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Psychology Final Review 1. Explain the Experimental Method in your own words. The experimental method involves manipulating one variable to determine if changes in one variable cause changes in another variable. This method relies on controlled methods, random assignment and the manipulation of variables to test a hypothesis. 2. Explain the Scientific Method in your own words. The approach used by psychologists to systematically acquire knowledge and understanding about behavior and other phenomena of interest. 1) Identifying questions of interests 2) Formulating an explanation 3) Carrying out research designed to support or refute the explanation 4) Communicating the findings 3. If you were running a business and you wanted to improve productivity of your employees how would you design an experiment to do that? -How can I make them work better-By giving them commison when they do their job-Make half work on commison and half not- Which employees were more productive 4. Which of the following research designs is best for demonstrating cause and affect that one variable leads to an effect on a second variable? A: Experimental Method 5. A psychologist gives a survey to college students and finds that students with higher self-esteem have more positive body image. The psychologist is using what kind of research design? A: Correlational Method 6. Parry, a graduate student in psychology wants to study the risk taking behavior in children, hes considering using natural observation method and weighing possible advantages and disadvantages. An advantage is a.) a real life setting, but a disadvantage is b.) ability to manipulate variables beyond the situation. 7. Which research method has at least one experimental and one control group? A: Experimental Method 8. Which of the following techniques used by a developmental psychologist studys groups of people of different ages at one point in time. A: Cross- Sectional Design 9. In studying the roots of prejudice a cognitive psychologist would be more likely to . A: Examine how people remember information consistent with prejudice. 10. In order to understand the unusual behavior of an adult a clinical psychologist is carefully invested in the clients current life situation in social and educational history. Which research method has this psychologist employed? A: Case Study 11. A developmental psychologist who wants to study children with ADHD goes to class rooms to study childrens behavior. Her research method could be described as A: Naturalistic Observation 12. Naturalistic observation Investigator simply observes some naturally occurring behavior and does not make a change in the situation. 13. Who developed case studies?... View Full Document

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