EXAM_1_review_pics_on_CH_19_20_21_for_Spring_2011
49 Pages

EXAM_1_review_pics_on_CH_19_20_21_for_Spring_2011

Course: ACCT 2001, Spring 2010

School: LSU

Word Count: 702

Rating:

Document Preview

THESE ARE SOME OF THE MORE IMPORTANT PICTURES TAKEN FROM THE NOTES ON CH 19, CH 20, AND CH 21 for EXAM #1 BIOL 1002 Spring 2011 You can also use the web site below for review questions besides the 9th edition MasteringBiology.com site: http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_audesirk_bloe_7/1,8753,1139971,.html Chapter 19: The Diversity of Prokaryotes and Viruses Relative Sizes of Microorganisms 1 m Staphylococcus...

Unformatted Document Excerpt
Coursehero >> Louisiana >> LSU >> ACCT 2001

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one
below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

ARE THESE SOME OF THE MORE IMPORTANT PICTURES TAKEN FROM THE NOTES ON CH 19, CH 20, AND CH 21 for EXAM #1 BIOL 1002 Spring 2011 You can also use the web site below for review questions besides the 9th edition MasteringBiology.com site: http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_audesirk_bloe_7/1,8753,1139971,.html Chapter 19: The Diversity of Prokaryotes and Viruses Relative Sizes of Microorganisms 1 m Staphylococcus cyanobacterium Rank each of these in terms of size relative to eachother Escherichia coli Eukaryotic cells (10100 m) Prokaryotic cells (0.210 m) Viruses (0.050.2 m) What are these? Viruses Come in a Variety of Shapes Examples of common viruses? Treating Diseases With Viruses What are these Bacteriophages specifically? What is a Bacteriophages can treat bacterial diseases ghost? Where is the DNA resistance Rise in bacterial antibioticin this picture? makes standard drugs less effective Bacteriophages specifically target host bacteria Bacteriophages are harmless to human body cells Bacterial cell Bacterial or viral infections? Unique type of virus: Lyse: cell pops open HIV virus How is kuru transmitted? Shape??? Common name Scientific name Spherical (cocci) Shape??? Common name Scientific name Rodlike (bacilli) Shape??? Common name Scientific name Shape??? Common name Scientific name Corkscrew-shape (spirilli) Where might you find this thing? What is the name of this specifically? What are the green, brown, and white structures? Why is an endospore important? When would this form? What is the orange dot composed of? What is the yellow stuff? Binary fission of an E. coli cell What is the mode of bacterial reproduction? Conjugation between two bacteria Sexual form of bacterial reproduction Sex pilus How would you contract this condition? Treatment? Lyme Disease Chapter 20: The Diversity Protists A Parasitic Water Mold downy mildew Fig. 20-7 Common name of these organisms Diatoms Brown Algae, a Multicellular Protist Common name of these organisms Fig. 20-9 Common name of these organisms. What do these cause? How do they kill other organisms? Common name of these organisms What disease is associated with these organisms? RBC Trypanosomes Giardia in the human small intestine Pseudopods of amoebas What is the structure labeled called? An Amoeba Fig. have needle-like pseudopods More psuedopods, 20-16 Heliozoans but very different from the amoebas Common name? Shell is made of what? Foraminiferans Common name? Shell is made of what? Radiolarians Chloroplasts have a unique curly appearance Spyrogyra green algae Chapter 21: The Diversity of Plants The Evolutionary Tree of Some Major Plant Groups Nonvascular plants (Bryophytes) Vascular plants (Tracheophytes) seed plants Liverworts Mosses Ferns Gymnosperms Angiosperms Flowers and fruits Seeds and pollen True vascular tissue and lignin Ancestral green alga Arrange the pictures for each branch of this tree. Also place the words where they belong. Fig. 21-4 Size vs. Age of Plants Arrange the pictures for each zygote branch of this tree. Also place the words where they belong. SP GA ORO ME PH TO YTE PH YT (2n) E( n) GREEN ALGA BRYOPHYTE FERN GYMNOSPERM ANGIOSPERM Basically, what does alternation of generations mean? gametophyte ( n) n n egg n n FERTILIZATION MEIOSIS spore mother cell MIT OS IS n sperm Haploid spores n MIT OS IS 2n Diploid 2n zygote 2n haploid diploid sporophyte (2n) embryo Name of these structures? What do they do? Liverworts thallus (leaflike part) Label the structures gemmae cup close-up of gemmae (spores) Nonvascular vs. Vascular Plants What is the stuff in the backgound? Club Moss releasing spores Horsetails What is the common name of these? (horsetails or scouring rush). What is another odd feature of these plants? Seedless Vascular Plants: Ferns Largest and most diverse group of seedless vascular plants Have well developed, broad leaves Leaves emerge from coiled fiddleheads What is the name of the structure shown here? Ferns: Reproduction Sporophyte produces haploid spores within sporangia Sperm swim to egg What is the name of the structure shown here? embryo embryo stored food stored food seed coat Pine seed (gymnosperm) seed coat Label the parts in these seeds Bean seed (angiosperm) MALE CONE Which cone is male and which one is female? FEMALE CONE The gas bladders that are odd. How do these bladders help? pine pollen grains Sex of this plant? Odor? Why the odor? Fan-shaped leaves petal stamen (male) sepal carpel (female) ovule in an ovary Label the parts of this idealized flower.

Find millions of documents on Course Hero - Study Guides, Lecture Notes, Reference Materials, Practice Exams and more. Course Hero has millions of course specific materials providing students with the best way to expand their education.

Below is a small sample set of documents:

BYU - MMBIO - 361
ViralZoonosisAnOverviewDefinitionZooneses are diseases of vertebrate animals that can betransmitted to man: either directly or indirectly through an insectvector.When an insect vector is involved, the disease is also known asan arboviral disease.H
LSU - ACCT - 2001
THESE ARE SOME OF THEMORE IMPORTANT PICTURESTAKEN FROM THE NOTESCOVERING CH 32(Circulation), CH 33(Respiration) and CH 34(Digestion) for EXAM 3Use the web site below for review questions:http:/wps.prenhall.com/esm_audesirk_bloe_7/1,8753,1139971,.h
LSU - ACCT - 2001
Communication 10611-14-09Communication: imparting or exchanging of information via words, sounds, writing, or signs.Communicate because we have needs: Physical Identity: Who you are? How you see yourself? Show through clothes, cars, etc. Identityfor
LSU - ACCT - 2001
Communication 10611-23-09Assumptions made by theorists World is predictable Humans try to make sense of the situation Humans make rules. If violate rules, then can be positive or negative reaction.Communication has origins in WWII during 1940s. Used
LSU - ACCT - 2001
3THE ACCOUNTINGINFORMATION SYSTEM3- 1Accounting, Fourth EditionStudy Objectives1.2.Explain what an account is and how it helps in the recording process.3.Define debits and credits and explain how they are used to recordbusiness transactions.4.
LSU - ACCT - 2001
3THE ACCOUNTINGINFORMATION SYSTEM3- 1Accounting, Fourth EditionStudy Objectives1.2.Explain what an account is and how it helps in the recording process.3.Define debits and credits and explain how they are used to recordbusiness transactions.4.
LSU - ACCT - 2001
4ACCRUAL ACCOUNTINGCONCEPTS4-1Accounting, Fourth EditionStudy Objectives1.2.Differentiate between the cash basis and the accrual basis ofaccounting.3.Explain why adjusting entries are needed, and identify the majortypes of adjusting entries.4
LSU - ACCT - 2001
8REPORTING ANDANALYZING RECEIVABLES8-1Financial Accounting, Sixth EditionTypes of ReceivablesAmounts due from individuals and other companies that areexpected to be collected in cash.Amounts owed bycustomers thatresult from the saleof goods and
LSU - ACCT - 2001
11REPORTING ANDANALYZINGSTOCKHOLDERS EQUITY11-1Financial Accounting, Sixth EditionStudy Objectives1.2.Record the issuance of common stock.3.Differentiate preferred stock from common stock.4.Prepare the entries for cash dividends.5.11-2Iden
LSU - ACCT - 2001
5MERCHANDISING OPERATIONSAND THE MULTIPLE-STEPINCOME STATEMENT5- 1Financial Accounting, Sixth EditionStudy ObjectivesStudy Objectives1.2.Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventorysystem.3.5-2Identify the differences betwe
LSU - ACCT - 2001
ManagerialAccountingManagerial Accounting BasicsDefinition of Managerial AccountingA field of accounting that provides economic andfinancial information for managers and other internalusers.Also called Management AccountingManagerial vsFinancial
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 71, 147155 (2001)doi:10.1006/pest.2001.2572, available online at http:/www.idealibrary.com onEmetophagy: Fipronil-Induced Regurgitation of Bait and ItsDissemination from German Cockroach Adults to NymphsGrzegorz B
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Overcoming Free-Riding Behavior in Peer-to-PeerSystemsMICHAL FELDMAN and JOHN CHUANGSchool of Information Management and SystemsUniversity of California, BerkeleyWhile the fundamental premise of peer-to-peer (P2P) systems is that of voluntary resourc
Montgomery College - BI - 200
JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN SCIENCE TEACHINGVOL. 39, NO. 9, PP. 819844 (2002)Comparing Three Attitude-Behavior Theories for PredictingScience Teachers IntentionsMichaela ZintSchool of Natural Resources and Environment, Dana Building, 430 E. University,Un
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Eighth GradeScienceUnit: 05Lesson: 01Suggested Duration: 3 daysInherited Traits and Learned BehaviorsLesson Synopsis:Students will distinguish between learned behaviors and inherited traits through activities such as word sorts, andcharades.TEKS:
Montgomery College - BI - 200
RESEARCHConnie Roser-Renouf & Matthew C. NisbetTHE MEASUREMENT OF KEY BEHAVIORAL SCIENCECONSTRUCTS IN CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCHConnie Roser-Renouf, PhDClimate Change Communication Center of ExcellenceGeorge Mason University&Matthew C. Nisbet, PhDSc
Montgomery College - BI - 200
PATHOLOGY FREE PRESSVOLUME V ISSUE 45NOVEMBER 18, 2011Dr. Paul Schreckenberger presented the Annual Sommers Microbiology Lecture at the Chicago Society forPathology Meeting on November 14, 2011. The title of the presentation was: Improving the Consult
Montgomery College - BI - 200
CS143Summer 2008Handout 11July 09, 2008LALR ParsingHandout written by Maggie Johnson and revised by Julie Zelenski.MotivationBecause a canonical LR(1) parser splits states based on differing lookahead sets, it canhave many more states than the cor
Montgomery College - BI - 200
EVALUATION OF HERBAL BIORESOURCES USING HISTOLOGICALAND HISTOCHEMICAL TECHNIQUESRajesh RajputAssistant ProfessorDept of Veterinary Anatomy & HistologyCOVAS, CSK HPKV, PalampurIndia is one of the Worlds 12 regions having the largest bioresources. It
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Course Title:Course Code:Instructor:Office / Tel. No. / email add.:CRN:Recommended Study Year:No. of Credits/Term:Mode of Tuition:Class Contact Hours:Category in Major Prog. :Introduction to Behavioral ScienceSOC103 (Session 2)Ms. TSO H
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Course TitleCourse CodeRecommended Study YearNo. of Credits/TermMode of TuitionClass Contact HoursCategory in Major Prog.Disciplines::::::::Prerequisite:Introduction to Behavioral ScienceBEH103First or Second Year3Lecture-Tutorial3
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Int J Oral Sci (2011) 3:180-191.www.ijos.org.cnREVIEWA review of clinical and histological parametersassociated with contralateral neck metastasesin oral squamous cell carcinomaSong Fan1, Qiong-lan Tang2, Ying-jin Lin3, Wei -liang Chen1*, Jin-song L
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Intellectual Property andBehavioral ScienceConference August 28-29, 2006Co-Sponsors:MAX-PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY,COMPETITION, AND TAX LAWandGRUTER INSTITUTE FORLAW AND BEHAVIORAL RESEARCHConference Organizers:Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c.
Montgomery College - BI - 200
qConsumer Behaviour 1q1Consumer BehaviourCustomer is profit, all else is overload.xThis chapter provides an introduction to consumer behaviour. Consumer is the most importantperson. The business revolves around the consumer.After finishing this c
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Harvard School of Dental MedicineStudent-to-Student Guide to Clinic:How to Excel in Third Year2010-2011 EditionAdam DonnellMindy GilBrandon GrunesSharon JinAram KimMichelle MianTracy Pogal-SussmanKim Whippy1999 Blaine Langberg & Justine Tompki
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Natural Herbs & Remedieshttp:/natural-herbs-remedies.com/INTERPRETATION OF DREAMSHerbal, Health & Aromatherapy Info1THE INTERPRETATION OF DREAMSbySigmuend FreudGet any book for free on:Remedies4.comwww.Abika.comhttp:/www.remedies4.com/Free Nat
Montgomery College - BI - 200
UN' .I-1MPublication M o.ICAR/ED|AJ/Pub. 15/5-2OO1TCTA.RCURRICULA AND SYLLABI FORMASTER DEGREE PROGRAMMESIN BASIC SCIENCESAGRICULTURAL MICROBIOLOGY,BIOCHEMISTRY, PLANT MOLECULARBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, ANDCROP PHYSIOLOGYACCREDITATION BOARD SEC
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Essentials of Behavioral Science Research:A First Course in Research MethodologyHoward LeeCalifornia State UniversityDistributed byWWW.LULU.COMMorrisville, NC 27560Essentials of Behavioral Science Research:A First Course in Research MethodologyCo
Montgomery College - BI - 200
SCIENCE AND HUMAN BEHAVIORBYB. F. SKINNERCopyright 2005, The B.F. Skinner Foundation. This book was previously published by Pearson Education, Inc. Printing of individual chapters allowed FOR PERSONAL USEONLY. Transfer of the files to any other per
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Instructors Resource ManualUnderstanding AbnormalBehaviorEIGHTH EDITIONDavid Sue / Derald Sue / Stanley SueRevised by Fred W. WhitfordMontana State UniversityDavid SueWestern Washington UniversityDerald Wing SueTeachers College, Columbia Univers
Montgomery College - BI - 200
The Fundamental Unit ofBehavioral ScienceKraskin Invitational SkeffingtonSymposium on VisionDr. T.F. Lee, Jan 14-16, 2006Fundamental Unit of BehavioralSciencePrologueWhat this is notWhat this isIs this possible?TF LeeKISS on Vision Jan 14-16,
Montgomery College - BI - 200
FOG-KA081DENTAL ANATOMYLECTURE2011/2012, 1st semester, 1st year, Dental studentsFall semester: 5 September 17 December 2011Holiday: 31 October 5 November 2011Place:Time:Exam:Credit:8. Szikra str. (yellow building behind the New Clinic), Room No.
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Veterinary Anatomy EducationVeterinaryin Indonesia Veterinary School:Present status and futurerecommendationSrihadi AGUNGPRIYONO, Teguh BUDIPITOJO,Chairun NISA , Erdiansyah RAHMIContents:Contents:Brief HistoryEducation systemVeterinary Anatomy
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Abstractswww.anatomy.org.trdoi:10.2399/ana.10.019xAbstracts for the 2nd International Symposiumof Clinical and Applied Anatomy,prof. Josef Stingl JUBILEE,July 9th - 11th, 2010, Prague, Czech RepublicAnatomy 2010; 4 Suppl 1: 19-90 2010 TSACALecture
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Anatomy of MovementOrtho 222http:/move.stanford.eduWinter Quarter 2006Project-based Interdisciplinary Course - 4 unitsLecture Course - 2 unitsWhat is the Essence of Human Movement?Interdisciplinary CourseMusculoskeletal AnatomyNeurophysiologyBio
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Segment IV Roadmap CheckpointFall 2002Lecture 9: Unoptimized CodeGenerationFrom the intermediaterepresentation to the machinecodeOn Tuesday 10/22Hand-in a tarball of what you haveIf you get codegen to work, no effectIf you have problems at end
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Comput Visual Sci 5: 1334 (2002)Digital Object Identier (DOI) 10.1007/s00791-002-0084-6Computing andVisualization in Science Springer-Verlag 2002Regular articleA framework for computational anatomyPaul M. Thompson, Arthur W. TogaLaboratory of Neur
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Equivalence Study of a Dental AnatomyComputer-Assisted Learning ProgramRussell E. Bogacki, D.D.S., M.S.; Al Best, Ph.D.; Louis M. Abbey, D.M.D., M.S.Abstract: Tooth Morphology is a computer-assisted learning program designed to teach the anatomy of the
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Lecture Notes: LinguisticsEdward Stabler, Winter 2011An introduction to the methods and some basic ideas of theoretical linguistics.Contents1 The nature of human languages11.1Productivity, and Zipfs law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Montgomery College - BI - 200
1/11Angelina CollegeScience and Mathematics DivisionBIOL 2402 Anatomy and Physiology IIInstructional SyllabusI.BASIC COURSE INFORMATIONA. Course Description (as stated in the bulletin, including necessary pre-requisite courses, credit hours)BIOL 2
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Biology 224Human Anatomy and Physiology IIWeek 2; Lecture 1; MondayDr. Stuart S. SumidaHeart & Great Vessels:Structure, Function,DevelopmentINTRODUCTION TOBLOOD VESSELSBlood vessels tubular structures, with particular named layers frominnermost
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Anatomyand Physiologyof VentricularFunctionROBERT F. RUSHMERFromtheDepartment of Physiology and Biophysics, UniversitySchool of i&cite, Seattle, WashingtonofWashington,A FEW YEARS AGO, the theories of cardiac function and control were sowidely
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Pharmacology 501January 10 & 12, 2005David Robertson, M.D.Pharmacology of the Autonomic Nervous SystemLecture OutlineI.IntroductionII. AnatomyIII. BiochemistryA. NeurotransmittersB. Nonclassical NeurotransmittersC. Synthesis and Metabolism of A
Montgomery College - BI - 200
MASTER SYLLABUSBIOL 2304/2101 Human AnatomyName:Phone #:Email:Web site:Section #:Synonym:Course hours:Office location:Office hours:AppointmentsCourse Description:BIOL 2304 HUMAN ANATOMY LECTURE (3-3-0). Lecture component of Human Anatomy. A d
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Human Anatomy & Physiology IBIOL 2457 LectureMonday Thursday 8:00 10:00amLife Science, Room 119Instructor: Dr. Nicole GroseOffice: Life Science, Room 354Office Hours: Monday Wednesday 1:00 -2:00pmOffice Phone: (817) 272-2871Email: nconaway@uta.edu
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Principles of allostasis:optimal design, predictive regulation,pathophysiology and rational therapeutics.Peter SterlingIN: Allostasis, Homeostasis,and the Costs of AdaptationJ. SchulkinCambridge University Press20041Principles of allostasis: opt
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Comparative Anatomy Lecture - Biology 3000Summer II 2011Instructor: Anthony A. CurranTele: (940) 369-7697Office: LSC A323Email: acurran@unt.eduGeneral Information - This course is designed for Biology Majors needing a generalbackground in vertebrat
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Bio 11 Human Anatomy Lecture and LabSpring 2011 Dr. MurrayInstructor: Dr. Tanya MurrayMeeting Time/Day:LectureM/W 10:00- 10:50am Meeting Place: SM 202Special TopicsM/W 11:00- 11:30amLabM/W 12:00- 2:50pm Meeting Place: SM 245Email: tmurray@saddle
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Human AnatomySaddleback CollegeBiology 11 Lecture and Laboratoryand Special Topics Discussion SectionSections 10160 and 10165Dr. Jane HorlingsSpring 2011 IntroductionThis course is designed to introduce you to the anatomy of the human body as well
Montgomery College - BI - 200
COURSE INFORMATIONBiology 224Anatomy & PhysiologyFall, 2010INSTRUCTOR: Renee MagriniOFFICE: Bristlecone 334OFFICE PHONE: 445-4286 (I will check voice mail once daily, except weekends and holidays, and return calls within24-48 hrs).e-MAIL: magrini@
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Zoology 142 (CRN 60211) Human Anatomy and Physiology IIMW: 5:30-6:45 Imiloa 123 INSTRUCTOR: OFFICE: EMAIL: OFFICE HOURS: TELEPHONE: EFFECTIVE DATE: Ross Langston, PhD Hale Imiloa 104 langston@hawaii.edu TBA 236-9119 Spring, 2009WINDWARD COMMUNITY COLLEG
Montgomery College - BI - 200
1ZOOL 142 Human Anatomy and Physiology II Sec 61184Professor: Michelle SmithEmail: miliefsk@hawaii.eduOffice:Office Hours:Class Day and Time: TR 9:45-11 amRoom: Imiloa 123Class Web Site: www.wcc.hawaii.edu/facstaff/miliefsky-m/WINDWARD COMMUNITY
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Biology 131 LectureSpring 2009Human Anatomy and PhysiologyCall Number: Biology 131-630 (24162); Hrs. credit: 4.0; Time/Days: 12:30-3:15 Mondays(Glasgow) Room 264Instructor: Dr. Kerrie McDaniel; Office: Phone (main campus): 270-745-6845Email: Kerrie.
Montgomery College - BI - 200
SyllabusComparative Vertebrate Anatomy BSC 310Department of Biological SciencesMarshall UniversitySpring 2009Professor: F. Robin OKeefeokeefef@marshall.eduOffice Phone: 676-2427Office Hours: Friday 9:00-11:30, 1:30-3:30, or by appointment.Lecture
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Anatomy (ABIO 232) 4 creditsFall 2011: Sections 003 & 004Instructor Information:Dr. Michelle VieyraPhone: (803) 641-3608Office: SBDG 209Email: michellev@usca.eduCourse Meeting Times:Lecture:Laboratory:SBDG 327: MWF 9AM 9:50AMSBDG 104: T 9:25-12
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Lecture 2 Anatomy andcharacteristics of fishes Overview of overall anatomyGeneral overhead - Body regions - Fins - Skeleton (cranium, jaws) axial skeleton- protectsbody organs appendicular skeleton helps in movementCharacteristics of fishesJaw
Montgomery College - BI - 200
The Urinary SystemUrine production and elimination are one of the most important mechanisms ofbody homeostasis composition of blood is determined more by kidney function than bydietall body systems are directly or indirectly affected by kidney functi
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Human Anatomy LectureBIOL 2304-030, 21177RRC3 Room 3330 MW 9:10-10:30 amFall 2010Instructor:Bernice SpeerOffice Location:RRC3, Room 3322.00Office Hours:MW8:30-9:00 am and 3:00-4:00 pmTu12:00-1:00 pmTh3:00-4:00 pmOther hours by appointmentP
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Vladimir AntonovAnatomy of God(collected articles)TranslatedfromRussianbyMikhailNikolenkoThis book is a compilation of articles by scientistbiologistVladimir Antonov, who dedicated his life to studying, amongother things, nonmaterial forms of life
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Anatomy of Primary TeethTheory and Practice of PediatricDentistryK. Kohli, DDSLecture OverviewPrimary DentitionGeneral Morphological considerationsImplications of Primary tooth morphologyProcedures in Primary teethPrimary Dentition20 primary tee
Montgomery College - BI - 200
Anatomy of a Modal ConstructionKai von FintelSabine IatridouOctober 3, 2006. To appear in Linguistic Inquiry.Languages can express the existence of an easy way of achievinga goal in a construction we call the Suciency Modal Construction(smc), which