chap7 Gases
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chap7 Gases

Course Number: CHEMISTRY 0012, Fall 2010

College/University: St. Thomas FL

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Chapter 7 Gases 7.1 Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following is NOT part of the kinetic theory of gases? A) A gas is composed of very small particles. B) There is very little empty space in a gas. C) Gas particles move rapidly. D) Gas particles do not attract or repel one another. E) Gas particles move faster when the temperature increases. Answer: B 2) According to the kinetic theory of gases, a gas...

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7 Chapter Gases 7.1 Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following is NOT part of the kinetic theory of gases? A) A gas is composed of very small particles. B) There is very little empty space in a gas. C) Gas particles move rapidly. D) Gas particles do not attract or repel one another. E) Gas particles move faster when the temperature increases. Register to View Answer2) According to the kinetic theory of gases, a gas can be compressed much more than a liquid or solid because A) a gas is composed of very small particles. B) the particles of a gas are very far apart. C) gas particles move rapidly. D) gas particles do not attract or repel one another. E) gas particles move faster when the temperature increases. Register to View Answer3) According to the kinetic theory of gases, particles of a gas A) are very large. B) are very far apart. C) lose their valence electrons. D) move slowly. E) decrease kinetic energy as temperature increases. Register to View Answer4) In the kinetic molecular theory of gas behavior, particles of a gas tend to move ________ and collisions between them are ________. A) rapidly; rare B) slowly; rare C) rapidly; elastic D) slowly; elastic E) slowly; unusual Register to View Answer5) The force of gas particles against the walls of a container is called A) pressure. B) volume. C) temperature. D) quantity of gas. E) density. Register to View Answer6) Which measurement describes the pressure of a gas? A) 315 K B) 1.2 g/L C) 2.5 L D) 725 mm Hg E) 0.45 moles Register to View AnswerPage 83 7) The unit of 1 atmosphere used to describe the pressure of a gas is equal to A) 1 mm Hg . B) 100 mm Hg. C) 200 mm Hg. D) 600 mm Hg. E) 760 mm Hg. Register to View Answer8) A 5.00-L tank contains helium gas at 1.50 atm. What is the pressure of the gas in mm Hg? A) 1.50 mm Hg B) 507 mm Hg C) 760 mm Hg D) 1140 mm Hg E) 7.5 mm Hg Register to View Answer9) The boiling point of water at sea level is 100C. At higher altitudes, the boiling point of water will be A) lower, because temperatures are lower. B) lower, because the atmospheric pressure is lower. C) higher, because the altitude is greater. D) higher, because there are fewer water molecules in the air. E) the same, because water always boils at 100C. Register to View Answer10) Vapor pressure can be described as A) the temperature at which bubbles of vapor appear in a liquid. B) the pressure exerted on the earth by the particles in the air. C) the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid equals atmospheric pressure. D) the pressure exerted by a gas above the surface of its liquid. E) the pressure within the lungs during inhalation. Register to View Answer11) An autoclave is used to sterilize surgical equipment because A) it allows water to boil at temperatures less than 100C. B) it allows water to boil at 100C at pressures less than 1 atm. C) it allows water to boil at 100C at pressures greater than 1 atm. D) it allows water to boil at temperatures above 100C. E) it provides very high temperatures and very low pressures. Register to View Answer12) According to Boyles law, the pressure of a gas increases as the volume decreases because A) the gas particles get bigger. B) the kinetic energy of the gas particles increases. C) the temperature of the gas increases. D) the gas particles strike the walls of the container with more force. E) the gas particles strike the walls of the container more often. Register to View AnswerPage 84 13) Which of the following correctly describes the process of inspiration (air entering the lungs)? A) The lungs expand, causing their internal pressure to decrease. B) The lungs expand, causing their internal pressure to increase. C) The lungs contract, causing their internal pressure to decrease. D) The lungs contract, causing their internal pressure to increase. E) There is no change in the internal pressure in the lungs. Register to View Answer14) The volume of a gas with a pressure of 1.2 atm increases from 1.0 L to 4.0 L. What is the final pressure of the gas, assuming constant temperature? A) 1.2 atm B) 0.30 atm C) 3.3 atm D) 4.8 atm E) 1.0 atm Register to View Answer15) The pressure of 5.0 L of gas increases from 1.50 atm to 1240 mm Hg. What is the final volume of the gas, assuming constant temperature? A) 4100 L B) 5.0 L C) 0.0060 L D) 5.4 L E) 4.6 L Register to View AnswerA balloon is filled with helium gas. For the question(s) that follow, select the letter of the balloon diagram that corresponds to the given change in conditions. 16) The balloon is put into a chamber whose pressure is less than the atmospheric pressure and at atmospheric temperature. A) A B) B C) C D) A and B E) B and C Register to View AnswerPage 85 17) The temperature is changed from 50C to -150C at constant pressure. A) A B) B C) C D) A and B E) B and C Register to View Answer18) Complete the following statement: In Charles law, the volume of a gas ________ when the ________ decreases. A) increases; temperature B) increases; quantity of gas C) increases; pressure D) decreases; temperature E) decreases; pressure Register to View Answer19) What unit of temperature is used in gas law calculations? A) Fahrenheit B) Celsius C) Kelvin D) either Celsius or Fahrenheit E) either Celsius or Kelvin Register to View Answer20) The temperature of a 500. mL sample of gas increases from 150. K to 350. K. What is the final volume of the sample of gas, if the pressure in the container is kept constant? A) 210. mL B) 1170 mL C) 0.0095 mL D) 0.0470 mL E) 110. mL Register to View Answer21) In Gay-Lussacs law, the pressure of a gas increases due to an increase in temperature because A) the molecules strike the walls of the container less often. B) the molecules strike the walls of the container more often. C) the molecules get bigger. D) there is a decrease in the volume of the container. E) there is an increase in the number of gas particles. Register to View Answer22) A gas contained in a steel tank has a pressure of 1.5 atm at a temperature of 320 K. What will be the gas pressure when the temperature changes to 450 K? A) 1.5 atm B) 0.94 atm C) 0.47 atm D) 2.1 atm E) 1.1 atm Register to View AnswerPage 86 23) When the combined gas law is rearranged to solve for V2, the following is the correct expression: V2 = A) T2T1V1/P2P1 B) P1V1T2/P2T1 C) P1V1T1/P2T2 D) P2T2/P1V1T1 E) P1V1/T1 - P2/T2 Register to View Answer24) At 570. mm Hg and 25C, a gas sample has a volume of 2270 mL. What is the final pressure (in mm Hg) at a volume of 1250 mL and a temperature of 175C? A) 1560 mm Hg B) 210. mm Hg C) 700. mm Hg D) 690. mm Hg E) 470. mm Hg Register to View Answer25) According to Avogrados law, A) the volume of a gas is inversely related to the number of moles at constant temperature and pressure. B) the volume of a gas is inversely related to the number of moles at standard temperature and pressure. C) the volume of a gas depends only on the temperature and pressure. D) the volume of a gas depends only on the number of moles in the sample. E) the volume of a gas is directly related to the number of moles at constant temperature and pressure. Register to View Answer26) At STP, temperature and pressure have the values of A) 0 K and 1 atm. B) 273 K and 1 mm Hg. C) 273 K and 760 mm Hg. D) 0 K and 760 mm Hg. E) 760 K and 273 atm. Register to View Answer27) A gas sample contains 4.0 g of CH4 and 2.0 g of He. What is the volume of the sample at STP? A) 130 L B) 11 L C) 17 L D) 30. L E) 5.6 L Register to View Answer28) A diver exhales a bubble with a volume of 250 mL at a pressure of 2.4 atm and a temperature of 15 C. What is the volume of the bubble when it reaches the surface where the pressure is 1.0 atm and the temperature is 27C? A) 580 mL B) 630 mL C) 100 mL D) 110 mL E) 1100 mL Register to View AnswerPage 87 29) How many moles of neon occupy a volume of 14.3 L at STP? A) 36.7 moles B) 32.0 moles C) 6.45 moles D) 0.638 moles E) 1.57 moles Register to View Answer30) 1 mole of a gas occupies 22.4 L at A) 0C and 0.50 atm. B) 0C and 760 Hg. C) mm 100C and 1 atm. D) 100C and 10 atm. E) 0 K and 1 atm. Register to View Answer31) At STP conditions, 11 g of SO2 have a volume of A) 250 L. B) 3.8 L. C) 22 L. D) 0.0076 L. E) 130 L. Register to View Answer32) The total pressure in a mixture of gases is equal to the partial pressure(s) of A) the gas with the greatest number of moles. B) the gas with the smallest number of moles. C) the gas with the highest molecular weight. D) the gas that occupies the largest volume. E) all the gases added together. Register to View Answer33) A cyclopropane-oxygen mixture is used as an anesthetic. If the partial pressure of cyclopropane in the mixture is 330 mm Hg and the partial pressure of the oxygen is 1.0 atm, what is the total pressure of the mixture in torr? A) 330 torr B) 430 torr C) 760 torr D) 1.4 torr E) 1100 torr Register to View Answer34) A tank contains helium gas at 490 mm Hg, nitrogen gas at 0.75 atm, and neon at 520 torr. What is the total pressure in atm? A) 2.1 atm B) 0.55 atm C) 1.0 x 103 atm D) 1.5 atm E) 1600 atm Register to View AnswerPage 88 35) Which of the following correctly describes the partial pressures of gases in the body? A) high O2, low CO2, oxygenated blood B) high O2, low CO2, deoxygenated blood C) high O2, high CO2, oxygenated blood D) high O2, high CO2, tissue E) low O2, low CO2, deoxygenated blood Register to View Answer36) Which of the following is NOT a potential use for a hyperbaric chamber? A) treatment for burns and infections B) counteracting carbon monoxide poisoning C) increasing the rate at which a broken bone heals D) treating a diver with the bends E) treating some cancers Register to View Answer37) In the kinetic molecular theory of gas behavior, the assumption is made that gas molecules A) move rapidly in random directions. B) are attracted to each other by strong forces. C) are close together in their container. D) move with a kinetic energy equal to their centigrade temperature. E) occasionally come to rest. Register to View Answer38) The pressure exerted by a gas on its container is directly proportional to A) the volume of the container. B) the mass of the individual gas molecules. C) the centigrade temperature of the gas. D) the number of molecules of gas in the sample. E) the Fahrenheit temperature of the gas. Register to View Answer39) As you rise higher in Earths atmosphere, the atmospheric pressure A) increases. B) decreases. C) remains the same. Register to View Answer40) The air pressure on a rainy day is usually ________ air pressure on a sunny day. A) higher than B) lower than C) the same as Register to View Answer41) At constant temperature, a sample of helium at 760. torr in a closed container was compressed from 5.00 L to 3.00 L. What was the new pressure exerted by the helium on its container? A) 800. torr B) 2280 torr C) 15.0 torr D) 3800 torr E) 1270 torr Register to View AnswerPage 89 42) A gas sample in a closed, expandable container of initial volume 5.00 L was allowed to warm from 25 C to 35C. What was its new volume? A) 4.84 L B) 5.17 L C) 7.00 L D) 3.57 L E) 4380 L Register to View Answer43) A gas at 5.00 atm pressure was stored in a tank during the winter at 5.0 C. During the summer, the temperature in the storage area reached 40.0C. What was the pressure in the gas tank then? A) 0.625 atm B) 4.44 atm C) 5.63 atm D) 40.0 atm E) 69.5 atm Register to View Answer44) A sample of nitrogen gas had a volume of 500. mL, a pressure in its closed container of 740 torr, and a temperature of 25C. What was the new volume of the gas when the temperature was changed to 50 C and the new pressure was 760 torr? A) 530 mL B) 450 mL C) 970 mL D) 240 mL E) 400 mL Register to View Answer45) At STP, what is the volume of 4.50 moles of nitrogen gas? A) 167 L B) 3420 L C) 101 L D) 60.7 L E) 1230 L Register to View Answer46) At STP, how many moles of helium would occupy 1.00 L? A) 2.24 moles B) 224 moles C) 22.4 moles D) 0.446 moles E) 0.0446 moles Register to View Answer47) If atmospheric pressure on a certain day is 749 mm Hg, what is the partial pressure of nitrogen, given that nitrogen is about 78% of the atmosphere? A) 165 mm Hg B) 584 mm Hg C) 600 mm Hg D) 749 mm Hg E) 760 mm Hg Register to View AnswerPage 90 48) The mathematical expression of the ideal gas law is A) P1V1 = P2V2 B) P1 T1 = P2 T2 C) P1 V1 = P2 V2 D) PV = nRT E) PT = P1 + P2 + P3 Register to View Answer49) A sample of argon at 300.C and 50.0 atm pressure is cooled in the same container to a temperature of 0.00C. What is the new pressure? A) 105 atm B) 45.5 atm C) 54.9 atm D) 23.8 atm E) 42.7 atm Register to View Answer50) At STP, what is the volume of 1.00 mole of carbon dioxide? A) 1.00 L B) 44.0 L C) 273 L D) 22.4 L E) 12.2 L Register to View Answer 7.2 Bimodal Questions 1) The pressure exerted by the particles of vapor above a liquid is called the ________. A) vapor pressure B) barometric pressure C) standard pressure D) molar pressure E) atmospheric pressure Register to View Answer2) In the kinetic molecular theory of gas behavior, the distance between gas molecules is assumed to be ________ the diameter of the gas molecules. A) 22.4 times B) small relative to C) dependent on D) approximately the same as E) large relative to Register to View Answer3) A barometer is a device for measuring ________. A) atmospheric pressure B) blood pressure C) gas pressure in a container D) gas pressure in the lung E) vapor pressure Register to View AnswerPage 91 7.3 Short Answer Questions 1) The use of high-pressure chambers to control disease processes is known as ________. Answer: hyperbaric medicine 2) Nitrogen makes up about ________ percent of the atmosphere. Answer: 78 3) A barometer is usually filled with ________. Answer: mercury 4) One atmosphere is the same as ________ mm Hg. Answer: 760 5) The pressure unit 1 mm Hg is the same pressure unit as the pressure unit ________. Answer: 1 torr 7.4 True/False Questions 1) STP stands for 0C and 760 mm Hg. Register to View Answer2) The volume of 1 mole of any gas at STP is 22.4 L. Register to View Answer3) The air we breathe is about 21% oxygen. Register to View Answer4) Carbon dioxide and water vapor together account for about 5% of the air we breathe. Register to View Answer5) During inspiration, we actually make use of 100% of the oxygen in the air we breathe. Register to View Answer6) In deoxygenated blood, the partial pressure of carbon dioxide is greater than the partial pressure of oxygen left. Register to View Answer7) Gas law calculations normally require the use of the Kelvin temperature scale. Register to View Answer8) At 0 K, all motion stops. Register to View Answer9) The pressure exerted by a gas on its container is inversely related to its Kelvin temperature. Register to View Answer10) The kinetic energy of a gas sample is directly proportional to the Kelvin temperature of the gas. Register to View AnswerPage 92 7.5 Matching Questions Indicate the effect on the pressure of the following change. 1) Column 1: decrease in volume (n, T constant) Column 2: increases Answer: increases 2) Column 1: removing some molecules of gas Column 2: decreases Answer: decreases 3) Column 1: The temperature is doubled. Column 2: increases Answer: increases 4) Column 1: The volume and the Kelvin temperature are reduced by one-half. Column 2: no change Answer: no change 5) Column 1: A leak occurs and gas escapes. Column 2: decreases Answer: decreases Match the correct formula with the gas law name given. 6) Column 1: Boyles law Column 2: P1V1 = P2V2 Foil: mass/volume Answer: P1V1 = P2V2 7) Column 1: Combined gas law Column 2: P1V1 T1 = P2V2 T2 Answer: P1V1 T1 = P2V2 T2 8) Column 1: Charles law Column 2: V1 T1 = V2 T2 Answer: V1 T1 = V2 T2 Page 93 9) Column 1: ideal gas law Column 2: PV = nRT Answer: PV = nRT 10) Column 1: Avogadros law Column 2: V1 n1 = V2 n2 Answer: V1 n1 = V2 n2 11) Column 1: Gay-Lussacs law Column 2: P1 T1 = P2 T2 Answer: P1 T1 = P2 T2 12) Column 1: Daltons law Column 2: PT = P1 + P2 + P3 ... Answer: PT = P1 + P2 + P3 ... Page 94

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Angular Momentum about O(kg.m2/s):H 0 ri (mi vi ) rA (m A v A ) rB (m B v B ) rC (mC vC )iPosition Vectors respect to O:rA 0.9i 1.8 j , rB 1.8 j 0.9k , rc 0.9i 0.9kLinear Momentums:17.79(42i 63 j ) 76.165i 114.248 j9.8117.79mB v B (42i 63 j ) 7
McGill - CIVE - 281
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McGill - CIVE - 281
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McGill - CIVE - 281
PROBLEM 17.20A rope is wrapped around a cylinder of radius r and mass m asshown. Knowing that the cylinder is released from rest, determinethe velocity of the center of the cylinder after it has moveddownward a distance s.SOLUTIONKinematics:CPoint
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Trauma Anesthesia142P age 1R ic h a r d P . D u tto n M .D ., M .B .A .B a ltim o re , M a ry la n dO v e r v ie wT ra u m a a n e s th e s ia is p ra c tic e d b y m a n y , b u t th e s p e c ia lty o f f e w . L ik e o th e r a re a s o f m e d i
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MIT OpenCourseWare http:/ocw.mit.edu5.36 Biochemistry LaboratorySpring 2009For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http:/ocw.mit.edu/terms.5.36 Lecture Summary #1February 3, 2009Reading assignment for Thursday: Weisb
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MIT OpenCourseWarehttp:/ocw.mit.edu5.36 Biochemistry LaboratorySpring 2009For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http:/ocw.mit.edu/terms.5.36 Lecture Summary #5 (shortened)Thursday, March 5, 2009CI-M assignments:
Montgomery College - BIOLOGY - 101
MIT OpenCourseWarehttp:/ocw.mit.edu5.36 Biochemistry LaboratorySpring 2009For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http:/ocw.mit.edu/terms.5.36 Lecture Summary #4Thursday, February 26, 2009CI-M assignment: The first
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MIT OpenCourseWare http:/ocw.mit.edu5.36 Biochemistry LaboratorySpring 2009For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http:/ocw.mit.edu/terms.5.36 Lecture Summary #6March 17, 2009Upcoming CI-M due date: The final draft
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Advances in Trauma AnesthesiaCharles E. Smith, MDProfessor, Case Western Reserve UniversityDirector, Cardiothoracic and Trauma AnesthesiaMetroHealth Medical CenterCleveland, OhioMay 2009ObjectivesApproach to injured pt: airway, c-spine clearanceF