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### Split_00072

Course: CH E 210, Fall 2011
School: Penn State
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Word Count: 233

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a. 8.96 2.30 lb m 15.0 wt% H 2 SO 4 @ 77 F H1 = 10 Btu / lb m o U | | | m ( lb V | | | W adiabatic mixing 3 m2 (lb m ) 80.0 wt% H 2 SO 4 @ 60o F H 2 = 120 Btu / lb m 60.0 wt% H 2 SO 4 @ T o F, H 3 U |m |R VS mass balance: 2.30b0.150g + m b0.800g = m (0.600) W |m |T Total mass balance: H 2 SO 4 m) 2 2 3 = 517 lb m (80%) . 3 2.30 + m2 = m3 = 7.47 lb m (60%) b. Adiabatic mixing Q = H = 0 ....

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a. 8.96 2.30 lb m 15.0 wt% H 2 SO 4 @ 77 F H1 = 10 Btu / lb m o U | | | m ( lb V | | | W adiabatic mixing 3 m2 (lb m ) 80.0 wt% H 2 SO 4 @ 60o F H 2 = 120 Btu / lb m 60.0 wt% H 2 SO 4 @ T o F, H 3 U |m |R VS mass balance: 2.30b0.150g + m b0.800g = m (0.600) W |m |T Total mass balance: H 2 SO 4 m) 2 2 3 = 517 lb m (80%) . 3 2.30 + m2 = m3 = 7.47 lb m (60%) b. Adiabatic mixing Q = H = 0 . b7.47gH b2.30gb10g b517gb120g = 0 H 3 3 = 861 Btu / lb m . E Figure 8.5 - 1 T = 140 o F c. d i H 60 wt%, 77 o F = 130 Btu / lb m d i b gb g Q = m3 H 60 wt%, 77 o F H 3 = 7.475 130 + 861 = 328 Btu . d. Add the concentrated solution the to dilute solution . The rate of temperature rise is much lower (isotherms are crossed at a lower rate) when moving from left to right on Figure 8.5-1. 8.97 a. b. x NH 3 = 0.30 Fig. 8.5-2 y NH 3 = 0.96 lb m NH 3 lb m vapor , T = 80 F Basis: 1 lb m system mass 0.90 lb m liquid 010 lb m vapor . Mass fractions: zNH 3 = b0.27 + 0.096glb m NH 3 1 lb m x NH 3 = 0.30 0.27 lb m NH 3 0.63 lb m H 2 O x NH 3 = 0.96 0.096 lb m NH 3 0.004 lb m H 2 O = 0.37 lb m NH 3 lb m 1 0.37 = 0.63 lb m H 2 O lb m Enthalpy: H = 0.90 lb m liquid 0.10 lb m vapor 670 Btu 25 Btu + = 44 Btu lb m 1 lb m 1 lb m 1 lb m liquid 1 lb m vapor 8-72
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