Lecture 7 Notes
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Lecture 7 Notes

Course Number: IR 350, Spring 2011

College/University: BU

Word Count: 1093

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The 38th parallel UNSC authorizes MacArthur onlyt o repel aggression MacArthur wanted to keep moving north, and Truman and JCS give their approval, despite Chinese warnings of intervention Chinese Intervention Enter conflict after warning US CALLED MACARTHURS TO OCNFERENCE IN WAKE ISLAND (TINY ISLAND IN PACIFIC THAT AMERICANS had taken from japs) When Truman got there and got off the plane, MacArthur didnt...

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38th The parallel UNSC authorizes MacArthur onlyt o repel aggression MacArthur wanted to keep moving north, and Truman and JCS give their approval, despite Chinese warnings of intervention Chinese Intervention Enter conflict after warning US CALLED MACARTHURS TO OCNFERENCE IN WAKE ISLAND (TINY ISLAND IN PACIFIC THAT AMERICANS had taken from japs) When Truman got there and got off the plane, MacArthur didnt salute Truman (which offended him) and just shook his hand o Truman wans to get rid of Macarthur o Sadfhjkasdfhkjadsf im taking notes B-29 ripped apart by something China renames their military force Peoples Volunteers (CPV) rather than PLA, so the Soviets wouldnt be drawn into this. Beat US and S Korean forces back across 38th parallel Soviet fighters plus Chinese experience and numbers challenge US firepower superiority, bring conflict to a stalemate by spring 1951 MacArthur Sent letter to republican dude criticizing his policies, but was still seen as heor upon return to America Potential Escaltiaon and Sticking ppints in Negotiations MacArthur loses prestige after Chinese enter war. Truman sacks him in 1951 Negotiation talks at Panmunjom drag on for nearly 2 years bcause of the POW issues After stalin dies in March 1953, participants finally reach an armistice Korean Wart conclusions Us stops commie aggression but a heavy costs Cold war fully militarized, sino-us hostility hardened Chinese gain prestige but end war deeply dependent on soviets Us forces remain in Korea Dictators in Taiwan and south Korea demand assistance in economic modernization Japanese economy reenergized Japanese Occupation and Recovery Soviets tried and failed to get involved in Jap occupation Emperor retained by stripped of all political power and divinity Society demoralized War crimes trials US helped Japanese write 1947 Constitution, which prohibited having offensive military and having nukes Japanese accepting of US occupation between 1945 and 1951: large degree of Americanization Peace Treaty and Security Treaty Korean War helps Japan transform to a prosperous ally and key counterweight to Soviets and Chinese Peace treaty signed September 1947; Soviets refuse to participate because of Kurile Islands dispute Occupation ends April 1952, but conditions of security treaty allowed US to maintain military and naval bases in Japan o Protected Japan from Communism but also made country US satellite o Okinawa remains under American control until 1972, but still major US marine/naval base in Asia On day occupation ends, US and Japan sign security treaty Treaty extended in 1960 despite significant opposition (Japanese ppl afraid having us base would allow them to be target for hydrogen war if soviets and Americans went to war) Conclusions on Japan Initially US occupation undertaken to prevent Japan from ever again becoming a military threat As Cold War heated up, US saw a strong Japan as an Anti Soviet bulwark Korea helped transform Japans in key US ally in Asia and put the county on the road to economic recovery South East Asia Communism appealed to these countries because it allowed for rapid industrialization Indonesia after WWII Known as Dutch East Indies Sukarno, first president of Indonesia; independence declared after training in japan, in August 1945 Dutch mov eint ot retake their former colony US initially neutral, but their economic aid to obviously helps the Dutch in dealing with Indonesia By 1948, US convinved that Indonesian Nationalist were not commies and they threaten to sever Dutch aid o US thought that if dutch kept pushing, then the nationalists would turn to communism December 1949, Dutch free----------Indochina after WWII Ho Chi Minh, leader of Vietnamese communists - Different from Indonesia: leading Nationalist leader also a Communist US supports French but hoped for eventual decolonization Errthang changed in 1950with war in Korea, us decided to fully support French, who at this time are fighting counter insurgency war against Viet minh By 1954, us paying 80% of the costs for the French war against the Viet Minh Ho Chi Minhs declaration of Vietnamese Independence (H&M p.210) History of viet indep: colony of france since late 19th century o Under jap control since 1940 o Empire of vietname, a puppet state governed by japan o 1945 august 15, japan surrender to Allied o Viet Minh defeats empire of Vietnam o 1945 sept 2, declaration of indep by Ho Chi Minh Declaration o All men are created equal. Endowed with Life, libery and pursuit of happiness in the declara o all men are broen free and with reual rights and must remain free and have equal rights in the declaration of the French revolution o States how French screwed them (built more prisons than schools etc), and states US will recognize them since the US is all about self-determination Significance o Reps trend of self determination of non-major powers o Real end of the colonialism/imperialism? Malaya and Singapore after WWII Brits reassert control Communist insurgencythe Malayan Emergencybegins in 1948, adding to American fears o Singapore was about 80% Chinese and Malaya was about 35% ethnic Chinese Mostly supported by Chinese Malays, fuels fears of Chinese fifth-columns in SE Asia o Fifth columns, any time the enemy attacks from ____ o Thailand on side of Japs during WWII, but switched sides to US when Japanese started loosing Lacked broad popular support, so Brits eventually win through counterinsurgency and proise of amnesty Malays becomes Federation of Malay after indep from Brits in 1957, new govt retains close ties to UK (including defense agreemnts) Malaysia est in 1963, Singapore kicked out in the 1965 (had to do with anti chinese racism from Malaysian population) o Singapore formed close ties with Israel since they felt Israel can be surrounded by bitches but still grow and be awesome INDIA Key leaders o Mathatma Gandhi o Muhammad Ali Jinnah: wanted separate Muslim state o Maharaka Hari Singh: Hindu ruler of Kashmir, ruling over muslim ppl Paks sent in tropps And maharaka asked india for help, and they sent in troops The Indian National Congress sought independence long before WWII Labor party in Britain had also supported independence o Thought it was too much of a financial burden Trouble emerges over religious differences in handover negotiations British reluctantly agree to partition Fall 1947: hundreds of thousands of Muslims and Hindus move; massive killings by both sides

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