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Epidemiology has been defined as, the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specific populationsand now includes chronic diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease ( Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008 p. 243). The five leading causes of death in North County range from heart disease, and stroke to accidents and Nurse Smith use biostatistics to review and analyze public health concepts and issues in order to prepare care plans for the aggregate. According to Stanhope & Lancaster, Epidemiology is the study of populations in order to (1) monitor the health of the population, (2) understand the determinants of health and disease in communities, and (3) investigate and evaluate interventions to prevent disease and maintain health (p. 244-245).There are several risk factors associated with certain disease which can be modified and controlled. Epidemiology is useful in obtaining the determinants that might have influence on the leading causes of death in North County, and use that information to develop a plan of care that can help to prevent or reduce the incidence of such cases. According to Chockalingam, His epidemiological surveys and patient awareness programmes, which bring together professional associations and voluntary agencies, have led to a pragmatic approach to preventive medicine. Chockalingam, A. (2000). Preventing heart diseases. Retrieved august 12, 2011 from Stanhope, M. & Lancaster, J. (2008). Public Health Nursing. Population-centered health care in the Community. Mosby, Elsevier. St. Louis, MO.... View Full Document

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