ch3
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ch3

Course Number: UNKNOWN unknown, Spring 2012

College/University: Fordham

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ch3 Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. Common-size financial statements present all balance sheet account values as a percentage of: A. the forecasted budget. B. sales. C. total equity. D. total assets. E. last year's account value. 2. The ratios that are based on financial statement values and used for comparison purposes are called: A. financial ratios. B....

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___________________________________________________________________________ 1. Common-size ch3 Student: financial statements present all balance sheet account values as a percentage of: A. the forecasted budget. B. sales. C. total equity. D. total assets. E. last year's account value. 2. The ratios that are based on financial statement values and used for comparison purposes are called: A. financial ratios. B. industrial statistics. C. equity standards. D. accounting returns. E. analytical standards. 3. The Du Pont identity can be totally defined by which one of the following? A. Return on equity, total asset turnover, and equity multiplier B. Equity multiplier and return on assets C. Profit margin and return on equity D. Total asset turnover, profit margin, and debt-equity ratio E. Equity multiplier, return on assets, and profit margin 4. Which one of the following is the maximum growth rate that a firm can achieve without any additional external financing? A. Du Pont rate B. External growth rate C. Sustainable growth rate D. Internal growth rate E. Cash flow rate 5. The sustainable growth rate is defined as the maximum rate at which a firm can grow given which of the following conditions? A. No new external financing of any kind B. No new debt but additional external equity equal to the increase in retained earnings C. New debt and external equity in equal proportions D. New debt and external equity, provided the debt-equity ratio remains constant E. No new equity and a constant debt-equity ratio 6. Which one of the following is the abbreviation for the U.S. government coding system that classifies a firm by its specific type of business operations? A. BEC B. SED C. BID D. SIC E. SBC 7. Builder's Outlet just hired a new chief financial officer. To get a feel for the company, she wants to compare the firm's sales and costs over the past 3 years determine if any trends are present and also determine where the firm might need to make changes. Which one of the following statements will best suit her purposes? A. Income statement B. Balance sheet C. Common-size income statement D. Common-size balance sheet E. Statement of cash flows 8. A common-size balance sheet helps financial managers determine: A. which customers are paying on a timely basis. B. if costs are increasing faster or slower than sales. C. if changes are occurring in a firm's mix of assets. D. if a firm is generating more or less sales per dollar of assets than in prior years. E. the rate at which the firm's dividends are changing. 9. High Tower Pharmacy pays a fixed percentage of its net income out to its shareholders in the form of annual dividends. Given this, the percent shown on a common-size income statement for the dividend account will: A. remain constant over time. B. be equal to the dividend amount divided by the net income. C. vary in direct relation to the net profit percentage. D. vary in direct relation to changes in the sales level. E. vary but not in direct relation to any other variable. 10. Which one of the following transactions will increase the liquidity of a firm? A. Cash purchase of new production equipment B. Payment of an account payable C. Cash purchase of inventory D. Credit sale of inventory at cost E. Cash payment of employee wages 11. Which one of the following actions will increase the current ratio, all else constant? Assume the current ratio is greater than 1.0. A. Cash purchase of inventory B. Cash payment of an account receivable C. Cash payment of an account payable D. Credit sale of inventory at cost E. Cash sale of inventory at a loss 12. A firm has a current ratio of 1.4 and a quick ratio of 0.9. Given this, you know for certain that the firm: A. pays cash for its inventory. B. has more than half its current assets invested in inventory. C. has more cash than inventory. D. has more current liabilities than it does current assets. E. has positive net working capital. 13. Fred is the owner of a local feed store. Which one of the following ratios should he compute if he wants to know how long the store can pay its bills given the amount of cash the store currently has? A. Current ratio B. Debt ratio C. Cash coverage ratio D. Quick ratio E. Cash ratio 14. Which one of the following is a measure of long-term solvency? A. Price-earnings ratio B. Profit margin C. Equity multiplier D. Receivables turnover E. Quick ratio 15. The cash coverage ratio is used to evaluate the: A. liquidity of a firm. B. speed at which a firm generates cash. C. length of time that a firm can pay its bills if no additional cash becomes available. D. ability of a firm to pay the interest on its debt. E. relationship between the firm's cash balance and its current liabilities. 16. The equity multiplier is equal to: A. one plus the debt-equity ratio. B. one plus the total asset turnover. C. total debt divided by total equity. D. total equity divided by total assets. E. one divided by the total asset turnover. 17. Blooming Gardens has an inventory turnover of 16. This means the firm: A. sells its entire inventory every 16 days. B. only stocks its inventory every 16 days. C. buys 16 days of inventory with each order. D. sells its inventory by granting customers 16 days credit. E. sells its inventory an average of 16 times each year. 18. Which one of the following best indicates a firm is utilizing its assets more efficiently than it has in the past? A. Decrease in the total asset turnover B. Decrease in the capital intensity ratio C. Increase in days' sales in receivables D. Decrease in the profit margin E. Decrease in the inventory turnover rate 19. Kelso's Pharmacy generates $2 in sales for every $1 the firm has invested in total assets. Which one of the following ratios would reflect this relationship? A. Receivables turnover B. Equity multiplier C. Profit margin D. Return on assets E. Total asset turnover 20. Which one of the following will increase the profit margin of a firm, all else constant? A. Increase in interest paid B. Increase in fixed costs C. Increase in depreciation expense D. Decrease in the tax rate E. Decrease in sales 21. You would like to borrow money three years from now to build a new building. In preparation for applying for that loan, you are in the process of developing target ratios for your firm. Which set of ratios represents the best target mix considering that you want to obtain outside financing in the relatively near future? A. Times interest earned = 1.7; debt-equity ratio = 1.6 B. Times interest earned = 1.5; debt-equity ratio = 1.2 C. Cash coverage ratio = 0.8; debt-equity ratio = 0.8 D. Cash coverage ratio = 2.6; debt-equity ratio = 0.3 E. Cash coverage ratio = 0.5; total debt ratio = 0.2 22. All else constant, which one of the following will decrease if a firm increases its net income? A. Return on assets B. Profit margin C. Return on equity D. Price-sales ratio E. Price-earnings ratio 23. Which one of the following statements is true concerning the price-earnings (PE) ratio? A. A high PE ratio may indicate that a firm is expected to grow significantly. B. A PE ratio of 16 indicates that investors are willing to pay $1 for every $16 of current earnings. C. PE ratios are unaffected by the accounting methods employed by a firm. D. The PE ratio is classified as a profitability ratio. E. The PE ratio is a constant value for each firm. 24. New Century Products is a company that was founded last year. While the outlook for the company is positive, it currently has negative earnings. If you wanted to measure the progress of this firm, which one of the following ratios would probably be best to monitor given the firm's current situation? A. Price-sales ratio B. Market-to-book ratio C. Profit margin D. ROE E. ROA 25. The Du Pont identity can be used to help a financial manager determine the: I. degree of financial leverage used by a firm. II. operating efficiency of a firm. III. utilization rate of a firm's assets. IV. rate of return on a firm's assets. A. II and III only B. I and III only C. II, III, and IV only D. I, II, and III only E. I, II, III, and IV 26. The T-shirt Hut successfully managed to reduce its general and administrative costs this year. This cost improvement will increase which of the following ratios? I. Profit margin II. Return on assets III. Total asset turnover IV. Return on equity A. I and II only B. I and III only C. II, III, and IV only D. I, II, and IV only E. I, II, III, and IV 27. Martha's Sweet Shop reduced its fixed assets this year without affecting the shop's operations, sales, or equity. This reduction will increase which of the following ratios? I. Capital intensity ratio II. Return on assets III. Total asset turnover IV. Return on equity A. I and II only B. II and III only C. II, III, and IV only D. I, II, and IV only E. I, II, III, and IV 28. Donovan Brothers, Inc. would like to increase its internal rate of growth. Decreasing which one of the following will help the firm achieve its goal? A. Return on assets B. Net income C. Retention ratio D. Dividend payout ratio E. Return on equity 29. If a firm has a 100 percent dividend payout ratio, then the internal growth rate of the firm is: A. zero percent. B. 100 percent. C. equal to the ROA. D. negative. E. infinite. 30. Which of the following are determinants of a firm's sustainable rate of growth? I. Amount of sales generated from each dollar invested in assets II. Amount of debt per dollar of equity III. Amount of current assets per dollar of current liabilities IV. Percent of net income distributed as dividends A. I and III only B. II and IV only C. I, II, and IV only D. II, III, and IV only E. I, II, III, and IV 31. Which of the following will increase the sustainable rate of growth for a firm? I. Decreasing the profit margin II. Increasing the dividend payout ratio III. Decreasing the capital intensity ratio IV. Increasing the target debt-equity ratio A. I and II only B. III and IV only C. II and IV only D. I, III, and IV only E. I, II, III, and IV 32. Financial statement analysis: A. is primarily used to identify account values that meet the normal standards. B. is limited to internal use by a firm's managers. C. provides useful information that can serve as a basis for forecasting future performance. D. provides useful information to shareholders but not to debt holders. E. is enhanced by comparing results to those of a firm's peers but not by comparing results to prior periods. 33. Which one of the following statements is correct? A. Peer group analysis is easier when a firm is a conglomerate versus when it only has a single B. line of business. C. Peer group analysis is easier when seasonal firms have different fiscal years. D. Peer group analysis is simplified when firms use varying methods of depreciation. E. Comparing results across geographic locations is easier since all countries now use a common F. set of accounting standards. G Adjustments have to be made when comparing the income statements of firms which use different . methods of accounting for inventory. 34. Russell's Hardware has inventory of $218,000, equity of $421,800, total assets of $647,700, and sales of $587,200. What is the common-size percentage for the inventory account? A. 26.81 percent B. 33.66 percent C. 37.12 percent D. 49.09 percent E. 51.68 percent 35. A firm has inventory of $11,400, accounts payable of $9,800, cash of $850, net fixed assets of $12,150, long-term debt of $9,500, accounts receivable of $6,600, and total equity of $11,700. What is the common-size percentage for the net fixed assets? A. 19.60 percent B. 26.67 percent C. 39.19 percent D. 42.08 percent E. 48.75 percent 36. Foreign Travel Services has net income of $48,400, total assets of $219,000, total equity of $154,800, and total sales of $311,700. What is the common-size percentage for the net income? A. 9.00 percent B. 13.90 percent C. 15.53 percent D. 22.10 percent E. 31.27 percent 37. Delmont Movers has a profit margin of 6.2 percent and net income of $48,900. What is the common-size percentage for the cost of goods sold if that expense amounted to $379,000 for the year? A. 12.90 percent B. 23.50 percent C. 33.25 percent D. 41.06 percent E. 48.05 percent 38. A firm has sales of $428,000 for the year. The profit margin is 3.4 percent and the retention ratio is 60 percent. What is the common-size percentage for the dividends paid? A. 0.99 percent B. 1.18 percent C. 1.21 percent D. 1.36 percent E. 1.42 percent 39. Peter's Motor Works has total assets of $689,400, long-term debt of $299,500, total equity of $275,000, net fixed assets of $497,800, and sales of $721,500. The profit margin is 4.6 percent. What is the current ratio? A. 0.60 B. 0.91 C. 1.01 D. 1.67 E. 2.16 40. Healthy Foods has total assets of $129,800, net fixed assets of $71,500, long-term debt of $52,000, and total debt of $78,700. If inventory is $31,800, what is the current ratio? A. 0.33 B. 0.46 C. 0.84 D. 1.18 E. 2.18 41. A firm has net working capital of $3,800 and current assets of $11,700. What is the current ratio? A. 0.34 B. 0.60 C. 1.48 D. 1.65 E. 2.92 42. Slightly Used Goods has cash of $2,150, inventory of $28,470, fixed assets of $9,860, accounts payable of $11,900, and accounts receivable of $4,660. What is the cash ratio? A. 0.08 B. 0.18 C. 0.32 D. 0.46 E. 0.51 43. You are analyzing a company that has cash of $11,200, accounts receivable of $27,800, fixed assets of $124,600, accounts payable of $31,300, and inventory of $56,900. What is the quick ratio? A. 0.30 B. 0.67 C. 0.80 D. 1.25 E. 1.37 44. Tasty Dee-Lite has current liabilities of $6,630, net working capital of $2,180, inventory of $2,750, and sales of $36,800. What is the quick ratio? A. 0.76 B. 0.84 C. 0.91 D. 1.09 E. 1.19 45. Tressler Dry Cleaners has inventory of $1,700, accounts payable of $4,200, cash of $1,950, and accounts receivable of $3,680. What is the cash ratio? A. 0.24 B. 0.46 C. 0.53 D. 0.98 E. 1.34 46. Your firm has cash of $3,800, accounts receivable of $9,600, inventory of $33,100, and net working capital of $1,100. What is the cash ratio? A. 0.04 B. 0.08 C. 0.87 D. 1.21 E. 3.45 47. Wilson's Realty has total assets of $46,800, net fixed assets of $37,400, current liabilities of $6,100, and long-term liabilities of $24,600. What is the total debt ratio? A. 0.41 B. 0.60 C. 0.66 D. 0.78 E. 0.86 48. Denton, Inc. has total equity of $389,600, long-term debt of $116,400, net working capital of $1,600, and total assets of $527,600. What is the total debt ratio? A. 0.22 B. 0.26 C. 0.67 D. 1.49 E. 3.85 49. A firm has total assets of $523,100, current assets of $186,500, current liabilities of $141,000, and total debt of $215,000. What is the debt-equity ratio? A. 0.48 B. 0.70 C. 1.10 D. 1.43 E. 2.13 50. The Jelly Jar has total assets of $79,600 and an equity multiplier of 1.35. What is the debt-equity ratio? A. 0.28 B. 0.35 C. 0.47 D. 0.58 E. 0.67 51. Underwood Homes Sales has total assets of $589,900 and total debt of $318,000. What is the equity multiplier? A. 0.46 B. 0.54 C. 1.21 D. 1.85 E. 2.17 52. A firm has an equity multiplier of 1.5. This means that the firm has a: A. debt-equity ratio of 0.67. B. debt-equity ratio of 0.33. C. total debt ratio of 0.50. D. total debt ratio of 0.67. E. total debt ratio of 0.33. 53. Preston's Market has sales of $213,600, total assets of $198,700, a debt-equity ratio of 1.6, and a profit margin of 2.4 percent. What is the equity multiplier? A. 0.60 B. 0.63 C. 1.83 D. 2.60 E. 2.84 54. Friendly's Shoe Store has earnings before interest and taxes of $21,680 and net income of $12,542. The tax rate is 34 percent. What is the times interest earned ratio? A. 0.88 B. 1.67 C. 3.09 D. 5.59 E. 8.10 55. The Berry Patch has sales of $438,000, cost of goods sold of $369,000, depreciation of $37,400, and interest expense of $13,800. The tax rate is 35 percent. What is the times interest earned ratio? A. 2.29 B. 3.46 C. 3.87 D. 4.38 E. 4.79 56. A firm has net income of $5,890 and interest expense of $2,130. The tax rate is 34 percent. What is the firm's times interest earned ratio? A. 4.82 B. 5.19 C. 5.38 D. 5.67 E. 6.33 57. A firm has net income of $31,300, depreciation of $5,100, taxes of $14,600, and interest paid of $3,100. What is the cash coverage ratio? A. 8.78 B. 10.10 C. 14.14 D. 16.32 E. 17.45 58. Blue Water Cafe has $28,700 in total assets, depreciation of $3,100, and interest of $1,400. The total asset turnover rate is 1.2. Earnings before interest and taxes are equal to 28 percent of sales. What is the cash coverage ratio? A. 6.33 B. 7.51 C. 9.10 D. 10.23 E. 10.98 59. The Global Network has sales of $418,700, cost of goods sold of $264,900, and inventory of $61,900. What is the inventory turnover rate? A. 1.33 B. 4.28 C. 6.76 D. 7.14 E. 8.47 60. The Tourist Stop takes an average of 63 days to sell its inventory and an average of 1.5 days to collect payment on its sales. What is the inventory turnover rate? A. 5.79 B. 7.29 C. 8.68 D. 10.18 E. 11.42 61. Galaxy Sales has sales of $746,700, cost of goods sold of $603,200, and inventory of $94,300. How long on average does it take the firm to sell its inventory? A. 6.40 days B. 7.23 days C. 48.68 days D. 57.06 days E. 61.10 days 62. Handy Hardware sells its inventory in 85 days, on average. Costs of goods sold for the year are $631,800. What is the average value of the firm's inventory? A. $114,706 B. $123,506 C. $147,132 D. $161,096 E. $182,513 63. Kessler, Inc. has accounts receivable of $31,600, total assets of $311,500, cost of goods sold of $208,400, and a capital intensity ratio of 1.08. What is the accounts receivables turnover rate? A. 8.99 B. 9.13 C. 9.42 D. 9.61 E. 9.72 64. It takes The Corner Store an average of 51 days to sell its inventory and 32 days to collect its accounts receivable. The firm has sales of $568,700 and costs of goods sold of $398,800. What is the accounts receivable turnover rate? A. 11.23 B. 11.41 C. 11.78 D. 12.23 E. 12.55 65. Textile Mills has sales of $923,000, cost of goods sold of $748,000, and accounts receivable of $106,700. How long on average does it take the firm's customers to pay for their purchases? A. 8.65 days B. 11.28 days C. 25.01 days D. 42.19 days E. 45.33 days 66. A firm has $42,900 in receivables and $211,800 in total assets. The total asset turnover rate is 1.45 and the profit margin is 4.2 percent. How long on average does it take the firm to collect its receivables? A. 7.16 days B. 9.45 days C. 11.68 days D. 31.25 days E. 50.99 days 67. Aardvaark & Co. has sales of $291,200, cost of goods sold of $163,300, net profit of $11,360, net fixed assets of $154,500, and current assets of $89,500. What is the total asset turnover rate? A. 1.08 B. 1.11 C. 1.19 D. 1.24 E. 1.28 68. Holiday House has sales of $648,000, a profit margin of 6.1 percent, and a capital intensity ratio of 0.84. What is the total asset turnover rate? A. 1.04 B. 1.08 C. 1.13 D. 1.19 E. 1.26 69. Martha's Fabric House has sales of $137,200, total equity of $74,400, and a debt-equity ratio of 0.45. What is the capital intensity ratio? A. 0.79 B. 0.83 C. 1.06 D. 1.20 E. 1.27 70. Circle Stores has net income of $41,000, a profit margin of 6.7 percent, and a return on assets of 9 percent. What is the capital intensity ratio? A. 0.74 B. 0.86 C. 1.16 D. 1.34 E. 1.38 71. Tally Ho Inn has annual sales of $737,000. Earnings before interest and taxes is equal to 21 percent of sales. For the period, the firm paid $7,900 in interest. What is the profit margin if the tax rate is 35 percent? A. 12.46 percent B. 12.95 percent C. 13.33 percent D. 15.29 percent E. 16.11 percent 72. The Medicine Cabinet has a return on equity of 18.2 percent, a profit margin of 11.6 percent, and total equity of $738,000. What is the net income? A. $85,608 B. $113,875 C. $134,316 D. $142,311 E. $149,897 73. The Next Life has sales of $428,300, total assets of $389,100, and a profit margin of 6.2 percent. What is the return on assets? A. 6.29 percent B. 6.54 percent C. 6.83 percent D. 7.01 percent E. 7.27 percent 74. Goshen Industrial Sales has sales of $828,900, total equity of $539,200, a profit margin of 4.6 percent and a debt-equity ratio of 0.55. What is the return on assets? A. 3.89 percent B. 4.56 percent C. 6.67 percent D. 12.86 percent E. 13.33 percent 75. Cross Hairs Gun Shop has sales of $189,000, a profit margin of 4.8 percent, and a capital intensity ratio of 0.79. What is the return on assets? A. 5.67 percent B. 6.08 percent C. 6.39 percent D. 6.42 percent E. 6.67 percent 76. Freedom Health Centers has total equity of $861,300, sales of $1.48 million, and a profit margin of 5.2 percent. What is the return on equity? A. 5.82 percent B. 6.49 percent C. 7.18 percent D. 8.68 percent E. 8.94 percent 77. The Closet Shoppe has total sales of $713,200 and a profit margin of 5.8 percent. Currently, the firm has 12,500 shares outstanding. What are the earnings per share? A. $2.98 B. $3.31 C. $3.56 D. $3.89 E. $4.02 78. Baxter & Baxter has total assets of $710,000. There are 45,000 shares of stock outstanding with a market value of $28 a share. The firm has a profit margin of 7.1 percent and a total asset turnover of 1.29. What is the price-earnings ratio? A. 16.38 B. 17.99 C. 19.38 D. 20.12 E. 22.41 79. Ratzell's Place has a market-to-book ratio of 2.7, net income of $68,400, a book value per share of $37, and 45,000 shares of stock outstanding. What is the price-earnings ratio? A. 24.34 B. 28.16 C. 55.10 D. 59.09 E. 65.72 80. The Green House has a profit margin of 5.6 percent on sales of $311,200. The firm currently has 15,000 shares of stock outstanding at a market price of $11.60 per share. What is the price-earnings ratio? A. 9.98 B. 10.02 C. 11.50 D. 11.93 E. 12.84 81. A firm has sales of $311,000 and net income of $21,600. Currently, there are 18,000 shares outstanding at a market price of $36 per share. What is the price-sales ratio? A. 2.08 B. 3.11 C. 4.26 D. 5.15 E. 6.95 82. The common stock of The Burger Hut is selling for $16.25 a share. The company has earnings per share of $0.42 and a book value per share of $9.28. What is the market-to-book ratio? A. 1.58 B. 1.69 C. 1.75 D. 1.87 E. 1.92 83. Swanton Foods has a book value per share of $12.68, earnings per share of $1.21, and a price-earnings ratio of 17.6. What is the market-to-book ratio? A. 1.32 B. 1.68 C. 1.99 D. 2.47 E. 2.61 84. The Inside Door has total debt of $78,600, total equity of $214,000, and a return on equity of 14.5 percent. What is the return on assets? A. 9.14 percent B. 10.61 percent C. 21.45 percent D. 34.61 percent E. 39.48 percent 85. The Noodle Place has total assets of $123,800, a debt-equity ratio of 0.65, and net income of $7,100. What is the return on equity? A. 3.48 percent B. 3.73 percent C. 8.01 percent D. 9.46 percent E. 13.61 percent 86. Computer Geeks has sales of $521,000, a profit margin of 14.8 percent, a total asset turnover rate of 2.16, and an equity multiplier of 1.30. What is the return on equity? A. 8.91 percent B. 12.67 percent C. 18.28 percent D. 32.11 percent E. 41.56 percent 87. Morrison Motors has total equity of $289,100 and net income of $64,500. The debt-equity ratio is 0.45 and the total asset turnover is 1.6. What is the profit margin? A. 3.10 percent B. 5.23 percent C. 5.67 percent D. 8.21 percent E. 9.62 percent 88. A firm has net income of $114,000, a return on assets of 12.6 percent, and a debt-equity ratio of 0.60. What is the return on equity? A. 17.11 percent B. 18.98 percent C. 20.16 percent D. 22.20 percent E. 24.60 percent 89. The Blue Lantern has a return on equity of 17.8 percent, an equity multiplier of 1.9, and a total asset turnover of 1.45. What is the profit margin? A. 2.76 percent B. 3.57 percent C. 4.90 percent D. 5.28 percent E. 6.46 percent 90. The Saw Mill has a return on assets of 6.1 percent, a total asset turnover rate of 1.8, and a debt-equity ratio of 1.6. What is the return on equity? A. 4.26 percent B. 9.76 percent C. 12.28 percent D. 15.86 percent E. 19.03 percent 91. Webster & Jones has net income of $49,200, sales of $936,800, a capital intensity ratio of 0.74, and an equity multiplier of 1.5. What is the return on equity? A. 6.67 percent B. 8.98 percent C. 10.65 percent D. 12.21 percent E. 14.09 percent 92. New Steel Products has total assets of $991,000, a total asset turnover rate of 1.1, a debt-equity ratio of 0.6, and a return on equity of 8.7 percent. What is the firm's net income? A. $53,885.63 B. $58,303.33 C. $64,624.14 D. $70,548.09 E. $77,236.67 93. Eastern Hardwood Sales has total equity of $89,000, a profit margin of 4.8 percent, an equity multiplier of 1.5, and a total asset turnover of 1.3. What is the amount of the firm's sales? A. $168,200 B. $173,550 C. $181,430 D. $185,620 E. $187,500 94. Tessler Farms has a return on equity of 12.71 percent, a debt-equity ratio of 0.75, and a total asset turnover of 0.9. What is the return on assets? A. 7.26 percent B. 8.06 percent C. 13.67 percent D. 15.24 percent E. 17.41 percent 95. A firm earns $0.17 in profit for every $1 of equity in the firm. The company borrows $0.60 for every $1 of equity. What is the firm's return on assets? A. 10.63 percent B. 13.53 percent C. 25.15 percent D. 26.07 percent E. 28.33 percent 96. The Veggie Hut has net income of $26,400, total equity of $102,700, and total assets of $189,500. The dividend payout ratio is 0.30. What is the internal growth rate? A. 7.99 percent B. 8.57 percent C. 10.81 percent D. 16.87 percent E. 21.94 percent 97. Quick Foods has sales of $238,900, total assets of $217,000, total equity of $121,300, net income of $18,700, and dividends paid of $6,000. What is the internal growth rate? A. 5.48 percent B. 6.22 percent C. 6.67 percent D. 7.34 percent E. 7.92 percent 98. A firm has adopted a policy whereby it will not seek any additional external financing. Given this, what is the maximum growth rate for the firm if it has net income of $12,100, total equity of $94,000, total assets of $156,000, and a 40 percent dividend payout ratio? A. 4.88 percent B. 5.11 percent C. 6.62 percent D. 7.67 percent E. 8.37 percent 99. Underwood Enterprises earns $0.07 in profit on every $1 of sales and has $0.67 in assets for every $1 of sales. The firm pays out 20 percent of its profits to its shareholders. What is the internal growth rate? A. 6.37 percent B. 7.76 percent C. 8.80 percent D. 9.12 percent E. 9.65 percent 100.Joshua's Antiques has a total asset turnover rate of 1.2, an equity multiplier of 1.4, a profit margin of 5 percent, a retention ratio of 0.8, and total assets of $120,000. What is the sustainable growth rate? A. 6.98 percent B. 7.20 percent C. 7.33 percent D. 7.54 percent E. 7.91 percent 101.A firm has a return on equity of 16 percent, a return on assets of 11 percent, and a 40 percent dividend payout ratio. What is the sustainable growth rate? A. 5.72 percent B. 6.84 percent C. 7.12 percent D. 9.58 percent E. 10.62 percent 102.Valentino's maintains a constant debt-equity ratio of 0.45. The firm had net income of $11,800 for the year and paid $6,500 in dividends. The firm has total assets of $92,000. What is the sustainable growth rate? A. 7.38 percent B. 8.27 percent C. 9.11 percent D. 9.62 percent E. 10.38 percent 103.The Donut Hut has sales of $68,000, current assets of $11,300, net income of $5,100, net fixed assets of $54,900, total debt of $23,800, and dividends of $800. What is the sustainable growth rate? A. 10.48 percent B. 11.29 percent C. 11.79 percent D. 12.08 percent E. 12.39 percent 104.Last year, a firm earned $31,200 in net income on sales of $217,600. The company paid $7,500 in dividends. What is the dividend payout ratio? A. 3.45 percent B. 4.71 percent C. 14.34 percent D. 22.85 percent E. 24.04 percent 105.Last year, Blakely's Fashions earned net income of $68,400 and had 12,000 shares of stock outstanding. The dividends per share were $2.20. What is the dividend payout ratio? A. 32.98 percent B. 34.00 percent C. 38.60 percent D. 40.21 percent E. 44.14 percent 106.Gabriel Furniture has a profit margin of 8.2 percent and a dividend payout ratio of 30 percent. What is the plowback ratio? A. 10.66 percent B. 27.33 percent C. 54.60 percent D. 70.00 percent E. 78.20 percent 107.Town Centre Market has sales of $311,800, a profit margin of 2.9 percent, and dividends of $4,500. What is the plowback ratio? A. 46.32 percent B. 49.78 percent C. 50.23 percent D. 51.15 percent E. 53.68 percent 108.Use the following financial information to answer this question. What are the values of the three components of the DuPont identity? Use ending balance sheet values. A. 0.15; 1.02; 0.35 B. 0.15; 2.02; 0.35 C. 0.15; 0.98; 2.86 D. 0.16; 0.98; 0.35 E. 0.16; 1.02; 2.86 109.Global Ventures has a return on equity of 9.8 percent, a retention ratio of 60 percent, and a profit margin of 4.5 percent. The company paid $378 in dividends and has net working capital of $100. Net fixed assets are $18,550 and current liabilities are $520. What is the total equity of the firm? A. $6,457 B. $6,890 C. $7,360 D. $9,643 E. $11,480 110.Assume this is your first day on the job as the new chief financial officer of a mid-size company. Identify the three key ratios that you would compute first as you begin to try to understand the financial status of the firm. Explain why you selected the three ratios that you did. 111.You are trying to compare the financial performance of your firm to that of similar firms. What are some of the key problems you might encounter in doing this comparison? 112.Explain why the DuPont identity is so useful to a financial manager. 113.Since there are no perfect or ideal standard ratios for a firm, why is ratio analysis still considered a valuable management tool? 114.Peterboro Supply has a current accounts receivable balance of $391,648. Credit sales for the year just ended were $5,338,411. How long did it take on average for credit customers to pay off their accounts during the past year? A. 24.78 days B. 26.78 days C. 29.09 days D. 31.15 days E. 33.33 days 115.Sunshine Rentals has a debt-equity ratio of 0.84. Return on assets is 7.9 percent, and total equity is $438,000. What is the net income? A. $41,147.09 B. $54,311.29 C. $63,667.68 D. $48,887.02 E. $50,458.95 116.Turner's Store had a profit margin of 6.8 percent, sales of $898,200, and total assets of $798,000. If management set a goal of increasing the total asset turnover to 1.40 times, what would the new sales figure need to be, assuming no increase in total assets? A. $860,333 B. $984,320 C. $1,088,500 D. $1,117,200 E. $1,257,480 117.True Blue Transport has a current stock price of $27. For the past year, the company had net income of $2,187,400, total equity of $13,892,300, sales of $26,511,000, and 2.5 million shares outstanding. What is the market-to-book ratio? A. 3.54 B. 3.81 C. 3.99 D. 4.27 E. 4.86 118.Taylor, Inc. has sales of $11,898, total assets of $9,315, and a debt-equity ratio of 0.55. If its return on equity is 14 percent, what is its net income? A. $841.35 B. $887.16 C. $904.10 D. $911.16 E. $927.46 119.Mercier United has net income of $128,470. There are currently 32.67 days' sales in receivables. Total assets are $1,419,415, total receivables are $122,306, and the debt-equity ratio is 0.40. What is the return on equity? A. 11.42 percent B. 12.67 percent C. 13.09 percent D. 13.48 percent E. 15.03 percent 120.For the most recent year, Wilson Enterprises had sales of $689,000, cost of goods sold of $470,300, depreciation expense of $61,200, and additions to retained earnings of $48,560. The firm currently has 12,000 shares of common stock outstanding, and the previous year's dividends per share were $1.18. Assuming a 35 percent tax rate, what was the times interest earned ratio? A. 1.47 B. 2.09 C. 2.58 D. 3.15 E. 3.67 121.A fire has destroyed a large percentage of the financial records of the Strongwell Co. You have the task of piecing together information in order to release a financial report. You have found the return on equity to be 13.8 percent. Sales were $979,000, the total debt ratio was 0.42, and total debt was $548,000. What is the return on assets? A. 6.92 percent B. 8.00 percent C. 8.45 percent D. 9.03 percent E. 9.29 percent 122.Donegal's Industrial Products wishes to maintain a growth rate of 6 percent a year, a debt-equity ratio of 0.45, and a dividend payout ratio of 30 percent. The ratio of total assets to sales is constant at 1.25. What profit margin must the firm achieve? A. 4.68 percent B. 5.29 percent C. 6.33 percent D. 6.97 percent E. 8.19 percent 123.A firm wishes to maintain an internal growth rate of 4.5 percent and a dividend payout ratio of 60 percent. The current profit margin is 7.5 percent and the firm uses no external financing sources. What must the total asset turnover be? A. 0.98 B. 1.06 C. 1.21 D. 1.44 E. 1.59 ch3 Key 1. Common-size financial statements present all balance sheet account values as a percentage of: A. the forecasted budget. B. sales. C. total equity. D. total assets. E. last year's account value. Refer to section 3.1. Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-01 Standardize financial statements for comparison purposes. Ross - Chapter 03 #1 Section: 3.1 Topic: Common-size statement 2. The ratios that are based on financial statement values and used for comparison purposes are called: A. financial ratios. B. industrial statistics. C. equity standards. D. accounting returns. E. analytical standards. Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #2 Section: 3.2 Topic: Financial ratios 3. The Du Pont identity can be totally defined by which one of the following? A. Return on equity, total asset turnover, and equity multiplier B. Equity multiplier and return on assets C. Profit margin and return on equity D. Total asset turnover, profit margin, and debt-equity ratio E. Equity multiplier, return on assets, and profit margin Refer to section 3.3. Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #3 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 4. Which one of the following is the maximum growth rate that a firm can achieve without any additional external financing? A. Du Pont rate B. External growth rate C. Sustainable growth rate D. Internal growth rate E. Cash flow rate Refer to section 3.4. Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #4 Section: 3.4 Topic: Internal growth rate 5. The sustainable growth rate is defined as the maximum rate at which a firm can grow given which of the following conditions? A. No new external financing of any kind B. No new debt but additional external equity equal to the increase in retained earnings C. New debt and external equity in equal proportions D. New debt and external equity, provided the debt-equity ratio remains constant E. No new equity and a constant debt-equity ratio Refer to section 3.4. Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #5 Section: 3.4 Topic: Sustainable growth rate 6. Which one of the following is the abbreviation for the U.S. government coding system that classifies a firm by its specific type of business operations? A. BEC B. SED C. BID D. SIC E. SBC Refer to section 3.5. Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-04 Identify and explain some of the problems and pitfalls in financial statement analysis. Ross - Chapter 03 #6 Section: 3.5 Topic: SIC code 7. Builder's Outlet just hired a new chief financial officer. To get a feel for the company, she wants to compare the firm's sales and costs over the past 3 years determine if any trends are present and also determine where the firm might need to make changes. Which one of the following statements will best suit her purposes? A. Income statement B. Balance sheet C. Common-size income statement D. Common-size balance sheet E. Statement of cash flows Refer to section 3.1. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-01 Standardize financial statements for comparison purposes. Ross - Chapter 03 #7 Section: 3.1 Topic: Common-size statement 8. A common-size balance sheet helps financial managers determine: A. which customers are paying on a timely basis. B. if costs are increasing faster or slower than sales. C. if changes are occurring in a firm's mix of assets. D. if a firm is generating more or less sales per dollar of assets than in prior years. E. the rate at which the firm's dividends are changing. Refer to section 3.1. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-01 Standardize financial statements for comparison purposes. Ross - Chapter 03 #8 Section: 3.1 Topic: Common-size statement 9. High Tower Pharmacy pays a fixed percentage of its net income out to its shareholders in the form of annual dividends. Given this, the percent shown on a common-size income statement for the dividend account will: A. remain constant over time. B. be equal to the dividend amount divided by the net income. C. vary in direct relation to the net profit percentage. D. vary in direct relation to changes in the sales level. E. vary but not in direct relation to any other variable. Refer to section 3.1. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-01 Standardize financial statements for comparison purposes. Ross - Chapter 03 #9 Section: 3.1 Topic: Common-size percentage 10. Which one of the following transactions will increase the liquidity of a firm? A. Cash purchase of new production equipment B. Payment of an account payable C. Cash purchase of inventory D. Credit sale of inventory at cost E. Cash payment of employee wages Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #10 Section: 3.2 Topic: Liquidity 11. Which one of the following actions will increase the current ratio, all else constant? Assume the current ratio is greater than 1.0. A. Cash purchase of inventory B. Cash payment of an account receivable C. Cash payment of an account payable D. Credit sale of inventory at cost E. Cash sale of inventory at a loss Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #11 Section: 3.2 Topic: Current ratio 12. A firm has a current ratio of 1.4 and a quick ratio of 0.9. Given this, you know for certain that the firm: A. pays cash for its inventory. B. has more than half its current assets invested in inventory. C. has more cash than inventory. D. has more current liabilities than it does current assets. E. has positive net working capital. Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #12 Section: 3.2 Topic: Quick ratio 13. Fred is the owner of a local feed store. Which one of the following ratios should he compute if he wants to know how long the store can pay its bills given the amount of cash the store currently has? A. B. C. D. E. Current ratio Debt ratio Cash coverage ratio Quick ratio Cash ratio Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #13 Section: 3.2 Topic: Cash ratio 14. Which one of the following is a measure of long-term solvency? A. Price-earnings ratio B. Profit margin C. Equity multiplier D. Receivables turnover E. Quick ratio Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #14 Section: 3.2 Topic: Equity multiplier 15. The cash coverage ratio is used to evaluate the: A. liquidity of a firm. B. speed at which a firm generates cash. C. length of time that a firm can pay its bills if no additional cash becomes available. D. ability of a firm to pay the interest on its debt. E. relationship between the firm's cash balance and its current liabilities. Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #15 Section: 3.2 Topic: Cash coverage ratio 16. The equity multiplier is equal to: A. one plus the debt-equity ratio. B. one plus the total asset turnover. C. total debt divided by total equity. D. total equity divided by total assets. E. one divided by the total asset turnover. Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #16 Section: 3.2 Topic: Equity multiplier 17. Blooming Gardens has an inventory turnover of 16. This means the firm: A. sells its entire inventory every 16 days. B. only stocks its inventory every 16 days. C. buys 16 days of inventory with each order. D. sells its inventory by granting customers 16 days credit. E. sells its inventory an average of 16 times each year. Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #17 Section: 3.2 Topic: Inventory turnover 18. Which one of the following best indicates a firm is utilizing its assets more efficiently than it has in the past? A. Decrease in the total asset turnover B. Decrease in the capital intensity ratio C. Increase in days' sales in receivables D. Decrease in the profit margin E. Decrease in the inventory turnover rate Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #18 Section: 3.2 Topic: Capital intensity ratio 19. Kelso's Pharmacy generates $2 in sales for every $1 the firm has invested in total assets. Which one of the following ratios would reflect this relationship? A. Receivables turnover B. Equity multiplier C. Profit margin D. Return on assets E. Total asset turnover Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #19 Section: 3.2 Topic: Total asset turnover 20. Which one of the following will increase the profit margin of a firm, all else constant? A. Increase in interest paid B. Increase in fixed costs C. Increase in depreciation expense D. Decrease in the tax rate E. Decrease in sales Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #20 Section: 3.2 Topic: Profit margin 21. You would like to borrow money three years from now to build a new building. In preparation for applying for that loan, you are in the process of developing target ratios for your firm. Which set of ratios represents the best target mix considering that you want to obtain outside financing in the relatively near future? A. Times interest earned = 1.7; debt-equity ratio = 1.6 B. Times interest earned = 1.5; debt-equity ratio = 1.2 C. Cash coverage ratio = 0.8; debt-equity ratio = 0.8 D. Cash coverage ratio = 2.6; debt-equity ratio = 0.3 E. Cash coverage ratio = 0.5; total debt ratio = 0.2 Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #21 Section: 3.2 Topic: Long term solvency 22. All else constant, which one of the following will decrease if a firm increases its net income? A. Return on assets B. Profit margin C. Return on equity D. Price-sales ratio E. Price-earnings ratio Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #22 Section: 3.2 Topic: Price-earnings ratio 23. Which one of the following statements is true concerning the price-earnings (PE) ratio? A. A high PE ratio may indicate that a firm is expected to grow significantly. B. A PE ratio of 16 indicates that investors are willing to pay $1 for every $16 of current earnings. C. PE ratios are unaffected by the accounting methods employed by a firm. D. The PE ratio is classified as a profitability ratio. E. The PE ratio is a constant value for each firm. Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #23 Section: 3.2 Topic: Price-earnings ratio 24. New Century Products is a company that was founded last year. While the outlook for the company is positive, it currently has negative earnings. If you wanted to measure the progress of this firm, which one of the following ratios would probably be best to monitor given the firm's current situation? A. Price-sales ratio B. Market-to-book ratio C. Profit margin D. ROE E. ROA Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #24 Section: 3.2 Topic: Price-sales ratio 25. The Du Pont identity can be used to help a financial manager determine the: I. degree of financial leverage used by a firm. II. operating efficiency of a firm. III. utilization rate of a firm's assets. IV. rate of return on a firm's assets. A. II and III only B. I and III only C. II, III, and IV only D. I, II, and III only E. I, II, III, and IV Refer to section 3.3. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #25 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 26. The T-shirt Hut successfully managed to reduce its general and administrative costs this year. This cost improvement will increase which of the following ratios? I. Profit margin II. Return on assets III. Total asset turnover IV. Return on equity A. I and II only B. I and III only C. II, III, and IV only D. I, II, and IV only E. I, II, III, and IV Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #26 Section: 3.2 Topic: Profitability ratios 27. Martha's Sweet Shop reduced its fixed assets this year without affecting the shop's operations, sales, or equity. This reduction will increase which of the following ratios? I. Capital intensity ratio II. Return on assets III. Total asset turnover IV. Return on equity A. I and II only B. II and III only C. II, III, and IV only D. I, II, and IV only E. I, II, III, and IV Refer to section 3.2. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #27 Section: 3.2 Topic: Total asset turnover and return on assets 28. Donovan Brothers, Inc. would like to increase its internal rate of growth. Decreasing which one of the following will help the firm achieve its goal? A. Return on assets B. Net income C. Retention ratio D. Dividend payout ratio E. Return on equity Refer to section 3.4. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #28 Section: 3.4 Topic: Internal growth rate 29. If a firm has a 100 percent dividend payout ratio, then the internal growth rate of the firm is: A. zero percent. B. 100 percent. C. equal to the ROA. D. negative. E. infinite. Refer to section 3.4. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #29 Section: 3.4 Topic: Internal growth rate 30. Which of the following are determinants of a firm's sustainable rate of growth? I. Amount of sales generated from each dollar invested in assets II. Amount of debt per dollar of equity III. Amount of current assets per dollar of current liabilities IV. Percent of net income distributed as dividends A. I and III only B. II and IV only C. I, II, and IV only D. II, III, and IV only E. I, II, III, and IV Refer to section 3.4. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #30 Section: 3.4 Topic: Sustainable growth rate 31. Which of the following will increase the sustainable rate of growth for a firm? I. Decreasing the profit margin II. Increasing the dividend payout ratio III. Decreasing the capital intensity ratio IV. Increasing the target debt-equity ratio A. I and II only B. III and IV only C. II and IV only D. I, III, and IV only E. I, II, III, and IV Refer to section 3.4. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #31 Section: 3.4 Topic: Sustainable growth rate 32. Financial statement analysis: A. is primarily used to identify account values that meet the normal standards. B. is limited to internal use by a firm's managers. C. provides useful information that can serve as a basis for forecasting future performance. D. provides useful information to shareholders but not to debt holders. E. is enhanced by comparing results to those of a firm's peers but not by comparing results to prior periods. Refer to section 3.5. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-04 Identify and explain some of the problems and pitfalls in financial statement analysis. Ross - Chapter 03 #32 Section: 3.5 Topic: Financial statement analysis 33. Which one of the following statements is correct? A. Peer group analysis is easier when a firm is a conglomerate versus when it only has a single B. line of business. C. Peer group analysis is easier when seasonal firms have different fiscal years. D. Peer group analysis is simplified when firms use varying methods of depreciation. E. Comparing results across geographic locations is easier since all countries now use a common F. set of accounting standards. G Adjustments have to be made when comparing the income statements of firms which use different . methods of accounting for inventory. Refer to section 3.5. Bloom's: Comprehension Difficulty: Intermediate Learning 03-04 Objective: Identify and explain some of the problems and pitfalls in financial statement analysis. Ross - Chapter 03 #33 Section: 3.5 Topic: Financial statement analysis 34. Russell's Hardware has inventory of $218,000, equity of $421,800, total assets of $647,700, and sales of $587,200. What is the common-size percentage for the inventory account? A. 26.81 percent B. 33.66 percent C. 37.12 percent D. 49.09 percent E. 51.68 percent Inventory common-size percent = $218,000/$647,700 = 33.66 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-01 Standardize financial statements for comparison purposes. Ross - Chapter 03 #34 Section: 3.1 Topic: Common-size percentage 35. A firm has inventory of $11,400, accounts payable of $9,800, cash of $850, net fixed assets of $12,150, long-term debt of $9,500, accounts receivable of $6,600, and total equity of $11,700. What is the common-size percentage for the net fixed assets? A. 19.60 percent B. 26.67 percent C. 39.19 percent D. 42.08 percent E. 48.75 percent NFA common-size percent = $12,150/($850 + $6,600 + $11,400 + $12,150) = 39.19 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-01 Standardize financial statements for comparison purposes. Ross - Chapter 03 #35 Section: 3.1 Topic: Common-size ratio 36. Foreign Travel Services has net income of $48,400, total assets of $219,000, total equity of $154,800, and total sales of $311,700. What is the common-size percentage for the net income? A. 9.00 percent B. 13.90 percent C. 15.53 percent D. 22.10 percent E. 31.27 percent Net income common-size percent = $48,400/$311,700 = 15.53 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-01 Standardize financial statements for comparison purposes. Ross - Chapter 03 #36 Section: 3.1 Topic: Common-size percent 37. Delmont Movers has a profit margin of 6.2 percent and net income of $48,900. What is the commonsize percentage for the cost of goods sold if that expense amounted to $379,000 for the year? A. 12.90 percent B. 23.50 percent C. 33.25 percent D. 41.06 percent E. 48.05 percent COGS common-size percent = $379,000/($48,900/0.062) = 48.05 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-01 Standardize financial statements for comparison purposes. Ross - Chapter 03 #37 Section: 3.1 Topic: Common-size percent 38. A firm has sales of $428,000 for the year. The profit margin is 3.4 percent and the retention ratio is 60 percent. What is the common-size percentage for the dividends paid? A. 0.99 percent B. 1.18 percent C. 1.21 percent D. 1.36 percent E. 1.42 percent Dividends paid common-size percent = [$428,000 0.034 (1 - 0.60)]/$428,000 = 1.36 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-01 Standardize financial statements for comparison purposes. Ross - Chapter 03 #38 Section: 3.1 Topic: Common-size percent 39. Peter's Motor Works has total assets of $689,400, long-term debt of $299,500, total equity of $275,000, net fixed assets of $497,800, and sales of $721,500. The profit margin is 4.6 percent. What is the current ratio? A. 0.60 B. 0.91 C. 1.01 D. 1.67 E. 2.16 Current ratio = ($689,400 - $497,800)/($689,400 - $299,500 - $275,000) = 1.67 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #39 Section: 3.2 Topic: Current ratio 40. Healthy Foods has total assets of $129,800, net fixed assets of $71,500, long-term debt of $52,000, and total debt of $78,700. If inventory is $31,800, what is the current ratio? A. 0.33 B. 0.46 C. 0.84 D. 1.18 E. 2.18 Current ratio = ($129,800 - $71,500)/($78,700 - $52,000) = 2.18 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #40 Section: 3.2 Topic: Current ratio 41. A firm has net working capital of $3,800 and current assets of $11,700. What is the current ratio? A. 0.34 B. 0.60 C. 1.48 D. 1.65 E. 2.92 Current ratio = $11,700/($11,700 - $3,800) = 1.48 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #41 Section: 3.2 Topic: Current ratio 42. Slightly Used Goods has cash of $2,150, inventory of $28,470, fixed assets of $9,860, accounts payable of $11,900, and accounts receivable of $4,660. What is the cash ratio? A. 0.08 B. 0.18 C. 0.32 D. 0.46 E. 0.51 Cash ratio = $2,150/$11,900 = 0.18 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #42 Section: 3.2 Topic: Cash ratio 43. You are analyzing a company that has cash of $11,200, accounts receivable of $27,800, fixed assets of $124,600, accounts payable of $31,300, and inventory of $56,900. What is the quick ratio? A. 0.30 B. 0.67 C. 0.80 D. 1.25 E. 1.37 Quick ratio = ($11,200 + $27,800)/$31,300 = 1.25 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #43 Section: 3.2 Topic: Quick ratio 44. Tasty Dee-Lite has current liabilities of $6,630, net working capital of $2,180, inventory of $2,750, and sales of $36,800. What is the quick ratio? A. 0.76 B. 0.84 C. 0.91 D. 1.09 E. 1.19 Quick ratio = ($6,630 + $2,180 - $2,750)/$6,630 = 0.91 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #44 Section: 3.2 Topic: Quick ratio 45. Tressler Dry Cleaners has inventory of $1,700, accounts payable of $4,200, cash of $1,950, and accounts receivable of $3,680. What is the cash ratio? A. 0.24 B. 0.46 C. 0.53 D. 0.98 E. 1.34 Cash ratio = $1,950/$4,200 = 0.46 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #45 Section: 3.2 Topic: Cash ratio 46. Your firm has cash of $3,800, accounts receivable of $9,600, inventory of $33,100, and net working capital of $1,100. What is the cash ratio? A. 0.04 B. 0.08 C. 0.87 D. 1.21 E. 3.45 Cash ratio = $3,800/($3,800 + $9,600 + $33,100 - $1,100) = 0.08 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #46 Section: 3.2 Topic: Cash ratio 47. Wilson's Realty has total assets of $46,800, net fixed assets of $37,400, current liabilities of $6,100, and long-term liabilities of $24,600. What is the total debt ratio? A. 0.41 B. 0.60 C. 0.66 D. 0.78 E. 0.86 Total debt ratio = ($6,100 + $24,600)/$46,800 = 0.66 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #47 Section: 3.2 Topic: Total debt ratio 48. Denton, Inc. has total equity of $389,600, long-term debt of $116,400, net working capital of $1,600, and total assets of $527,600. What is the total debt ratio? A. 0.22 B. 0.26 C. 0.67 D. 1.49 E. 3.85 Total debt ratio = ($527,600 - $389,600)/$527,600 = 0.26 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #48 Section: 3.2 Topic: Total debt ratio 49. A firm has total assets of $523,100, current assets of $186,500, current liabilities of $141,000, and total debt of $215,000. What is the debt-equity ratio? A. 0.48 B. 0.70 C. 1.10 D. 1.43 E. 2.13 Debt-equity ratio = $215,000/($523,100 - $215,000) = 0.70 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #49 Section: 3.2 Topic: Debt-equity ratio 50. The Jelly Jar has total assets of $79,600 and an equity multiplier of 1.35. What is the debt-equity ratio? A. 0.28 B. 0.35 C. 0.47 D. 0.58 E. 0.67 Debt-equity ratio = 1.35 - 1 = 0.35 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #50 Section: 3.2 Topic: Debt-equity ratio 51. Underwood Homes Sales has total assets of $589,900 and total debt of $318,000. What is the equity multiplier? A. 0.46 B. 0.54 C. 1.21 D. 1.85 E. 2.17 Equity multiplier = $589,900/($589,900 - $318,000) = 2.17 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #51 Section: 3.2 Topic: Equity multiplier 52. A firm has an equity multiplier of 1.5. This means that the firm has a: A. debt-equity ratio of 0.67. B. debt-equity ratio of 0.33. C. total debt ratio of 0.50. D. total debt ratio of 0.67. E. total debt ratio of 0.33. Refer to section 3.2. AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #52 Section: 3.2 Topic: Equity multiplier 53. Preston's Market has sales of $213,600, total assets of $198,700, a debt-equity ratio of 1.6, and a profit margin of 2.4 percent. What is the equity multiplier? A. 0.60 B. 0.63 C. 1.83 D. 2.60 E. 2.84 Equity multiplier = 1 + 1.6 = 2.6 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #53 Section: 3.2 Topic: Equity multiplier 54. Friendly's Shoe Store has earnings before interest and taxes of $21,680 and net income of $12,542. The tax rate is 34 percent. What is the times interest earned ratio? A. 0.88 B. 1.67 C. 3.09 D. 5.59 E. 8.10 Times interest earned ratio = $21,680/{$21,680 - [$12,542/(1 - 0.34)]} = 8.10 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #54 Section: 3.2 Topic: Times interest earned 55. The Berry Patch has sales of $438,000, cost of goods sold of $369,000, depreciation of $37,400, and interest expense of $13,800. The tax rate is 35 percent. What is the times interest earned ratio? A. 2.29 B. 3.46 C. 3.87 D. 4.38 E. 4.79 Times interest earned ratio = ($438,000 - $369,000 - $37,400)/$13,800 = 2.29 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #55 Section: 3.2 Topic: Times interest earned 56. A firm has net income of $5,890 and interest expense of $2,130. The tax rate is 34 percent. What is the firm's times interest earned ratio? A. 4.82 B. 5.19 C. 5.38 D. 5.67 E. 6.33 Times interest earned ratio = {[$5,890/(1 - 0.34)] + $2,130}/$2,130 = 5.19 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #56 Section: 3.2 Topic: Times interest earned 57. A firm has net income of $31,300, depreciation of $5,100, taxes of $14,600, and interest paid of $3,100. What is the cash coverage ratio? A. 8.78 B. 10.10 C. 14.14 D. 16.32 E. 17.45 Cash coverage ratio = ($31,300 + $14,600 + $3,100 + $5,100)/$3,100 = 17.45 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #57 Section: 3.2 Topic: Cash coverage ratio 58. Blue Water Cafe has $28,700 in total assets, depreciation of $3,100, and interest of $1,400. The total asset turnover rate is 1.2. Earnings before interest and taxes are equal to 28 percent of sales. What is the cash coverage ratio? A. 6.33 B. 7.51 C. 9.10 D. 10.23 E. 10.98 Cash coverage ratio = {[0.28 (1.2 $28,700)] + $3,100}/$1,400 = 9.10 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #58 Section: 3.2 Topic: Cash coverage ratio 59. The Global Network has sales of $418,700, cost of goods sold of $264,900, and inventory of $61,900. What is the inventory turnover rate? A. 1.33 B. 4.28 C. 6.76 D. 7.14 E. 8.47 Inventory turnover = $264,900/$61,900 = 4.28 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #59 Section: 3.2 Topic: Inventory turnover 60. The Tourist Stop takes an average of 63 days to sell its inventory and an average of 1.5 days to collect payment on its sales. What is the inventory turnover rate? A. 5.79 B. 7.29 C. 8.68 D. 10.18 E. 11.42 Inventory turnover = 365/63 = 5.79 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #60 Section: 3.2 Topic: Inventory turnover 61. Galaxy Sales has sales of $746,700, cost of goods sold of $603,200, and inventory of $94,300. How long on average does it take the firm to sell its inventory? A. 6.40 days B. 7.23 days C. 48.68 days D. 57.06 days E. 61.10 days Inventory turnover = $603,200/$94,300 = 6.39661 Days sales in inventory = 365/6.39661 = 57.06 days AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #61 Section: 3.2 Topic: Days sales in inventory 62. Handy Hardware sells its inventory in 85 days, on average. Costs of goods sold for the year are $631,800. What is the average value of the firm's inventory? A. $114,706 B. $123,506 C. $147,132 D. $161,096 E. $182,513 Inventory turnover = 365/85 = 4.29412 Inventory = $631,800/4.29412 = $147,132 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #62 Section: 3.2 Topic: Inventory 63. Kessler, Inc. has accounts receivable of $31,600, total assets of $311,500, cost of goods sold of $208,400, and a capital intensity ratio of 1.08. What is the accounts receivables turnover rate? A. 8.99 B. 9.13 C. 9.42 D. 9.61 E. 9.72 Accounts receivable turnover = ($311,500/1.08)/$31,600 = 9.13 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #63 Section: 3.2 Topic: Accounts receivable turnover 64. It takes The Corner Store an average of 51 days to sell its inventory and 32 days to collect its accounts receivable. The firm has sales of $568,700 and costs of goods sold of $398,800. What is the accounts receivable turnover rate? A. 11.23 B. 11.41 C. 11.78 D. 12.23 E. 12.55 Receivables turnover = 365/32 = 11.41 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #64 Section: 3.2 Topic: Accounts receivable turnover 65. Textile Mills has sales of $923,000, cost of goods sold of $748,000, and accounts receivable of $106,700. How long on average does it take the firm's customers to pay for their purchases? A. 8.65 days B. 11.28 days C. 25.01 days D. 42.19 days E. 45.33 days Accounts receivable turnover = $923,000/$106,700 = 8.65042 Days sales in receivables = 365/8.65042 = 42.19 days AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #65 Section: 3.2 Topic: Days sales in receivables 66. A firm has $42,900 in receivables and $211,800 in total assets. The total asset turnover rate is 1.45 and the profit margin is 4.2 percent. How long on average does it take the firm to collect its receivables? A. 7.16 days B. 9.45 days C. 11.68 days D. 31.25 days E. 50.99 days Receivables turnover = ($211,800 1.45)/$42,900 = 7.15874 Days sales in receivables = 365/7.15874 = 50.99 days AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #66 Section: 3.2 Topic: Days sales in receivables 67. Aardvaark & Co. has sales of $291,200, cost of goods sold of $163,300, net profit of $11,360, net fixed assets of $154,500, and current assets of $89,500. What is the total asset turnover rate? A. 1.08 B. 1.11 C. 1.19 D. 1.24 E. 1.28 Total asset turnover = $291,200/($154,500 + $89,500) = 1.19 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #67 Section: 3.2 Topic: Total asset turnover 68. Holiday House has sales of $648,000, a profit margin of 6.1 percent, and a capital intensity ratio of 0.84. What is the total asset turnover rate? A. 1.04 B. 1.08 C. 1.13 D. 1.19 E. 1.26 Total asset turnover = 1/0.84 = 1.19 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #68 Section: 3.2 Topic: Total asset turnover 69. Martha's Fabric House has sales of $137,200, total equity of $74,400, and a debt-equity ratio of 0.45. What is the capital intensity ratio? A. 0.79 B. 0.83 C. 1.06 D. 1.20 E. 1.27 Total assets = (0.45 $74,400) + $74,400 = $107,880 Capital intensity ratio = $107,880/$137,200 = 0.79 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #69 Section: 3.2 Topic: Capital intensity ratio 70. Circle Stores has net income of $41,000, a profit margin of 6.7 percent, and a return on assets of 9 percent. What is the capital intensity ratio? A. 0.74 B. 0.86 C. 1.16 D. 1.34 E. 1.38 Capital intensity ratio = ($41,000/0.09)/($41,000/0.067) = 0.74 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #70 Section: 3.2 Topic: Capital intensity ratio 71. Tally Ho Inn has annual sales of $737,000. Earnings before interest and taxes is equal to 21 percent of sales. For the period, the firm paid $7,900 in interest. What is the profit margin if the tax rate is 35 percent? A. 12.46 percent B. 12.95 percent C. 13.33 percent D. 15.29 percent E. 16.11 percent Profit margin = {[(0.21 $737,000) - $7,900] (1 - 0.35)}/$737,000 = 12.95 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #71 Section: 3.2 Topic: Profit margin 72. The Medicine Cabinet has a return on equity of 18.2 percent, a profit margin of 11.6 percent, and total equity of $738,000. What is the net income? A. $85,608 B. $113,875 C. $134,316 D. $142,311 E. $149,897 Net income = 0.182 $738,000 = $134,316 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #72 Section: 3.2 Topic: Return on equity 73. The Next Life has sales of $428,300, total assets of $389,100, and a profit margin of 6.2 percent. What is the return on assets? A. 6.29 percent B. 6.54 percent C. 6.83 percent D. 7.01 percent E. 7.27 percent Return on assets = (0.062 $428,300)/$389,100 = 6.83 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #73 Section: 3.2 Topic: Return on assets 74. Goshen Industrial Sales has sales of $828,900, total equity of $539,200, a profit margin of 4.6 percent and a debt-equity ratio of 0.55. What is the return on assets? A. 3.89 percent B. 4.56 percent C. 6.67 percent D. 12.86 percent E. 13.33 percent Return on assets = (0.046 $828,900)/[(1 + 0.55) $539,200)] = 4.56 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #74 Section: 3.2 Topic: Return on assets 75. Cross Hairs Gun Shop has sales of $189,000, a profit margin of 4.8 percent, and a capital intensity ratio of 0.79. What is the return on assets? A. 5.67 percent B. 6.08 percent C. 6.39 percent D. 6.42 percent E. 6.67 percent Return on assets = (0.048 $189,000)/(0.79 $189,000) = 6.08 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #75 Section: 3.2 Topic: Return on assets 76. Freedom Health Centers has total equity of $861,300, sales of $1.48 million, and a profit margin of 5.2 percent. What is the return on equity? A. 5.82 percent B. 6.49 percent C. 7.18 percent D. 8.68 percent E. 8.94 percent Return on equity = (0.052 $1,480,000)/$861,300 = 8.94 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #76 Section: 3.2 Topic: Return on equity 77. The Closet Shoppe has total sales of $713,200 and a profit margin of 5.8 percent. Currently, the firm has 12,500 shares outstanding. What are the earnings per share? A. $2.98 B. $3.31 C. $3.56 D. $3.89 E. $4.02 Earnings per share = (0.058 $713,200)/12,500 = $3.31 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #77 Section: 3.2 Topic: Earnings per share 78. Baxter & Baxter has total assets of $710,000. There are 45,000 shares of stock outstanding with a market value of $28 a share. The firm has a profit margin of 7.1 percent and a total asset turnover of 1.29. What is the price-earnings ratio? A. 16.38 B. 17.99 C. 19.38 D. 20.12 E. 22.41 Price-earnings ratio = $28/{[0.071 ($710,000 1.29)]/45,000} = 19.38 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #78 Section: 3.2 Topic: Price-earnings ratio 79. Ratzell's Place has a market-to-book ratio of 2.7, net income of $68,400, a book value per share of $37, and 45,000 shares of stock outstanding. What is the price-earnings ratio? A. 24.34 B. 28.16 C. 55.10 D. 59.09 E. 65.72 Price-earnings ratio = (2.7 $37)/($68,400/45,000) = 65.72 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #79 Section: 3.2 Topic: Price-earnings ratio 80. The Green House has a profit margin of 5.6 percent on sales of $311,200. The firm currently has 15,000 shares of stock outstanding at a market price of $11.60 per share. What is the price-earnings ratio? A. 9.98 B. 10.02 C. 11.50 D. 11.93 E. 12.84 Price-earnings ratio = $11.60/[(0.056 $311,200)/15,000] = 9.98 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #80 Section: 3.2 Topic: Price-earnings ratio 81. A firm has sales of $311,000 and net income of $21,600. Currently, there are 18,000 shares outstanding at a market price of $36 per share. What is the price-sales ratio? A. 2.08 B. 3.11 C. 4.26 D. 5.15 E. 6.95 Price - sales ratio = $36/($311,000/18,000) = 2.08 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #81 Section: 3.2 Topic: Price-sales ratio 82. The common stock of The Burger Hut is selling for $16.25 a share. The company has earnings per share of $0.42 and a book value per share of $9.28. What is the market-to-book ratio? A. 1.58 B. 1.69 C. 1.75 D. 1.87 E. 1.92 Market-to-book ratio = $16.25/$9.28 = 1.75 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #82 Section: 3.2 Topic: Market-to-book ratio 83. Swanton Foods has a book value per share of $12.68, earnings per share of $1.21, and a price-earnings ratio of 17.6. What is the market-to-book ratio? A. 1.32 B. 1.68 C. 1.99 D. 2.47 E. 2.61 Market-to-book ratio = ($1.21 17.6)/$12.68 = 1.68 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #83 Section: 3.2 Topic: Market-to-book ratio 84. The Inside Door has total debt of $78,600, total equity of $214,000, and a return on equity of 14.5 percent. What is the return on assets? A. 9.14 percent B. 10.61 percent C. 21.45 percent D. 34.61 percent E. 39.48 percent Return on assets = 0.145/[($78,600 + $214,000)/$214,000] = 10.61 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #84 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 85. The Noodle Place has total assets of $123,800, a debt-equity ratio of 0.65, and net income of $7,100. What is the return on equity? A. 3.48 percent B. 3.73 percent C. 8.01 percent D. 9.46 percent E. 13.61 percent Return on equity = ($7,100/$123,800) (1 + 0.65) = 9.46 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #85 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 86. Computer Geeks has sales of $521,000, a profit margin of 14.8 percent, a total asset turnover rate of 2.16, and an equity multiplier of 1.30. What is the return on equity? A. 8.91 percent B. 12.67 percent C. 18.28 percent D. 32.11 percent E. 41.56 percent Return on equity = 0.148 2.16 1.30 = 41.56 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #86 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 87. Morrison Motors has total equity of $289,100 and net income of $64,500. The debt-equity ratio is 0.45 and the total asset turnover is 1.6. What is the profit margin? A. 3.10 percent B. 5.23 percent C. 5.67 percent D. 8.21 percent E. 9.62 percent Profit margin = ($64,500/$289,100)/[(1 + 0.45) 1.6] = 9.62 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #87 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 88. A firm has net income of $114,000, a return on assets of 12.6 percent, and a debt-equity ratio of 0.60. What is the return on equity? A. 17.11 percent B. 18.98 percent C. 20.16 percent D. 22.20 percent E. 24.60 percent Return on equity = 0.126 (1 + 0.60) = 20.16 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #88 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 89. The Blue Lantern has a return on equity of 17.8 percent, an equity multiplier of 1.9, and a total asset turnover of 1.45. What is the profit margin? A. 2.76 percent B. 3.57 percent C. 4.90 percent D. 5.28 percent E. 6.46 percent Profit margin = 0.178/(1.45 1.9) = 6.46 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #89 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 90. The Saw Mill has a return on assets of 6.1 percent, a total asset turnover rate of 1.8, and a debt-equity ratio of 1.6. What is the return on equity? A. 4.26 percent B. 9.76 percent C. 12.28 percent D. 15.86 percent E. 19.03 percent Return on equity = 0.061 (1 + 1.6) = 15.86 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #90 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 91. Webster & Jones has net income of $49,200, sales of $936,800, a capital intensity ratio of 0.74, and an equity multiplier of 1.5. What is the return on equity? A. 6.67 percent B. 8.98 percent C. 10.65 percent D. 12.21 percent E. 14.09 percent Return on equity = ($49,200/$936,800) (1/0.74) 1.5 = 10.65 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #91 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 92. New Steel Products has total assets of $991,000, a total asset turnover rate of 1.1, a debt-equity ratio of 0.6, and a return on equity of 8.7 percent. What is the firm's net income? A. $53,885.63 B. $58,303.33 C. $64,624.14 D. $70,548.09 E. $77,236.67 Return on equity = 0.087 = [Net income/($991,000 1.1)] 1.1 (1 + 0.6); Net income = $53,885.63 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #92 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 93. Eastern Hardwood Sales has total equity of $89,000, a profit margin of 4.8 percent, an equity multiplier of 1.5, and a total asset turnover of 1.3. What is the amount of the firm's sales? A. $168,200 B. $173,550 C. $181,430 D. $185,620 E. $187,500 Sales = $89,000 1.5 1.3 = $173,550 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #93 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 94. Tessler Farms has a return on equity of 12.71 percent, a debt-equity ratio of 0.75, and a total asset turnover of 0.9. What is the return on assets? A. 7.26 percent B. 8.06 percent C. 13.67 percent D. 15.24 percent E. 17.41 percent Return on assets = 0.1271/(1 + 0.75) = 7.26 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #94 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 95. A firm earns $0.17 in profit for every $1 of equity in the firm. The company borrows $0.60 for every $1 of equity. What is the firm's return on assets? A. 10.63 percent B. 13.53 percent C. 25.15 percent D. 26.07 percent E. 28.33 percent Return on assets = ($0.17/$1)/($1.60/$1) = 10.63 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #95 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 96. The Veggie Hut has net income of $26,400, total equity of $102,700, and total assets of $189,500. The dividend payout ratio is 0.30. What is the internal growth rate? A. 7.99 percent B. 8.57 percent C. 10.81 percent D. 16.87 percent E. 21.94 percent Internal growth rate = [($26,400/$189,500) (1 - 0.30)]/{1 - [($26,400/$189,500) (1 - 0.30)]} = 10.81 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #96 Section: 3.4 Topic: Internal growth rate 97. Quick Foods has sales of $238,900, total assets of $217,000, total equity of $121,300, net income of $18,700, and dividends paid of $6,000. What is the internal growth rate? A. 5.48 percent B. 6.22 percent C. 6.67 percent D. 7.34 percent E. 7.92 percent Internal growth rate = {($18,700/$217,000) [($18,700 - $6,000)/$18,700]}/ {1 {($18,700/$217,000) [($18,700 - $6,000)/$18,700]}}/ = 6.22 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #97 Section: 3.4 Topic: Internal growth rate 98. A firm has adopted a policy whereby it will not seek any additional external financing. Given this, what is the maximum growth rate for the firm if it has net income of $12,100, total equity of $94,000, total assets of $156,000, and a 40 percent dividend payout ratio? A. 4.88 percent B. 5.11 percent C. 6.62 percent D. 7.67 percent E. 8.37 percent Internal growth rate = [($12,100/$156,000) (1 - 0.40)]/{1 - [($12,100/$156,000) (1 - 0.40)]} = 4.88 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #98 Section: 3.4 Topic: Internal growth rate 99. Underwood Enterprises earns $0.07 in profit on every $1 of sales and has $0.67 in assets for every $1 of sales. The firm pays out 20 percent of its profits to its shareholders. What is the internal growth rate? A. 6.37 percent B. 7.76 percent C. 8.80 percent D. 9.12 percent E. 9.65 percent Internal growth rate = [($0.07/$0.67) (1 - 0.20)]/{1 - [($0.07/$0.67) (1 - 0.20)]} = 9.12 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #99 Section: 3.4 Topic: Internal growth rate 100. Joshua's Antiques has a total asset turnover rate of 1.2, an equity multiplier of 1.4, a profit margin of 5 percent, a retention ratio of 0.8, and total assets of $120,000. What is the sustainable growth rate? A. 6.98 percent B. 7.20 percent C. 7.33 percent D. 7.54 percent E. 7.91 percent Sustainable growth rate = [(0.05 1.2 1.4) 0.8]/{1 - [(0.05 1.2 1.4) 0.8]} = 7.20 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #100 Section: 3.4 Topic: Sustainable growth rate 101. A firm has a return on equity of 16 percent, a return on assets of 11 percent, and a 40 percent dividend payout ratio. What is the sustainable growth rate? A. 5.72 percent B. 6.84 percent C. 7.12 percent D. 9.58 percent E. 10.62 percent Sustainable growth rate = [0.16 (1 - 0.40)]/{1 - [0.16 (1 - 0.40)]} = 10.62 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #101 Section: 3.4 Topic: Sustainable growth rate 102. Valentino's maintains a constant debt-equity ratio of 0.45. The firm had net income of $11,800 for the year and paid $6,500 in dividends. The firm has total assets of $92,000. What is the sustainable growth rate? A. 7.38 percent B. 8.27 percent C. 9.11 percent D. 9.62 percent E. 10.38 percent Sustainable growth rate = {$11,800/[$92,000/(1 + 0.45)]} [($11,800 - $6,500) /$11,800]/{1 {$11,800/[$92,000/(1 + 0.45)]} [($11,800 - $6,500)/$11,800]} = 9.11 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #102 Section: 3.4 Topic: Sustainable growth rate 103. The Donut Hut has sales of $68,000, current assets of $11,300, net income of $5,100, net fixed assets of $54,900, total debt of $23,800, and dividends of $800. What is the sustainable growth rate? A. 10.48 percent B. 11.29 percent C. 11.79 percent D. 12.08 percent E. 12.39 percent Sustainable growth rate = {[$5,100/($11,300 + $54,900 - $23,800)] [($5,100 - $800)/$5,100]}/{1 {[$5,100/($11,300 + $54,900 - $23,800)] [($5,100 - $800) /$5,100]}} = 11.29 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #103 Section: 3.4 Topic: Sustainable growth rate 104. Last year, a firm earned $31,200 in net income on sales of $217,600. The company paid $7,500 in dividends. What is the dividend payout ratio? A. 3.45 percent B. 4.71 percent C. 14.34 percent D. 22.85 percent E. 24.04 percent Dividend payout ratio = $7,500/$31,200 = 24.04 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #104 Section: 3.4 Topic: Dividend payout ratio 105. Last year, Blakely's Fashions earned net income of $68,400 and had 12,000 shares of stock outstanding. The dividends per share were $2.20. What is the dividend payout ratio? A. 32.98 percent B. 34.00 percent C. 38.60 percent D. 40.21 percent E. 44.14 percent Dividend payout ratio = $2.20/($68,400/12,000) = 38.60 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #105 Section: 3.4 Topic: Dividend payout ratio 106. Gabriel Furniture has a profit margin of 8.2 percent and a dividend payout ratio of 30 percent. What is the plowback ratio? A. 10.66 percent B. 27.33 percent C. 54.60 percent D. 70.00 percent E. 78.20 percent Plowback ratio = 1 - 0.30 = 0.70 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #106 Section: 3.4 Topic: Plowback ratio 107. Town Centre Market has sales of $311,800, a profit margin of 2.9 percent, and dividends of $4,500. What is the plowback ratio? A. 46.32 percent B. 49.78 percent C. 50.23 percent D. 51.15 percent E. 53.68 percent Plowback ratio = 1 - [$4,500/(0.029 $311,800)] = 50.23 percent AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #107 Section: 3.4 Topic: Plowback ratio 108. Use the following financial information to answer this question. What are the values of the three components of the DuPont identity? Use ending balance sheet values. A. 0.15; 1.02; 0.35 B. 0.15; 2.02; 0.35 C. 0.15; 0.98; 2.86 D. 0.16; 0.98; 0.35 E. 0.16; 1.02; 2.86 Profit margin = $1,220/$8,200 = 0.15 Total asset turnover = $8,200/$8,340 = 0.98 Equity multiplier = $8,340/($1,500 + $1,420) = 2.86 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #108 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 109. Global Ventures has a return on equity of 9.8 percent, a retention ratio of 60 percent, and a profit margin of 4.5 percent. The company paid $378 in dividends and has net working capital of $100. Net fixed assets are $18,550 and current liabilities are $520. What is the total equity of the firm? A. $6,457 B. $6,890 C. $7,360 D. $9,643 E. $11,480 Net income = $378/(1 - 0.60) = $945 Sales = $945/0.045 = $21,000 ROE = PM (Sales/Total equity) = 0.098 = 0.045 ($21,000/TE); TE = $9,643 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #109 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 110. Assume this is your first day on the job as the new chief financial officer of a mid-size company. Identify the three key ratios that you would compute first as you begin to try to understand the financial status of the firm. Explain why you selected the three ratios that you did. Student answers will vary but should include a measure of liquidity as the inability of a firm to pay its bills would be a top priority for a CFO. A key for grading is the strength and the logic of the student explanations for their ratio selections. AACSB: Reflective thinking Bloom's: Evaluation Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #110 Section: 3.3 Topic: Ratio analysis 111. You are trying to compare the financial performance of your firm to that of similar firms. What are some of the key problems you might encounter in doing this comparison? The first problem is identifying an appropriate peer group. This is a particular problem for conglomerates and firms with international operations. Conglomerates have operations in multiple industrial sectors. International firms encounter various accounting and regulatory standards and currency conversion problems. Even national firms operating in a single industrial sector still encounter problems when comparing firms because of different fiscal years, seasonal factors, various accounting methods, and modes of operation. AACSB: Reflective thinking Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-04 Identify and explain some of the problems and pitfalls in financial statement analysis. Ross - Chapter 03 #111 Section: 3.5 Topic: Financial analysis problems 112. Explain why the DuPont identity is so useful to a financial manager. Student answers will vary but a good answer will explain that the DuPont identity helps identify how various aspects of a firm affect the firm's return to its shareholders. The profit margin relates to the efficiency of a firm's operations and the ability to generate a profit on sales. The total asset turnover shows the amount of sales that can be generated per each dollar of assets and helps managers determine if the firm has acquired the right assets. The equity multiplier is the amount of assets that a firm has at its disposal per dollar of equity and reveals how much leverage a firm utilizes. AACSB: Reflective thinking Bloom's: Evaluation Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #112 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 113. Since there are no perfect or ideal standard ratios for a firm, why is ratio analysis still considered a valuable management tool? Ratios allow managers to compare the financial performance of a firm over time to view trends which helps managers identify areas of improvement as well as areas of performance deterioration. Ratios also allow managers to compare the performance of their firms to that of their peers. This comparison helps identify common industrial trends and areas of discrepancies. Ratios do not provide managers with answers but they do provide key information that aid in the management process. AACSB: Reflective thinking Bloom's: Evaluation Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-04 Identify and explain some of the problems and pitfalls in financial statement analysis. Ross - Chapter 03 #113 Section: 3.5 Topic: Financial analysis 114. Peterboro Supply has a current accounts receivable balance of $391,648. Credit sales for the year just ended were $5,338,411. How long did it take on average for credit customers to pay off their accounts during the past year? A. 24.78 days B. 26.78 days C. 29.09 days D. 31.15 days E. 33.33 days Accounts receivable turnover = $5,338,411/$391,648 = 13.63064 Days sales in receivables = 365/13.63064 = 26.78 days EOC #: 3.3 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #114 Section: 3.2 Topic: Accounts receivable period 115. Sunshine Rentals has a debt-equity ratio of 0.84. Return on assets is 7.9 percent, and total equity is $438,000. What is the net income? A. $41,147.09 B. $54,311.29 C. $63,667.68 D. $48,887.02 E. $50,458.95 Return on equity = 0.079 (1 + 0.84) = 0.14536 Net income = 0.14536 $438,000 = $63,667.68 EOC #: 3.10 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #115 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 116. Turner's Store had a profit margin of 6.8 percent, sales of $898,200, and total assets of $798,000. If management set a goal of increasing the total asset turnover to 1.40 times, what would the new sales figure need to be, assuming no increase in total assets? A. $860,333 B. $984,320 C. $1,088,500 D. $1,117,200 E. $1,257,480 Total asset turnover = 1.40 $798,000 = $1,117,200 EOC #: 3.22 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #116 Section: 3.2 Topic: Total asset turnover 117. True Blue Transport has a current stock price of $27. For the past year, the company had net income of $2,187,400, total equity of $13,892,300, sales of $26,511,000, and 2.5 million shares outstanding. What is the market-to-book ratio? A. 3.54 B. 3.81 C. 3.99 D. 4.27 E. 4.86 Book value per share = $13,892,300/2,500,000 = $5.55692 Market-to-book = $27/$5.55692 = 4.86 EOC #: 3.24 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Basic Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #117 Section: 3.2 Topic: Market-to-book ratio 118. Taylor, Inc. has sales of $11,898, total assets of $9,315, and a debt-equity ratio of 0.55. If its return on equity is 14 percent, what is its net income? A. $841.35 B. $887.16 C. $904.10 D. $911.16 E. $927.46 Return on equity = 0.14 = (Net income/$9,315) (1 + 0.55); Net income = $841.35 EOC #: 3.26 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #118 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 119. Mercier United has net income of $128,470. There are currently 32.67 days' sales in receivables. Total assets are $1,419,415, total receivables are $122,306, and the debt-equity ratio is 0.40. What is the return on equity? A. 11.42 percent B. 12.67 percent C. 13.09 percent D. 13.48 percent E. 15.03 percent Return on equity = ($128,470/$1,419,415) (1 + 0.40)] = 12.67 percent EOC #: 3.29 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #119 Section: 3.3 Topic: DuPont identity 120. For the most recent year, Wilson Enterprises had sales of $689,000, cost of goods sold of $470,300, depreciation expense of $61,200, and additions to retained earnings of $48,560. The firm currently has 12,000 shares of common stock outstanding, and the previous year's dividends per share were $1.18. Assuming a 35 percent tax rate, what was the times interest earned ratio? A. 1.47 B. 2.09 C. 2.58 D. 3.15 E. 3.67 Net income = $48,560 + ($1.18 12,000) = $62,720 Earnings before taxes = [$62,720/(1 - 0.35)] = $96,492.31 Earnings before interest and taxes = $689,000 - $470,300 - $61,200 = $157,500 Interest = $157,500 - $96,492.31 = $61,007.69 Times interest earned = $157,500/$61,007.69 = 2.58 EOC #: 3.31 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #120 Section: 3.2 Topic: Times interest earned 121. A fire has destroyed a large percentage of the financial records of the Strongwell Co. You have the task of piecing together information in order to release a financial report. You have found the return on equity to be 13.8 percent. Sales were $979,000, the total debt ratio was 0.42, and total debt was $548,000. What is the return on assets? A. 6.92 percent B. 8.00 percent C. 8.45 percent D. 9.03 percent E. 9.29 percent Debt-equity ratio = 0.42/(1 - 0.42) = 0.72414 Return on assets = 0.138/(1 + 0.72414) = 8.00 percent EOC #: 3.32 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Ross - Chapter 03 #121 Section: 3.2 Topic: Return on assets 122. Donegal's Industrial Products wishes to maintain a growth rate of 6 percent a year, a debt-equity ratio of 0.45, and a dividend payout ratio of 30 percent. The ratio of total assets to sales is constant at 1.25. What profit margin must the firm achieve? A. 4.68 percent B. 5.29 percent C. 6.33 percent D. 6.97 percent E. 8.19 percent Sustainable growth = 0.06 = {[(PM (1/1.25) (1 + 0.45)] (1 - 0.30)}/{1 - {[(PM (1/1.25) (1 + 0.45)] (1 - 0.30)}} = 6.97 percent EOC #: 3.38 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #122 Section: 3.4 Topic: Sustainable growth rate 123. A firm wishes to maintain an internal growth rate of 4.5 percent and a dividend payout ratio of 60 percent. The current profit margin is 7.5 percent and the firm uses no external financing sources. What must the total asset turnover be? A. 0.98 B. 1.06 C. 1.21 D. 1.44 E. 1.59 Internal growth rate = 0.045 = [0.075 TAT (1 - 0.60)]/{1 - [0.075 TAT (1 - 0.60)]}; TAT = 1.44 EOC #: 3.40 AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Analysis Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Ross - Chapter 03 #123 Section: 3.4 Topic: Internal growth rate ch3 Summary Category AACSB: Analytic AACSB: Reflective thinking Bloom's: Analysis Bloom's: Comprehension Bloom's: Evaluation Bloom's: Knowledge Difficulty: Basic Difficulty: Intermediate Learning Objective: 03-01 Standardize financial statements for comparison purposes. Learning Objective: 03-02 Compute and; more importantly; interpret some common ratios. Learning Objective: 03-03 Assess the determinants of a firm's profitability and growth Learning Objective: 03-04 Identify and explain some of the problems and pitfalls in financial statement analysis. Ross - Chapter 03 Section: 3.1 Section: 3.2 Section: 3.3 Section: 3.4 Section: 3.5 Topic: Accounts receivable period Topic: Accounts receivable turnover Topic: Capital intensity ratio Topic: Cash coverage ratio Topic: Cash ratio Topic: Common-size percent Topic: Common-size percentage Topic: Common-size ratio Topic: Common-size statement Topic: Current ratio Topic: Days sales in inventory Topic: Days sales in receivables Topic: Debt-equity ratio Topic: Dividend payout ratio Topic: DuPont identity Topic: Earnings per share Topic: Equity multiplier Topic: Financial analysis Topic: Financial analysis problems Topic: Financial ratios Topic: Financial statement analysis Topic: Internal growth rate Topic: Inventory Topic: Inventory turnover Topic: Liquidity Topic: Long term solvency Topic: Market-to-book ratio Topic: Plowback ratio Topic: Price-earnings ratio Topic: Price-sales ratio Topic: Profit margin Topic: Profitability ratios Topic: Quick ratio Topic: Ratio analysis Topic: Return on assets # of Questions 86 4 87 23 3 10 75 48 9 72 37 5 123 9 68 21 20 5 1 2 3 3 4 3 2 1 3 4 1 2 2 2 20 1 5 1 1 1 2 8 1 3 1 1 3 2 5 2 2 1 3 1 4 Topic: Return on equity 2 Topic: SIC code Topic: Sustainable growth rate Topic: Times interest earned Topic: Total asset turnover Topic: Total asset turnover and return on assets Topic: Total debt ratio 1 8 4 4 1 2

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ch4Student: _1.Martha is investing $5 today at 6 percent interest so she can have $10 later. The $10 is referred to asthe:A. true value.B. future value.C. present value.D. discounted value.E. complex value.2.Tom earned $120 in interest on his s
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ch5Student: _1.Travis is buying a car and will finance it with a loan which requires monthly payments of $265 for thenext 4 years. His car payments can be described by which one of the following terms?A. PerpetuityB. AnnuityC. ConsolD. Lump sumE.
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ch6Student: _1.When you refer to a bond's coupon, you are referring to which one of the following?A. Difference between the purchase price and the face valueB. Annual interest divided by the current bond priceC. Difference between the bid and ask pr
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ch7Student: _1.What is the name given to the model that computes the present value of a stock by dividing next year'sannual dividend amount by the difference between the discount rate and the rate of change in the annualdividend amount?A. Stock pric
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ch8Student: _1.The net present value of an investment represents the difference between the investment's:A. cash inflows and outflows.B. cost and its net profit.C. cost and its market value.D. cash flows and its profits.E. assets and liabilities.
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ch9Student: _1.Any changes to a firm's projected future cash flows that are caused by adding a new project are referredto as which one of the following?A. Eroded cash flowsB. Deviated projectionsC. Incremental cash flowsD. Directly impacted flows
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ch10Student: _1.Investors require a 4 percent return on risk-free investments. On a particular risky investment, investorsrequire an excess return of 7 percent in addition to the risk-free rate of 4 percent. What is this excessreturn called?A. Infla
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ch11Student: _1.Mary owns a risky stock and anticipates earning 16.5 percent on her investment in that stock. Which oneof the following best describes the 16.5 percent rate?A. Expected returnB. Real returnC. Market rateD. Systematic returnE. Risk
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ch12Student: _1.Katie owns 100 shares of ABC stock. Which one of the following terms is used to refer to the return thatKatie and the other shareholders require on their investment in ABC?A. Weighted average cost of capitalB. Pure play costC. Cost
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ch13Student: _1.The use of borrowing by an individual to adjust his or her overall exposure to financial leverage isreferred to as:A. M&M Proposition I.B. capital restructuring.C. homemade leverage.D. M&M Proposition II.E. financial risk manageme
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ch14Student: _1.Which one of the following is a payment of either cash or shares of stock that is paid out of earnings to afirm's shareholders?A. InterestB. DistributionC. Retained earningsD. DividendE. Stock repurchase2.Which one of the follow
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ch15Student: _1.Venture capital is most apt to be the source of funding for which one of the following?A. Bankruptcy reorganizationB. Global expansion for an established firmC. New, high-risk ventureD. Seasonal productionE. Daily operations for an
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ch16Student: _1.Which one of the following commences on the day inventory is purchased and ends on the day thepayment for that inventory is collected? Assume all sales and purchases are on credit.A. Inventory periodB. Accounts receivable periodC. A
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ch17Student: _1.Baxter's, Inc. generally holds $125,000 in cash in case an unexpected investment opportunity arises.Which one of the following refers to holding cash for this type of purpose?A. Precautionary motiveB. Opportunistic motiveC. Speculat
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ch18Student: _1.Baxter's, Inc. generally holds $125,000 in cash in case an unexpected investment opportunity arises.Which one of the following refers to holding cash for this type of purpose?A. Precautionary motiveB. Opportunistic motiveC. Speculat
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1-1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Chapter OutlineRWJ website1.1 Finance: A Quick Look1.2 Business Finance and The FinancialManager1.3 Forms of Business Organization1.4 The Goal of Financial
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2-1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and SkillsKnow: The difference between book value andmarket value The difference between accounting incomeand cash flow The difference between
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4- 1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and Skills Be able to compute: The future value of an investment made today The present value of cash to be received at somefuture date The ret
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5-1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and Skills Be able to compute the future value ofmultiple cash flows Be able to compute the present value ofmultiple cash flows Be able to compu
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6-1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and Skills Know the important bond featuresand bond types Understand: Bond values and why they fluctuate Bond ratings and what they mean The im
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7-1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and Skills Understand how stock prices depend onfuture dividends and dividend growth Be able to compute stock prices using thedividend growth mod
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McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and Skills Understand: The payback rule and its shortcomings Accounting rates of return and their problems The internal rate of return and its streng
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9-1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and Skills Understand how to: Determine the relevant cash flowsfor a proposed investment Analyze a projects projected cashflows Evaluate an est
Fordham - UNKNOWN - unknown
10-1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and SkillsUnderstand: How to calculate the return on aninvestment The historical returns on various typesof investments The historical risks o
Fordham - UNKNOWN - unknown
11-1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and Skills Understand: The impact of diversification The systematic risk principle The security market line and the riskreturn trade-off11-2Ch
Fordham - UNKNOWN - unknown
12-1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and Skills Know how to determine: A firms cost of equity capital A firms cost of debt A firms overall cost of capital Understand pitfalls of ov
Fordham - UNKNOWN - unknown
18-1McGraw-Hill/IrwinCopyright 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.Key Concepts and SkillsUnderstand How exchange rates are quoted and whatthey mean The difference between spot and forwardrates Purchasing power parity and
Strayer - BUS - 599
ABSTRACTThis paper is about a case study, Corona Beer: From a local Mexican player to a GlobalBrand. First, I will give some information about the Corona Beer Company. Second, I willidentify the trends in the global beer markets. Third, I will discuss
University of Guelph - BIOL - 1080
Biology*1080 Final ReviewLECTURE 11:Migration and Memory in the Local Support and Defense System (Adaptive Response)* Circulating in the blood:- Plasma is a medium for transporting material into the blood- the formed elements consist of red BCs, whit
Long Island U. - ACCOUNTING - 725
Instructions for Exporting QuickBooks dataWhere did my worksheet go?When you export data to a new workbook, your new worksheet containing exported data goes to Sheet 1. When you export to an existing workbook,the new worksheet is placed in front of the
Long Island U. - ACCOUNTING - 725
Instructions for Exporting QuickBooks dataWhere did my worksheet go?When you export data to a new workbook, your new worksheet containing exported data goes to Sheet 1. When you export to an existing workbook,the new worksheet is placed in front of the
Long Island U. - ACCOUNTING - 725
Instructions for Exporting QuickBooks dataWhere did my worksheet go?When you export data to a new workbook, your new worksheet containing exported data goes to Sheet 1. When you export to an existing workbook,the new worksheet is placed in front of the
Long Island U. - ACCOUNTING - 725
Instructions for Exporting QuickBooks dataWhere did my worksheet go?When you export data to a new workbook, your new worksheet containing exported data goes to Sheet 1. When you export to an existing workbook,the new worksheet is placed in front of the
Long Island U. - ACCOUNTING - 725
Instructions for Exporting QuickBooks dataWhere did my worksheet go?When you export data to a new workbook, your new worksheet containing exported data goes to Sheet 1. When you export to an existing workbook,the new worksheet is placed in front of the
Long Island U. - ACCOUNTING - 725
Instructions for Exporting QuickBooks dataWhere did my worksheet go?When you export data to a new workbook, your new worksheet containing exported data goes to Sheet 1. When you export to an existing workbook,the new worksheet is placed in front of the
Long Island U. - ACCOUNTING - 725
Instructions for Exporting QuickBooks dataWhere did my worksheet go?When you export data to a new workbook, your new worksheet containing exported data goes to Sheet 1. When you export to an existing workbook,the new worksheet is placed in front of the
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 422
CEE - 422Construction Cost Analysis and EstimatesLecture 1IntroductionFrank BoukampFall 2008Introduction Course Website Syllabus Student Background What do you expect from this course? What is Cost Estimating and Analysis?2Course Website Loc
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 422
CEE 422Construction Cost Analysis and EstimatesLecture 4Estimating Construction Labor CostsProductivity and IncentivesFrank Boukamp2008What do you need to consider whenestimating labor costs?2OutlineIntroductionMoney ComponentProductivityInc
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 422
CEE 422Construction Cost Analysis and EstimatesLecture 5Equipment CostsFrank Boukamp2008What do you need to consider whenestimating equipment costs?2Outline Equipment Costs Handling and Transporting Material Earthwork and Excavation Costs3Eq
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 422
CEE 422Construction Cost Analysis and EstimatesLecture 7Detailed, Bid-Level EstimatingFrank Boukamp2008Outline Overview Components of aDetailed Bid-Level Estimate How to develop aDetailed Bid-Level Estimate2Purposes Select contractors Secur
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 422
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGNDepartment of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCEE 422CONSTRUCTION COST ANALYSISAND ESTIMATESFall 2008ExamplesExample 1:Assume that you have an estimate on file for an 80,000 square feet building that wa
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 422
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGNDepartment of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCEE 422CONSTRUCTION COST ANALYSISAND ESTIMATESFall 2008ExamplesExample 1:A contractor has established that under a set of "standard" work conditions for bui
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 422
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGNDepartment of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCEE 422CONSTRUCTION COST ANALYSISAND ESTIMATESFall 2008ExamplesExample 1:A power shovel with a dipper of one cubic yard capacity has a standard operating cy
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 422
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGNDepartment of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCEE 422CONSTRUCTION COST ANALYSISAND ESTIMATESFall 2008ExamplesExample 1:The probabilities for different delivery times of an item are given in the table be
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 422
Automation in Construction 8 1999. 351367Virtual components consisting of form, function and behaviorMark J. Claytonba, ), Paul Teicholz b, Martin Fischer c , John KunzbaDepartment of Architecture, Texas A & M Uniersity, College Station, TX 77843,
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
DecisionMakingwithMultiattributeUtilityAnalysisGE530/CEE536ProfessorDeborahL.Thurston1WhatstheProblem? Whereshouldwedisposeofnuclearreactorwaste? Whatmedicaltestsshouldaphysicianperform?Whattreatments? Whatshouldthenewproductdesignbe? Whereshou
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
DecisionAnalysis2Davehasdesignedamicroprocessorcontrolledwindowshadesystemforenergyconservation.Dave,anEMVdecisionmaker,hasobtainedanunlimitedlineofcreditfromalocalbanktodevelopandmarkethisproduct.1Whatwillhappen?Heestimatesthetotalcostforprod
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
Decision Making withMultiattribute Utility AnalysisGE 530/CEE 536Professor Deborah L. Thurston 2008 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.Whats the Problem?Where should we dispose of nuclearreactor waste?What medical tests
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
Decision Making withMultiattribute Utility AnalysisGE 530/CEE 536Professor Deborah L. Thurston 2008 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.Whats the Problem?Where should we dispose of nuclearreactor waste?What medical tests
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
Decision Making withMultiattribute Utility AnalysisGE 530/CEE 536Professor Deborah L. Thurston 2008 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.Whats the Problem?Where should we dispose of nuclearreactor waste?What medical tests
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
Decision Making withMultiattribute Utility AnalysisGE 530/CEE 536Professor Deborah L. Thurston 2008 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.Complete Decision Tree127.179.8MOEC-12138-12 P(B/g) = 0.05 BGSTORE-102P(G/b)
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
GE 530/CEE 536Decision Making with Multiattribute UtilityAnalysisBuying Price, Selling PriceProfessor Deborah L. Thurston1OutlineMotivationRisk and UncertaintyLotteriesAxioms for Value and Utility FunctionsBuying PriceSelling PriceAssessing u
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
TENTATIVE Schedule - GE 530/CEE 5362009DateTopicAssignment (more to come)8/248/26IntroductionDecision TreesRead Ch. 1-3: Modeling DecisionsRead Ch. 4-5: Modeling Decisions8/319/2Decision Trees and Bayes theoremSensitivity AnalysisRead Ch. 7
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - 536
GE 530Exam #32008WRITE ALL ANSWERS IN THE EXAM BOOK1. 20 points A customers preferences for widgets have been assessed for x = performance and y = cost indollars. U(x) = 1- e-x/25, U(y) = 1 - y/100 where both x and y range from 0 to 100, and kx = 0.5
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - BIM Worksh
IntroductiontoBIMBIMCurriculum01TopicsHistory/OverviewFrom2DtoBIMTheBIMConceptFutureTrendsEvolutionofAECCAD 2DsolutionsElectronicdraftingboard 3DsolutionsModelingforpurelyvisualizationpurposes BIMsolutionsModelswithintegratedarchitecturalinfo
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - BIM Worksh
ConstructionCoordinationBIMCurriculum06TopicsProblemsoftheConstructionIndustryObjectivesTheVirtualConstructionModelBenefitsProblemDefinitionNodirectcostfeedbackondesigndecisionsCoordinationoftradesDesignSubContractorCostMissing/IncorrectDesig
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign - CEE - BIM Worksh
CalculationBIMCurriculum07Topics CalculationwithBIM ListTypes OutputCalculationwithBIMTheBIMconceptsupportsawiderangeofcalculationandestimatingactivities:QuantitytakeoffsDoorwindowschedulesRoominventoriesCostestimationsElementIdentificationE
Rutgers - ECE - 221
NAME IN CAPITAL LETTERS:332:221 Principles of Electrical Engineering I Fall 2011Hourly Exam 2 November-14, 2011This is a closed-book closed-notes exam. Do all your work on these sheets. If more space isrequired, do your work on the back side of the sh
Rutgers - ECE - 221
The rankings given in column M are approximate.The rankings are approximate for the following reasons mainly coming from how the quiz average is calculated and also the HW gradenot yet being taken into account.As I announced, quizzes are worth 10% of t