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12 Student: _______________________________________________________________________________________ True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False 1. Throughout most of American history, the relationship between managers and employees has been fairly smooth. 2. Historically, managers were less concerned about productivity and more concerned with friendly relations with coworkers. 3. One of the things that labor is interested in is fair and competent management. 4. A union is an employee organization that has the main goal of representing its members in employee-management negotiation concerning job-related issues. 5. Even in their infancy, the main goal of most labor unions was to provide members with increased management power. 6. Labor unions played a major role in establishing minimum wage laws, child-labor laws, and improvements in job safety. 7. Today labor unions have seen a revitalization of support and union membership has increased significantly. 8. Most historians view the increase in union membership in the United States as an outgrowth of the transition from an industrial economy to a service economy during the middle part of the 20 th century. 9. Some business observers contend that the previous success of labor unions is a reason for the decline of labor unions. 10. The presence of formal labor organizations in the United States dates back to the late 1700s. 11. Some contend that the main reason membership in labor unions has declined in recent years has been the passage of anti-labor legislation in the late 1980s that guaranteed all employees of a firm the same wages and benefits whether they joined a union or not. 12. The Knights of Labor was the first truly national labor organization in the United States. 13. A craft union is an organization of skilled specialists in a particular craft or trade. 14. A union that consists of members who are all skilled specialists in a particular trade is called an industrial guild . 15. The Knights of Labor, the first national labor organization, offered membership to all working people, including employers. 16. The first national labor organization, the Knights of Labor sought to gain enough political power to restructure the entire U.S. economy. 17. Samuel Gompers was the most important leader of the American Federation of Labor during its early years. 18. The AFL (American Federation of Labor) was initially intended to be a single craft union. 19. During its early years, the AFL tried to expand as rapidly as possible by recruiting both skilled and unskilled workers. True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False True False 20. In its early years, the AFL (American Federation of Labor) limited its membership to skilled workers. 20.... View Full Document

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