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Describe the different functions of the central core of the brain compared to the cerebral cortex (The central core is found in all vertebrates. Its 5 main regions help regulate basic life processes, including breathing, pulse, arousal, movement, balance, sleep, and the early stage of processing sensory information. The central core consists of thalamus, pons, cerebellum, reticular formation, medulla ) (the outermost covering of the brain is called the cerebral cortex. The cortex is the largest part of the brain and is the wrinkled outer layer of the brain that controls the higher mental processes that enhance learning, memory, thoughts, and language. To fit inside the skull, the cerebral cortex has intricate folds called convolutions. The cerebral cortex is divided into 2 separate halves, or cerebral hemispheres. The 2 hemispheres are connected by a thick band of nerve fibers under the cortex called the corpus callosum. This 4 inch long, quarter inch thick bundle consists of millions of white nerve fibers that bridge the 2 hemispheres and carry messages back and forth between the left and right sides of the brain. ... View Full Document

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