Chap002
35 Pages

Chap002

Course Number: MAN 4600, Spring 2012

College/University: UNF

Word Count: 5619

Rating:

Document Preview

Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment Chapter 02 The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment True / False Questions 1. Many firms try to work collaboratively with governments as new laws, policies, and regulations are introduced. True False 2. Government policies toward the dissemination of information that can be viewed as a threat to national security are common. True False...

Unformatted Document Excerpt
Coursehero >> Florida >> UNF >> MAN 4600

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one
below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

02 Chapter - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment Chapter 02 The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment True / False Questions 1. Many firms try to work collaboratively with governments as new laws, policies, and regulations are introduced. True False 2. Government policies toward the dissemination of information that can be viewed as a threat to national security are common. True False 3. The domestic and international political environment has a major impact on multinational corporations. True False 4. Collectivism emerged in Italy and France as "national socialism". True False 5. Great Britain's Labour Party practices "democratic socialism". True False 6. According to the text, Russia presents the extreme example of how the political environment impacts on international management. True False 7. Vietnam and Laos have moved towards a totalitarian environment due to the evolution of modern global business. True False 2-1 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 8. Socialist law comes from the Marxist socialist system and continues to influence regulations in former communist countries. True False 9. Common law is derived from Roman law and is found in the non-Islamic and non-socialist countries such as France, some countries in Latin America and even Louisiana in the United States. True False 10. The territoriality principle holds that governments have the right to rule themselves as they see fit. True False 11. The protective principle holds that every nation has the right of jurisdiction within its legal territory. True False 12. The doctrine of civility holds that there must be mutual respect for the laws, institutions and government of other countries in the manner of jurisdiction over their own citizens. True False 13. Under the act of state doctrine, all acts of other governments are considered to be valid by U.S. courts, even if such acts are inappropriate in the United States. True False 14. The FCPA makes it illegal to influence foreign officials through the granting of favorable tariff rates. True False 2-2 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 15. The objectives of the FCPA were to stop U.S. MNCs from initiating or perpetuating corruption in foreign governments and to upgrade the image of both the United States and its businesses abroad. True False 16. The current move toward privatization by an increasing number of countries is an example of the changing international regulatory environment. True False 17. Trade agreements do not require that trade benefits accorded to one nation be extended to other nations' parties to that agreement. True False 18. Embedded learning technology will allow thinking to occur in machines. True False 19. One reason for the rapid increase in telecommunications services is that many countries believe that without an efficient communications system, their economic growth may stall. True False 20. Technology does not have the potential to displace employees holding positions traditionally reserved for human thinking. True False 2-3 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment Multiple Choice Questions 21. In a business context, individualism is synonymous with: A. Collectivism B. Socialism C. Totalitarianism D. Capitalism 22. Aristotle and David Hume contributed to the principle of: A. Socialism B. Collectivism C. Individualism D. Communism 23. Which of the following are characteristics of fascism? A. Anticollectivism B. Anticommunism C. Opposition only to political liberalism D. Antinationalism 24. Which two countries led the effort to mobilize public and private support for Greece in 2010? A. France and Germany B. Britain and France C. Spain and France D. Germany and Britain 25. One of the biggest impediments to attracting more foreign investment in Russia is: A. Legal mandates B. Economic opportunities C. Political corruption D. Religious practices 2-4 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 26. Communism as an economic system has failed due to the tendency of common goals to stunt: A. Progression and individual creativity B. Individual productivity C. Individual freedom D. Profit and growth 27. Governmental power in a democracy is limited by: A. The accountability of the elected representatives to the general public B. Individual freedom-such as freedom of expression and assembly C. The police force which is independent of the state D. Limiting the number of terms for which a representative may be elected 28. Political repression and denial of rights and civil liberties are dominant ideals of: A. Totalitarianism B. Socialist democracy C. Collectivism D. Monarchy 29. The totalitarian form of government is to be seen in: A. Singapore and Cambodia B. Germany and Italy C. Latin America only D. Vietnam, Cuba and North Korea 30. The Chinese political environment is very: A. Complex B. Stable C. Straightforward and streamlined D. Safe and secure 2-5 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 31. Multinational corporations in China are faced with a multitude of problems except: A. Government regulations B. Questionable treatment C. Market growth opportunities D. Understanding what is needed from investors 32. Sentiments regarding the war in Iraq have primarily affected business relationships in: A. The Middle East B. Asia C. Asia and the U.S D. Europe and the U.S 33. _____ law comes from the Marxist socialist system and continues to influence regulations in former communist countries, especially those from the former Soviet Union, as well as present-day China, Vietnam, North Korea and Cuba. A. Socialist B. Civil or code C. Common D. Islamic 34. _____ law comes from English law and is the foundation of the legal system in the United States, Canada, England, Australia, New Zealand and others. A. Civil or code B. Islamic C. Socialist D. Common 35. Identify from the following the correct statement on civil law. A. It comes from English law and is found in nonsocialist countries B. It is to be found in countries of Central Asia C. It is derived from Roman law and is found in nonsocialist countries D. It is the foundation of the legal system in the United States, Canada, England, Australia, New Zealand and other nations 2-6 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 36. The _____ holds that governments have the right to rule themselves as they see fit. A. Principle of sovereignty B. Nationality principle C. Territoriality principle D. Protective principle 37. International law includes the following types of jurisdictional principles: A. Nationality, territoriality and protective B. Territoriality, sovereignty and nationality C. Good citizenship, territoriality and protective D. Protective, comity and sovereignty 38. The _____ principle holds that every country has jurisdiction (authority or power) over its citizens no matter where they are located. A. Comity B. Nationality C. Territoriality D. Sovereignty 39. The _____ principle holds that every nation has the right of jurisdiction within its legal territory. A. Sovereignty B. Protective C. Territoriality D. Nationality 40. The _____ principle holds that every country has jurisdiction over behavior that adversely affects its national security, even if that conduct occurred outside the country. A. Territoriality B. Nationality C. Sovereignty D. Protective 2-7 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 41. The _____ holds that there must be mutual respect for the laws, institutions and government of other countries in the matter of jurisdiction over their own citizens. A. Doctrine of protectionism B. Doctrine of civility C. Doctrine of mutual understanding D. Doctrine of comity 42. U.S. laws require equality in the workplace for all employees, U.S. citizens who take a job in Japan cannot sue their Japanese employer under the provisions of U.S. law for failure to provide equal opportunity for them. This is in line with the: A. Principle of sovereignty B. Nationality principle C. Doctrine of comity D. Act of state doctrine 43. Under the _____, all acts of other governments are considered to be valid by U.S. courts, even if such acts are inappropriate in the United States. A. Act of state doctrine B. Act of international civility C. Act of judicial sovereignty D. Act of international understanding 44. Countries have the legal right to refuse admission of foreign citizens and to impose special restrictions on the following except: A. Conduct B. Right of travel C. Spending D. What business they may conduct 2-8 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 45. The statute that makes it illegal to influence foreign officials through personal payment of political contributions is referred to as the: A. Fairness in International Affairs Act B. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act C. Global Ethics Act D. Fair Treatment of Foreign Citizens Act 46. Critics of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act feared the loss of sales to foreign competitors, especially in those countries where: A. Customs are adhered to B. Political stability exists C. Common law is applicable D. Bribery is an accepted means 47. It was reported that since the passage of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA): A. MNCs could not function within the set guidelines B. Internal politics problems for U.S. Allies increased C. There was a thirty percent loss of sales to foreign competitors D. U.S. exports to "bribe prone" countries actually increased 48. One analysis, cited in the text, reported that since the passage of the Foreign Corrupt Practices act, U.S. exports to "bribe prone" countries: A. Increased B. Decreased C. Stopped completely D. Remained exactly the same, showing that the law had no effect 49. U.S. MNCs always assumed that bribes were required to ensure contracts in: A. India B. The Middle East C. Asia Pacific D. Eastern Europe 2-9 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 50. According to the text, _____ is one of the biggest problems facing MNCs. A. Fear of investing abroad B. Loss of sales to foreign competitors C. Uneven ethical standards D. Very restrictive foreign bureaucracies 51. Japanese companies are aware that their dependency on the world market for many goods and services is negatively impacted by _____, resulting in local consumers paying the price. A. The balance of payments B. Bureaucratization C. Trade imbalances D. Financial exchange 52. Which country does not rank high on the ease-of-doing-business index? A. the Philippines B. Singapore C. Japan D. the United States 53. The case with cellular phones and networks and open-source models in software are cited to substantiate the fact that: A. The possibilities of digital and wireless technologies are vast B. Internet allowing easy dissemination of information C. Global connections do not necessarily level the playing field D. Satellites will play a role in learning 54. The term "e-cash" stands for: A. Easy cash B. Export cash C. Electronic cash D. Exchange cash 2-10 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 55. According to the text, the most popular form of e-business is: A. B2B dealings B. B2C dealings C. Financial dealings D. E-retailing 56. The area of e-business that will most affect global customers is: A. E-marketing B. E-retailing and financial services C. Retailing D. Internet sales 57. The most obvious dimension of the technological environment facing international managers today is: A. Telecommunications B. Transportation C. Agricultural mechanization D. Improved service technologies 58. Identify the correct statement on cellular infrastructure. A. It is expensive to install B. It is quick and relatively inexpensive to install C. It is relatively inexpensive to install but takes time D. It cannot be installed easily and cheaply in rural areas 59. Over the next decade, the merging of the Internet and wireless technology will radically change the ways in which people: A. Spend B. Socialize C. Communicate D. Invest 2-11 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 60. MNCs are unwilling to put up high investments unless they are assured of: A. Operating control on their investment in telecommunications B. Expanding demand for telecommunication service C. Complete financial control D. Monopoly on local services 61. Governments are accepting the belief that the only way to attract foreign investment and know-how in telecommunications is to: A. Cede control to private industry B. Get cheaper service providers C. Get cheap and efficient labor D. Get private partners 62. According to the text, NYNEX holds a stake in: A. Telecom New Zealand B. Thailand's Telecom Asia C. Australia's Optus D. Thailand's Globe Telecom 63. The Hong Kong office of Salomon Brothers, a U.S. investment bank, estimates that to meet the expanding demand for telecommunication service in Asia, companies will need: A. Cheaper technology B. Cheap and efficient labor C. Considerable increase in investment D. Cheaper service providers 64. Some observers have noted that technology already has eliminated much and in the future will eliminate even more of the work now being done by: A. Top level managers B. Middle managers and white-collar staff C. Maintenance workers D. Line employees and service staff 2-12 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 65. _____ has placed pressure on MNCs to outsource production. A. Mounting cost pressure and profit expectations B. Lack of cheap and expert labor C. Global and Internal competition D. Profit expectation by governments 66. Identify the option that would constitute white-collar service industries. A. Steel and autos B. Agriculture C. Insurance only D. Insurance and banks 67. Emerging information technology has made work: A. More portable B. More risky C. More tedious D. More complicated 68. MNCs have moved certain production activities overseas to capitalize on: A. Increasing costs B. Cheap labor C. Larger markets D. Higher purchasing power 69. Low-paid workers in India and Asian countries now are being given subcontracted work such as: A. Insurance jobs B. Auto industry jobs C. Labor-intensive hardware development D. Code-writing jobs 2-13 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 70. According to the text, a positive side of the opportunities that technology offers would be: A. Decline in the cost of doing business worldwide B. Price rise due to cost of equipments C. Elimination of higher-priced labor D. Replacement of employees by machines Essay Questions 71. What is totalitarianism? Identify its features and forms. 72. What are the four foundations upon which laws are based around the world? Briefly explain each foundation. 73. What jurisdictional principles are given by International Law? 2-14 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 74. Describe the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. What were the objectives of the FCPA? 75. What is biotechnology? Discuss some of the areas in which it has been used and is likely to be used. 2-15 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment Chapter 02 The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment Answer Key True / False Questions 1. (p. 36) Many firms try to work collaboratively with governments as new laws, policies, and regulations are introduced. TRUE Difficulty: Hard 2. (p. 36) Government policies toward the dissemination of information that can be viewed as a threat to national security are common. TRUE Difficulty: Easy 3. (p. 36) The domestic and international political environment has a major impact on multinational corporations. TRUE Difficulty: Medium 4. (p. 38) Collectivism emerged in Italy and France as "national socialism". FALSE Difficulty: Easy 2-16 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 5. (p. 38) Great Britain's Labour Party practices "democratic socialism". TRUE Difficulty: Medium 6. (p. 38) According to the text, Russia presents the extreme example of how the political environment impacts on international management. TRUE Difficulty: Medium 7. (p. 40) Vietnam and Laos have moved towards a totalitarian environment due to the evolution of modern global business. FALSE Difficulty: Medium 8. (p. 42) Socialist law comes from the Marxist socialist system and continues to influence regulations in former communist countries. TRUE Difficulty: Medium 9. (p. 42) Common law is derived from Roman law and is found in the non-Islamic and nonsocialist countries such as France, some countries in Latin America and even Louisiana in the United States. FALSE Difficulty: Medium 2-17 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 10. (p. 42) The territoriality principle holds that governments have the right to rule themselves as they see fit. FALSE Difficulty: Medium 11. (p. 42) The protective principle holds that every nation has the right of jurisdiction within its legal territory. FALSE Difficulty: Medium 12. (p. 42) The doctrine of civility holds that there must be mutual respect for the laws, institutions and government of other countries in the manner of jurisdiction over their own citizens. FALSE Difficulty: Medium 13. (p. 43) Under the act of state doctrine, all acts of other governments are considered to be valid by U.S. courts, even if such acts are inappropriate in the United States. TRUE Difficulty: Medium 14. (p. 43) The FCPA makes it illegal to influence foreign officials through the granting of favorable tariff rates. FALSE Difficulty: Easy 2-18 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 15. (p. 43) The objectives of the FCPA were to stop U.S. MNCs from initiating or perpetuating corruption in foreign governments and to upgrade the image of both the United States and its businesses abroad. TRUE Difficulty: Medium 16. (p. 46) The current move toward privatization by an increasing number of countries is an example of the changing international regulatory environment. TRUE Difficulty: Hard 17. (p. 48) Trade agreements do not require that trade benefits accorded to one nation be extended to other nations' parties to that agreement. FALSE Difficulty: Hard 18. (p. 51) Embedded learning technology will allow thinking to occur in machines. TRUE Difficulty: Medium 19. (p. 54) One reason for the rapid increase in telecommunications services is that many countries believe that without an efficient communications system, their economic growth may stall. TRUE Difficulty: Easy 2-19 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 20. (p. 55) Technology does not have the potential to displace employees holding positions traditionally for reserved human thinking. FALSE Difficulty: Medium Multiple Choice Questions 21. (p. 36) In a business context, individualism is synonymous with: A. Collectivism B. Socialism C. Totalitarianism D. Capitalism Difficulty: Easy 22. (p. 37) Aristotle and David Hume contributed to the principle of: A. Socialism B. Collectivism C. Individualism D. Communism Difficulty: Easy 23. (p. 38) Which of the following are characteristics of fascism? A. Anticollectivism B. Anticommunism C. Opposition only to political liberalism D. Antinationalism Difficulty: Medium 2-20 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 24. (p. 37) Which two countries led the effort to mobilize public and private support for Greece in 2010? A. France and Germany B. Britain and France C. Spain and France D. Germany and Britain Difficulty: Hard 25. (p. 38) One of the biggest impediments to attracting more foreign investment in Russia is: A. Legal mandates B. Economic opportunities C. Political corruption D. Religious practices Difficulty: Hard 26. (p. 38) Communism as an economic system has failed due to the tendency of common goals to stunt: A. Progression and individual creativity B. Individual productivity C. Individual freedom D. Profit and growth Difficulty: Medium 27. (p. 40) Governmental power in a democracy is limited by: A. The accountability of the elected representatives to the general public B. Individual freedom-such as freedom of expression and assembly C. The police force which is independent of the state D. Limiting the number of terms for which a representative may be elected Difficulty: Hard 2-21 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 28. (p. 40) Political repression and denial of rights and civil liberties are dominant ideals of: A. Totalitarianism B. Socialist democracy C. Collectivism D. Monarchy Difficulty: Medium 29. (p. 40) The totalitarian form of government is to be seen in: A. Singapore and Cambodia B. Germany and Italy C. Latin America only D. Vietnam, Cuba and North Korea Difficulty: Medium 30. (p. 41) The Chinese political environment is very: A. Complex B. Stable C. Straightforward and streamlined D. Safe and secure Difficulty: Easy 31. (p. 41) Multinational corporations in China are faced with a multitude of problems except: A. Government regulations B. Questionable treatment C. Market growth opportunities D. Understanding what is needed from investors Difficulty: Medium 2-22 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 32. (p. 41) Sentiments regarding the war in Iraq have primarily affected business relationships in: A. The Middle East B. Asia C. Asia and the U.S D. Europe and the U.S Difficulty: Hard 33. (p. 42) _____ law comes from the Marxist socialist system and continues to influence regulations in former communist countries, especially those from the former Soviet Union, as well as present-day China, Vietnam, North Korea and Cuba. A. Socialist B. Civil or code C. Common D. Islamic Difficulty: Medium 34. (p. 42) _____ law comes from English law and is the foundation of the legal system in the United States, Canada, England, Australia, New Zealand and others. A. Civil or code B. Islamic C. Socialist D. Common Difficulty: Medium 35. (p. 42) Identify from the following the correct statement on civil law. A. It comes from English law and is found in nonsocialist countries B. It is to be found in countries of Central Asia C. It is derived from Roman law and is found in nonsocialist countries D. It is the foundation of the legal system in the United States, Canada, England, Australia, New Zealand and other nations Difficulty: Medium 2-23 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 36. (p. 42) The _____ holds that governments have the right to rule themselves as they see fit. A. Principle of sovereignty B. Nationality principle C. Territoriality principle D. Protective principle Difficulty: Medium 37. (p. 42) International law includes the following types of jurisdictional principles: A. Nationality, territoriality and protective B. Territoriality, sovereignty and nationality C. Good citizenship, territoriality and protective D. Protective, comity and sovereignty Difficulty: Medium 38. (p. 42) The _____ principle holds that every country has jurisdiction (authority or power) over its citizens no matter where they are located. A. Comity B. Nationality C. Territoriality D. Sovereignty Difficulty: Medium 39. (p. 42) The _____ principle holds that every nation has the right of jurisdiction within its legal territory. A. Sovereignty B. Protective C. Territoriality D. Nationality Difficulty: Medium 2-24 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 40. (p. 43) The _____ principle holds that every country has jurisdiction over behavior that adversely affects its national security, even if that conduct occurred outside the country. A. Territoriality B. Nationality C. Sovereignty D. Protective Difficulty: Medium 41. (p. 43) The _____ holds that there must be mutual respect for the laws, institutions and government of other countries in the matter of jurisdiction over their own citizens. A. Doctrine of protectionism B. Doctrine of civility C. Doctrine of mutual understanding D. Doctrine of comity Difficulty: Medium 42. (p. 42) U.S. laws require equality in the workplace for all employees, U.S. citizens who take a job in Japan cannot sue their Japanese employer under the provisions of U.S. law for failure to provide equal opportunity for them. This is in line with the: A. Principle of sovereignty B. Nationality principle C. Doctrine of comity D. Act of state doctrine Difficulty: Hard 43. (p. 43) Under the _____, all acts of other governments are considered to be valid by U.S. courts, even if such acts are inappropriate in the United States. A. Act of state doctrine B. Act of international civility C. Act of judicial sovereignty D. Act of international understanding Difficulty: Medium 2-25 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 44. (p. 43) Countries have the legal right to refuse admission of foreign citizens and to impose special restrictions on the following except: A. Conduct B. Right of travel C. Spending D. What business they may conduct Difficulty: Easy 45. (p. 43) The statute that makes it illegal to influence foreign officials through personal payment of political contributions is referred to as the: A. Fairness in International Affairs Act B. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act C. Global Ethics Act D. Fair Treatment of Foreign Citizens Act Difficulty: Easy 46. (p. 45) Critics of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act feared the loss of sales to foreign competitors, especially in those countries where: A. Customs are adhered to B. Political stability exists C. Common law is applicable D. Bribery is an accepted means Difficulty: Easy 47. (p. 45) It was reported that since the passage of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA): A. MNCs could not function within the set guidelines B. Internal politics problems for U.S. Allies increased C. There was a thirty percent loss of sales to foreign competitors D. U.S. exports to "bribe prone" countries actually increased Difficulty: Medium 2-26 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 48. (p. 45) One analysis, cited in the text, reported that since the passage of the Foreign Corrupt Practices act, U.S. exports to "bribe prone" countries: A. Increased B. Decreased C. Stopped completely D. Remained exactly the same, showing that the law had no effect Difficulty: Medium 49. (p. 45) U.S. MNCs always assumed that bribes were required to ensure contracts in: A. India B. The Middle East C. Asia Pacific D. Eastern Europe Difficulty: Medium 50. (p. 45) According to the text, _____ is one of the biggest problems facing MNCs. A. Fear of investing abroad B. Loss of sales to foreign competitors C. Uneven ethical standards D. Very restrictive foreign bureaucracies Difficulty: Medium 51. (p. 46) Japanese companies are aware that their dependency on the world market for many goods and services is negatively impacted by _____, resulting in local consumers paying the price. A. The balance of payments B. Bureaucratization C. Trade imbalances D. Financial exchange Difficulty: Hard 2-27 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 52. (p. 46) Which country does not rank high on the ease-of-doing-business index? A. the Philippines B. Singapore C. Japan D. the United States Difficulty: Hard 53. (p. 49) The case with cellular phones and networks and open-source models in software are cited to substantiate the fact that: A. The possibilities of digital and wireless technologies are vast B. Internet allowing easy dissemination of information C. Global connections do not necessarily level the playing field D. Satellites will play a role in learning Difficulty: Hard 54. (p. 53) The term "e-cash" stands for: A. Easy cash B. Export cash C. Electronic cash D. Exchange cash Difficulty: Easy 55. (p. 52) According to the text, the most popular form of e-business is: A. B2B dealings B. B2C dealings C. Financial dealings D. E-retailing Difficulty: Medium 2-28 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 56. (p. 53) The area of e-business that will most affect global customers is: A. E-marketing B. E-retailing and financial services C. Retailing D. Internet sales Difficulty: Medium 57. (p. 53) The most obvious dimension of the technological environment facing international managers today is: A. Telecommunications B. Transportation C. Agricultural mechanization D. Improved service technologies Difficulty: Easy 58. (p. 53) Identify the correct statement on cellular infrastructure. A. It is expensive to install B. It is quick and relatively inexpensive to install C. It is relatively inexpensive to install but takes time D. It cannot be installed easily and cheaply in rural areas Difficulty: Medium 59. (p. 54) Over the next decade, the merging of the Internet and wireless technology will radically change the ways in which people: A. Spend B. Socialize C. Communicate D. Invest Difficulty: Medium 2-29 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 60. (p. 54) MNCs are unwilling to put up high investments unless they are assured of: A. Operating control on their investment in telecommunications B. Expanding demand for telecommunication service C. Complete financial control D. Monopoly on local services Difficulty: Medium 61. (p. 52) Governments are accepting the belief that the only way to attract foreign investment and know-how in telecommunications is to: A. Cede control to private industry B. Get cheaper service providers C. Get cheap and efficient labor D. Get private partners Difficulty: Medium 62. (p. 54) According to the text, NYNEX holds a stake in: A. Telecom New Zealand B. Thailand's Telecom Asia C. Australia's Optus D. Thailand's Globe Telecom Difficulty: Medium 63. (p. 54) The Hong Kong office of Salomon Brothers, a U.S. investment bank, estimates that to meet the expanding demand for telecommunication service in Asia, companies will need: A. Cheaper technology B. Cheap and efficient labor C. Considerable increase in investment D. Cheaper service providers Difficulty: Easy 2-30 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 64. (p. 54) Some observers have noted that technology already has eliminated much and in the future will eliminate even more of the work now being done by: A. Top level managers B. Middle managers and white-collar staff C. Maintenance workers D. Line employees and service staff Difficulty: Medium 65. (p. 54) _____ has placed pressure on MNCs to outsource production. A. Mounting cost pressure and profit expectations B. Lack of cheap and expert labor C. Global and Internal competition D. Profit expectation by governments Difficulty: Medium 66. (p. 55) Identify the option that would constitute white-collar service industries. A. Steel and autos B. Agriculture C. Insurance only D. Insurance and banks Difficulty: Easy 67. (p. 55) Emerging information technology has made work: A. More portable B. More risky C. More tedious D. More complicated Difficulty: Easy 2-31 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 68. (p. 55) MNCs have moved certain production activities overseas to capitalize on: A. Increasing costs B. Cheap labor C. Larger markets D. Higher purchasing power Difficulty: Medium 69. (p. 55) Low-paid workers in India and Asian countries now are being given subcontracted work such as: A. Insurance jobs B. Auto industry jobs C. Labor-intensive hardware development D. Code-writing jobs Difficulty: Medium 70. (p. 55) According to the text, a positive side of the opportunities that technology offers would be: A. Decline in the cost of doing business worldwide B. Price rise due to cost of equipments C. Elimination of higher-priced labor D. Replacement of employees by machines Difficulty: Easy 2-32 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment Essay Questions 71. (p. 40-41) What is totalitarianism? Identify its features and forms. Totalitarianism refers to a political system in which there is only one representative party which exhibits control over every facet of political and human life. Power is often maintained by suppression of opposition, which can be violent in nature. Media censorship, political repression and denial of rights and civil liberties are dominant ideals. Since only one party within each entity exists, there are many forms of totalitarian government. Other forms of totalitarianism exhibit some form of oppression as well. Parties or individuals that govern an entity based on religious principles will ultimately oppress religious and political expression of its citizens. One final consideration of a totalitarian system is that in which some freedoms may exist. This form has been referred to as right-wing totalitarianism, where some economic freedoms may exist, but there is still a limitation on political freedom. This structure allows for economic freedom because otherwise it is believed that complete oppression will give rise to communism. While it directly opposes socialist and communist ideas, this form of ruling may gain power and support from the military, often in the form of a military leader imposing a government "for the good of the people". This results in military officers filling most government positions. Difficulty: Hard 72. (p. 42) What are the four foundations upon which laws are based around the world? Briefly explain each foundation. The four foundations upon which laws are based around the world are as follows: Islamic law, Socialist law, Common law and Civil or code law. Islamic law is derived from interpretation of the Qur'an and the teachings of the Prophet Mohammed. It is found in most Islamic countries in the Middle East and Central Asia. Socialist law comes from the Marxist socialist system and continues to influence regulations in former communist countries, especially those from the former Soviet Union, as well as present-day China, Vietnam, North Korea and Cuba. Common law comes from English law and it is the foundation of the legal system in the United States, Canada, England, Australia, New Zealand and others. Civil or code law is derived from Roman law and is found in the non-Islamic and nonsocialist countries such as France, some countries in Latin America and even Louisiana in the United States. Difficulty: Hard 2-33 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 73. (p. 42) What jurisdictional principles are given by International Law? International law provides for three types of jurisdictional principles. The first is the nationality principle, which holds that every country has jurisdiction (authority or power) over its citizens no matter where they are located. Therefore, a U.S. manager who violates the American Foreign Corrupt Practices Act while traveling abroad can be found guilty in the United States. The second is the territoriality principle, which holds that every nation has the right of jurisdiction within its legal territory. Therefore, a German firm that sells a defective product in England can be sued under English law even though the company is headquartered outside England. The third is the protective principle, which holds that every country has jurisdiction over behavior that adversely affects its national security, even if that conduct occurred outside the country. Therefore, a French firm that sells secret U.S. government blueprints for a satellite system can be subjected to U.S. laws. Difficulty: Medium 74. (p. 43) Describe the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. What were the objectives of the FCPA? The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) makes it illegal to influence foreign officials through personal payments or political contributions. The objectives of the FCPA were to stop U.S. MNCs from initiating or perpetuating corruption in foreign governments and to upgrade the image of both the United States and its businesses abroad. Difficulty: Medium 2-34 Chapter 02 - The Political, Legal, and Technological Environment 75. (p. 51-52) What is biotechnology? Discuss some of the areas in which it has been used and is likely to be used. Biotechnology is the integration of science and technology, but more specifically it is the creation of agricultural or medical products through industrial use and manipulation of living organisms. One area in which it has been used is medicine. While pharmaceutical companies mainly manufacture drugs through a process similar to that of organic chemistry, biotech companies attempt to discover genetic abnormalities or medicinal solutions through exploring organisms at the molecular level or formulating compounds from inorganic materials that mirror organic substances. Another aspect of biotech research is geared toward agriculture. Demand for ethanol in the United States is on the rise due to questionable future oil supplies, which has shifted the focus to corn. Using corn as a fuel alternative will not only increase the cost of the good but also create an imbalance between consumable corn and stock used for biofuel. Apart from crops, the meat industry can also benefit from this process. The outbreak of mad cow disease in Great Britain sparked concern when evidence of the disease spread throughout Western Europe; however, the collaborative work of researchers in the United States and Japan may have engineered a solution to the problem by eliminating the gene which is the predecessor to making the animal susceptible to this ailment. Hunger and poor health care is a worldwide issue and advancement in global biotechnology is working to raise the standards. Difficulty: Medium 2-35
MOST POPULAR MATERIALS FROM MAN 4600
MOST POPULAR MATERIALS FROM MAN
MOST POPULAR MATERIALS FROM UNF