Modules_Ch23_Web Quiz 2
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Modules_Ch23_Web Quiz 2

Course Number: PSY 100, Winter 2012

College/University: University of Maine

Word Count: 282

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MyersExp7 Modules_Ch23_Web Quiz 2 1. We more quickly recognize that a blue jay is a bird than that a penguin is a bird because a blue jay more closely resembles our________ of a bird. a. heuristic b. prototype c. algorithm d. syntax 2. To find Tabasco sauce in a large grocery store, you could systematically search every shelf in every store aisle. This best illustrates problem solving by means of: a. the...

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Modules_Ch23_Web MyersExp7 Quiz 2 1. We more quickly recognize that a blue jay is a bird than that a penguin is a bird because a blue jay more closely resembles our________ of a bird. a. heuristic b. prototype c. algorithm d. syntax 2. To find Tabasco sauce in a large grocery store, you could systematically search every shelf in every store aisle. This best illustrates problem solving by means of: a. the availability heuristic. b. functional fixedness. c. an algorithm. d. the representativeness heuristic. 3. Pablo vainly searches for a screwdriver while failing to recognize that a readily available coin in his pocket would turn the screw. His oversight best illustrates: a. functional fixedness. b. the availability heuristic. c. belief perseverance. d. the framing effect. 4. The easier it is for people to remember an instance in which they were betrayed by a friend, the more they expect such an event to recur. best illustrates This the impact of: a. framing. b. the representativeness heuristic. c. functional fixedness. d. the availability heuristic. 5. College students are more likely to choose a condom that is said to be effective when informed that it has a 95 percent success rate than when told it has a 5 percent failure rate. This best illustrates the impact of: a. framing. b. confirmation bias. c. functional fixedness. d. the representativeness heuristic. 6. Professor Chadwick evaluated a graduate student's research proposal negatively simply because he had heard a rumor about the student's incompetence. When later informed that the rumor had been patently false, the professor's assessment of the student's research proposal remained almost as negative as it was originally. This best illustrates: a. the representativeness heuristic. b. the availability heuristic. c. belief perseverance. d. framing.

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University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch24_Web Quiz 11. Vocal sounds that are not included in one's native language first begin todisappear from usage during the _ stage of language development.a. one-wordb. two-wordc. telegraphicd. babbling2. It is difficult to expla
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch24_Web Quiz 21. The two-word stage of language development typically begins by the ageof _ months.a. 6b. 10c. 24d. 362. The fact that children speak with an accent that is similar to that of theirpeers is best explained by _ th
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch25_Web Quiz 11. Managers who want to foster creativity in the workplace should try toincrease the _ of their employees.a. convergent thinkingb. factor analysisc. intrinsic motivationd. emotional intelligence2. When Phoebe strong
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch25_Web Quiz 21. Although diagnosed with autism and hardly able to speak coherently, 18year-old Andrew can produce intricate and detailed drawings of scenes hehas viewed only once. Andrew illustrates a condition known as:a. g factor.
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch26_Web Quiz 11. After spending years in the ocean, a mature salmon swims up its homeriver to return to its birthplace. This behavior is an example of:a. homeostasis.b. a set point.c. an incentive.d. an instinct.2. Some students
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch26_Web Quiz 21. By motivating us to satisfy our physical needs, hunger and thirst serveto:a. raise the set point.b. maintain homeostasis.c. lower hormone levels.d. suppress appetite.2. Need is to _ as drive is to _.a. food depr
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch27_Web Quiz 11. During which phase of the sexual response cycle does the refractory period begin?a. the plateau phaseb. the resolution phasec. the excitement phased. orgasm2. The removal of a woman's ovaries may contribute to dec
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch27_Web Quiz 21. Which of the following is indicative of a sexual disorder?a. nocturnal emissionsb. premature ejaculationc. erotic plasticityd. refractory periods2. Teenage girls are especially vulnerable to _ because of theirlow
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch28_Web Quiz 11. A completely focused state of consciousness resulting from optimalengagement of one's skills is called:a. a democratic style.b. task leadership.c. transformational leadership.d. flow.2. Personnel psychologists ar
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch28_Web Quiz 21. Work is most likely to be satisfying for employees if it is associated with:a. task leadership.b. the experience of flow.c. 360-degree feedback.d. unstructured interviews.2. Assessing the impact of different manag
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch29_Web Quiz 11. Which theory suggests that you would not experience intense angerunless you were first aware of your racing heart or other symptoms ofphysiological arousal?a. the two-factor theoryb. the James-Lange theoryc. the a
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch29_Web Quiz 21. Evidence that emotion precedes physiological arousal would be mostinconsistent with the _. Evidence that emotion precedes mentallylabeling our physiological arousal would be most inconsistent with the_.a. catharsis
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch30_Web Quiz 11. By exposing different parts of emotion-laden faces, researchers found thatwe detect anger mostly from the _ and happiness mostly from the_.a. eyes; mouthb. mouth; eyesc. eyes; eyesd. mouth; mouth2. If you mimic
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch30_Web Quiz 21. The most universally understood way of expressing emotion is through:a. hand gestures.b. body postures.c. facial expressions.d. tone of voice.2. Who suggested that we can stimulate the subjective experience ofche
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch31_Web Quiz 11. Walter Cannon confirmed that the fight-or-flight response was associated with the releaseof _ into the bloodstream.a. serotoninb. carcinogensc. lymphocytesd. epinephrine2. Resistance to stress is greatest during
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch31_Web Quiz 21. One person, alone in a house, dismisses its creaking sounds andexperiences no stress; someone else suspects an intruder and becomesalarmed. These different reactions illustrate the importance of:a. tend and befriend
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch32_Web Quiz 11. After breaking up with her boyfriend, Kathy alleviated her stress byavoiding contact with her ex-boyfriend and by planning recreational activitieswith her best girlfriend. Kathy's behavior best illustrates:a. an opt
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch32_Web Quiz 21. People tend to use emotion-focused rather than problem-focused copingstrategies when they:a. believe they cannot change a stressful situation.b. appraise a stressful event as a challenge rather than a threat.c. ent
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch33_Web Quiz 11. Jaydon doesn't realize that his alcohol abuse and neglect of his family isleading to the destruction of both his family and career. A psychoanalystwould suggest that Jaydon shows signs of a:a. strong ego.b. weak id
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch33_Web Quiz 21. Sigmund Freud emphasized the importance of:a. unconscious processes.b. an external locus of control.c. factor analysis.d. reciprocal determinism.2. Although Alex has frequently been caught stealing money and other
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch34_Web Quiz 11. Abraham Maslow suggested that individuals who are open, spontaneous,and not paralyzed by others' opinions illustrate:a. extraversion.b. reaction formation.c. self-actualization.d. an external locus of control.2.
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch34_Web Quiz 21. According to Abraham Maslow, people become highly motivated to seekself-actualization _ satisfying their need for physical safety and_ satisfying their need for self-esteem.a. before; afterb. after; beforec. befor
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch35_Web Quiz 11. Which technique would psychologists use to assess whether a cluster ofcharacteristics that includes ambition, determination, persistence, and selfreliance reflects a single personality trait?a. projective testingb.
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch35_Web Quiz 21. A "lie scale" that assesses the extent to which a person is faking to makea good impression is included in the:a. TAT.b. MMPI.c. Rorschach inkblot test.d. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.2. The stability of personali
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch36_Web Quiz 11. At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums.These were replaced with psychiatric hospitals in which attempts were madeto diagnose and cure those with psychological disorders. This best illustrate
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch37_Web Quiz 11. Lenore is unexplainably and continually tense and is plagued by muscletension, sleeplessness, and an inability to concentrate. Lenore most likelysuffers from:a. a phobia.b. a dissociative disorder.c. obsessive-com
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch37_Web Quiz 21. Symptoms that may be misperceived as a heart attack are mostcharacteristic of:a. bipolar disorder.b. panic disorder.c. dissociative disorders.d. obsessive-compulsive disorder.2. Although Mark realizes that his be
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch38_Web Quiz 11. Elaine feels that her life is empty, has lost all interest in her career andhobbies, and wonders if she would be better off dead. She is most likelysuffering from:a. a dissociative disorder.b. antisocial personalit
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch38_Web Quiz 21. Because it is so pervasive, _ is often considered "the commoncold" of psychological disorders.a. agoraphobiab. schizophreniac. depressiond. obsessive-compulsive disorder2. Mr. Hoffman has always been cautious wit
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch39_Web Quiz 11. Which of the following best illustrates a negative symptom ofschizophrenia?a. hallucinationsb. delusionsc. social withdrawald. inappropriate rage2. Mr. James believes that people are constantly laughing at him an
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch39_Web Quiz 21. Mrs. Higgins believes that aliens from another planet have removed herstomach and are watching her to see how long it takes her to grow anotherone. Mrs. Higgins is most likely suffering from:a. agoraphobia.b. bipol
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch40_Web Quiz 11. A therapist who uses a variety of psychological theories and therapeuticmethods is said to be:a. client-centered.b. eclectic.c. humanistic.d. analytic.2. While focusing on several intrusive thoughts that had been
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch40_Web Quiz 21. During her weekly therapy sessions, Sabrina will often abruptly shift thefocus of her attention and lose her train of thought. A psychoanalyst wouldsuggest that this illustrates:a. spontaneous recovery.b. progressi
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch41_Web Quiz 11. By overestimating the actual benefits of their psychotherapeutictreatment, clients are most likely attempting to satisfy their motivation for:a. a token economy.b. free association.c. self-justification.d. light e
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch41_Web Quiz 21. Many physicians did not realize that bleeding was an ineffective treatmentfor typhoid fever until researchers made effective use of:a. stress inoculation training.b. psychopharmacology.c. a control group.d. exposu
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch42_Web Quiz 11. The double-blind technique is most likely to be used in evaluating theeffectiveness of:a. cognitive therapies.b. behavior therapies.c. humanistic therapies.d. drug therapies.2. Tardive dykinesia is associated wit
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch42_Web Quiz 21. The study of the effect of drugs on mind and behavior is called:a. psychosurgery.b. psychobiology.c. ECT.d. psychopharmacology.2. Which of the following drugs is most likely to provide schizophreniapatients with
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch43_Web Quiz 11. Marilyn judges her professor's strict class attendance policy to be anindication of his overcontrolling personality rather than a necessity dictatedby the limited number of class sessions in a course that meets only
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch43_Web Quiz 21. In order to analyze how people explain others' behavior, Fritz Heiderdeveloped:a. cognitive dissonance theory.b. scapegoat theory.c. attribution theory.d. self-disclosure theory.2. The fundamental attribution err
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch44_Web Quiz 11. In making wedding preparations, Jason conforms to the expectations ofhis future bride's family simply to win their favor. His behavior illustrates theimportance of:a. social facilitation.b. normative social influen
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch44_Web Quiz 21. Research participants who worked alongside someone who rubbed his orher face or shook his or her foot were observed to do the same thingthemselves. This best illustrated:a. the mere exposure effect.b. the chameleon
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch45_Web Quiz 11. Kelly, a Republican, and Carlos, a Democrat, both believe that membersof their own political party are more fair-minded and trustworthy thanmembers of other parties. Their beliefs best illustrate:a. the two-factor t
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch45_Web Quiz 21. In several U. S. states, although black motorists are a minority of thedrivers and speeders on interstate highways, they have been the majority ofthose stopped and searched by state police. This best illustrates:a.
University of Maine - PSY - 100
MyersExp7 Modules_Ch13_Web Quiz 21. Rules for organizing stimuli into coherent groups were first identified by:a. evolutionary psychologists.b. behaviorists.c. Gestalt psychologists.d. parapsychologists.2. The distance between our right and left eye
University of Maine - PSY - 100
Theories of LearningI. Pavlov-Classical Conditioning (1849-1936)A. Involves the study of reflexes - natural biological reactions to a stimulusB. Definition of terms:1. UCS = A naturally occurring stimulus which causes a natural response in theorganis
University of Maine - PSY - 100
Emotion and Stress1. Models of Stress1. Biomedical Model1. Suggests patient has little control2. Illness from biological causes3. Cure from "expert"2. Biopsychosocial Model1. Combination of the effects of three variables1. Biological Agents2. Soc
University of Maine - PSY - 100
Therapies1. Psychotherapy - an emotionally charged, confiding, interaction between atrained therapist and someone who is experiencing psychological difficulties.2. Theories of Psychotherapy1. Psychoanalysis1. Evolved from from the work of Freud who b
University of Maine - PSY - 100
The Biology of Behavior1. The Nervous System - comprised of the following subsystems which control allactivity in our body.1. Central Nervous System1. Brain2. Spinal Cord2. Peripheral Nervous System - connections to muscles and organs of thebody.1
University of Maine - PSY - 100
Nature and Nurture of BehaviorWhat are the issues in Development?Nature/Nurture - what accounts for the changes? Are our inherited traits due to DNAin our genes or the experiences and interaction in our environment?Continuity/Discontinuity - Is develo
University of Maine - PSY - 100
Sensory and Perceptual Processes1. Sensation: The process of receiving stimuli or information.1. We receive this stimuli through our sense organs, the five senses2. Sensory Receptor Cells- receive the stimuli from the environment andthrough transducti
University of Maine - PSY - 100
States of Consciousness1. The Nature of Consciousness1. Consciousness - "A state of awareness" or "an awareness of one's ownmental processes"2. An altered state of consciousness is the experience which is differentthan when we are alert and awake.B.
University of Maine - PSY - 100
Memory1. Processes of Memory1. Information Processing (IP) Model2. Process of receiving, encoding, storing, and recalling data (useanalogy, i.e. computers)3. Encoding- way information is put into memory system. Sensory stimulifrom environment is rep
University of Maine - PSY - 100
IntelligenceCognition and LanguageIntelligenceI. Intelligence AssessmentA. Intelligence is the "cognitive ability to learn from experience, to reason well, andto cope with demands of daily living." or as stated by Wechsler "ability to actpurposefull
Michigan State University - CSE - 231
Nanoseconds" Speed of light =186,000miles/sec,(3x108meters/sec)" nanosecond = 10-9seconds" In one nanosecond light travels11.8 inches(30 centimeters)Zettabyte (1021)1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000" 1.2 ZB, total volume of digitaldata (2010)
University of Maine - PSY - 100
Motivation & Emotion1. Motivation and Emotion1. Motive - "Inner directing force, need or want, that arouses organism anddirects behavior toward a goal"2. Emotion - "Positive or negative feelings generally in reaction to stimulithat are accompanied by
University of Maine - PSY - 100
PERSONALITY THEORY1. Introduction1. Personality = " an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting."2. Historical Perspectives of Personality1. "Personality" comes from the Greek word persona and Latin word per sonare,meaning
University of Maine - PSY - 100
Psychological Disorders1. The Nature of Abnormality1. Abnormal behavior is defined by how it is:1. Atypical2. Disturbing3. Maladaptive4. Unjustifiable2. Supernatural Theories1. From early man, through bible thought to be caused by spirits ordemon
University of Maine - PSY - 100
Social Psychology1. Attribution1. Involves determining the causes of peoples' behavior that are prone toerror.2. Fundamental Attribution Error1. We attribute behavior to internal traits, underestimate situationalvariables3. Actor-Observer Bias1. W
University of Maine - PSY - 100
Modules 1 & 2 - Introduction to Psychology, Scientific Method andHistorySee the boldface - Can you explain these terms?(See the table at the end for terms and definitions)1. The Science of Psychology1. Psychology attempts to describe, predict, and ex
University of Maine - PSY - 100
PsychInquiry CDActivity name:Operational DefinitionsStudents name:Instructions: Complete this worksheet and hand it in to your instructor.Questions1. State a plausible hypothesis of the relationship between watching violent TV showsand aggressive b
University of Maine - PSY - 100
PsychInquiry CDActivity name:Personal IdentityStudents name:Instructions: Complete this worksheet and hand it in to your instructor.Questions1. What was your score on the Personal Identity scale?2. How well does this score match your own sense of p