Souls of Black Folk notes
2 Pages

Souls of Black Folk notes

Course Number: INDV 101, Spring 2010

College/University: Arizona

Word Count: 634

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DuBois says his objective is to represent what it is like to be black in America at the beginning of the 20th century. He does this because he believes that race is the central problem of the century to come. SO-CALLED Emancipation How does it feel to be a problem? AAs are defined based upon how others view them and have no other way to create a personal identity. This is what created the veil between the AAs...

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says DuBois his objective is to represent what it is like to be black in America at the beginning of the 20th century. He does this because he believes that race is the central problem of the century to come. SO-CALLED Emancipation How does it feel to be a problem? AAs are defined based upon how others view them and have no other way to create a personal identity. This is what created the veil between the AAs world (where someone defines his identity for him) and the white mans world (full of opportunities). How can one be black and American when Americans have taken away so many black freedoms? For DuBois, literacy was more important than freedom because then he can see how his race is portrayed by whites. Literacy provides knowledge. 1863- Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves. 1864- Freedmens Bureau established to assist slaves with transitioning into a free life. The Bureaus major success was educating the freed slaves. Free elementary education in the South even though many believed an educated Negro to be a dangerous Negro. Bureau failed to attain vote for AAs, meaning they were not truly free. Attack of Bookers philosophies and policies (Dubois calls Washingtons work a reflection of commercialism and materialism since his work is self-motivated) 1876- Booker ascends towards popular power. Dubois calls his ideas a perfect middle ground between the legacy of slavery and the expansion of freedom for AAs. Booker argued that AAs do not need all the freedoms right away and it would be wiser to hold off on giving them the freedoms until later to help further the American economy. Washingtons Atlanta Compromise stated that AAs would remain socially separate in exchange for economic equality. Washington promoted submission, which did not allow AAs to unite. Washingtons arguments also blamed the victim, making slavery a result of the slaves themselves instead of the nation. Washington AAs asked to turn their backs on political power, civil rights, and education, all for materialism. DuBois believes Washington justifies the unofficial continuation of slavery by ignoring the rights to access property. Dubois taught at a black school in rural Tennessee but was asked to eat after the whites and dine alone. He was also given a barn for a classroom. AAs were given certain rights and considered it progress, but it was an incomplete progress which was due to the veil between blacks and whites. Blacks enjoyed their new freedoms but were still missing all of the greater freedoms whites had. post-emancipation and blacks still weren't prospering because: 1) the farms resembled slavery too much - overcrowded conditions 2) poverty and lack of education - 2/3 of the pop. was illiterate 3) often in debt due to "chattel mortgage" - rental of goods and farmland or homes (payment in cotton, not even real currency) "The color-line" separated blacks from whites. they never lived in the same cities unless they were the poorest of the poor. Separate newspapers, stores, schools, and churches. Blacks had no investment in local politics and so the laws were made by people with no interest in helping the blacks. Change can only happen if blacks and whites acknowledge it and work to change it. Black religion diversified after emancipation: North believed slavery was evil while South tended towards compromise, reminiscent of Booker. Dubois wanted to keep his son unaware of life "within the veil" but he died and his funeral in the North was seen as nothing more than another social occasion for niggers by the whites. examples: What the world would have been given if they had allowed Crummel to practice instead of being racist John Jones had to flee to the North for protecting his sister after he had already once been kicked out of the North for doing nothing wrong
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