9.15.11 Calvin - Secular Authority
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9.15.11 Calvin - Secular Authority

Course Number: PPE PSCI 181, Fall 2011

College/University: UPenn

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9.15.11 Calvin on Secular Authority Luther calls out princes, calvin calls out the people Holy triumvirate life, liberty, fraternity. Calls the justice of this world merely civil and external justice in oppose to the justice of the kingdom to come after life. Calvin writes that peasants rebelling against the authority established by god. God has ordained freedom in the next world but not in this one. The...

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Calvin 9.15.11 on Secular Authority Luther calls out princes, calvin calls out the people Holy triumvirate life, liberty, fraternity. Calls the justice of this world merely civil and external justice in oppose to the justice of the kingdom to come after life. Calvin writes that peasants rebelling against the authority established by god. God has ordained freedom in the next world but not in this one. The established hierarchy must remain. All the peasants wanted abolishing of degrees of nobility, they wanted freedom, liberty, equality, and expected backing of protestant reformation. Calvin thinks revolutionaries are jews Christians accept that freedom and equality is in the next life and that this world is unjust. Calvins point that the division of the world between secular and sacred is Christian separation of politics and religion Birth of secular politics begins in the time of the protestant reformation Calvin believes its the states duty to enforce religion doctrine. He believes secular and sacred are separated intellectually but not yet institutionally Humanity/public religion = men/Christians = man/citizen Calvin govt supported with established church and order its practice Magistrates, law, people 3 parts of government Magistrates have commission from god and in fact represent him and act as him in his place Argues to secure authority of princes. Ambiguous secularization secular west that we know is not as secular as you think it is Calvin is interested in disciplining the people. They must accept authority without a choice Calvin is afraid of the peoples ability to revolt so they must obey. He also believe people are motivated by fear, often fear of punishment Magistrates must pursue evil doers with arms, rebellions are most evil. Most holy act is to put down rebellions Punishment and war is their duty but since its an act of god they are forgiven for their sins. But only if they do it for the greater good and not for ones own purpose is their immortal soul preserved Calvin also wants magistrates to be have anxiety that their doing the right thing Calvin doesnt care about how people are punished but as long as the laws are appropriate and that fear is instilled Tremendous fear that people will judge their magistrates

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