Quiz 4 sociology
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Quiz 4 sociology

Course Number: POLS 203, Spring 2012

College/University: American Public University

Word Count: 1155

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Quiz 4 Warning: There is a checkbox at the bottom of the exam form that you MUST check prior to submitting this exam. Failure to do so may cause your work to be lost. This exam is due Jul 31, 2011 at 11:59 PM. Instructions: The purpose of this quiz is for you to learn the material and get all of the answers correct. You may re-take the quiz as many times as you like between now and the deadline. Question 1...

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4 Warning: Quiz There is a checkbox at the bottom of the exam form that you MUST check prior to submitting this exam. Failure to do so may cause your work to be lost. This exam is due Jul 31, 2011 at 11:59 PM. Instructions: The purpose of this quiz is for you to learn the material and get all of the answers correct. You may re-take the quiz as many times as you like between now and the deadline. Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Sociologically, why is gender especially significant? It is a master status cutting across all aspects of life. It permits a comparison to superior male qualities. It provides one group to lead, another to follow. It reinforces the teachings of Genesis Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Which statement is least accurate regarding sex and gender? There is unequal access to power, prestige, and property based on one's sex. Being born male or female carries images and expectations on how one should act Gender is sociologically significant because it is how society controls its members The terms sex and gender are sociologically and biologically interchangeable Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Jeanann and her two children are on welfare. Research indicates that it is likely that Jeanann and her children will be in poverty for ________. at least five or six years until both children are 18 years of age a year or less between eight and ten years Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What is the significant difference between the class system and the systems of slavery, caste and estate? The class system is not based on religion. The class system has fluid boundaries. The class system only works in democracies. The class system existed before the other three Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) A system of beliefs that justifies a particular social arrangement such as slavery is called a constitution class consciousness a theory an ideology Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Which of the following statements is most accurate in respect to determining social prestige in modern society? Social prestige is based primarily on the wealth one accumulates. One's occupational title is the greatest influence in determining social prestige Together wealth and power are the determining factors of social prestige Family lineage is the primary determinant of social prestige Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Of the following methods, which would be the best way to preserve a stratification system? Demonstrating violation of law through public punishment. Establishing a well trained and highly armed police force Controlling ideas, information, technology and social networks through ideology Brute force and coercion to keep dissidents in their place. Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Why do sociologists classify females as a minority group? Women are out numbered by men in virtually every society Women are not as physically strong as men Men perform the most difficult and dangerous work in most societies. Women are discriminated against because of their physical characteristics. Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) The theory that explains how global stratification developed that includes core nations, periphery nations, semi-periphery nations, and external areas is ________ theory. dependency culture of poverty colonialization world system Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What is the relationship between one's social class and their chances of being a victim of crime? positive direct inverse null Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Phil, a janitor for an expensive apartment-house complex in Chicago, is a union janitor who makes quite a bit more money than many of the tenants in the building he maintains. Lenski would note that Phil's high income but low occupational prestige demonstrates a condition ________. status of insecurity status contradiction status inconsistency status incompatibility Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What did the research by Kohn suggest as being the primary influence upon parents that they emphasized how they reared their children? the net worth of the family the race or ethnicity of the family where the family lived the parents' occupations Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Which of the following statements best describes how feminists view sexual harassment? It is a fundamental difference in how men and women think. It is based on the social process that guides society. It is based on the structural problems embedded in society. It is caused by the biological differences between men and women Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What is Durkheim's term for a condition in which people become detached from the norms that guide their behavior? compurgation primogeniture negative affective state anomie Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) To what do sociologists compare the conversations between a man and a woman? an employer and employee social equals two children a husband and wife Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) In which of the following societies would slavery be most likely to exist? pastoral society agricultural society industrial society post industrial society Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) In both England and the United States, what percentage of the population is occupied by the elite upper class? one percent three percent five percent ten percent Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What are the three variables Max Weber identified as defining social class? ethnicity, race, sex wealth, power, prestige sex, power, education occupation, neighborhood, wealth Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What is the strongest variable in developing correlations to which social groups are in poverty geographic location race/ethnicity sex education Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Sally is employed as a computer programmer for the Ellis Corporation. She has a savings account of $15,000 and owns a few shares of Ellis stock. She thinks of herself as an investor rather than as a worker. Marx would maintain that Sally has experienced ________. false class consciousness misplaced commitment a management ideology the Hawthorne Effect Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) In every society from the hunting and gathering society to the post industrial society, what has been the most common basis for social stratification? race income level of education gender Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What is Cynthia Fuchs Epstein's basic argument to explain what determines the type of work performed by men and women in each society? It is based on biology and climate It is a product of socialization and social control Motivation and aspirations are the determining factors. Status and wealth determine who does specific work Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) The control of the Least Industrialized Nations by the Industrialized Nations through debts owed to them is referred to as ________. imperialism neocolonialism modernization capitalism Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) When used by sociologists, the term "wealth," refers to ________. only the property that a person owns only the income made from a person's occupation both property owned and income made by the person less debts income after state and federal taxes have been withheld Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Eric Wright revised Marx's concept of social classes by regarding some people as simultaneously occupying more than one class. He termed their positions in the class structure ________. status inconsistency contradictory class locations status incompatibility class ambiguity
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