Chapter 17 Evolution of Pro
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Chapter 17 Evolution of Pro

Course Number: SCIN 13O, Fall 2012

College/University: American Public University

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Chapter 17 Evolution of Protists Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. The organism which causes malaria is A. a virus. B. a bacterium. C. a protist. D. an Archaean. E. a fungus. 2. All diseases caused by protozoans must be transmitted by a vector. True False 3. If you were studying diseases caused by protozoans which are not transmitted by insects, then you...

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17 Chapter Evolution of Protists Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. The organism which causes malaria is A. a virus. B. a bacterium. C. a protist. D. an Archaean. E. a fungus. 2. All diseases caused by protozoans must be transmitted by a vector. True False 3. If you were studying diseases caused by protozoans which are not transmitted by insects, then you would study all of the following except: A. Leishmaniasis B. Malaria C. Giardiasis D. Trypanosoma cruzi E. Trypanosoma brucei 4. Which of the following statements about the origin of eukaryotic cells is not true? A. The mitochondria came from aerobic bacteria. B. Eukaryotic cells are the product of endosymbiosis. C. The chloroplast came from cyanobacteria. D. Eukaryotic cells evolved from prokaryotes. E. The chloroplast came from aerobic bacteria. 5. Of the following statements about protists, which one is false? A. They can be photosynthetic. B. They can be heterotrophic. C. Only multicellular protists have a nucleus. D. They can reproduce sexually. E. They can reproduce asexually. 6. If you were writing a paper on the beneficial aspects of the protists for humans and the environment, which of the following would not be part of your paper? A. They have a parasitic relationship with some organisms B. They can give off oxygen C. They can be a major component of plankton D. They can form symbiotic relationships with corals E. They serve as a food source for many organisms 7. You have discovered a previously unknown protist! Which approach would you, as a modern-day researcher, most likely use to classify it? A. Whether it is parasitic or free-living B. Its DNA and/or RNA C. Whether it is heterotrophic or autotrophic D. Whether it is sexual or asexual E. Whether it is unicellular or multicellular 8. Which of the following terms would not be associated with the trypanosomes? A. Heterotrophic B. Unicellular C. Flagella D. Autotrophic E. Parasite 9. A biologist is doing research on African sleeping sickness. Based on this information, you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? A. Giardia B. Trichchomonas C. Trypanosoma D. Euglena E. Paramecium 10. Which of the following is a sexually transmitted disease? A. Giardia B. Trichchomonas C. Trypanosoma D. Euglena E. Paramecium 11. A hiker fills up his canteen from a mountain pond in the western United States. If he does not treat the water before drinking it he runs the risk of being infected by which of the following? A. Giardia B. Trichchomonas C. Trypanosoma D. Euglena E. Paramecium 12. If you were studying euglenoids, you would most likely find them A. in shallow saltwater ecosystems. B. living within animals. C. in the soil. D. in deep saltwater ecosystems. E. in freshwater ecosystems. 13. This figure shows the anatomy of a Euglena. What does "a" represent? A. Chloroplast B. Nucleus C. Flagellum D. Contractile vacuole E. Eyespot 14. This figure shows the anatomy of a Euglena. What does "e" represent? A. Chloroplast B. Nucleus C. Flagellum D. Contractile vacuole E. Eyespot 15. This figure shows the anatomy of a Euglena. What does "d" represent? A. Chloroplast B. Nucleus C. Flagellum D. Contractile vacuole E. Eyespot 16. If you were studying extensions that form when cytoplasm streams in a particular direction you would be studying A. contractile vacuoles. B. pseudopods. C. food vacuoles. D. the nucleolus. E. the mitochondria. 17. A biologist is studying protists that have a calcium carbonate shell with holes so pseudopods can extend outward. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? A. Foraminiferans B. Radiolarians C. Amoeboids D. Apicomplexans E. Diatoms 18. Most of the sediment that accumulates on the ocean floor is due to A. dead amoeboids and radiolarians. B. dead foraminiferans and ciliates. C. dead flagelletes and euglenoids. D. dead foraminiferans and radiolarians. E. dead slime molds and radiolarians. 19. Which of the following terms would not be used to describe any of the the ciliates? A. Free-living B. Parasitic C. Sessile D. Colonial E. Autotrophic 20. The main function of the trichocysts of a ciliate is A. chlorophyll production. B. synthesis of carbohydrates. C. eliminating excess water. D. to be photoreceptors to detect light. E. defense and capturing prey. 21. This figure shows the anatomy of a Paramecium. What does "e" represent? A. Micronucleus B. Trichocyst C. Contractile vacuole D. Oral grove E. Food vacuole 22. This figure shows the anatomy of a Paramecium. What does "c" represent? A. Micronucleus B. Trichocyst C. Contractile vacuole D. Oral grove E. Food vacuole 23. Which of the following protozoans causes malaria? A. Trypanosoma B. Giardia C. Plasmodium D. Anopheles E. Toxoplasma 24. Which of the following would not be associated with any of the apicomplexans? A. Spore-forming B. Free-living C. Heterotrophic D. Parasitic E. Malaria 25. A biologist is studying a multinucleated, cytoplasmic mass of cells which creeps along, phagocytiizing plant material as it moves. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? A. Cellular slime molds B. Water molds C. Amoeboids D. Plasmodial slime molds E. Radiolarians 26. You observe a dead fish floating in a pond and notice that it has a "furry" growth on and around its body. After consulting your trusty field guide you determine that the "furry" growth is A. a cellular slime mold. B. an amoeboid slime mold. C. a plasmodial slime mold. D. a brown mold. E. a water mold. 27. Which of the following terms does not apply to the diatoms? A. Phytoplankton B. Unicellular C. Cellulose plates D. Autotrophic E. Silica valves 28. A biologist is looking through a microscope at a unicellular protist which appears to have two halves and is a golden-brown color. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is looking at which of the following? A. A diatom B. A red alga C. A brown alga D. A dinoflagellate E. A green alga 29. The valves of a diatom are made of silica. True False 30. You arrive at your favorite beach only to find it closed to swimmers due to a red tide. This phenomenon is caused by A. diatoms. B. foraminiferans. C. unicellular green algae. D. dinoflagellates. E. radiolarians. 31. Which of the following would not be associated with the dinoflagellates? A. Red tides B. Valves C. Flagella D. Phytoplankton E. Bioluminescence 32. If you were writing a paper on red algae, you could be writing about which of the following topics? A. Alginate B. Chlamydomonas C. Agar D. Giant kelps E. Stoneworts 33. Which of the following would be used to make agar? A. Green algae B. Diatoms C. Brown algae D. Dinoflagellates E. Red algae 34. The algae that help build coral reefs are A. diatoms. B. radiolarians. C. green algae. D. red algae. E. brown algae. 35. If you were studying brown algae, you could be studying which of the following topics? A. Phytoplankton B. Agar and carageenan C. Diatoms D. Dinoflagellates E. Kelps 36. You are in a boat just off the coast of California and notice some extremely large seaweed floating on the surface of the ocean. Based on what you learned in your Biology class you would conclude that you are looking at A. brown algae. B. green algae. C. red algae. D. diatoms. E. dinoflagellates. 37. Which of the following is a use that humans have for brown algae? A. To make agar for bacterial culture B. To make fertilizer C. To make antibiotics D. To produce limestone E. To use as fuel 38. Which of the following is not a green alga? A. Ulva B. Volvox C. Laminaria D. Chlamydomonas E. Spirogyra 39. Which algae share most of the characteristics of plants? A. Dinoflagellates B. Diatoms C. Red D. Brown E. Green 40. You are looking through a microscope at a green alga sample taken from a pond. The alga is unicellular and has two flagella. Based on this information you would conclude that you are probably looking at which of the following? A. Ulva B. Volvox C. Laminaria D. Chlamydomonas E. Spirogyra 41. Spirogyra use a type of sexual exchange called A. budding. B. aggregation. C. fruiting body. D. conjugation. E. gametogenesis. 42. An example of a colonial green alga is A. Ulva. B. Volvox. C. Laminaria. D. Chlamydomonas. E. Spirogyra. 43. You are at the beach and collect some "leafy"-looking multicellular green algae. When you return home you consult a field guide on marine organisms and determine that you collected A. Ulva. B. Volvox. C. Laminaria. D. Chlamydomonas. E. Spirogyra. 44. In which of the following would you observe an alternation of generations? A. Volvox B. Chlamydomonas C. Diatoms D. Dinoflagellates E. Ulva 45. If you wanted to write a paper about an organism which exhibits a haploid life cycle, which of the following could be the topic of your paper? A. Spirogyra B. Volvox C. Ulva D. Chlamydomonas E. Laminaria 46. How do we know that stoneworts are close relatives of plants? A. There are similar DNA sequences between stoneworts and plants. B. Calcium carbonate deposits are found on stoneworts. C. Both stoneworts and plants have a diploid life cycle. D. Stoneworts are multicellular. E. Stoneworts have roots, stems, and leaves. 47. Which of the following are incorrectly paired? A. ameobozoans--zooplankton B. radiolarians--siica tests C. foraminferans--pseudopods D. amoeboids--cilia E. foraminiferans--calcium carbonate tests 48. Which of the following is characterized by chloroplasts containing pyrenoids? A. Giardia B. Euglena C. Trypanosoma D. Trichomonas E. Amoeba 49. Which statement about the protozoan that causes malaria is incorrect? A. It is an apicomplexan. B. It is spread to humans through mosquito bites. C. Gamete fusion occurs within the body of the female mosquito. D. Gametocytes are the stage of the life cycle taken up from an infected human by a feeding mosquito. E. All stages of the life cycle are motile. 50. Among protists, haploid reproductive cells that are often resistant to adverse conditions are termed A. spores B. apicomplexes C. pyrenoids D. flagella E. trichocysts Chapter 17 Evolution of Protists Key 1. The organism which causes malaria is A. a virus. B. a bacterium. C. a protist. D. an Archaean. E. a fungus. Malaria is caused by a protist: a protozoan called Plasmodium. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Mader - Chapter 17 #1 Topic: Diversity 2. All diseases caused by protozoans must be transmitted by a vector. FALSE Not all diseases caused by protozoans must be transmitted by a vector. Giardia, for instance, is taken into the body by drinking contaminated water. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Mader - Chapter 17 #2 Topic: Diversity 3. If you were studying diseases caused by protozoans which are not transmitted by insects, then you would study all of the following except: A. Leishmaniasis B. Malaria C. Giardiasis D. Trypanosoma cruzi E. Trypanosoma brucei Giardiasis is not transmitted by an insect, but by drinking contaminated water. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Mader - Chapter 17 #3 Topic: Diversity 4. Which of the following statements about the origin of eukaryotic cells is not true? A. The mitochondria came from aerobic bacteria. B. Eukaryotic cells are the product of endosymbiosis. C. The chloroplast came from cyanobacteria. D. Eukaryotic cells evolved from prokaryotes. E. The chloroplast came from aerobic bacteria. According to the endosymbiotic theory, chloroplasts are descended from cyanobacteria, which are photosynthetic bacteria. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.01.01 Draw and explain a diagram showing how mitochondria and chloroplasts evolved. Mader - Chapter 17 #4 Section: 17.01 Topic: Diversity 5. Of the following statements about protists, which one is false? A. They can be photosynthetic. B. They can be heterotrophic. C. Only multicellular protists have a nucleus. D. They can reproduce sexually. E. They can reproduce asexually. Protists are eukaryotes, and as such even the unicellular ones have a nucleus. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Mader - Chapter 17 #5 Section: 17.02 Topic: Diversity 6. If you were writing a paper on the beneficial aspects of the protists for humans and the environment, which of the following would not be part of your paper? A. They have a parasitic relationship with some organisms B. They can give off oxygen C. They can be a major component of plankton D. They can form symbiotic relationships with corals E. They serve as a food source for many organisms Some, but not all, protists, are parasitic on humans, animals, and even plants. In these cases, the relationship is harmful to tp the hosts of the parasites, and does not benefit the environment. Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Learning Outcome: 17.02.01 Show that protists are diverse by comparing size, mode of nutrition, reproduction, and symbiotic relationships. Mader - Chapter 17 #6 Section: 17.02 Topic: Ecology 7. You have discovered a previously unknown protist! Which approach would you, as a modern-day researcher, most likely use to classify it? A. Whether it is parasitic or free-living B. Its DNA and/or RNA C. Whether it is heterotrophic or autotrophic D. Whether it is sexual or asexual E. Whether it is unicellular or multicellular Molecular sequence data (such as DNA and RNA) is now used to classify protists. Blooms Level: 3. Apply Learning Outcome: 17.02.02 Use an evolutionary tree of the protists to see how protists may be related to each other. Mader - Chapter 17 #7 Section: 17.02 Topic: Diversity 8. Which of the following terms would not be associated with the trypanosomes? A. Heterotrophic B. Unicellular C. Flagella D. Autotrophic E. Parasite Trypanosomes are unicellular, flagellated protozoans. They are parasites, and therefore heterotrophic. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.03.02 List the diseases caused by flagellates, and tell whether each is common to a temperate or a tropical zone. Mader - Chapter 17 #8 Section: 17.03 Topic: Diversity 9. A biologist is doing research on African sleeping sickness. Based on this information, you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? A. Giardia B. Trichchomonas C. Trypanosoma D. Euglena E. Paramecium African sleeping sickness is caused by the flagellated protozoan Trypanosoma brucei. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.03.02 List the diseases caused by flagellates, and tell whether each is common to a temperate or a tropical zone. Mader - Chapter 17 #9 Section: 17.03 Topic: Diversity 10. Which of the following is a sexually transmitted disease? A. Giardia B. Trichchomonas C. Trypanosoma D. Euglena E. Paramecium Trichomonas vaginalis, a sexually transmitted flagellate, infects the vagina and urethra of women and the prostate, seminal vesicles, and urethra of men. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.03.02 List the diseases caused by flagellates, and tell whether each is common to a temperate or a tropical zone. Mader - Chapter 17 #10 Section: 17.03 Topic: Diversity 11. A hiker fills up his canteen from a mountain pond in the western United States. If he does not treat the water before drinking it he runs the risk of being infected by which of the following? A. Giardia B. Trichchomonas C. Trypanosoma D. Euglena E. Paramecium Giardia lamblia is a flagellate whose cysts are transmitted by way of contaminated water. Beavers seem to be an important reservoir of infection in the mountains of the western United States, and many cases of infection have been acquired by hikers who fill their canteens at beaver ponds. Blooms Level: 3. Apply Learning Outcome: 17.03.02 List the diseases caused by flagellates, and tell whether each is common to a temperate or a tropical zone. Mader - Chapter 17 #11 Section: 17.03 Topic: Diversity 12. If you were studying euglenoids, you would most likely find them A. in shallow saltwater ecosystems. B. living within animals. C. in the soil. D. in deep saltwater ecosystems. E. in freshwater ecosystems. Euglenoids are unicellular freshwater protists. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.03.01 Use euglenoids to describe how nutrition can be variable in a protist. Mader - Chapter 17 #12 Section: 17.03 Topic: Diversity Mader - Chapter 17 13. This figure shows the anatomy of a Euglena. What does "a" represent? A. Chloroplast B. Nucleus C. Flagellum D. Contractile vacuole E. Eyespot The structure indicated by "a" is a chloroplast. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Figure: 17.03 Learning Outcome: 17.03.01 Use euglenoids to describe how nutrition can be variable in a protist. Mader - Chapter 17 #13 Section: 17.03 Topic: Diversity 14. This figure shows the anatomy of a Euglena. What does "e" represent? A. Chloroplast B. Nucleus C. Flagellum D. Contractile vacuole E. Eyespot The structure indicated by "d" is the contractile vacuole. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Figure: 17.03 Learning Outcome: 17.03.01 Use euglenoids to describe how nutrition can be variable in a protist. Mader - Chapter 17 #14 Section: 17.03 Topic: Diversity 15. This figure shows the anatomy of a Euglena. What does "d" represent? A. Chloroplast B. Nucleus C. Flagellum D. Contractile vacuole E. Eyespot The structure indicated by "d" is a chloroplast. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Figure: 17.03 Learning Outcome: 17.03.01 Use euglenoids to describe how nutrition can be variable in a protist. Mader - Chapter 17 #15 Section: 17.03 Topic: Diversity 16. If you were studying extensions that form when cytoplasm streams in a particular direction you would be studying A. contractile vacuoles. B. pseudopods. C. food vacuoles. D. the nucleolus. E. the mitochondria. Pseudopods are extensions that form when cytoplasm streams in a particular direction. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.04.01 Tell how amoeboids move, feed, and reproduce. Distinguish amoebas from foraminiferans and from radiolarians. Mader - Chapter 17 #16 Section: 17.04 Topic: Diversity 17. A biologist is studying protists that have a calcium carbonate shell with holes so pseudopods can extend outward. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? A. Foraminiferans B. Radiolarians C. Amoeboids D. Apicomplexans E. the Diatoms In foraminiferans, the calcium carbonate, shell, or test, is often multichambered. Threadlike pseudopods extend through openings in the test, which covers the plasma membrane. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.04.01 Tell how amoeboids move, feed, and reproduce. Distinguish amoebas from foraminiferans and from radiolarians. Mader - Chapter 17 #17 Section: 17.04 Topic: Diversity 18. Most of the sediment that accumulates on the ocean floor is due to A. dead amoeboids and radiolarians. B. dead foraminiferans and ciliates. C. dead flagelletes and euglenoids. D. dead foraminiferans and radiolarians. E. dead slime molds and radiolarians. The tests of dead foraminiferans and radiolarians form a deep layer of sediment on the ocean floor. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.04.01 Tell how amoeboids move, feed, and reproduce. Distinguish amoebas from foraminiferans and from radiolarians. Mader - Chapter 17 #18 Section: 17.04 Topic: Diversity 19. Which of the following terms would not be used to describe any of the the ciliates? A. Free-living B. Parasitic C. Sessile D. Colonial E. Autotrophic The majority of ciliates are free-living; however, several parasitic, sessile, and colonial forms exist. All are heterotrophic: none are autotrophic. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.05.01 Give examples of various types of ciliates, and tell how ciliates move, feed, and reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #19 Section: 17.05 Topic: Diversity 20. The main function of the trichocysts of a ciliate is A. chlorophyll production. B. synthesis of carbohydrates. C. eliminating excess water. D. to be photoreceptors to detect light. E. defense and capturing prey. Upon mechanical or chemical stimulation, trichocysts discharge long, barbed threads that are useful for defense and for capturing prey. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.05.01 Give examples of various types of ciliates, and tell how ciliates move, feed, and reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #20 Section: 17.05 Topic: Diversity Mader - Chapter 17 21. This figure shows the anatomy of a Paramecium. What does "e" represent? A. Micronucleus B. Trichocyst C. Contractile vacuole D. Oral grove E. Food vacuole The structure indicated by "d" is the oral groove. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Figure: 17.05A Learning Outcome: 17.05.01 Give examples of various types of ciliates, and tell how ciliates move, feed, and reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #21 Section: 17.05 Topic: Diversity 22. This figure shows the anatomy of a Paramecium. What does "c" represent? A. Micronucleus B. Trichocyst C. Contractile vacuole D. Oral grove E. Food vacuole The micronucleus is indicated by "c." Blooms Level: 1. Remember Figure: 17.05A Learning Outcome: 17.05.01 Give examples of various types of ciliates, and tell how ciliates move, feed, and reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #22 Section: 17.05 Topic: Diversity 23. Which of the following protozoans causes malaria? A. Trypanosoma B. Giardia C. Plasmodium D. Anopheles E. Toxoplasma Malaria is caused by four parasites in the genus Plasmodium. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.06.01 Describe the life cycle of Plasmodium vivax. Mader - Chapter 17 #23 Section: 17.06 Topic: Diversity 24. Which of the following would not be associated with any of the apicomplexans? A. Spore-forming B. Free-living C. Heterotrophic D. Parasitic E. Malaria All of the apicomplexans are parasites, not free-living organisms. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.06.01 Describe the life cycle of Plasmodium vivax. Mader - Chapter 17 #24 Section: 17.06 Topic: Diversity 25. A biologist is studying a multinucleated, cytoplasmic mass of cells which creeps along, phagocytiizing plant material as it moves. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? A. Cellular slime molds B. Water molds C. Amoeboids D. Plasmodial slime molds E. Radiolarians Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.07.01 Compare and contrast slime molds with water molds. Mader - Chapter 17 #25 Section: 17.07 Topic: Diversity 26. You observe a dead fish floating in a pond and notice that it has a "furry" growth on and around its body. After consulting your trusty field guide you determine that the "furry" growth is A. a cellular slime mold. B. an amoeboid slime mold. C. a plasmodial slime mold. D. a brown mold. E. a water mold. Water molds form furry growths when they parasitize fishes or insects and decompose remains. Blooms Level: 3. Apply Learning Outcome: 17.07.01 Compare and contrast slime molds with water molds. Mader - Chapter 17 #26 Section: 17.07 Topic: Diversity 27. Which of the following terms does not apply to the diatoms? A. Phytoplankton B. Unicellular C. Cellulose plates D. Autotrophic E. Silica valves Dinoflagellates, not diatoms, are protected by cellulose plates. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.08.01 Contrast the anatomy of diatoms and dinoflagellates, and tell why they are significant algae in the ocean. Mader - Chapter 17 #27 Section: 17.08 Topic: Diversity 28. A biologist is looking through a microscope at a unicellular protist which appears to have two halves and is a golden-brown color. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is looking at which of the following? A. A diatom B. A red alga C. A brown alga D. A dinoflagellate E. A green alga Diatoms are golden-brown in color. The cell wall of a diatom has two halves, or valves, with the larger valve acting as a lid that fits over the smaller valve. Blooms Level: 3. Apply Learning Outcome: 17.08.01 Contrast the anatomy of diatoms and dinoflagellates, and tell why they are significant algae in the ocean. Mader - Chapter 17 #28 Section: 17.08 Topic: Diversity 29. The valves of a diatom are made of silica. TRUE The two halves, or valves, of the diatom cell wall are made of silica. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.08.01 Contrast the anatomy of diatoms and dinoflagellates, and tell why they are significant algae in the ocean. Mader - Chapter 17 #29 Section: 17.08 Topic: Diversity 30. You arrive at your favorite beach only to find it closed to swimmers due to a red tide. This phenomenon is caused by A. diatoms. B. foraminiferans. C. unicellular green algae. D. dinoflagellates. E. radiolarians. When certain dinoflagellates increase in number, they may cause a red tide. Blooms Level: 3. Apply Learning Outcome: 17.08.01 Contrast the anatomy of diatoms and dinoflagellates, and tell why they are significant algae in the ocean. Mader - Chapter 17 #30 Section: 17.08 Topic: Diversity 31. Which of the following would not be associated with the dinoflagellates? A. Red tides B. Valves C. Flagella D. Phytoplankton E. Bioluminescence The two halves of a diatom's cell wall are termed valves; this description does not apply to dinoflagellates. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.08.01 Contrast the anatomy of diatoms and dinoflagellates, and tell why they are significant algae in the ocean. Mader - Chapter 17 #31 Section: 17.08 Topic: Diversity 32. If you were writing a paper on red algae, you could be writing about which of the following topics? A. Alginate B. Chlamydomonas C. Agar D. Giant kelps E. Stoneworts Agar is a gelatin-like product made primarily from the red algae Gelidium and Gracilaria. Giant kelps are brown algae, and alginate is a product derived from the brown alga Macrocystis. Chlamydomonas is a unicellular green algae and stoneworts are green algae thought to be closely related to plants. Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Learning Outcome: 17.09.01 Compare and contrast the anatomy and uses of red algae and brown algae. Mader - Chapter 17 #32 Section: 17.09 Topic: Diversity 33. Which of the following would be used to make agar? A. Green algae B. Diatoms C. Brown algae D. Dinoflagellates E. Red algae Agar is a gelatin-like product made primarily from the red algae Gelidium and Gracilaria. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.09.01 Compare and contrast the anatomy and uses of red algae and brown algae. Mader - Chapter 17 #33 Section: 17.09 Topic: Diversity 34. The algae that help build coral reefs are A. diatoms. B. radiolarians. C. green algae. D. red algae. E. brown algae. Coralline algae are red algae whose cell walls are impregnated with calcium carbonate. In some instances, they contribute as much to the growth of coral reefs as coral animals do. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.09.01 Compare and contrast the anatomy and uses of red algae and brown algae. Mader - Chapter 17 #34 Section: 17.09 Topic: Diversity 35. If you were studying brown algae, you could be studying which of the following topics? A. Phytoplankton B. Agar and carageenan C. Diatoms D. Dinoflagellates E. Kelps Kelps are large brown algae. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.09.01 Compare and contrast the anatomy and uses of red algae and brown algae. Mader - Chapter 17 #35 Section: 17.09 Topic: Diversity 36. You are in a boat just off the coast of California and notice some extremely large seaweed floating on the surface of the ocean. Based on what you learned in your Biology class you would conclude that you are looking at A. brown algae. B. green algae. C. red algae. D. diatoms. E. dinoflagellates. Laminaria, commonly called kelp, are brown algae that grow along the shoreline. Blooms Level: 3. Apply Learning Outcome: 17.09.01 Compare and contrast the anatomy and uses of red algae and brown algae. Mader - Chapter 17 #36 Section: 17.09 Topic: Diversity 37. Which of the following is a use that humans have for brown algae? A. To make agar for bacterial culture B. To make fertilizer C. To make antibiotics D. To produce limestone E. To use as fuel Brown algae not only provide food and habitat for marine organisms, but are harvested for human food and for fertilizer in several parts of the world. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.09.01 Compare and contrast the anatomy and uses of red algae and brown algae. Mader - Chapter 17 #37 Section: 17.09 Topic: Diversity 38. Which of the following is not a green alga? A. Ulva B. Volvox C. Laminaria D. Chlamydomonas E. Spirogyra Laminaria is a brown alga. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.10.01 Contrast the anatomy of five types of green algae, and describe how they reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #38 Section: 17.10 Topic: Diversity 39. Which algae share most of the characteristics of plants? A. Dinoflagellates B. Diatoms C. Red D. Brown E. Green Green algae, stoneworts in particular, are very similar to plants. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.10.01 Contrast the anatomy of five types of green algae, and describe how they reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #39 Section: 17.10 Topic: Diversity 40. You are looking through a microscope at a green alga sample taken from a pond. The alga is unicellular and has two flagella. Based on this information you would conclude that you are probably looking at which of the following? A. Ulva B. Volvox C. Laminaria D. Chlamydomonas E. Spirogyra Chlamydomonas is a freshwater, unicellular green alga with two flagella. Blooms Level: 3. Apply Learning Outcome: 17.10.01 Contrast the anatomy of five types of green algae, and describe how they reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #40 Section: 17.10 Topic: Diversity 41. Spirogyra use a type of sexual exchange called A. budding. B. aggregation. C. fruiting body. D. conjugation. E. gametogenesis. During sexual reproduction, Spirogyra undergoes conjugation, a temporary union, during which one filament gives genetic material to the other. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.10.01 Contrast the anatomy of five types of green algae, and describe how they reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #41 Section: 17.10 Topic: Diversity 42. An example of a colonial green alga is A. Ulva. B. Volvox. C. Laminaria. D. Chlamydomonas. E. Spirogyra. Volvox is a colonial green alga. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.10.01 Contrast the anatomy of five types of green algae, and describe how they reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #42 Section: 17.10 Topic: Diversity 43. You are at the beach and collect some "leafy"-looking multicellular green algae. When you return home you consult a field guide on marine organisms and determine that you collected A. Ulva. B. Volvox. C. Laminaria. D. Chlamydomonas. E. Spirogyra. A multicellular green alga, Ulva, is commonly called sea lettuce because it lives in the sea and has a leafy appearance. Blooms Level: 3. Apply Learning Outcome: 17.10.01 Contrast the anatomy of five types of green algae, and describe how they reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #43 Section: 17.10 Topic: Diversity 44. In which of the following would you observe an alternation of generations? A. Volvox B. Chlamydomonas C. Diatoms D. Dinoflagellates E. Ulva Ulva has an alternation of generations life cycle like that of plants, except that both generations look exactly alike and all the gametes look the same. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.10.01 Contrast the anatomy of five types of green algae, and describe how they reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #44 Section: 17.10 Topic: Diversity 45. If you wanted to write a paper about an organism which exhibits a haploid life cycle, which of the following could be the topic of your paper? A. Spirogyra B. Volvox C. Ulva D. Chlamydomonas E. Laminaria Chlamydomonas has a life cycle typical of protists, which is called the haploid life cycle because all the stages are haploid except for the zygote and the zygospore. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.10.01 Contrast the anatomy of five types of green algae, and describe how they reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #45 Section: 17.10 Topic: Diversity 46. How do we know that stoneworts are close relatives of plants? A. There are similar DNA sequences between stoneworts and plants. B. Calcium carbonate deposits are found on stoneworts. C. Both stoneworts and plants have a diploid life cycle. D. Stoneworts are multicellular. E. Stoneworts have roots, stems, and leaves. DNA sequencing data suggest that among green algae, the stoneworts are most closely related to plants. Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Learning Outcome: 17.10.01 Contrast the anatomy of five types of green algae, and describe how they reproduce. Mader - Chapter 17 #46 Section: 17.10 Topic: Diversity 47. Which of the following are incorrectly paired? A. ameobozoans--zooplankton B. radiolarians--siica tests C. foraminferans--pseudopods D. amoeboids--cilia E. foraminiferans--calcium carbonate tests Amoeboids do not have cilia. They move through the use of pseudopods. Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate Learning Outcome: 17.04.01 Tell how amoeboids move, feed, and reproduce. Distinguish amoebas from foraminiferans and from radiolarians. Mader - Chapter 17 #47 Section: 17.04 Topic: Diversity 48. Which of the following is characterized by chloroplasts containing pyrenoids? A. Giardia B. Euglena C. Trypanosoma D. Trichomonas E. Amoeba The chloroplasts of euglenoids such as Euglena each contain a special region called the pyrenoid where polysaccharides form. Blooms Level: 2. Understand Learning Outcome: 17.03.01 Use euglenoids to describe how nutrition can be variable in a protist. Mader - Chapter 17 #48 Section: 17.03 Topic: Diversity 49. Which statement about the protozoan that causes malaria is incorrect? A. It is an apicomplexan. B. It is spread to humans through mosquito bites. C. Gamete fusion occurs within the body of the female mosquito. D. Gametocytes are the stage of the life cycle taken up from an infected human by a feeding mosquito. E. All stages of the life cycle are motile. Apicomplexans such as Plasmodium, which causes malaria, are mostly nonmotile. Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate Learning Outcome: 17.06.01 Describe the life cycle of Plasmodium vivax. Mader - Chapter 17 #49 Section: 17.06 Topic: Diversity 50. Among protists, haploid reproductive cells that are often resistant to adverse conditions are termed A. spores B. apicomplexes C. pyrenoids D. flagella E. trichocysts Among protists, spores are haploid reproductive cells. They are frequently resistant to harsh conditions. Blooms Level: 1. Remember Learning Outcome: 17.02.02 Use an evolutionary tree of the protists to see how protists may be related to each other. Mader - Chapter 17 #50 Section: 17.02 Topic: Diversity Chapter 17 Evolution of Protists Summary # of Question s Category 24 Blooms Level: 1. Remember 13 Blooms Level: 2. Understand 8 Blooms Level: 3. Apply 3 Blooms Level: 4. Analyze 2 Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate 3 Figure: 17.03 2 Figure: 17.05A 1 Learning Outcome: 17.01.01 Draw and explain a diagram showing how mitochondria and chloroplasts evolved. 1 Learning Outcome: 17.02.01 Show that protists are diverse by comparing size, mode of nutrition, reproduction, and symbiotic relat ionships. 2 Learning Outcome: 17.02.02 Use an evolutionary tree of the protists to see how protists may be related to each other. 5 Learning Outcome: 17.03.01 Use euglenoids to describe how nutrition can be variable in a protist. 4 Learning Outcome: 17.03.02 List the diseases caused by flagellates, and tell whether each is common to a temperate or a tropical z one. 4 Learning Outcome: 17.04.01 Tell how amoeboids move, feed, and reproduce. Distinguish amoebas from foraminiferans and from r adiolarians. 4 Learning Outcome: 17.05.01 Give examples of various types of ciliates, and tell how ciliates move, feed, and reproduce. 3 Learning Outcome: 17.06.01 Describe the life cycle of Plasmodium vivax. 2 Learning Outcome: 17.07.01 Compare and contrast slime molds with water molds. 5 Learning Outcome: 17.08.01 Contrast the anatomy of diatoms and dinoflagellates, and tell why they are significant algae in the oc ean. 6 Learning Outcome: 17.09.01 Compare and contrast the anatomy and uses of red algae and brown algae. 9 Learning Outcome: 17.10.01 Contrast the anatomy of five types of green algae, and describe how they reproduce. 52 Mader - Chapter 17 1 Section: 17.01 4 Section: 17.02 9 Section: 17.03 4 Section: 17.04 4 Section: 17.05 3 Section: 17.06 2 Section: 17.07 5 Section: 17.08 6 Section: 17.09 9 Section: 17.10 49 Topic: Diversity 1 Topic: Ecology
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