PSY 230 Week 2 Checkpoint Appendix B
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PSY 230 Week 2 Checkpoint Appendix B

Course: PSY 220, Spring 2012

School: University of Phoenix

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Axia College Material Appendix B History Matrix Directions: Using the matrix, list at least five events or major concepts from each of the three periods in the history of modern personality psychology. 1930 - 1950 American Psychologist formulated concepts by studying the very basic molecular elements of organism behavior. Personality studied the problems of human motivation, such as urges and internal...

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College Axia Material Appendix B History Matrix Directions: Using the matrix, list at least five events or major concepts from each of the three periods in the history of modern personality psychology. 1930 - 1950 American Psychologist formulated concepts by studying the very basic molecular elements of organism behavior. Personality studied the problems of human motivation, such as urges and internal prompting. American Psychology was Nomothetic. It looked for discoveries and tested the principles and laws of behavior. Personality studied how people were different and how they were similar. Personality psychologist proposed comprehensive conceptual systems to help understand people. 1950 - 1970 Mischel argued against ideas based on internal personality traits and in favor of situational, cognitive, or learning determinants of behavior. Psychology departments grew and became more specialized, spawning professional specializations in such personality-related areas as clinical, counseling, and industrial, organizational psychology. Increased federal funding supported personality research in laboratories and field settings. Personality psychologists focused their research efforts on the examination elaboration and of particular personality constructs such as extraversion, anxiety, the 1970 - Present Carlson chastised personality psychologist for ignoring the theories of earlier years and straying from studying real life people. Fiske asked if Personality psychologist had gone as far as they could go based on its reliance on imprecise reports from people. Shweder questioned the need for a psychology based on individual differences. Traits versus situation based approaches were debated and dominated the field of psychology. Contemporary research in personality has become more sensitive to the complex need for achievement, and a host of other traits, needs, motives, and so on that could be reliably and validly measured and whose impact on behavior could be directly observed. Personality textbooks began to organize fields according to the various grand systems and dividing them into different theories. Personality psychology turned away from the grand theories of the 1930s and 1940s and came to focus instead on problems and controversies concerning personality measurement. interactions of internal personality variables and external situational factors in the prediction of behavior

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