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Analysis Criminal Final Question 1 (Worth 4 points) Briefly outline the history of organized crime units in the United States. ESSAY SUBMISSION Question Information: See pg's 122-123 Points earned on this question: 0 Question 2 (Worth 4 points) Define the term "organized crime". ESSAY SUBMISSION Organized crime is defined as including criminal activities that are organized and coordinated o connections (Biscay, 2005). Organized crime firmly placed its roots in the social structure of the corrupt government officials, law enforcement officers, politicians, among others; helps insure t including gambling, prostitution, and the use of narcotics (Biscay, 2005). Organized crime is no civilization. In fact, there are Japanese mafias, also, the famous Russian Mafia, who used their party to create a vast black market network during the Cold War (Biscay, 2005). Throughout th to gain wealth, members of different ethnicities, influence, and success among the nations. Re Civilization: Organized Crime in America During the Prohibition. 2005. 1 Apr. 2005. ESSAY FEEDBACK Plagiarism is not tolerated at AMU. Question Information: See pg's 123- 124 Points earned on this question: 0 Question 3 (Worth 4 points) How would an analyst approach an organized crime investigation? What techniques could be used? ESSAY SUBMISSION Organized crime is the natural home for intelligence analysis. Almost every analytic technique charts to conversation analysis to telephone records. This is the one area where ELINT has pla been around a long time with organized crime. Here are some typical analytical products: 1. AS received through surveillance or informants, a link chart is produced showing the links between organized crime group. The chart should look like a family tree. It can list people, places, or en telephone wiretap information or other "wires", a frequency distribution chart is produced, show whom, and the total length of time. The result is a rather graphic portrayal of who and where th analyst can also add the known time of certain events into the chart. A gambling operation wou before a sporting event. 3. CONVERSATION ANALYSIS -- Using eavesdropping information, t analyst can often put together a content analysis chart, showing that certain phrases like "I wan an act of violence against somebody. This is especially important if the members of the organiz do what you gotta do". Discourse analysis as well as other more advanced forms of linguistic a inflection in the voice to read the messages behind the words spoken. (Fisher, 2005) INFORM with organized crime, but are absolutely essential with newly emerging gangs for which there is the analyst is often to corroborate an informant's information (by checking on whether it is subs determine informant reliability. The following terminology is standard for rating informants: Re past info reliable in all instances Usually Reliable -- some doubt, but past info has been reliab some doubt, but past info has been reliable on average Not usually Reliable -- there is doubt, occasion Unreliable -- there is great doubt; past experience has proven it to be unreliable but now is not reliable Reference: Fisher, Kristi., and Fisher, Mark. Seize the Night. 2005. 1 Apr. 20 ESSAY FEEDBACK Plagiarism is not tolerated at AMU. Question Information: See pg's 124 - 132 Points earned on this question: 0 Question 4 (Worth 4 points) What are the differences between traditional and non-traditional organized crime? ESSAY SUBMISSION The involvement of organized crime in drug trafficking is described with respect to differences b organized crime, the characteristics of different types of gangs involved in the drug trade, the a and factors contributing to the growth of nontraditional organized crime (Lyman, 1998). Charac organized crime unit include the provision of illicit goods or services; the arbitrary use of violen for members; the ability to corrupt public officials; and a recruitment strategy based on ethnic, r (Lyman, 1998). Individuals belonging to two other criminal categories, the protectors and speci of the group. The protectors include accountants, attorneys, and government officials. Speciali enforcers, and chemists. The alien conspiracy theory holds that organized crime is a direct spin a single organization centrally coordinated through a national commission. Disbelievers in this of numerous ethnically diverse groups. Supporters of the theory conceive two organized crime and nontraditional organized crime. The nontraditional, contemporary gangs are distinguished organizations in part by their recent vintage. The genesis of groups such as the Jamaican poss Colombian cocaine cartels occurred around 1970, when drug abuse began to flourish in the Un the emerging groups are vertical integration, the use of alternate sources of supply, a propensi organization, and the insulation of leaders from street-level dealers. Reference: M D Lyman ; G the Drug Trade (From Drugs and Society: Causes, Concepts and Control, P 213-227. ESSAY FEEDBACK Plagiarism is not tolerated at AMU. Question Information: See pg's 125 - 138 Points earned on this question: 0 Question 5 (Worth 4 points) Explain what is meant by "street-level" narcotics operations. ESSAY SUBMISSION Question Information: See pg's 151 - 159 Points earned on this question: 0 Question 6 (Worth 4 points) Define "white collar crime" and give an example. ESSAY SUBMISSION Within the field of criminology, white-collar crime or incorporated governance has been define committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation proponent of Symbolic Interactionism, and believed that criminal behavior was learned from int collar crime therefore overlaps with corporate crime because the opportunity for fraud, bribery, crime, and forgery is more available to white-collar employees. By the type of offense, property corporate crimes like environmental and health and safety law violations. Some crime is only p offender; transnational money laundering requires the participation of senior officers employed Investigation (Pickett, K.H. Spencer Pickett and Jennifer M., 2002) has adopted the narrow app as those illegal illegal acts which are characterized by deceit, concealment, or violation of trus application or threat of physical force or violence (Lauren Krivo, John Hagan, and Ruth Peters relatively pervasive in the United States, the record-keeping does not adequately collect data o which, in turn, makes research and policy evaluation problematic. Barnett concludes at p6, Th crime are unknown. Summary-based UCR statistics can provide only a limited amount of inform (Pickett, K.H. Spencer Pickett and Jennifer M., 2002). Reference: Brickey, K. F. (2006). Corpor Aspen. Lauren Krivo, John Hagan, and Ruth Peterson. (2006). The Many Colors of Crime: Ineq America. NewYork, New York: NYU Press. Pickett, K.H. Spencer Pickett and Jennifer M. (2002 Control. New York, New York: John Wiley and Sons. ESSAY FEEDBACK Plagiarism is not tolerated at AMU. Question Information: Se pg's 180 - 190 Points earned on this question: 0 Question 7 (Worth 4 points) Explain what is meant by "money laundering". How would an analyst proceed in assisting in a money laundering investigation? ESSAY SUBMISSION Money laundering is the process by which criminals attempt to conceal the true origin and own activities. If they are successful they can then maintain control over the proceeds and, so, prov income. J.D. Mclean defined money laundering in the International Judicial Assistance as: "Alth as capital for further criminal ventures, the sophisticated offender will wish to use the rest for ot running a risk of detection, the money which represents the proceeds of the original crime mus appears to have an entirely respectable provenance" It is important to bear in mind that money complex one) rather than a single act. In an effort to expose and analyse this phenomenon it h model which encompasses an ideal money laundering scheme. The three stages are as follow derived directly from criminal activity (e.g. from sales of drugs) is first placed either a in financia * Layering Stage The stage at which there is the first attempt at concealment or disguise of the Integration Stage The stage at which the money is integrated into the legitimate economic and all other assets in the system. Money launderers try to prevent authorities from tracing the sou funds around financial and economic system. The funds are then spent as if they were legitima launderer will directly involve a person or a business in the crime. i.e. A launderer could simply account for deposits in return for a fee. Another scenario is for the money launderer to approac transactions in which a sum of money is regularly deposited in the company's account. The bu fictitious payment for non-existent goods. Although this method is very popular amongst the cri laundering money without a business becoming aware of being involved in a crime. e.g. The m industrial machine/robot to be manufactured to a specific standard. The company may ask for the order won't be put through for three months. Before the three months are up the money lau deposit refunded minus a penalty. The money launderer will always be willing to pay the penal as much back as possible, what he/she really wants is the money back clean. ESSAY FEEDBACK Plagiarism is not tolerated at AMU. Question Information: See pg's 200 - 204 Points earned on this question: 0 Question 8 (Worth 4 points) What is a gang? How has law enforcement approached the gang problem? Please discuss. ESSAY SUBMISSION The polices definition of a gang is: a group of individuals, juvenile and or adult who associate o for a common purpose, and are involved in delinquent or criminal activity Crime rates in the Un increasing over the past decade. What makes this phenomenon even more alarming is that ma by young people as young as 12. Youth who engage in violence and other deviant behaviors a Criminologists Helen Adler (145) linked Youth gang membership to the increasing crime rates are three times more likely to get involved in violence compared to none gang members. Gang persuade the children to use illegal drugs as well as selling these drugs to them; they assault s burglarize businesses. To make it simple, they cause terror to the community where they belon are mostly made up of minorities who belong to the lowest ranks of the American socio econom gangs in the US comprise chiefly of Blacks, Asian and Hispanics with living conditions that are gang problem has reached a staggering proportion over the past decade. The gang problem is region. It goes on in many other places within the US. According to NYGS (145) there were ab the country in 1998. These figures indicate that there is an approximately 280 percent increase years. Hispanics have the highest percentage of participation with a population of 255, 254 or 4 unlawful activities, and their arsenals contain high-powered guns. The Blacks rank second with are notorious robbers, burglars, murderers- including the dreaded act of drive-by shootings. Th throughout the United States. Caucasians rank next to blacks with a share of 12 percent. Refe McGraw Hill Gardner, S. 19992, Street Gangs in America, NY Franklin Watts NYGS 1998 Nati Justice and Delinquency Prevention W. Washington, DC NYG Press ESSAY FEEDBACK Plagiarism is not tolerated at AMU. Question Information: See pg's 226 - 231 Points earned on this question: 0 Question 9 (Worth 4 points) What is "community/problem oriented policing"? ESSAY SUBMISSION Although many may find community policing and problem-oriented policing to fall in the same c between the two. For one, community policing has many definitions. For some, it means institu pertaining to the ideal bond between police officers and their community. While for others it me neighborhoods in desperate need of repair (Dunham & Alpert, 2005). However, an idyllic defini traditional definition of crime control to community problem-solving and promising to transform two decades, there has been much research on community policing. Researchers have found community policing: philosophical, strategic, tactical, and organizational. These dimensions ma community policing (Dunham & Alpert, 2005). Reference: Dunaham & Alpert, Critical Issues in p.421 ESSAY FEEDBACK Plagiarism is not tolerated at AMU. Question Information: See pg 232 - 233 Points earned on this question: 0 Question 10 (Worth 4 points) Explain in detail the "Regional Information Sharing System" or RISS. What services do the RISS projects provide? ESSAY SUBMISSION The RISS Program is the only multijurisdictional criminal intelligence system operated by and f agencies. U.S. Department of Justice grant funding in 1974 first supported the operation of a re concept grew as more law enforcement agencies expressed a need to extend the range of inte The RISS Program provides member agencies with an information-sharing, analysis, and com investigative and prosecutorial efforts that address multijurisdictional offenses and conspiracies locations within a centers service area. Analytical personnel and field representatives staff cen ESSAY FEEDBACK Plagiarism is not tolerated at AMU. Question Information: See pg's 242 - 244 Points earned on this question: 0 Question 11 (Worth 4 points) ____________ with people provides some of the best insight into why a problem is a problem. Answer blank 1: Talking Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 12 (Worth 4 points) There is no substitute to a first-hand ___________ to get a true feel for why a certain location has problems. Answer blank 1: Observation Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 13 (Worth 4 points) When it comes to an academic journal you should search for articles that are less than ______ year(s) old. Answer blank 1: three Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 14 (Worth 4 points) Crime/incident reports are generally ___________ in a records management system. Answer blank 1: captured Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 15 (Worth 4 points) ___________ analysis should answer a number of questions. Answer blank 1: Trend Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 16 (Worth 4 points) Crime Theory ____________ the use of applied research. Answer blank 1: Guides Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 17 (Worth 4 points) _______________ involves putting aside the problem of doing something else to allow the mind to unconsciously consider it. Answer blank 1: Incubation Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 18 (Worth 4 points) ________________ involves attempting to spontaneously generate as many ideas on a subject as possible. Answer blank 1: Brainstorming Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 19 (Worth 4 points) Challenging assumptions is the direct ________________ of ideas, opinions, or attitudes that have previously been taken for granted. Answer blank 1: confrontation Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 20 (Worth 4 points) A ____________ consists of abstract principles. Answer blank 1: theory Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 21 (Worth 4 points) A ___________ is a statement that serves as the basis for an argument. Answer blank 1: premise Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 22 (Worth 4 points) Raw data comprises ________________, unorganized facts not yet interpreted for meaning. Answer blank 1: individual Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 23 (Worth 4 points) A ___________ is a judgement or decision. Answer blank 1: conclusion Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 24 (Worth 4 points) When it comes to Sampling a ____________ is the theoretical universe or aggregation of units from which a sample or units or elements could be drawn. Answer blank 1: population Answer accepted Points earned on this question: 4 Question 25 (Worth 4 points) Generally, researchers use two types of statistical measures: descriptive and ______________. Answer blank 1: multivariate Answer not accepted. Expected Answer: inferential Points earned on this question: 0 ... View Full Document

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