Chap009
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Chap009

Course Number: BUS 167, Fall 2012

College/University: UC Riverside

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Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery Chapter 09 Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery True / False Questions 1. Like financial accounting, most business property must be capitalized for tax purposes. True False 2. Tax cost recovery methods include depreciation, amortization, and depletion. True False 3. If a business mistakenly claims too little depreciation, the business must only reduce the...

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09 Chapter - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery Chapter 09 Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery True / False Questions 1. Like financial accounting, most business property must be capitalized for tax purposes. True False 2. Tax cost recovery methods include depreciation, amortization, and depletion. True False 3. If a business mistakenly claims too little depreciation, the business must only reduce the asset's basis by the depreciation actually taken rather than the amount of the allowable depreciation. True False 4. An asset's capitalized cost basis includes only the actual purchase price; whereas the other expenses associated with the asset are immediately expensed. True False 5. The basis for a personal use asset converted to business use is the lesser of the asset's cost basis or fair market value on the date of the transfer or conversion. True False 6. Depreciation is currently computed under the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS). True False 9-1 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 7. The 200 percent or double declining balance method is allowable for five and seven year property. True False 8. Taxpayers may use historical data to determine the recovery period for tax depreciation. True False 9. Taxpayers use the half-year convention for all assets. True False 10. If a taxpayer places only one asset (a building) in service during the fourth quarter of the year, the mid-quarter convention must be used. True False 11. The MACRS depreciation tables automatically switch to the straight-line method when it exceeds the declining balance method. True False 12. If tangible personal property is depreciated using the half-year convention and is disposed of during the first quarter of a subsequent year, the taxpayer must use the mid-quarter convention for the year of disposition. True False 13. If a machine (seven-year property) being depreciated using the half-year convention is disposed of during the seventh year, a taxpayer must multiply the appropriate depreciation percentage from the MACRS table percentage by 50 percent to calculate the depreciation expense properly. True False 9-2 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 14. Real property is always depreciated using the straight-line method. True False 15. The mid-month convention applies to real property in the year of acquisition and disposition. True False 16. All taxpayers may use the section 179 immediate expensing election on certain property. True False 17. The section 179 immediate expensing election phases out based upon a taxpayer's taxable income. True False 18. The section 179 immediate expensing election phases out based upon the amount of tangible personal property a taxpayer places in service during the year. True False 19. Property expensed under the section 179 immediate expensing election is not included in the 40 percent test to determine whether the mid-quarter convention must be used. True False 20. In general, a taxpayer should select longer-lived property for the section 179 immediate expensing election. True False 21. Occasionally bonus depreciation is used as a stimulus tool by tax policy makers. True False 9-3 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 22. Business assets that tend to be used for both business and personal purposes are referred to as listed property. True False 23. If the business use percentage for listed property falls below 50 percent, the only adjustment is all future depreciation must be calculated under the straight-line method. True False 24. Significant limits are placed on the depreciation of luxury automobiles. True False 25. The alternative depreciation system requires both a slower method of recovery and longer recovery periods. True False 26. The method for tax amortization is always the straight-line method. True False 27. All assets subject to amortization have the same recovery period. True False 28. Goodwill and customer lists are examples of section 197 amortizable assets. True False 29. Taxpayers may always expense a portion of start-up costs and organizational expenditures. True False 9-4 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 30. Businesses may immediately expense research and experimentation expenditures or they may elect to capitalize these costs and amortize them using the straight-line method over a period of not less than 60 months. True False 31. The manner in which a business amortizes a patent or copyright is the same whether the business directly purchases the patent or copyright or whether it self-creates the intangible. True False 32. Depletion is the method taxpayers use to recover their capital investment in natural resources. True False 33. In general, major integrated oil and gas producers may take the greater of cost or percentage depletion. True False 34. Cost depletion is available to all natural resource producers. True False 35. Businesses deduct percentage depletion when they sell the natural resource and they deduct cost depletion in the year they produce or extract the natural resource. True False 9-5 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery Multiple Choice Questions 36. Tax cost recovery methods do not include: A. Amortization B. Capitalization C. Depletion D. Depreciation E. All of the above are tax cost recovery methods 37. Which of the following is not depreciated? A. Automobile B. Building C. Patent D. Machinery E. All of the above are depreciated 38. Which of the following is not usually included in an asset's tax basis? A. Purchase price B. Sales tax C. Shipping D. Installation costs E. All of the above are included in an asset's tax basis 39. Which of the following would be considered an improvement rather than a routine maintenance? A. Oil change B. Engine overhaul C. Wiper blade replacement D. Air filter change 9-6 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 40. Tax depreciation is currently calculated under what system? A. Sum of the years digits B. Accelerated cost recovery system C. Modified accelerated cost recovery system D. Straight line system E. None of the above 41. Which is not an allowable method under MACRS? A. 150 percent declining balance B. 200 percent declining balance C. Straight line D. Sum of the years digits E. All of the above are allowable methods under MACRS 42. Which of the allowable methods allows the most accelerated depreciation? A. 150 percent declining balance B. 200 percent declining balance C. Straight line D. Sum of the years digits E. None of the above allow accelerated depreciation 43. How is the recovery period of an asset determined? A. Estimated useful life B. Treasury regulation C. Revenue Procedure 87-56 D. Revenue Ruling 87-56 E. None of the above 44. Which of the following depreciation conventions are not used under MACRS? A. Full-month B. Half-year C. Mid-month D. Mid-quarter E. All of the above are used under MACRS 9-7 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 45. Which depreciation convention is the general rule for tangible personal property? A. Full-month B. Half-year C. Mid-month D. Mid-quarter E. None of the above are conventions for tangible personal property 46. The MACRS recovery period for automobiles and computers is: A. 3 years B. 5 years C. 7 years D. 10 years E. None of the above 47. Lax, LLC purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on August 26 with a basis of $20,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense for the current year (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $2,000 B. $2,858 C. $3,000 D. $4,000 E. None of the above 48. Sairra, LLC purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service furniture (7-year property) on April 16 with a basis of $25,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense for the current year, rounding to a whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $1,785 B. $3,573 C. $4,463 D. $5,000 E. None of the above 9-8 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 49. Beth's business purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service machinery (7-year property) on December 1 with a basis of $50,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $1,785 B. $2,500 C. $7,145 D. $10,000 E. None of the above 50. Deirdre's business purchased two assets during the current year. It placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on January 20 with a basis of $15,000 and machinery (7-year property) on October 1 with a basis of $15,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounded to a whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $1,286 B. $5,144 C. $5,786 D. $6,000 E. None of the above 51. Suvi, Inc. purchased two assets during the current year. It placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on August 10 with a basis of $20,000 and machinery (7-year property) on November 18 with a basis of $10,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounded to a whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $857 B. $3,357 C. $5,429 D. $6,000 E. None of the above 9-9 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 52. Wheeler LLC purchased two assets during the current year. It placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on November 16 with a basis of $15,000 and furniture (7-year property) on April 20 with a basis of $11,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounding to a whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $1,285 B. $2,714 C. $4,572 D. $5,200 E. None of the above 53. Tasha LLC purchased furniture (7-year property) on April 20 with a basis of $20,000 and used the mid-quarter convention. During the current year, which is the fourth year Tasha LLC owned the property, the property was disposed of on December 15. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounding to a whole number: A. $898 B. $2,095 C. $2,461 D. $2,394 E. None of the above 54. Anne LLC purchased computer equipment (5-year property) on August 29 with a basis of $30,000 and used the half-year convention. During the current year, which is the fourth year Anne LLC owned the property, the property was disposed of on January 15. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense: A. $432 B. $1,728 C. $1,874 D. $3,456 E. None of the above 9-10 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 55. Poplock LLC purchased a warehouse and land during the current year for $350,000. The purchase price was allocated as follows: $275,000 to the building and $75,000 to the land. The property was placed in service on August 12. Calculate Poplock's maximum depreciation for this first year, rounded to the nearest whole number: A. $2,648 B. $3,371 C. $3,751 D. $4,774 E. None of the above 56. Tom Tom LLC purchased a rental house and land during the current year for $150,000. The purchase price was allocated as follows: $100,000 to the building and $50,000 to the land. The property was placed in service on May 22. Calculate Tom Tom's maximum depreciation for this first year: A. $1,605 B. $2,273 C. $2,408 D. $3,410 E. None of the above 57. Simmons LLC purchased an office building and land several years ago for $250,000. The purchase price was allocated as follows: $200,000 to the building and $50,000 to the land. The property was placed in service on October 2. If the property is disposed of on February 27 during the 10th year, calculate Simmons' maximum depreciation in the 10th year: A. $641 B. $909 C. $5,128 D. $7,346 E. None of the above 9-11 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 58. Lenter LLC placed in service on April 29, 2011 machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $600,000. Assume that Lenter has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (but ignoring bonus expensing): A. $85,740 B. $120,000 C. $514,290 D. $585,740 E. None of the above 59. Littman LLC placed in service on July 29, 2011 machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $600,000. Littman's income for the current year before expensing was $100,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (but ignoring bonus expensing): A. 0. B. $85,740. C. $142,870. D. $171,450. E. None of the above. 60. Crouch LLC placed in service on May 19 machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $2,200,000. Assume that Crouch has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (but ignoring bonus expensing): A. $314,380. B. $440,000. C. $571,510. D. $742,930. E. None of the above. 9-12 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 61. Clay LLC placed in service machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $2,450,000 on June 6, 2011. Assume that Clay has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (ignoring any possible bonus expensing), rounded to a whole number: A. $350,105 B. $392,960 C. $778,070 D. $864,395 E. None of the above 62. Bonnie Jo purchased a used computer (5-year property) for use in her sole proprietorship. The basis of the computer was $2,400. Bonnie Jo used the computer in her business 60 percent of the time and used it for personal purposes the rest of the time during the first year. Calculate Bonnie Jo's depreciation expense during the first year assuming the sole proprietorship had a loss during the year (Bonnie did not place the property in service in the last quarter): A. $240 B. $288 C. $480 D. $2,400 E. None of the above 63. Billie Bob purchased a used computer (5-year property) for use in his sole proprietorship in the prior year. The basis of the computer was $2,400. Billie Bob used the computer in his business 60 percent of the time during the first year. During the second year, Billie Bob used the computer 40 percent for business use. Calculate Billie Bob's depreciation expense during the second year assuming the sole proprietorship had a loss during the year (Billie Bob did not place the asset in service in the last quarter): A. $0 B. $48 C. $192 D. $336 E. None of the above 9-13 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 64. Potomac LLC purchased an automobile for $30,000 on August 5th of 2011. What is Potomac's depreciation expense for 2011? A. $3,060 B. $4,287 C. $6,000 D. $30,000 E. None of the above 65. Arlington LLC purchased an automobile for $40,000 on July 5th of 2011. What is Arlington's depreciation expense for 2011 if its business use percentage is 75 percent? A. $2,295 B. $3,060 C. $6,000 D. $8,000 E. None of the above 66. Assume that Bethany acquires a competitor's assets on March 31st. The purchase price was $150,000. Of that amount, $125,000 is allocated to tangible assets and $25,000 is allocated to goodwill (a 197 intangible asset). What is Bethany's amortization expense for the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? A. $0 B. $1,250 C. $1,319 D. $1,389 E. None of the above 9-14 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 67. Assume that Brittany acquires a competitor's assets on September 30th of the prior year. The purchase price was $350,000. Of that amount, $300,000 is allocated to tangible assets and $50,000 is allocated equally to two 197 intangible assets (goodwill and a 1-year noncompete agreement). Given, that the non-compete agreement expires on September 30th of year 2, what is Brittany's amortization expense for the second year, rounded to the nearest whole number? A. $0 B. $1,667 C. $2,917 D. $3,333 E. None of the above 68. Jasmine started a new business in the current year. She incurred $10,000 of start-up costs. How much of the start-up costs can be immediately expensed for the year? A. $0 B. $2,500 C. $5,000 D. $10,000 E. None of the above 69. Racine started a new business in the current year. She incurred $52,000 of start-up costs. If her business started on November 23rd of the current year, what is the total expense she may deduct with respect to the start-up costs for her initial year, rounded to the nearest whole number? A. $2,555. B. $3,544. C. $5,522. D. $52,000. E. None of the above. 9-15 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 70. Daschle LLC completed some research and development during June of the current year. The related costs were $60,000. If Daschle wants to capitalize and amortize the costs as quickly as possible, what is the total amortization expense Daschle may deduct during the current year? A. $0 B. $6,500 C. $7,000 D. $12,000 E. None of the above 71. Jorge purchased a copyright for use in his business in the current year. The purchase occurred on July 15th and the purchase price was $75,000. If the patent has a remaining life of 75 months, what is the total amortization expense Jorge may deduct during the current year? A. $0 B. $5,500 C. $6,000 D. $12,000 E. None of the above 72. Geithner LLC patented a process it developed in the current year. The patent is expected to create benefits for Geithner over a 10 year period. The patent was issued on April 15th and the legal costs associated with the patent were $43,000. In addition, Geithner had unamortized research expenditures of $15,000 related to the process. What is the total amortization expense Geithner may deduct during the current year? A. $2,417 B. $2,559 C. $4,108 D. $4,350 E. None of the above 9-16 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 73. Santa Fe purchased the rights to extract turquoise on a tract of land over a five-year period. Santa Fe paid $300,000 for extraction rights. A geologist estimates that Santa Fe will recover 5,000 pounds of turquoise. During the current year, Santa Fe extracted 1,500 pounds of turquoise, which it sold for $200,000. What is Santa Fe's cost depletion expense for the current year? A. $60,000 B. $90,000 C. $110,000 D. $300,000 E. None of the above 74. Santa Fe purchased the rights to extract turquoise on a tract of land over a five-year period. Santa Fe paid $300,000 for extraction rights. A geologist estimated that Santa Fe will recover 5,000 pounds of turquoise. During the past several years, 4,000 pounds were extracted. During the current year, Santa Fe extracted 1,500 pounds of turquoise, which it sold for $250,000. What is Santa Fe's cost depletion expense for the current year? A. $60,000 B. $90,000 C. $190,000 D. $160,000 E. None of the above 9-17 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 75. Lucky Strike Mine (LLC) purchased a silver deposit for $1,500,000. It estimated it would extract 500,000 ounces of silver from the deposit. Lucky Strike mined the silver and sold it reporting gross receipts of $1.8 million, $2.5 million, and $2 million for years 1 through 3, respectively. During years 1 - 3, Lucky Strike reported net income (loss) from the silver deposit activity in the amount of ($100,000), $400,000, and $100,000, respectively. In years 1 - 3, Lucky Strike actually extracted 300,000 ounces of silver as follows: What is Lucky Strike's depletion expense for year 2 if the applicable percentage depletion for silver is 15 percent? A. $200,000 B. $375,000 C. $400,000 D. $450,000 E. None of the above Essay Questions 76. Janey purchased machinery on April 8th of the current year. The relevant costs for the year are as follows: machinery for $10,000, $800 shipping, $50 for delivery insurance, $500 for installation, $750 for sales tax, $150 for the annual tune up, and $200 of property taxes (an annual tax on business property). What is Janey's tax basis for the machinery? 9-18 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 77. Jaussi purchased a computer several years ago for $2,200 and used it for personal purposes. On November 10th of the current year, when the fair market value of the computer was $800, Jaussi converted it to business use. What is Jaussi's tax basis for the computer? 78. Flax, LLC purchased only one asset during 2011. It placed in service a computer (5-year property) on January 16 with a basis of $14,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing). 79. Roth, LLC purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on November 1st with a basis of $42,500. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing). 9-19 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 80. Eddie purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service furniture (7year property) on May 1st with a basis of $26,500. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounded to the nearest whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing). 81. Teddy purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service machinery (7year property) on October 1st with a basis of $76,500. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounded to the nearest whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing). 82. Amit purchased two assets during the current year. Amit placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on April 16th with a basis of $5,000 and furniture (7-year property) on September 9th with a basis of $20,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): 9-20 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 83. Yasmin purchased two assets during the current year. Yasmin placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on May 26th with a basis of $10,000 and machinery (7-year property) on December 9th with a basis of $10,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): 84. Bonnie Jo used two assets during the current year. The first was computer equipment with an original basis of $15,000, currently in the second year of depreciation, and under the halfyear convention. This asset was disposed of on October 1st of the current year. The second was furniture with an original basis of $24,000 placed in service during the first quarter, currently in the fourth year of depreciation, and under the mid-quarter convention. What is Bonnie Jo's depreciation expense for the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? 85. Kristine sold two assets on March 20th of the current year. The first was machinery with an original basis of $51,000, currently in the fourth year of depreciation, and under the half-year convention. The second was furniture with an original basis of $16,000 placed in service during the fourth quarter, currently in the third year of depreciation, and under the mid-quarter convention. What is Kristine's depreciation expense for the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? 9-21 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 86. Timothy purchased a new computer for his consulting practice on October 15th of the current year. The basis of the computer was $4,000. During the Thanksgiving holiday, he decided the computer didn't meet his business needs and gave it to his college-aged son in another state. The computer was never used for business purposes again. Timothy had $50,000 of taxable income before depreciation. What is Timothy's total cost recovery expense with respect to the computer during the current year? 87. During August of the prior year, Julio purchased an apartment building that he used as a rental property. The basis was $1,400,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense during the current year? 88. During April of the current year, Ronen purchased a warehouse that he used for business purposes. The basis was $1,600,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense during the current year? 9-22 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 89. An office building was purchased on December 9th several years ago for $2,500,000. The purchase price was allocated as follows: building $1,900,000, landscaping $100,000, and land $500,000. During the current year, the 10th year, the building was sold on March 10th. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense for the real property during the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? 90. Boxer LLC has acquired various types of assets recently. Below is a list of assets acquired during 2010 and 2011: Boxer did not elect section 179 expense or potential bonus depreciation in 2010, but would like to elect section 179 expense for 2011 (assume that taxable income is sufficient). Calculate Boxer's maximum depreciation expense for 2011, rounded to the nearest whole number (ignore bonus depreciation for 2011). 9-23 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 91. Olney LLC placed in service on July 19, 2011 machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $850,000. Assume that Olney has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing, rounded to the nearest whole number (but ignoring bonus expensing): 92. Columbia LLC placed in service on October 9, 2011 machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $2,150,000. Assume that Columbia has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (but ignoring bonus expensing) for the year, rounded to the nearest whole number: 93. In 2011, Northern LLC placed in service on September 6th machinery and equipment (7year property) with a basis of $2,200,000. Assume that Northern has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (ignore any potential bonus expensing), rounded to the nearest whole number. 9-24 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 94. Assume that Reid has 2011 taxable income of $150,000 before any 179 expense and acquired the following assets: he placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on August 6th with a basis of $100,000 and machinery (7-year property) on November 9th with a basis of $100,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (but not bonus expensing). 95. Phyllis purchased $8,000 of specialized audio equipment that she uses in her business regularly. Occasionally, she uses the equipment for personal use. During the first year, Phyllis used the equipment for business use 70 percent of the time; however, during the current (second) year the business use fell to 40 percent. Assume that the equipment is seven-year MACRS property and is under the half-year convention. Assume the ADS recovery period is 10 years. What is the depreciation allowance for the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? 96. Alexandra purchased a $35,000 automobile during 2011. The business use was 70 percent. What is the allowable depreciation for the current year? 9-25 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 97. Assume that Yuri acquires a competitor's assets on May 1st. The purchase price was $500,000. Of the amount, $325,000 is allocated to tangible assets and $175,000 is allocated to goodwill (a 197 intangible asset). What is Yuri's amortization expense for the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? 98. Assume that Cannon LLC acquires a competitor's assets on June 15th of a prior year. The purchase price was $450,000. Of the amount, $196,200 is allocated to tangible assets and $253,800 is allocated to three 197 intangible assets: $153,000 to goodwill, $50,400 to a customer list with an expected life of 8 years, and $50,400 to a 3 year non-compete agreement. On May 30th of the second year, the customer list is sold for $10,000. Please round your amortization amounts to the nearest whole number. Round your allocation percentage to the nearest whole percentage (e.g., .1234 as 12%) 1) What is Cannon's amortization expense for the second year? 2) What is the basis of the intangibles at the end of the second year? 99. Oksana started an LLC on November 2 of the current year. She incurred $30,000 of startup costs. How much of the start-up costs can be immediately expensed for the year? How much amortization may Oksana deduct in the first year? 9-26 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 100. Putin Corporation began business on September 23rd of the current year. It incurred $40,000 of start-up costs and $60,000 of organizational expenditures. 1) How much may be immediately expensed for the year? 2) How much amortization may be deducted in the first year, rounded to the nearest whole number? 101. Paulsen incurred $55,000 of research and experimental expenses and began amortizing them over 60 months during June of year 1. During May of year 3, Paulsen received a patent based upon the research being amortized. $36,000 of legal expenses for the patent was incurred. 1) What is the basis of the patent, rounding amortization for each year to the nearest whole number? 2) What is the amortization expense with respect to the patent during the year it was issued, rounded to the nearest whole number? 102. Sequoia purchased the rights to cut timber on several tracts of land over a fifteen year period. It paid $500,000 for cutting rights. A timber engineer estimates that 500,000 board feet of timber will be cut. During the current year, Sequoia cut 45,000 board feet of timber, which it sold for $900,000. What is Sequoia's cost depletion expense for the current year? 9-27 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 103. PC Mine purchased a platinum deposit for $3,500,000. It estimated it would extract 17,000 ounces of platinum from the deposit. PC mined the platinum and sold it reporting gross receipts of $500,000 and $8 million for years 1 and 2, respectively. During years 1 and 2, PC reported net income (loss) from the platinum deposit activity in the amount of ($100,000) and $3,800,000, respectively. In years 1 and 2, PC actually extracted 2,000 and 8,000 ounces of platinum. What is PC's depletion expense for years 1 and 2 if the applicable percentage depletion for platinum is 22 percent, rounded to the nearest whole number? 9-28 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery Chapter 09 Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery Answer Key True / False Questions 1. Like financial accounting, most business property must be capitalized for tax purposes. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Easy 2. Tax cost recovery methods include depreciation, amortization, and depletion. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-29 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 3. If a business mistakenly claims too little depreciation, the business must only reduce the asset's basis by the depreciation actually taken rather than the amount of the allowable depreciation. FALSE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Medium 4. An asset's capitalized cost basis includes only the actual purchase price; whereas the other expenses associated with the asset are immediately expensed. FALSE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Medium 5. The basis for a personal use asset converted to business use is the lesser of the asset's cost basis or fair market value on the date of the transfer or conversion. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-30 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 6. Depreciation is currently computed under the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS). TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 7. The 200 percent or double declining balance method is allowable for five and seven year property. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 8. Taxpayers may use historical data to determine the recovery period for tax depreciation. FALSE Taxpayers use the recovery periods outlined in Revenue Procedure 87-56. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-31 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 9. Taxpayers use the half-year convention for all assets. FALSE For personal property, taxpayers must use either the half-year or mid-quarter convention. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 10. If a taxpayer places only one asset (a building) in service during the fourth quarter of the year, the mid-quarter convention must be used. FALSE All real property is depreciated using the mid-month convention. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 11. The MACRS depreciation tables automatically switch to the straight-line method when it exceeds the declining balance method. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-32 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 12. If tangible personal property is depreciated using the half-year convention and is disposed of during the first quarter of a subsequent year, the taxpayer must use the mid-quarter convention for the year of disposition. FALSE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 13. If a machine (seven-year property) being depreciated using the half-year convention is disposed of during the seventh year, a taxpayer must multiply the appropriate depreciation percentage from the MACRS table percentage by 50 percent to calculate the depreciation expense properly. TRUE AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 14. Real property is always depreciated using the straight-line method. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-33 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 15. The mid-month convention applies to real property in the year of acquisition and disposition. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 16. All taxpayers may use the section 179 immediate expensing election on certain property. FALSE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Easy 17. The section 179 immediate expensing election phases out based upon a taxpayer's taxable income. FALSE The section 179 phase out is based upon the amount of property placed in service during the year. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-34 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 18. The section 179 immediate expensing election phases out based upon the amount of tangible personal property a taxpayer places in service during the year. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Easy 19. Property expensed under the section 179 immediate expensing election is not included in the 40 percent test to determine whether the mid-quarter convention must be used. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Hard 20. In general, a taxpayer should select longer-lived property for the section 179 immediate expensing election. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Easy 21. Occasionally bonus depreciation is used as a stimulus tool by tax policy makers. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-35 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 22. Business assets that tend to be used for both business and personal purposes are referred to as listed property. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 23. If the business use percentage for listed property falls below 50 percent, the only adjustment is all future depreciation must be calculated under the straight-line method. FALSE The property is subject to depreciation recapture for any excess depreciation over the straight line method using the ADS recovery period over the entire time. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 24. Significant limits are placed on the depreciation of luxury automobiles. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-36 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 25. The alternative depreciation system requires both a slower method of recovery and longer recovery periods. FALSE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Application Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 26. The method for tax amortization is always the straight-line method. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Easy 27. All assets subject to amortization have the same recovery period. FALSE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Easy 28. Goodwill and customer lists are examples of section 197 amortizable assets. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-37 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 29. Taxpayers may always expense a portion of start-up costs and organizational expenditures. FALSE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Medium 30. Businesses may immediately expense research and experimentation expenditures or they may elect to capitalize these costs and amortize them using the straight-line method over a period of not less than 60 months. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Easy 31. The manner in which a business amortizes a patent or copyright is the same whether the business directly purchases the patent or copyright or whether it self-creates the intangible. FALSE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-38 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 32. Depletion is the method taxpayers use to recover their capital investment in natural resources. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-05 Explain cost recovery of natural resources and the allowable depletion methods. Level of Difficulty: Easy 33. In general, major integrated oil and gas producers may take the greater of cost or percentage depletion. FALSE Depletion of timber and major integrated oil companies must be calculated using only the cost depletion method (no percentage depletion is available). AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-05 Explain cost recovery of natural resources and the allowable depletion methods. Level of Difficulty: Medium 34. Cost depletion is available to all natural resource producers. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-05 Explain cost recovery of natural resources and the allowable depletion methods. Level of Difficulty: Medium 35. Businesses deduct percentage depletion when they sell the natural resource and they deduct cost depletion in the year they produce or extract the natural resource. TRUE AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-05 Explain cost recovery of natural resources and the allowable depletion methods. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-39 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery Multiple Choice Questions 36. Tax cost recovery methods do not include: A. Amortization B. Capitalization C. Depletion D. Depreciation E. All of the above are tax cost recovery methods Amortization, depletion, and depreciation are cost recovery methods as a result of asset capitalization. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Easy 37. Which of the following is not depreciated? A. Automobile B. Building C. Patent D. Machinery E. All of the above are depreciated Patents are amortized rather than depreciated. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-40 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 38. Which of the following is not usually included in an asset's tax basis? A. Purchase price B. Sales tax C. Shipping D. Installation costs E. All of the above are included in an asset's tax basis The purchase price, sales tax, shipping, and installation costs are all included in an assets tax basis. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Easy 39. Which of the following would be considered an improvement rather than a routine maintenance? A. Oil change B. Engine overhaul C. Wiper blade replacement D. Air filter change The engine overhaul is an improvement because it extends the useful life of the asset while the other items are routine maintenance. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-41 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 40. Tax depreciation is currently calculated under what system? A. Sum of the years digits B. Accelerated cost recovery system C. Modified accelerated cost recovery system D. Straight line system E. None of the above The modified accelerated cost recovery system (MACRS) is the current tax depreciation system. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 41. Which is not an allowable method under MACRS? A. 150 percent declining balance B. 200 percent declining balance C. Straight line D. Sum of the years digits E. All of the above are allowable methods under MACRS The sum of the years digits is not an allowable method under MACRS. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-42 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 42. Which of the allowable methods allows the most accelerated depreciation? A. 150 percent declining balance B. 200 percent declining balance C. Straight line D. Sum of the years digits E. None of the above allow accelerated depreciation The 200 percent declining balance method allows the most depreciation expense. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 43. How is the recovery period of an asset determined? A. Estimated useful life B. Treasury regulation C. Revenue Procedure 87-56 D. Revenue Ruling 87-56 E. None of the above Revenue Procedure 87-56 helps taxpayers determine the recovery period for assets. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-43 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 44. Which of the following depreciation conventions are not used under MACRS? A. Full-month B. Half-year C. Mid-month D. Mid-quarter E. All of the above are used under MACRS The full month convention is used for tax amortization which does not fall under MACRS depreciation. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 45. Which depreciation convention is the general rule for tangible personal property? A. Full-month B. Half-year C. Mid-month D. Mid-quarter E. None of the above are conventions for tangible personal property The half-year convention is the general rule for tangible personal property, while the midquarter convention is the exception. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-44 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 46. The MACRS recovery period for automobiles and computers is: A. 3 years B. 5 years C. 7 years D. 10 years E. None of the above These assets recovery period is 5 years. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Knowledge Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal property and real and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 47. Lax, LLC purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on August 26 with a basis of $20,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense for the current year (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $2,000 B. $2,858 C. $3,000 D. $4,000 E. None of the above The asset's recovery period is 5 years and the half-year convention applies. The calculation is $20,000 x .2 = $4,000. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-45 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 48. Sairra, LLC purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service furniture (7-year property) on April 16 with a basis of $25,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense for the current year, rounding to a whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $1,785 B. $3,573 C. $4,463 D. $5,000 E. None of the above The asset's recovery period is 7 years and the half-year convention applies. The calculation is $25,000 x .1429 = $3,573. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 49. Beth's business purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service machinery (7-year property) on December 1 with a basis of $50,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $1,785 B. $2,500 C. $7,145 D. $10,000 E. None of the above The asset's recovery period is 7 years and the mid-quarter convention applies because the property was placed in service during the fourth quarter. The calculation is $50,000 x .0357 = $1,785. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-46 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 50. Deirdre's business purchased two assets during the current year. It placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on January 20 with a basis of $15,000 and machinery (7-year property) on October 1 with a basis of $15,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounded to a whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $1,286 B. $5,144 C. $5,786 D. $6,000 E. None of the above The mid-quarter convention applies. The computer is 1st quarter property and the machinery is 4th quarter property. The calculations are $15,000 x .35 = $5,250 and $15,000 x .0357 = $536. The total is $5,786 ($5,250 + $536). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 51. Suvi, Inc. purchased two assets during the current year. It placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on August 10 with a basis of $20,000 and machinery (7-year property) on November 18 with a basis of $10,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounded to a whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $857 B. $3,357 C. $5,429 D. $6,000 E. None of the above The half-year convention applies. The calculations are $20,000 x .2 = $4,000 and $10,000 x . 1429 = $1,429. The total is $5,429 ($4,000 + $1,429). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-47 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 52. Wheeler LLC purchased two assets during the current year. It placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on November 16 with a basis of $15,000 and furniture (7-year property) on April 20 with a basis of $11,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounding to a whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): A. $1,285 B. $2,714 C. $4,572 D. $5,200 E. None of the above The mid-quarter convention applies. The computer is 4th quarter property and the furniture is 2nd quarter property. The calculations are $15,000 x .05 = $750 and $11,000 x .1785 = $1,964. The total is $2,714 ($750 + $1,964). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 53. Tasha LLC purchased furniture (7-year property) on April 20 with a basis of $20,000 and used the mid-quarter convention. During the current year, which is the fourth year Tasha LLC owned the property, the property was disposed of on December 15. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounding to a whole number: A. $898 B. $2,095 C. $2,461 D. $2,394 E. None of the above The mid-quarter convention applies. The property was placed in service during the 2nd quarter. The calculations are $20,000 x .1197 = $2,394 x 10.5/12 = $2,095 since the property was disposed of during the 4th quarter. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Hard 9-48 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 54. Anne LLC purchased computer equipment (5-year property) on August 29 with a basis of $30,000 and used the half-year convention. During the current year, which is the fourth year Anne LLC owned the property, the property was disposed of on January 15. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense: A. $432 B. $1,728 C. $1,874 D. $3,456 E. None of the above The calculations are $30,000 x .1152 = $3,456 x .5 = $1,728 since the property is considered to be owned for half the year in the year of disposition. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 55. Poplock LLC purchased a warehouse and land during the current year for $350,000. The purchase price was allocated as follows: $275,000 to the building and $75,000 to the land. The property was placed in service on August 12. Calculate Poplock's maximum depreciation for this first year, rounded to the nearest whole number: A. $2,648 B. $3,371 C. $3,751 D. $4,774 E. None of the above The mid-month convention applies. Non-residential property has a 39-year recovery period. The depreciation is $2,648 ($275,000 x .963%). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-49 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 56. Tom Tom LLC purchased a rental house and land during the current year for $150,000. The purchase price was allocated as follows: $100,000 to the building and $50,000 to the land. The property was placed in service on May 22. Calculate Tom Tom's maximum depreciation for this first year: A. $1,605 B. $2,273 C. $2,408 D. $3,410 E. None of the above The mid-month convention applies. Residential property has a 27.5-year recovery period. The depreciation is $2,273 ($100,000 x 2.273%). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 57. Simmons LLC purchased an office building and land several years ago for $250,000. The purchase price was allocated as follows: $200,000 to the building and $50,000 to the land. The property was placed in service on October 2. If the property is disposed of on February 27 during the 10th year, calculate Simmons' maximum depreciation in the 10th year: A. $641 B. $909 C. $5,128 D. $7,346 E. None of the above The mid-month convention applies. Non-residential property has a 39-year recovery period. The depreciation is $641 ($200,000 x 2.564% x 1.5/12). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-50 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 58. Lenter LLC placed in service on April 29, 2011 machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $600,000. Assume that Lenter has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (but ignoring bonus expensing): A. $85,740 B. $120,000 C. $514,290 D. $585,740 E. None of the above The $500,000 section 179 expense is not limited. The half year convention applies. The expense is $514,290 which is depreciation of $100,000 x .1429 = $14,290 plus $500,000 of section 179 expense. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 59. Littman LLC placed in service on July 29, 2011 machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $600,000. Littman's income for the current year before expensing was $100,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (but ignoring bonus expensing): A. 0. B. $85,740. C. $142,870. D. $171,450. E. None of the above. The $500,000 section 179 expense is limited to net income of $100,000. The half year convention applies. The expense is $171,450 which is depreciation of $500,000 x .1429 = $71,450 plus $100,000 of section 179 expense. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-51 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 60. Crouch LLC placed in service on May 19 machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $2,200,000. Assume that Crouch has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (but ignoring bonus expensing): A. $314,380. B. $440,000. C. $571,510. D. $742,930. E. None of the above. The $500,000 section 179 expense is reduced to $300,000 because of the property placed in service limitation ($2,200,000 - $2,000,000 threshold). The half year convention applies. The expense is $571,510 which is depreciation of $1,900,000 x .1429 = $271,510 plus $300,000 of section 179 expense. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 61. Clay LLC placed in service machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $2,450,000 on June 6, 2011. Assume that Clay has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (ignoring any possible bonus expensing), rounded to a whole number: A. $350,105 B. $392,960 C. $778,070 D. $864,395 E. None of the above The $500,000 section 179 expense is reduced to $50,000 because of the property placed in service limitation ($2,450,000 - $2,000,000 threshold). The half-year convention applies. The expense is $392,960 which is depreciation of $2,400,000 x .1429 = $342,960 plus $50,000 of section 179 expense. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Hard 9-52 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 62. Bonnie Jo purchased a used computer (5-year property) for use in her sole proprietorship. The basis of the computer was $2,400. Bonnie Jo used the computer in her business 60 percent of the time and used it for personal purposes the rest of the time during the first year. Calculate Bonnie Jo's depreciation expense during the first year assuming the sole proprietorship had a loss during the year (Bonnie did not place the property in service in the last quarter): A. $240 B. $288 C. $480 D. $2,400 E. None of the above The asset's recovery period is 5 years and the half-year convention applies. The calculation is $2,400 x .2 x 60% = $288. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-53 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 63. Billie Bob purchased a used computer (5-year property) for use in his sole proprietorship in the prior year. The basis of the computer was $2,400. Billie Bob used the computer in his business 60 percent of the time during the first year. During the second year, Billie Bob used the computer 40 percent for business use. Calculate Billie Bob's depreciation expense during the second year assuming the sole proprietorship had a loss during the year (Billie Bob did not place the asset in service in the last quarter): A. $0 B. $48 C. $192 D. $336 E. None of the above Because the listed property's business use drops below 50%, the straight-line method must be used and all prior years' excess depreciation must be recaptured. The asset's recovery period is 5 years and the half-year convention applies. The calculation for the current year's depreciation before adjusting for the prior year is $2,400 x .2 x 40% = $192. But he must recapture prior depreciation of $144 ($2,400 x .2 x 60% = $288 taken less $144 (straight-line, year) that would have been taken. Therefore, the current year depreciation expense is $192 - $144 = $48. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Hard 64. Potomac LLC purchased an automobile for $30,000 on August 5th of 2011. What is Potomac's depreciation expense for 2011? A. $3,060 B. $4,287 C. $6,000 D. $30,000 E. None of the above A luxury auto's maximum depreciation in the first year for 2011 is $3,060. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-54 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 65. Arlington LLC purchased an automobile for $40,000 on July 5th of 2011. What is Arlington's depreciation expense for 2011 if its business use percentage is 75 percent? A. $2,295 B. $3,060 C. $6,000 D. $8,000 E. None of the above A luxury auto's maximum depreciation in the first year for 2011 is $3,060 x 75% = $2,295. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 66. Assume that Bethany acquires a competitor's assets on March 31st. The purchase price was $150,000. Of that amount, $125,000 is allocated to tangible assets and $25,000 is allocated to goodwill (a 197 intangible asset). What is Bethany's amortization expense for the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? A. $0 B. $1,250 C. $1,319 D. $1,389 E. None of the above The full-month convention applies. Section 197 assets have a recovery period of 180 months. The amortization is $1,389 ($25,000/180) x 10). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-55 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 67. Assume that Brittany acquires a competitor's assets on September 30th of the prior year. The purchase price was $350,000. Of that amount, $300,000 is allocated to tangible assets and $50,000 is allocated equally to two 197 intangible assets (goodwill and a 1-year noncompete agreement). Given, that the non-compete agreement expires on September 30th of year 2, what is Brittany's amortization expense for the second year, rounded to the nearest whole number? A. $0 B. $1,667 C. $2,917 D. $3,333 E. None of the above The full-month convention applies. If a section 197 asset is disposed of before it is fully recovered, the remaining basis is added to the remaining section 197 assets acquired at the same time. Section 197 assets have a recovery period of 180 months. The amortization is $3,333 ($50,000/180) x 12). The result is as if the asset never expired. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Medium 68. Jasmine started a new business in the current year. She incurred $10,000 of start-up costs. How much of the start-up costs can be immediately expensed for the year? A. $0 B. $2,500 C. $5,000 D. $10,000 E. None of the above $5,000 of start-up expenses can be immediately expensed. The $5,000 maximum phases out dollar for dollar if more than $50,000 of start-up costs are incurred. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-56 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 69. Racine started a new business in the current year. She incurred $52,000 of start-up costs. If her business started on November 23rd of the current year, what is the total expense she may deduct with respect to the start-up costs for her initial year, rounded to the nearest whole number? A. $2,555. B. $3,544. C. $5,522. D. $52,000. E. None of the above. The maximum immediate expense amount of $5,000 phases out dollar for dollar if more than $50,000 of start-up costs are incurred. Thus, the immediate expensing is $3,000 ($5,000 ($52,000 - $50,000)). The amortization is $544 ($49,000/180) x 2 months). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Medium 70. Daschle LLC completed some research and development during June of the current year. The related costs were $60,000. If Daschle wants to capitalize and amortize the costs as quickly as possible, what is the total amortization expense Daschle may deduct during the current year? A. $0 B. $6,500 C. $7,000 D. $12,000 E. None of the above The amortization when capitalization is elected is $7,000 ($60,000/60) x 7 months). The amortization period on capitalized research and development is not less than 60 monthsand 60 months is the most often elected. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-57 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 71. Jorge purchased a copyright for use in his business in the current year. The purchase occurred on July 15th and the purchase price was $75,000. If the patent has a remaining life of 75 months, what is the total amortization expense Jorge may deduct during the current year? A. $0 B. $5,500 C. $6,000 D. $12,000 E. None of the above The amortization is $6,000 ($75,000/75) x 6). The amortization period on a purchased patent is the asset's remaining useful life. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Easy 72. Geithner LLC patented a process it developed in the current year. The patent is expected to create benefits for Geithner over a 10 year period. The patent was issued on April 15th and the legal costs associated with the patent were $43,000. In addition, Geithner had unamortized research expenditures of $15,000 related to the process. What is the total amortization expense Geithner may deduct during the current year? A. $2,417 B. $2,559 C. $4,108 D. $4,350 E. None of the above The amortization is $2,559 ($58,000/204) x 9 months). The amortization period is 17 years regardless of the asset's expected useful life. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-58 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 73. Santa Fe purchased the rights to extract turquoise on a tract of land over a five-year period. Santa Fe paid $300,000 for extraction rights. A geologist estimates that Santa Fe will recover 5,000 pounds of turquoise. During the current year, Santa Fe extracted 1,500 pounds of turquoise, which it sold for $200,000. What is Santa Fe's cost depletion expense for the current year? A. $60,000 B. $90,000 C. $110,000 D. $300,000 E. None of the above The depletion expense is $90,000 ($300,000/5,000) x 1,500). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-05 Explain cost recovery of natural resources and the allowable depletion methods. Level of Difficulty: Easy 74. Santa Fe purchased the rights to extract turquoise on a tract of land over a five-year period. Santa Fe paid $300,000 for extraction rights. A geologist estimated that Santa Fe will recover 5,000 pounds of turquoise. During the past several years, 4,000 pounds were extracted. During the current year, Santa Fe extracted 1,500 pounds of turquoise, which it sold for $250,000. What is Santa Fe's cost depletion expense for the current year? A. $60,000 B. $90,000 C. $190,000 D. $160,000 E. None of the above The depletion expense is $60,000 ($300,000/5,000) x 1,000). Cost depletion is limited to the taxpayer's basis. As a result, even though 1,500 pounds were extracted, only 1,000 pounds can be expensed under cost depletion. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-05 Explain cost recovery of natural resources and the allowable depletion methods. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-59 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 75. Lucky Strike Mine (LLC) purchased a silver deposit for $1,500,000. It estimated it would extract 500,000 ounces of silver from the deposit. Lucky Strike mined the silver and sold it reporting gross receipts of $1.8 million, $2.5 million, and $2 million for years 1 through 3, respectively. During years 1 - 3, Lucky Strike reported net income (loss) from the silver deposit activity in the amount of ($100,000), $400,000, and $100,000, respectively. In years 1 - 3, Lucky Strike actually extracted 300,000 ounces of silver as follows: What is Lucky Strike's depletion expense for year 2 if the applicable percentage depletion for silver is 15 percent? A. $200,000 B. $375,000 C. $400,000 D. $450,000 E. None of the above The depletion expense is $450,000, the greater of cost or percentage depletion. Cost depletion is $450,000 ($1,500,000/500,000) x 150,000). Percentage depletion is $200,000; the lesser of the statutory percentage $375,000 ($2,500,000 x .15) or $200,000 [($400,000 x 50%) = 50 percent of net income]. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-05 Explain cost recovery of natural resources and the allowable depletion methods. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-60 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery Essay Questions 76. Janey purchased machinery on April 8th of the current year. The relevant costs for the year are as follows: machinery for $10,000, $800 shipping, $50 for delivery insurance, $500 for installation, $750 for sales tax, $150 for the annual tune up, and $200 of property taxes (an annual tax on business property). What is Janey's tax basis for the machinery? $12,100. Feedback: An asset's basis consists of all of the costs to purchase, install, and place the asset in service. The annual tune up is a repair and the annual property tax is a general business expense. ($10,000 + 800 + 50 + 500 + 750). AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Easy 77. Jaussi purchased a computer several years ago for $2,200 and used it for personal purposes. On November 10th of the current year, when the fair market value of the computer was $800, Jaussi converted it to business use. What is Jaussi's tax basis for the computer? $800. Feedback: When personal property is converted to business use, the basis is the lesser of the cost basis of the property or the fair market value on the date of the conversion. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-01 Explain the concept of basis and adjusted basis and describe the cost recovery methods used under the tax law to recover the cost of personal property; real property; intangible assets; and natural resources. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-61 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 78. Flax, LLC purchased only one asset during 2011. It placed in service a computer (5-year property) on January 16 with a basis of $14,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing). $2,800. Feedback: The asset's recovery period is 5 years and the half-year convention applies since less than 40 percent of the property was placed in service during the fourth quarter. The calculation is $14,000 x .2 = $2,800. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 79. Roth, LLC purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on November 1st with a basis of $42,500. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing). $2,125. Feedback: The asset's recovery period is 5 years and the mid-quarter convention applies since more than 40 percent of the property was placed in service during the fourth quarter. The calculation is $42,500 x .05 = $2,125. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-62 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 80. Eddie purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service furniture (7year property) on May 1st with a basis of $26,500. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounded to the nearest whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing). $3,787. Feedback: The asset's recovery period is 7 years and the half-year convention applies since less than 40 percent of the property was placed in service during the fourth quarter. The calculation is $26,500 x .1429 = $3,787. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 81. Teddy purchased only one asset during the current year. It placed in service machinery (7year property) on October 1st with a basis of $76,500. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense, rounded to the nearest whole number (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing). $2,731. Feedback: The asset's recovery period is 7 years and the mid-quarter convention applies since more than 40 percent of the property was placed in service during the fourth quarter. The calculation is $76,500 x .0357 = $2,731. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-63 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 82. Amit purchased two assets during the current year. Amit placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on April 16th with a basis of $5,000 and furniture (7-year property) on September 9th with a basis of $20,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): $3,858 Feedback: The half-year convention applies since less than 40 percent of the property was placed in service during the fourth quarter. The calculations are $5,000 x .2 = $1,000 and $20,000 x .1429 = $2,858. The total is $3,858 ($1,000 + $2,858). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 83. Yasmin purchased two assets during the current year. Yasmin placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on May 26th with a basis of $10,000 and machinery (7-year property) on December 9th with a basis of $10,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense (ignoring section 179 and bonus expensing): $2,857 Feedback: The mid-quarter convention applies since more than 40 percent of the property was placed in service during the fourth quarter. The calculations are $10,000 x .25 = $2,500 and $10,000 x .0357 = $357. The total is $2,857 ($2,500 + $357). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-64 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 84. Bonnie Jo used two assets during the current year. The first was computer equipment with an original basis of $15,000, currently in the second year of depreciation, and under the halfyear convention. This asset was disposed of on October 1st of the current year. The second was furniture with an original basis of $24,000 placed in service during the first quarter, currently in the fourth year of depreciation, and under the mid-quarter convention. What is Bonnie Jo's depreciation expense for the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? $5,023. Feedback: The depreciation expense for the current year is $5,023. The calculations are $15,000 x .32 x 1/2 year = $2,400 and $24,000 x .1093 = $2,623. The total is $5,023 ($2,400 + $2,623). AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 85. Kristine sold two assets on March 20th of the current year. The first was machinery with an original basis of $51,000, currently in the fourth year of depreciation, and under the half-year convention. The second was furniture with an original basis of $16,000 placed in service during the fourth quarter, currently in the third year of depreciation, and under the mid-quarter convention. What is Kristine's depreciation expense for the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? $3,579. Feedback: The depreciation on those assets are $51,000 x .1249 x 1/2 year = $3,185 and $16,000 x .1968 x 1.5/12 = $394, the total is $3,579 ($3,185 + $394). AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-65 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 86. Timothy purchased a new computer for his consulting practice on October 15th of the current year. The basis of the computer was $4,000. During the Thanksgiving holiday, he decided the computer didn't meet his business needs and gave it to his college-aged son in another state. The computer was never used for business purposes again. Timothy had $50,000 of taxable income before depreciation. What is Timothy's total cost recovery expense with respect to the computer during the current year? $0. Feedback: No depreciation expense or section 179 expense may be taken on an asset which is acquired by and disposed of during the same taxable year. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 87. During August of the prior year, Julio purchased an apartment building that he used as a rental property. The basis was $1,400,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense during the current year? $50,904. Feedback: The asset's recovery period is 27.5 years and the mid-month convention applies for real property. The calculation is $1,400,000 x .03636 = $50,904. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-66 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 88. During April of the current year, Ronen purchased a warehouse that he used for business purposes. The basis was $1,600,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense during the current year? $29,104. Feedback: The asset's recovery period is 39 years and the mid-month convention applies for real property. The calculation is $1,600,000 x .01819 = $29,104. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Easy 89. An office building was purchased on December 9th several years ago for $2,500,000. The purchase price was allocated as follows: building $1,900,000, landscaping $100,000, and land $500,000. During the current year, the 10th year, the building was sold on March 10th. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense for the real property during the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? $10,149. Feedback: The asset's recovery period is 39 years and the mid-month convention applies for real property. The calculation is $1,900,000 x .02564 x (2.5/12) = $10,149. Depreciation is allowed for 2.5 months in the year of disposal. The land improvements are not considered to be real property. The land is non-depreciable. AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-67 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 90. Boxer LLC has acquired various types of assets recently. Below is a list of assets acquired during 2010 and 2011: Boxer did not elect section 179 expense or potential bonus depreciation in 2010, but would like to elect section 179 expense for 2011 (assume that taxable income is sufficient). Calculate Boxer's maximum depreciation expense for 2011, rounded to the nearest whole number (ignore bonus depreciation for 2011). $234,687. Feedback: Section 179 allows expensing of all the 2011 tangible personal property ($199,000 = $100,000 + 65,000 + $34,000), with the exception of the automobile. The maximum depreciation for 2011 on luxury automobiles is $3,060. The depreciation of the remaining assets is as follows: 2010 machinery ($25,000 x .2449 = $6,123), 2010 warehouse ($800,000 x .02564 = $20,512), and the 2011 office building ($800,000 x .00749 = $5,992). 9-68 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-02 Determine the applicable cost recovery (depreciation) life; method; and convention for tangible personal and real property and calculate the deduction allowable under basic MACRS. Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Hard 91. Olney LLC placed in service on July 19, 2011 machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $850,000. Assume that Olney has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing, rounded to the nearest whole number (but ignoring bonus expensing): $550,015. Feedback: The $500,000 section 179 expense is not limited. The half year convention applies. The expense is $550,015 which is depreciation of $350,000 x .1429 = $50,015 plus $500,000 of section 179 expense. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 92. Columbia LLC placed in service on October 9, 2011 machinery and equipment (7-year property) with a basis of $2,150,000. Assume that Columbia has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (but ignoring bonus expensing) for the year, rounded to the nearest whole number: $414,260. Feedback: The $500,000 section 179 expense is limited to $350,000 because of the property placed in service limitation ($500,000 - ($2,150,000 - $2,000,000)). The mid-quarter convention applies. The expense is $414,260 which is depreciation of $1,800,000 x .0357 = $64,260 plus $350,000 of section 179 expense. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-69 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 93. In 2011, Northern LLC placed in service on September 6th machinery and equipment (7year property) with a basis of $2,200,000. Assume that Northern has sufficient income to avoid any limitations. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (ignore any potential bonus expensing), rounded to the nearest whole number. $571,510 Feedback: The $500,000 section 179 expense is reduced to $300,000 because of the property placed in service limitation ($500,000 - ($2,200,000 - $2,000,000)). The half-year convention applies. The expense is $571,510 which is depreciation of $1,900,000 x .1429 = $271,510 plus $300,000 of section 179 expense. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Hard 94. Assume that Reid has 2011 taxable income of $150,000 before any 179 expense and acquired the following assets: he placed in service computer equipment (5-year property) on August 6th with a basis of $100,000 and machinery (7-year property) on November 9th with a basis of $100,000. Calculate the maximum depreciation expense including section 179 expensing (but not bonus expensing). $160,000 Feedback: The $500,000 section 179 expense is reduced to $150,000 because the expensing is limited to net income before the section 179 expense. The mid-quarter convention does not apply because the determination of the convention occurs after the basis reduction from the section 179 expensing. Reid chooses to use the section 179 election on the 7-year machinery first, then the remaining $50,000 amount on the computer. This leaves $50,000 basis in the computer that was acquired on August 6. Therefore the half-year convention applies. Reid's expense is $160,000 which is depreciation of $50,000 x .2 = $10,000 plus $150,000 of section 179 expense. Choosing to use the section 179 immediate expensing option on the 7-year property results in accelerated depreciation compared to choosing the 5-year property. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-70 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 95. Phyllis purchased $8,000 of specialized audio equipment that she uses in her business regularly. Occasionally, she uses the equipment for personal use. During the first year, Phyllis used the equipment for business use 70 percent of the time; however, during the current (second) year the business use fell to 40 percent. Assume that the equipment is seven-year MACRS property and is under the half-year convention. Assume the ADS recovery period is 10 years. What is the depreciation allowance for the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? Phyllis must recapture $200 into income this year. Feedback: Because the business use fell below 50 percent for the listed property, the depreciation for all years must be recalculated under the straight-line method over the ADS recovery period. During the first year depreciation was $800 ($8,000 x .1429 x .7). Using the straight-line method over the ADS recovery period the depreciation for year 1 would be $280 ($8,000/10 years x .7 x year). Depreciation for year 2 would be $320 ($8,000/10 years x . 4). Because the actual depreciation taken in year 1 exceeds the sum of the depreciation for years 1 and 2 under the ADS method, Phyllis must actually recapture $200 into income during the current year. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Hard 96. Alexandra purchased a $35,000 automobile during 2011. The business use was 70 percent. What is the allowable depreciation for the current year? $2,142 Feedback: The maximum depreciation for a luxury automobile during 2011 is $3,060. Because the business use was 70 percent, depreciation is $2,142 ($3,060 x .7). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-71 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 97. Assume that Yuri acquires a competitor's assets on May 1st. The purchase price was $500,000. Of the amount, $325,000 is allocated to tangible assets and $175,000 is allocated to goodwill (a 197 intangible asset). What is Yuri's amortization expense for the current year, rounded to the nearest whole number? $7,778. Feedback: The full-month convention applies. Section 197 assets have a recovery period of 180 months. The amortization is $7,778 = ($175,000/180) x 8). AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-03 Explain the additional special rules (179; bonus; listed property) and calculate the deduction allowable with these rules. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-72 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 98. Assume that Cannon LLC acquires a competitor's assets on June 15th of a prior year. The purchase price was $450,000. Of the amount, $196,200 is allocated to tangible assets and $253,800 is allocated to three 197 intangible assets: $153,000 to goodwill, $50,400 to a customer list with an expected life of 8 years, and $50,400 to a 3 year non-compete agreement. On May 30th of the second year, the customer list is sold for $10,000. Please round your amortization amounts to the nearest whole number. Round your allocation percentage to the nearest whole percentage (e.g., .1234 as 12%) 1) What is Cannon's amortization expense for the second year? 2) What is the basis of the intangibles at the end of the second year? 9-73 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 1. Cannon's amortization expense for the second year is $16,500. This is calculated as follows: 2. The basis of the remaining assets is as follows: 9-74 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 9-75 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery AACSB: Reflective thinking AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Hard 99. Oksana started an LLC on November 2 of the current year. She incurred $30,000 of startup costs. How much of the start-up costs can be immediately expensed for the year? How much amortization may Oksana deduct in the first year? $5,000 of start-up expenses can be immediately expensed and $278 ($25,000/180) x 2 months) of amortization may be deducted. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Medium 100. Putin Corporation began business on September 23rd of the current year. It incurred $40,000 of start-up costs and $60,000 of organizational expenditures. 1) How much may be immediately expensed for the year? 2) How much amortization may be deducted in the first year, rounded to the nearest whole number? 1) $5,000 of start-up expenses can be immediately expensed. Putin may not immediately expense the organizational costs because the immediate expensing is phased out dollar for dollar for organization expenditures exceeding $50,000. As a result when the expenses exceed $55,000, no immediate expensing can be taken. 2) ($35,000/180) x 4 months = $778 of the start-up costs may be amortized and ($60,000/180) x 4 months = $1,333 of the organizational expenditures may be amortized. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-76 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 101. Paulsen incurred $55,000 of research and experimental expenses and began amortizing them over 60 months during June of year 1. During May of year 3, Paulsen received a patent based upon the research being amortized. $36,000 of legal expenses for the patent was incurred. 1) What is the basis of the patent, rounding amortization for each year to the nearest whole number? 2) What is the amortization expense with respect to the patent during the year it was issued, rounded to the nearest whole number? 1) The basis of the patent is $69,000 ($36,000 of legal costs and $33,000 of unamortized research expenses). The research expense is $55,000/60 months = $916.67. Year 1 is $6,417 for 7 months; year 2 is a full year of $11,000, and 5 months in year 3 is $4,583. Total research expensed is $22,000 and remaining unamortized expense to add to patent capitalization is $33,000. 2) The amortization is $2,368 = ($69,000/204 months) x 7 months in year 3. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-04 Explain the rationale behind amortization; describe the four categories of amortizable intangible assets; and calculate amortization expense. Level of Difficulty: Hard 102. Sequoia purchased the rights to cut timber on several tracts of land over a fifteen year period. It paid $500,000 for cutting rights. A timber engineer estimates that 500,000 board feet of timber will be cut. During the current year, Sequoia cut 45,000 board feet of timber, which it sold for $900,000. What is Sequoia's cost depletion expense for the current year? The depletion expense is $45,000 ($500,000/500,000) x 45,000). AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-05 Explain cost recovery of natural resources and the allowable depletion methods. Level of Difficulty: Easy 9-77 Chapter 09 - Property Acquisition and Cost Recovery 103. PC Mine purchased a platinum deposit for $3,500,000. It estimated it would extract 17,000 ounces of platinum from the deposit. PC mined the platinum and sold it reporting gross receipts of $500,000 and $8 million for years 1 and 2, respectively. During years 1 and 2, PC reported net income (loss) from the platinum deposit activity in the amount of ($100,000) and $3,800,000, respectively. In years 1 and 2, PC actually extracted 2,000 and 8,000 ounces of platinum. What is PC's depletion expense for years 1 and 2 if the applicable percentage depletion for platinum is 22 percent, rounded to the nearest whole number? PC has cost depletion expense of $411,765 ($3,500,000/17,000) x 2,000) in year 1. Because PC has a loss in year 1, there is no percentage depletion. PC has percentage depletion of $1,760,000 in year 2: the lesser of $1,760,000 ($8 million x 22 percent) or $1,900,000 ($3.8 million x 50 percent). Cost depletion was $1,647,059 ($3,500,000/17,000) x 8,000) and is less than percentage depletion. AACSB: Analytic AICPA: BB Critical thinking Bloom's: Analyze Learning Objective: 09-05 Explain cost recovery of natural resources and the allowable depletion methods. Level of Difficulty: Medium 9-78
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