploring Data:Part I ReviewBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 71Exploring Data One VariableBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 72Exploring Data Two VariablesBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 73
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Chapter 8Producing Data: SamplingBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 81Population and SamplexxxResearchers often want to answer questionsabout some large group of individuals (this groupis called the population)Often the researchers cannot measure (orsurvey
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Chapter 9Producing Data: ExperimentsBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 91How Data are ObtainedxObservational Study Observes individuals and measures variables ofinterest but does not attempt to influence theresponses Describes some group or situation Sample
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Chapter 10Introducing ProbabilityBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 101Idea of ProbabilityProbability is the science of chancebehaviorx Chance behavior is unpredictable in theshort run but has a regular andpredictable pattern in the long runx this is why we
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Chapter 11Sampling DistributionsBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 111Sampling TerminologyxParameter fixed, unknown number that describes the populationxStatistic known value calculated from a sample a statistic is often used to estimate a parameterxVaria
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Chapter 12General Rules of ProbabilityBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 121Probability Rules from Chapter 10BPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 122Venn DiagramsTwo disjoint events:BPS - 5th Ed.Two events that are not disjoint, andthe event cfw_A and B consisting ofthe
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Chapter 13Binomial DistributionsBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 131Binomial Settingx Fixednumber n of observationsx The n observations are independentx Each observation falls into one of justtwo categories may be labeled success and failurex Theprobabil
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Chapter 14Introduction to InferenceBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 141Statistical Inferencex Providesmethods for drawingconclusions about a population fromsample data Confidence Intervalsy Whatis the population mean? Tests of Significancey IsBPS - 5th
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Chapter 15Thinking about InferenceBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 151z ProceduresxIf we know the standard deviation of the population,a confidence interval for the mean is:xzxnTo test a hypothesis H0: = 0 we use the one-samplex 0z statistic:z=nxThe
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Chapter 16From Exploration to Inference:Part II ReviewBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 161From Exploration to InferenceBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 162From Exploration to InferenceBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 163From Exploration to InferenceBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 164
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Chapter 17Inference about a Population MeanBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 171Conditions for Inferenceabout a MeanxxxData are from a SRS of size n.Population has a Normal distributionwith mean and standard deviation .Both and are usually unknown. we us
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Chapter 18Two-Sample ProblemsBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 181Two-Sample ProblemsThe goal of inference is to compare theresponses to two treatments or tocompare the characteristics of twopopulations.x We have a separate sample from eachtreatment or each
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Chapter 19Inference about a Population ProportionBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 191ProportionsThe proportion of a population that hassome outcome (success) is p.x The proportion of successes in a sampleis measured by the sample proportion:xnumber of succ
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Chapter 20Comparing Two ProportionsBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 201Two-Sample ProblemsThe goal of inference is to compare theresponses to two treatments or tocompare the characteristics of twopopulations.x We have a separate sample from eachtreatment o
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Chapter 21Inference about Variables:Part III ReviewBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 211Inference About VariablesBPS - 5th Ed.Chapter 212
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Montgomery CollegeBusiness, Science, Mathematics and Technology DivisionMA116 Final Exam Review SheetSummer II 2011Prof. Munther AlrabanName: _Use the following to answer questions 1-3.In a certain town 60% of the households own mutual funds, 40% o
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MONTGOMERY COLLEGEBusiness, Science, Math and Applied Technologies DivisionGermantown CampusMA 116 Elements of StatisticsCourse SyllabusI. INSTRUCTOR INFORMATIONName:Dr. Munther AlrabanTelephone Number:240-567-1972E-Mail Address:Munther.alraban
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CARL JUNG1875 - 1961Note to EN122 students: Most of the text below (with the exception of the parts inbrackets [which I added ] is taken from the writing of Dr. C. George Boeree, aprofessor, psychologist, and author of several books on personality the
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EN122 Mythologists:Here are works and thoughts of two well-known writers/thinkers, Rilke and Nietzsche, whoseideas are intertwined with age-old human notions of the relationship between destruction and(re)creation - and whose work and thinking were inf
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Hello Mythologists!See notes below on: 1) the Ram-god lecture (Thursday, Oct. 7th); 2) our favorite expert on loveand beauty, Ovid:1. Re the Ram-God lecture at the Smithsonian this Thursday (6:45 p.m.):First, here is the information you need re the le
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Practice test for test 4 Note: converting to pdf eliminated some parentheses.Evaluate or simplify the following. Definite integrals should have exact values, notapproximate values. e 2 is an exact value. 7.389056 is an approximate value.ln x1dx =77
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Practice test for test 4Evaluate or simplify the following. Definite integrals should have exact values, notapproximate values. e 2 is an exact value. 7.389056 is an approximate value.1.3.5.5t 6e4 t0752. ( 6xe 5 x + C24.) 5 x + 2 x dx =
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SPRING 2011MATH TALKTopic:STATISTICAL GRAPHS:A p icture is worth at housand wordsSpeaker: Ms. Maria AronneTime: 2:00-2:50 pmDate: F riday, February 11, 2011Location: Science East Room 208Abstract:In Statistics, in order to make some sense of da
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MA 160, Elementary Applied Calculus IMontgomery College, RockvilleCRN 30209 Tues-Thurs 1 2:50. SE 208Fall 2009Ms. Alison RoseOffice: 26 Science WestPhone: 240-567-4231Email: alison.rose@montgomerycollege.eduOffice Hours:Monday noon 1 PMTuesday 3
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MA160Rose,Spring2011DailyLogTuesdayJan24.Syllabusdistributedanddiscussed.WeworkedthroughtheexerciseOneEqualsZero,thenreviewedthebeginningofChapterR.HWRPt1andHWRPt2(MathXL)assigned.ThursdayJan26.MCclosedduetoweather.HWRPt1extended.TuesdayFeb1.Wewentto
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MA160Formulas
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MA 160Quiz on section 4.3Name _SHOW YOUR WORK ON ALL PROBLEMS!(6 pts) Use antiderivatives to evaluate the definite integral. Leave your answer in EXACT form.11. xdx222.1dx21 x(9 pts) Use antiderivatives to evaluate the definite integral. R