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Chapter 36 Population Ecology Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. Ecology is best defined as the study of: A. The rate of population change B. Populations C. How populations are restricted by environmental resistance D. Organisms as they interact with other organisms and their physical surrounding E. Population increases and decreases 2. If you were studying the place where an organism lives, you would be studying its: A. Population B. Biosphere C. Community D. Ecosystem E. Habitat 3. All members of the same species that inhabit a particular area are termed a(n): A. Niche B. Biosphere C. Ecosystem D. Community E. Population 4. A number of populations of different species interacting with one another is called: A. Competition B. A community C. Predation D. An ecosystem E. Symbiosis 5. The nonliving resources in the environment are referred to as abiotic. True False 6. An ecosystem contains: A. Only the food relationships found in an environment B. Only the energy flow components of the environment C. Only the abiotic components of the environment D. Only the biotic components of the environment E. Both the living and the abiotic components of the environment 7. If you were writing a paper on the relatively thin layer on the earth's surface where life is possible, your paper would be titled: A. A biome B. The lithosphere C. The biosphere D. A biopreserve E. The ecosystem 8. All the creatures in your front yard represents a(n) __________ while the grasshoppers represent a(n) _____________. A. Population; community B. Community; population C. Ecosystem; habitat D. Ecosystem; population E. Population; ecosystem 9. A biologist is counting the number of individuals of a population per unit area. She is trying to determine the A. Population density B. Population distribution C. Population capacity D. Population frequency E. Population potential 10. The pattern of dispersal of individuals across an area is referred to as: A. Population density B. Population potential C. Population frequency D. Population capacity E. Population distribution 11. The environmental aspects that determine where specific organisms live are called the: A. Biotic factors B. Density-dependent factors C. Limiting factors D. Life history factors E. Density-independent factors 12. Which of the following is not a type of distribution pattern found in organisms? A. Clumped B. Equilibrium C. Uniform D. Random E. All are patterns of distribution 13. Which of the following is not a factor in calculating a population's annual growth rate? A. Emigration B. Immigration C. The number of individuals born D. The number of individuals that die E. Carrying capacity 14. If you were studying the maximum rate of natural increase of a population that can occur under ideal conditions, what would you would be studying? ... View Full Document

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