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Prepared by Tuere Marshall I. CULTURE A. Government: When we think of the culture of Germany the first thing that comes to mind is World War II. We think about the rise and fall of Hitler, but there is more to Germanys culture than those things. In this section we will explore the Government, Economy, Education, Religion and Technology Status of Germany. The official name of Germany is the Federal Republic of Germany. Its constitution was promulgated on May 23, 1949. The Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic unified in accordance with Article 23 of the FRG Basic Law on October 3, 1990. There are 3 branches of government: Executive--President (titular chief of state), Chancellor (executive head of government); Legislative--bicameral parliament; J udicial--independent, Federal Constitutional Court. (Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, 2011) The major political parties are the Social Democratic Party (SPD); Christian Democratic Union (CDU); Christian Social Union (CSU); Alliance 90/Greens; Free Democratic Party (FDP); The Left (Die Linke). B: Economy: Germanys economy is the 5 th largest in the world in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms and Europe's largest. It is a one of the leading exporters of machinery, vehicles, chemicals and household equipment. In 2010, gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 3.6%, and the German economy experienced its strongest rate of growth since reunification. It was expected to grow by 2.6% in 2011, with exports to emerging markets to play an important role. However, o ne of the problems facing Germanys economy today is the economic crisis in Europe. Page 1 Germany Solar Energy Technology Rough Draft Team D Industrial orders from the euro zone plunged by 12.1% in September of this year. Germanys fastest growing markets in Asia and Eastern Europe have decreased its demand and the exports market make up almost half of Germanys GDP. On November 9th the governments advisory council of economic wise men predicted that growth would shrink from 3% this year to 0.9% in 2012. (The Economist, 2011) The deficit decreased from 3.7% of GDP in 2010, declining to 2.7% of GDP during the first part of 2011. It is expected to be as low as 2.5% of GDP by the end of 2011. (Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, 2011) C. Education: As far as education in Germany, it begins with kindergarten education being optional and it is provided for all children between 3 and six years old. After 6 years old, school attendance is required for at least nine years. Primary education usually lasts for four years. The literacy rate in Germany is 99%. Meaning those who are 15 years old or older can read and write. ... View Full Document

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