Chap003
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Chap003

Course Number: BIO 1011, Spring 2012

College/University: UMiami

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Chapter 03 Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. The special molecules that have large structures and characteristically made by living organisms are known as ________. A. macromolecules B. polysaccharides C. proteins D. carbon 2. Organic molecules contain a specific carbon-based core to which specific groups of atoms with definite chemical properties are...

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03 Student: Chapter ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. The special molecules that have large structures and characteristically made by living organisms are known as ________. A. macromolecules B. polysaccharides C. proteins D. carbon 2. Organic molecules contain a specific carbon-based core to which specific groups of atoms with definite chemical properties are attached. These groups of atoms are called ________ groups. A. carbon B. extension C. functional D. chemical 3. Three of the four macromolecules present in living systems are ________ which means they are built by linking together small, similar chemical monomers. A. polymers B. functional C. evolved D. carbon-based 4. Proteins that can carry out catalysis in organisms are called ______. A. catalysts B. reactants C. cofactors D. enzymes 5. In _________ the average chain length of amylose is much greater and there are more branches than in plant starch. A. proteins B. cellulose C. glucose D. glycogen 6. A modified form of cellulose found in the exoskeletons of insects and crustaceans is known as _______. A. chitin B. glucose C. protein D. glycogen 7. Non-polarity and insolubility characterize biological compounds known as _______. A. carbohydrates B. lipids C. proteins D. nucleic acids 8. __________ are polymers containing up to 20 different kinds of naturally occurring amino acids. A. lipids B. proteins C. carbohydrates D. nucleic acids 9. The covalent bonds connecting monomer units in sugars can be formed by the removal of a water molecule. A reaction referred to as ________________. A. conjunction B. hydration C. dehydration D. condensation 10. This atom in its unbound state has four valent electrons. These electrons readily form single, double, and even triple bonds among themselves to become stable. This atom is A. carbon. B. hydrogen. C. oxygen. D. nitrogen. E. phosphorus. 11. Macromolecules are disassembled in ____________ reactions. A. anabolic B. hydrolysis C. radioactive D. denaturation E. dehydration 12. Relatively small organic molecules with a central carbon atom which is bonded to a carboxyl group, an amino group, a carbon containing group, and a hydrogen atom are called A. amino acids. B. fatty acids. C. enzymes. D. peptides. E. nucleotides. 13. Macromolecules that are used by organisms to store hereditary information are called A. transfer RNA molecules. B. messenger RNA molecules. C. ribosomal RNA molecules. D. amino acids molecules. E. DNA molecules. 14. DNA, RNA, and ATP contain functional units known as A. peptides. B. enzymes. C. amino acids. D. nucleotides. E. fatty acids. 15. Which of the following is not a property of carbon? A. It can form single, double, and even triple bonds with itself. B. It can be built into rings and long chains. C. It constitutes the backbones of an incredible variety of molecules. D. All compounds made from carbon are soluble in water. E. All organic molecules contain carbon atoms. 16. Which of the following is not a macromolecule? A. carbohydrates B. water C. nucleic acids D. proteins E. lipids 17. All of the following are examples of functional groups in cells except A. -CH3. B. -COOH. C. -H2O. D. -NH2. E. -OH. 18. Carbohydrates are polymers formed of structural units called A. amino acids. B. fatty acids. C. nucleic acids. D. phosphate groups. E. monosaccharides. 19. Proteins are polymers formed of structural units called A. fatty acids. B. amino acids. C. nucleic acids. D. phosphate groups. E. sugars. 20. Lipids are the only class of macromolecules that contain A. amino acids. B. nucleic acids. C. fatty acids. D. phosphate groups. E. sugars. 21. Nucleic acids are polymers formed of building blocks that contain A. amino acids. B. fatty acids. C. sugars. D. rings of nitrogen bases. E. peptide bonds. 22. The simplest and the most common monosaccharide is a six-carbon sugar called A. galactose. B. lactose. C. cellulose. D. glucose. E. sucrose. 23. Humans are unable to get metabolic energy from cellulose because A. cellulose contains very little chemical energy. B. cellulose is not part of a normal diet. C. cellulose digesting enzymes are absent. D. cellulose does not taste good. E. cellulose is present in large quantities in the gut. 24. Chitin, a modified form of cellulose, is not only cross-linked with proteins but also its glucose units are modified with atoms of A. nitrogen. B. hydrogen. C. oxygen. D. sulfur. E. phosphorous. 25. Which of the following is not a type of lipid? A. fat B. chitin C. cholesterol D. terpenes E. prostaglandins 26. Which of the following macromolecules are characteristically water-insoluble? A. proteins B. nucleic acids C. carbohydrates D. lipids E. enzymes 27. A common lipid for energy storage is A. phospholipid. B. steroid. C. triglycerides. D. cholesterol. E. wax. 28. Three fatty acids bonded together with a glycerol are found in a(n) A. alcohol. B. enzyme. C. phospholipid. D. chlorophyll pigment. E. triglyceride. 29. Biological membranes contain bilayers of which of the following lipids? A. phospholipids B. oils C. prostaglandins D. triglycerides E. cholesterol 30. Which of the following lipid classes is found in Chlorophyll, retina of the vertebrate eye, and synthetic rubber? A. phospholipid B. terpene C. steroid D. prostaglandin E. wax 31. Which of the following is not a protein? A. enzyme B. antibody C. keratin D. pectin E. collagen 32. Proteins possess all of the following functions except A. structure. B. metabolism. C. encode genetic information. D. membrane transport. E. cell recognition. 33. Functional groups found in amino acids include all of the following except A. -NH2. B. phosphate. C. -COOH. D. -OH. E. alkyl (linked multiple carbons with hydrogens). 34. A chain of amino acids linked together end-to-end can only be found in a A. membrane lipid. B. nucleic acid. C. polysaccharide. D. polypeptide. E. starch. 35. The specific amino acid sequence in a protein is its A. zero order structure. B. primary structure. C. secondary structure. D. tertiary structure. E. quaternary structure. 36. Alpha helix and beta pleated sheets are examples of which level of protein structure? A. zero order B. primary C. secondary D. tertiary E. quaternary 37. Denaturation, a process in which a protein loses its native shape and function, is likely to be caused by all of the following except A. being transported from one cell to another in a living organism. B. pH change. C. temperature change. D. ionic concentration change. E. increase in hydrogen ion concentration. 38. The information storage molecules of cells are called A. fatty acids. B. membrane lipids. C. enzymes. D. hormones. E. nucleic acids. 39. Which of the following is not a component of nucleic acids? A. a five-carbon sugar B. a six-carbon sugar C. a phosphate group D. phosphodiester bonds E. an organic nitrogen containing base 40. The nitrogen base not found in DNA is called A. adenine. B. cytosine. C. guanine. D. thymine. E. uracil. 41. Which of the following is not found in RNA? A. adenine B. cytosine C. guanine D. thymine E. uracil 42. Fructose and galactose all have the same six carbon atoms, twelve hydrogen atoms, and six oxygen atoms, just as glucose. A friend of yours says to you, "Since two of those sugars have the same number of atoms, they should all have the same name." You answer, "Yes. They do have the same atoms and the numbers are the same; however, A. they are all polysaccharides and have slightly different functions within organisms and therefore have different names." B. they are named differently because of their quaternary structures, which is very important in carbohydrates, especially glucose." C. they are named differently because when heated above their optimal temperature they become denatured and will not react with their substrates." D. they are named differently because they are involved in different DNA nucleotide formation." E. they are named differently because they are alternate forms of the monosaccharide, glucose." 43. Carbohydrates contain 4 calories per gram, proteins contain 4 calories per gram, and fats contain 9 calories per gram. There is a food that contains 108 calories per serving. There are 4 grams of carbohydrate, 5 grams of protein, and 8 grams of fat in a serving. Which of the following represents the calories for fat? A. 20 B. 16 C. 72 D. 18 44. Four of the following five choices are functions of carbohydrates. Select the exception. A. Chitin is a carbohydrate that is used in insects and other arthropods in the structures of their exoskeletons. B. Starch is a carbohydrate that is used by some plants as a way to store glucose. C. Glycogen is a carbohydrate that is used by animals as a way to store glucose. D. Cellulose is a carbohydrate that serves a structural function in plants. E. Glucose is a carbohydrate that is utilized by all life forms in the construction of nucleotides. 45. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disorder that is caused by a mutation that prevents various ions from moving across cell membranes. Normally there are proteins that allow passage of the ions, but in CF these proteins seemed to be disabled. Researchers have found that one explanation of this has to do with A. the chaperone proteins are missing or are not functioning and, thus, the correct folding of the proteins are prevented from occurring. B. the proteins are denatured and as a result become disabled, which prevents the correct interface with the substrate, effectively blocking ion transfer. C. the chaperone proteins are bound with the ions at the cell membrane surface and cannot release to aid the unfolded proteins. D. the proteins are disabled because of the pH change at the cell membrane surface caused by the accumulated ions. E. the chaperone proteins and the proteins are unable to segregate themselves because of the lower pH environment produced by the ionic gradient created on the cell membrane. 46. Imagine that you were able to see a nucleotide under a very special microscope. As you scan the nucleotide you see a U nitrogen base. Without seeing any other part of the nucleotide you know that A. it is a DNA nucleotide. B. it is an RNA nucleotide. C. it is either a DNA nucleotide or an RNA nucleotide. D. you will need to continue to scan for more clues, such as the type of sugar associated with it, to be able to determine which type of nucleotide it is. 47. Imagine that you were able to see a nucleotide under a very special microscope. As you scan the nucleotide you see a T nitrogen base. Without seeing any other part of the nucleotide you know that A. it is a DNA nucleotide. B. it is a RNA nucleotide. C. it is a either a DNA nucleotide or an RNA nucleotide. D. you will need to continue to scan for more clues, such as the type of sugar associated with it, to be able to determine which type of nucleotide it is. 48. DNA and RNA are similar in some respects and different in others. Which of the following statements is not accurate about their similarities? A. Both DNA and RNA nucleotides contain the nitrogen bases adenine, cytosine, and guanine. B. Both DNA and RNA always double helices. C. Both DNA and RNA contain monosaccharide sugars on their respective nucleotides. D. Both DNA and RNA are involved in the "Central Dogma" of biology. E. Both DNA and RNA contain phosphate groups on their respective nucleotides. 49. All of the following are examples of monomer: polymer pairings except A. amino acids: polypeptides. B. monosaccharides: polypeptide. C. nucleotides: DNA. D. glucose: starch. E. fatty acids: triglycerides. 50. Which of the following would not be an example of protein use in a living organism? A. synthesis of macromolecules B. muscle contraction C. recognition of "self" in immune reactions D. stores information E. forms hair 51. Proteins are created with A. phosphodiester bonds B. peptide bonds C. a phosphate and two fatty acids bonded to glycerol D. sugar polymers 52. Phospholipids are created with A. phosphodiester bonds B. peptide bonds C. a phosphate and two fatty acids bonded to glycerol D. sugar polymers 53. Carbohydrates are created with A. phosphodiester bonds B. peptide bonds C. a phosphate and two fatty acids bonded to glycerol D. sugar polymers 54. Which of the following best describes an enzyme? A. reacts with other enzymes to form a product B. catalyzes chemical reactions C. structural protein D. inorganic cofactor 55. Nucleic acids are created with A. phosphodiester bonds B. peptide bonds C. a phosphate and two fatty acids bonded to glycerol D. sugar polymers 56. The oxidation of glucose (C6H12O6) by cellular respiration is an example of a dehydration reaction. A simplified version of this reaction can be written as A. 6H2O + 6CO2 C6H12O6 + 6O2. B. C6H12O6 + 6O2 6H2O + 6CO2. C. C6H12O6 6H2O + 6CO2. D. C6H12O6 + 6O2 ( 6CO2C. 57. Which of the following is a DNA sequence capable of pairing with CGATTAGT? A. GCTAATCA B. CGATTAGT C. GCUAAUCA D. CGAUUAGT 58. You recently identified a novel protein that contains several membrane-spanning domains. Which of amino acids would you expect to be most common in these domains? A. nonpolar B. polar uncharged C. charged D. aromatic 59. L-lysine is an essential amino acid and must be supplied in the diet. By comparison, the stereoisomer Dlysine is not biologically active. Why can your body only utilize one form? A. Since the L form and D form are enantiomers, they will bind together and inhibit utilization of the D form. B. Since the L form and D form are chiral molecules, they will bind together and inhibit utilization of the D form. C. Antibodies recognize the D form and destroy it before your body can use it for nutritional purposes. D. Enzymes can only recognize a single, specific stereoisomer. 60. People who are lactose intolerant can often consume some products made from milk such as cheese and yogurt. By comparison, people with a true milk allergy, which involves an immune response to milk protein, cannot consume milk or products made from milk. Given this information, which of the following statements is true? A. The protein that causes a true milk allergy is lactose. B. All people who are lactose intolerant are also allergic to milk. C. Yogurt contains live and active cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria and therefore prevents an allergic response in people with a true milk allergy. D. Lactose is a carbohydrate, not a protein and is therefore not the cause of true milk allergies. 61. Egg whites consist primarily of water and the protein albumin. When you fry an egg, why does the egg white turn from clear to white? A. The protein becomes dissociated. B. The protein acquires tertiary structure. C. The protein becomes denatured. D. The protein becomes dehydrated. 62. Margarine is made by hydrogenating vegetable oils so that they take on the consistency of butter. Which of the following is the chemical basis for this change from a liquid to a solid? A. Fats are changed from unsaturated to saturated, allowing them to solidify. B. Fats are changed from saturated to unsaturated, allowing them to solidify. C. Trans-fatty acids are changed from unsaturated to saturated, allowing them to solidify. D. Trans fatty acids are changed from saturated to unsaturated, allowing them to solidify. 63. Vitamin D can be synthesized by the body from a derivative of cholesterol. Given this information, which of the following statements about the solubility of vitamin D is true? A. Vitamin D is water-soluble. B. Vitamin D is fat-soluble. C. Vitamin D is soluble in both water and fat. D. Vitamin D is not soluble in either water or fat. 64. You arrive late to a biological seminar. However, just as you enter the room, you hear the speaker referring to the "amino end" and the "carboxyl end" of a macromolecule. Immediately, you know that they are talking about a A. carbohydrate. B. protein. C. DNA. D. lipid. 65. You arrive late to a biological seminar. However, just as you enter the room, you hear the speaker referring to the "five-prime end" and the "three-prime end" of a macromolecule. Immediately, you know that they are talking about a A. carbohydrate. B. protein. C. DNA. D. lipid. 66. Which of the following would not contain polymers of b-glucose? A. cellulose B. wood C. paper D. amylose 67. Muscle contraction is accomplished by a mechanism known as the cross-bridge cycle, in which myosin heads bind to actin and cause the actin filaments to move across the myosin filaments. Which of the following is capable of providing the energy needed for this process? A. ATP B. FAD C. NAD+ D. enzymes 68. The digestive enzyme pepsin works in the acidic environment of the stomach to hydrolyze peptide bonds. On which of the following macromolecules does pepsin act? A. carbohydrate B. protein C. DNA D. lipid 69. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) uses RNA, rather than DNA, to encode genetic information. During infection, however, HIV uses an enzyme known as reverse transcriptase to generate double-stranded DNA. Generally speaking, how would the enzyme generate a double strand of DNA from a single strand of RNA? A. Reverse transcriptase first catalyzes the synthesis of a DNA copy from the viral RNA, and then catalyzes the synthesis of a second strand of DNA complementary to the first one. B. Reverse transcriptase first catalyzes the synthesis of a RNA copy from the viral DNA, and then catalyzes the synthesis of a second strand of RNA complementary to the first one. C. Reverse transcriptase first catalyzes the synthesis of a DNA copy from the viral RNA, and then catalyzes the synthesis of a second strand of RNA complementary to the first one. 70. You have recently identified a novel protein. After obtaining the protein sequence you realize that this protein contains several motifs and domains. How might this information help you to determine the function of your new protein? A. All motifs and domains have a calatogued structure and function. Therefore, identification of such structures in the new protein will easily determine its function. B. Motifs and domains are patterns that exist in protein structure and are often associated with particular functions. Therefore, identification of such sites can provide insight into possible functions of the unknown protein. C. This information would not likely aid in determining the function of the new protein. Chapter 03 Key 1. The special molecules that have large structures and characteristically made by living organisms are known as ________. A. macromolecules B. polysaccharides C. proteins D. carbon Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #1 Section: 3.01 Topic: General 2. Organic molecules contain a specific carbon-based core to which specific groups of atoms with definite chemical properties are attached. These groups of atoms are called ________ groups. A. carbon B. extension C. functional D. chemical Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #2 Section: 3.01 Topic: Chemistry 3. Three of the four macromolecules present in living systems are ________ which means they are built by linking together small, similar chemical monomers. A. polymers B. functional C. evolved D. carbon-based Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #3 Section: 3.01 Topic: Chemistry 4. Proteins that can carry out catalysis in organisms are called ______. A. catalysts B. reactants C. cofactors D. enzymes Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #4 Section: 3.01 Topic: General 5. In _________ the average chain length of amylose is much greater and there are more branches than in plant starch. A. proteins B. cellulose C. glucose D. glycogen Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #5 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 6. A modified form of cellulose found in the exoskeletons of insects and crustaceans is known as _______. A. chitin B. glucose C. protein D. glycogen Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #6 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 7. Non-polarity and insolubility characterize biological compounds known as _______. A. carbohydrates B. lipids C. proteins D. nucleic acids Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #7 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 8. __________ are polymers containing up to 20 different kinds of naturally occurring amino acids. A. lipids B. proteins C. carbohydrates D. nucleic acids Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #8 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 9. The covalent bonds connecting monomer units in sugars can be formed by the removal of a water molecule. A reaction referred to as ________________. A. conjunction B. hydration C. dehydration D. condensation Blooms Level: Remember Figure: 3.05 Raven - Chapter 03 #9 Section: 3.01 Topic: Chemistry 10. This atom in its unbound state has four valent electrons. These electrons readily form single, double, and even triple bonds among themselves to become stable. This atom is A. carbon. B. hydrogen. C. oxygen. D. nitrogen. E. phosphorus. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #10 Section: 3.01 Topic: Chemistry 11. Macromolecules are disassembled in ____________ reactions. A. anabolic B. hydrolysis C. radioactive D. denaturation E. dehydration Blooms Level: Remember Figure: 3.05 Raven - Chapter 03 #11 Section: 3.01 Topic: Chemistry 12. Relatively small organic molecules a with central carbon atom which is bonded to a carboxyl group, an amino group, a carbon containing group, and a hydrogen atom are called A. amino acids. B. fatty acids. C. enzymes. D. peptides. E. nucleotides. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #12 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 13. Macromolecules that are used by organisms to store hereditary information are called A. transfer RNA molecules. B. messenger RNA molecules. C. ribosomal RNA molecules. D. amino acids molecules. E. DNA molecules. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #13 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 14. DNA, RNA, and ATP contain functional units known as A. peptides. B. enzymes. C. amino acids. D. nucleotides. E. fatty acids. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #14 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 15. Which of the following is not a property of carbon? A. It can form single, double, and even triple bonds with itself. B. It can be built into rings and long chains. C. It constitutes the backbones of an incredible variety of molecules. D. All compounds made from carbon are soluble in water. E. All organic molecules contain carbon atoms. Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #15 Section: 3.01 Topic: General 16. Which of the following is not a macromolecule? A. carbohydrates B. water C. nucleic acids D. proteins E. lipids Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #16 Section: 3.01 Topic: General 17. All of the following are examples of functional groups in cells except A. -CH3. B. -COOH. C. -H2O. D. -NH2. E. -OH. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #17 Section: 3.01 Topic: General 18. Carbohydrates are polymers formed of structural units called A. amino acids. B. fatty acids. C. nucleic acids. D. phosphate groups. E. monosaccharides. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #18 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 19. Proteins are polymers formed of structural units called A. fatty acids. B. amino acids. C. nucleic acids. D. phosphate groups. E. sugars. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #19 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 20. Lipids are the only class of macromolecules that contain A. amino acids. B. nucleic acids. C. fatty acids. D. phosphate groups. E. sugars. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #20 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 21. Nucleic acids are polymers formed of building blocks that contain A. amino acids. B. fatty acids. C. sugars. D. rings of nitrogen bases. E. peptide bonds. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #21 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 22. The simplest and the most common monosaccharide is a six-carbon sugar called A. galactose. B. lactose. C. cellulose. D. glucose. E. sucrose. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #22 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 23. Humans are unable to get metabolic energy from cellulose because A. cellulose contains very little chemical energy. B. cellulose is not part of a normal diet. C. cellulose digesting enzymes are absent. D. cellulose does not taste good. E. cellulose is present in large quantities in the gut. Blooms Level: Understand Raven - Chapter 03 #23 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 24. Chitin, a modified form of cellulose, is not only cross-linked with proteins but also its glucose units are modified with atoms of A. nitrogen. B. hydrogen. C. oxygen. D. sulfur. E. phosphorous. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #24 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 25. Which of the following is not a type of lipid? A. fat B. chitin C. cholesterol D. terpenes E. prostaglandins Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #25 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 26. Which of the following macromolecules are characteristically water-insoluble? A. proteins B. nucleic acids C. carbohydrates D. lipids E. enzymes Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #26 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 27. A common lipid for energy storage is A. phospholipid. B. steroid. C. triglycerides. D. cholesterol. E. wax. Blooms Level: Remember Figure: 3.29 Raven - Chapter 03 #27 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 28. Three fatty acids bonded together with a glycerol are found in a(n) A. alcohol. B. enzyme. C. phospholipid. D. chlorophyll pigment. E. triglyceride. Blooms Level: Remember Figure: 3.29 Raven - Chapter 03 #28 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 29. Biological membranes contain bilayers of which of the following lipids? A. phospholipids B. oils C. prostaglandins D. triglycerides E. cholesterol Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #29 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 30. Which of the following lipid classes is found in Chlorophyll, retina of the vertebrate eye, and synthetic rubber? A. phospholipid B. terpene C. steroid D. prostaglandin E. wax Blooms Level: Remember Figure: 3.28 Raven - Chapter 03 #30 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 31. Which of the following is not a protein? A. enzyme B. antibody C. keratin D. pectin E. collagen Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #31 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 32. Proteins possess all of the following functions except A. structure. B. metabolism. C. encode genetic information. D. membrane transport. E. cell recognition. Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #32 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 33. Functional groups found in amino acids include all of the following except A. -NH2. B. phosphate. C. -COOH. D. -OH. E. alkyl (linked multiple carbons with hydrogens). Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #33 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 34. A chain of amino acids linked together end-to-end can only be found in a A. membrane lipid. B. nucleic acid. C. polysaccharide. D. polypeptide. E. starch. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #34 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 35. The specific amino acid sequence in a protein is its A. zero order structure. B. primary structure. C. secondary structure. D. tertiary structure. E. quaternary structure. Blooms Level: Remember Figure: 3.22 Raven - Chapter 03 #35 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 36. Alpha helix and beta pleated sheets are examples of which level of protein structure? A. zero order B. primary C. secondary D. tertiary E. quaternary Blooms Level: Remember Figure: 3.22 Raven - Chapter 03 #36 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 37. Denaturation, a process in which a protein loses its native shape and function, is likely to be caused by all of the following except A. being transported from one cell to another in a living organism. B. pH change. C. temperature change. D. ionic concentration change. E. increase in hydrogen ion concentration. Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #37 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 38. The information storage molecules of cells are called A. fatty acids. B. membrane lipids. C. enzymes. D. hormones. E. nucleic acids. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #38 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 39. Which of the following is not a component of nucleic acids? A. a five-carbon sugar B. a six-carbon sugar C. a phosphate group D. phosphodiester bonds E. an organic nitrogen containing base Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #39 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 40. The nitrogen base not found in DNA is called A. adenine. B. cytosine. C. guanine. D. thymine. E. uracil. Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #40 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 41. Which of the following is not found in RNA? A. adenine B. cytosine C. guanine D. thymine E. uracil Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #41 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 42. Fructose and galactose all have the same six carbon atoms, twelve hydrogen atoms, and six oxygen atoms, just as glucose. A friend of yours says to you, "Since two of those sugars have the same number of atoms, they should all have the same name." You answer, "Yes. They do have the same atoms and the numbers are the same; however, A. they are all polysaccharides and have slightly different functions within organisms and therefore have different names." B. they are named differently because of their quaternary structures, which is very important in carbohydrates, especially glucose." C. they are named differently because when heated above their optimal temperature they become denatured and will not react with their substrates." D. they are named differently because they are involved in different DNA nucleotide formation." E. they are named differently because they are alternate forms of the monosaccharide, glucose." Blooms Level: Apply Raven - Chapter 03 #42 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 43. Carbohydrates contain 4 calories per gram, proteins contain 4 calories per gram, and fats contain 9 calories per gram. There is a food that contains 108 calories per serving. There are 4 grams of carbohydrate, 5 grams of protein, and 8 grams of fat in a serving. Which of the following represents the calories for fat? A. 20 B. 16 C. 72 D. 18 Blooms Level: Apply Raven - Chapter 03 #43 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 44. Four of the following five choices are functions of carbohydrates. Select the exception. A. Chitin is a carbohydrate that is used in insects and other arthropods in the structures of their exoskeletons. B. Starch is a carbohydrate that is used by some plants as a way to store glucose. C. Glycogen is a carbohydrate that is used by animals as a way to store glucose. D. Cellulose is a carbohydrate that serves a structural function in plants. E. Glucose is a carbohydrate that is utilized by all life forms in the construction of nucleotides. Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #44 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 45. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disorder that is caused by a mutation that prevents various ions from moving across cell membranes. Normally there are proteins that allow passage of the ions, but in CF these proteins seemed to be disabled. Researchers have found that one explanation of this has to do with A. the chaperone proteins are missing or are not functioning and, thus, the correct folding of the proteins are prevented from occurring. B. the proteins are denatured and as a result become disabled, which prevents the correct interface with the substrate, effectively blocking ion transfer. C. the chaperone proteins are bound with the ions at the cell membrane surface and cannot release to aid the unfolded proteins. D. the proteins are disabled because of the pH change at the cell membrane surface caused by the accumulated ions. E. the chaperone proteins and the proteins are unable to segregate themselves because of the lower pH environment produced by the ionic gradient created on the cell membrane. Blooms Level: Understand Figure: 3.24 Raven - Chapter 03 #45 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 46. Imagine that you were able to see a nucleotide under a very special microscope. As you scan the nucleotide you see a U nitrogen base. Without seeing any other part of the nucleotide you know that A. it is a DNA nucleotide. B. it is an RNA nucleotide. C. it is either a DNA nucleotide or an RNA nucleotide. D. you will need to continue to scan for more clues, such as the type of sugar associated with it, to be able to determine which type of nucleotide it is. Blooms Level: Understand Raven - Chapter 03 #46 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 47. Imagine that you were able to see a nucleotide under a very special microscope. As you scan the nucleotide you see a T nitrogen base. Without seeing any other part of the nucleotide you know that A. it is a DNA nucleotide. B. it is a RNA nucleotide. C. it is a either a DNA nucleotide or an RNA nucleotide. D. you will need to continue to scan for more clues, such as the type of sugar associated with it, to be able to determine which type of nucleotide it is. Blooms Level: Understand Raven - Chapter 03 #47 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 48. DNA and RNA are similar in some respects and different in others. Which of the following statements is not accurate about their similarities? A. Both DNA and RNA nucleotides contain the nitrogen bases adenine, cytosine, and guanine. B. Both DNA and RNA always double helices. C. Both DNA and RNA contain monosaccharide sugars on their respective nucleotides. D. Both DNA and RNA are involved in the "Central Dogma" of biology. E. Both DNA and RNA contain phosphate groups on their respective nucleotides. Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #48 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 49. All of the following are examples of monomer: polymer pairings except A. amino acids: polypeptides. B. monosaccharides: polypeptide. C. nucleotides: DNA. D. glucose: starch. E. fatty acids: triglycerides. Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #49 Section: 3.01 Topic: General 50. Which of the following would not be an example of protein use in a living organism? A. synthesis of macromolecules B. muscle contraction C. recognition of "self" in immune reactions D. stores information E. forms hair Blooms Level: Apply Raven - Chapter 03 #50 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 51. Proteins are created with A. phosphodiester bonds B. peptide bonds C. a phosphate and two fatty acids bonded to glycerol D. sugar polymers Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #51 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 52. Phospholipids are created with A. phosphodiester bonds B. peptide bonds C. a phosphate and two fatty acids bonded to glycerol D. sugar polymers Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #52 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 53. Carbohydrates are created with A. phosphodiester bonds B. peptide bonds C. a phosphate and two fatty acids bonded to glycerol D. sugar polymers Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #53 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 54. Which of the following best describes an enzyme? A. reacts with other enzymes to form a product B. catalyzes chemical reactions C. structural protein D. inorganic cofactor Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #54 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 55. Nucleic acids are created with A. phosphodiester bonds B. peptide bonds C. a phosphate and two fatty acids bonded to glycerol D. sugar polymers Blooms Level: Remember Raven - Chapter 03 #55 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 56. The oxidation of glucose (C6H12O6) by cellular respiration is an example of a dehydration reaction. A simplified version of this reaction can be written as A. 6H2O + 6CO2 (C6H12O6 + 6O2. B. C6H12O6 + 6O2 ( 6H2O + 6CO2. C. C6H12O6 (6H2O + 6CO2. D. C6H12O6 + 6O2 ( 6CO2C. Blooms Level: Understand Raven - Chapter 03 #56 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 57. Which of the following is a DNA sequence capable of pairing with CGATTAGT? A. GCTAATCA B. CGATTAGT C. GCUAAUCA D. CGAUUAGT Blooms Level: Apply Raven - Chapter 03 #57 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 58. You recently identified a novel protein that contains several membrane-spanning domains. Which of amino acids would you expect to be most common in these domains? A. nonpolar B. polar uncharged C. charged D. aromatic Blooms Level: Apply Raven - Chapter 03 #58 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 59. L-lysine is an essential amino acid and must be supplied in the diet. By comparison, the stereoisomer Dlysine is not biologically active. Why can your body only utilize one form? A. Since the L form and D form are enantiomers, they will bind together and inhibit utilization of the D form. B. Since the L form and D form are chiral molecules, they will bind together and inhibit utilization of the D form. C. Antibodies recognize the D form and destroy it before your body can use it for nutritional purposes. D. Enzymes can only recognize a single, specific stereoisomer. Blooms Level: Understand Raven - Chapter 03 #59 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 60. People who are lactose intolerant can often consume some products made from milk such as cheese and yogurt. By comparison, people with a true milk allergy, which involves an immune response to milk protein, cannot consume milk or products made from milk. Given this information, which of the following statements is true? A. The protein that causes a true milk allergy is lactose. B. All people who are lactose intolerant are also allergic to milk. C. Yogurt contains live and active cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria and therefore prevents an allergic response in people with a true milk allergy. D. Lactose is a carbohydrate, not a protein and is therefore not the cause of true milk allergies. Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #60 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 61. Egg whites consist primarily of water and the protein albumin. When you fry an egg, why does the egg white turn from clear to white? A. The protein becomes dissociated. B. The protein acquires tertiary structure. C. The protein becomes denatured. D. The protein becomes dehydrated. Blooms Level: Understand Raven - Chapter 03 #61 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 62. Margarine is made by hydrogenating vegetable oils so that they take on the consistency of butter. Which of the following is the chemical basis for this change from a liquid to a solid? A. Fats are changed from unsaturated to saturated, allowing them to solidify. B. Fats are changed from saturated to unsaturated, allowing them to solidify. C. Trans-fatty acids are changed from unsaturated to saturated, allowing them to solidify. D. Trans fatty acids are changed from saturated to unsaturated, allowing them to solidify. Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #62 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 63. Vitamin D can be synthesized by the body from a derivative of cholesterol. Given this information, which of the following statements about the solubility of vitamin D is true? A. Vitamin D is water-soluble. B. Vitamin D is fat-soluble. C. Vitamin D is soluble in both water and fat. D. Vitamin D is not soluble in either water or fat. Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #63 Section: 3.05 Topic: General 64. You arrive late to a biological seminar. However, just as you enter the room, you hear the speaker referring to the "amino end" and the "carboxyl end" of a macromolecule. Immediately, you know that they are talking about a A. carbohydrate. B. protein. C. DNA. D. lipid. Blooms Level: Understand Raven - Chapter 03 #64 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 65. You arrive late to a biological seminar. However, just as you enter the room, you hear the speaker referring to the "five-prime end" and the "three-prime end" of a macromolecule. Immediately, you know that they are talking about a A. carbohydrate. B. protein. C. DNA. D. lipid. Blooms Level: Understand Raven - Chapter 03 #65 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 66. Which of the following would not contain polymers of b-glucose? A. cellulose B. wood C. paper D. amylose Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #66 Section: 3.02 Topic: General 67. Muscle contraction is accomplished by a mechanism known as the cross-bridge cycle, in which myosin heads bind to actin and cause the actin filaments to move across the myosin filaments. Which of the following is capable of providing the energy needed for this process? A. ATP B. FAD C. NAD+ D. enzymes Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #67 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 68. The digestive enzyme pepsin works in the acidic environment of the stomach to hydrolyze peptide bonds. On which of the following macromolecules does pepsin act? A. carbohydrate B. protein C. DNA D. lipid Blooms Level: Evaluate Raven - Chapter 03 #68 Section: 3.04 Topic: General 69. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) uses RNA, rather than DNA, to encode genetic information. During infection, however, HIV uses an enzyme known as reverse transcriptase to generate double-stranded DNA. Generally speaking, how would the enzyme generate a double strand of DNA from a single strand of RNA? A. Reverse transcriptase first catalyzes the synthesis of a DNA copy from the viral RNA, and then catalyzes the synthesis of a second strand of DNA complementary to the first one. B. Reverse transcriptase first catalyzes the synthesis of a RNA copy from the viral DNA, and then catalyzes the synthesis of a second strand of RNA complementary to the first one. C. Reverse transcriptase first catalyzes the synthesis of a DNA copy from the viral RNA, and then catalyzes the synthesis of a second strand of RNA complementary to the first one. Blooms Level: Understand Raven - Chapter 03 #69 Section: 3.03 Topic: General 70. You have recently identified a novel protein. After obtaining the protein sequence you realize that this protein contains several motifs and domains. How might this information help you to determine the function of your new protein? A. All motifs and domains have a calatogued structure and function. Therefore, identification of such structures in the new protein will easily determine its function. B. Motifs and domains are patterns that exist in protein structure and are often associated with particular functions. Therefore, identification of such sites can provide insight into possible functions of the unknown protein. C. This information would not likely aid in determining the function of the new protein. Blooms Level: Understand Figure: 3.23 Raven - Chapter 03 #70 Topic: General Chapter 03 Summary Category # of Questi ons Blooms Level: Appl 5 y Blooms Level: Eval 16 uate Blooms Level: Rem 38 ember Blooms Level: Und 11 erstand Figure: 3.05 2 Figure: 3.22 2 Figure: 3.23 1 Figure: 3.24 1 Figure: 3.28 1 Figure: 3.29 2 Raven - Chapter 03 70 Section: 3.01 11 Section: 3.02 12 Section: 3.03 15 Section: 3.04 20 Section: 3.05 11 Topic: Chemistry 5 Topic: General 65

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UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 04 - Test Bank: Cell StructureChapter 04Test Bank: Cell StructureMultiple Choice Questions1. Plasma _ encloses the cell and separates its contents from the surroundings.A. membraneB. vesicleC. voltageD. cellBloom's Level: RememberSection
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 05 - Test Bank: MembranesChapter 05Test Bank: MembranesMultiple Choice Questions1. The lipid layer that forms the foundation of cell membranes is primarily composed ofmolecules called _.A. phospholipidsB. fatsC. carbohydratesD. proteinsB
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 06 - Test Bank: Energy and MetabolismChapter 06Test Bank: Energy and MetabolismMultiple Choice Questions1. Each of the significant properties of a cell (its growth, reproduction, and responsiveness toits environment) requires _.A. energyB.
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 07 - Test Bank: How Cells Harvest EnergyChapter 07Test Bank: How Cells Harvest EnergyMultiple Choice Questions1. Organisms that can manufacture their own chemical energy sources are called_.A. autotrophsB. heterotrophsC. oligotrophsD. che
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 08 - Test Bank: PhotosynthesisChapter 08Test Bank: PhotosynthesisMultiple Choice Questions1. _ is the process by which certain organisms capture energy from sunlight anduse it to build energy-rich food molecules.A. MetabolismB. Photosynthes
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 09 - Test Bank: Cell CommunicationChapter 09Test Bank: Cell CommunicationMultiple Choice Questions1. _ among cells is a hallmark of multicellular organisms.A. CommunicationB. TransportC. LinkageD. IdentityBloom's Level: RememberSection:
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 10 - Test Bank: How Cells DivideChapter 10Test Bank: How Cells DivideMultiple Choice Questions1. Bacteria divide by binary _, in which the cell divides into two nearly equal halves.A. fissionB. mitosisC. duplicationD. codeBloom's Level: R
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 11 - Test Bank: Sexual Reproduction and MeiosisChapter 11Test Bank: Sexual Reproduction and MeiosisMultiple Choice Questions1. P. J. van Beneden proposed that an egg and a sperm, each containing half the complementof chromosomes found in soma
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 12 - Test Bank: Patterns of InheritanceChapter 12Test Bank: Patterns of InheritanceMultiple Choice Questions1. The first detailed and quantitative studies on inheritance were carried out by an Austrianmonk named _.A. MendelB. DarwinC. Mend
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 13 - Test Bank: Chromosomes Mapping and the Meiosis - Inheritance ConnectionChapter 13Test Bank: Chromosomes Mapping and the Meiosis - InheritanceConnectionMultiple Choice Questions1. A genetic _ contains the distances between the gene loci m
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 14 - Test Bank: DNA: The Genetic MaterialChapter 14Test Bank: DNA: The Genetic MaterialMultiple Choice Questions1. _ are viruses that attack bacteria.A. BacteriophagesB. HIVC. InfluenzaD. Common coldBloom's Level: RememberSection: 14.01
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 15 - Test Bank: Genes and How They WorkChapter 15Test Bank: Genes and How They WorkMultiple Choice Questions1. The essence of heredity is the ability of cells to use the information in their DNA to bringabout the production of particular _, t
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 16 - Test Bank: Control of Gene ExpressionChapter 16Test Bank: Control of Gene ExpressionMultiple Choice Questions1. In _ organisms, the primary function of a gene in a cell is to participate inregulating the body as a whole and not to respon
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 17 - Test Bank: BiotechnologyChapter 17Test Bank: BiotechnologyMultiple Choice Questions1. The most recent techniques developed in the biological sciences allow the manipulation ofDNA with the ultimate goal of intervening directly with the _
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 18 - Test Bank: GenomicsChapter 18Test Bank: GenomicsMultiple Choice Questions1. A _ consists of all of the DNA in a nucleus of a cell.A. genomeB. chromosomeC. geneD. proteinBloom's Level: RememberSection: 18.01Topic: Genetics2. _ maps
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 19 - Test Bank: Cellular Mechanisms of DevelopmentChapter 19Test Bank: Cellular Mechanisms of DevelopmentMultiple Choice Questions1. A fertilized egg is called a _.A. zygoteB. ovuleC. oocyteD. blastocystBloom's Level: RememberSection: 19
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 20 - Test Bank: Genes Within PopulationsChapter 20Test Bank: Genes Within PopulationsMultiple Choice Questions1. A _ locus exhibits more variation than is expected by mutation.A. polymorphicB. doubleC. mosaicD. allelicBloom's Level: Remem
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 21 - Test Bank: The Evidence for EvolutionChapter 21Test Bank: The Evidence for EvolutionMultiple Choice Questions1. Charles Darwin argued that evolution is accomplished by the process of natural selection.Which of the following is not import
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 22 - Test Bank: The Origin of SpeciesChapter 22Test Bank: The Origin of SpeciesFill in the Blank Questions1. The _ _ model assumes that evolution occurs in spurts, betweenwhich there are long periods of stasis with little evolutionary change.
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 23 - Test Bank: Systematics and the Phylogenetic RevolutionChapter 23Test Bank: Systematics and the Phylogenetic RevolutionFill in the Blank Questions1. The biological specialty that deals with the grouping and naming of organisms is calledta
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 24 - Test Bank: Genome EvolutionChapter 24Test Bank: Genome EvolutionFill in the Blank Questions1. Over long segments of chromosomes, the linear order of mouse and human genes is thesame. This is called conservation of _.syntenyBloom's Leve
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 25 - Test Bank: Evolution of DevelopmentChapter 25Test Bank: Evolution of DevelopmentFill in the Blank Questions1. The evolution of eyespots on butterfly wings shows that they were adapted from differentgenes in different species. This is an
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 26 - Test Bank: The Tree of LifeChapter 26Test Bank: The Tree of LifeFill in the Blank Questions1. The hypothesis of _ proposes that meteors or cosmic dust may have broughtcomplex organic molecules to Earth.panspermiaBloom's Level: Remember
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 27 - Test Bank: VirusesChapter 27Test Bank: VirusesFill in the Blank Questions1. Viruses are _-coated fragments of DNA or RNA that have become detached fromthe genomes of cells and have the ability to replicate themselves within cells.protei
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 28 - Test Bank: ProkaryotesChapter 28Test Bank: ProkaryotesFill in the Blank Questions1. Sedimentary deposits known as _ were formed by mats of ancient prokaryotesknown as cyanobacteria.stromatolitesBloom's Level: RememberSection: 28.01To
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 29 - Test Bank: ProtistsChapter 29Test Bank: ProtistsFill in the Blank Questions1. Protists move chiefly by either flagellar rotation or by cytoplasmic streaming called_ movement.pseudopodiaBloom's Level: UnderstandSection: 29.02Topic: Di
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 30 - Test Bank: Overview of Green PlantsChapter 30Test Bank: Overview of Green PlantsFill in the Blank Questions1. The first plants clearly evolved from an organism that, if it existed today, would beclassified as a multicellular green _.alg
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 31 - Test Bank: FungiChapter 31Test Bank: FungiFill in the Blank Questions1. Fungi are decomposers and obtain their food by _ the organic molecules releasedby the action of secreted enzymes.absorbingBloom's Level: RememberSection: 31.01To
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 32 - Test Bank: Overview of Animal DiversityChapter 32Test Bank: Overview of Animal DiversityFill in the Blank Questions1. Animals are multicellular heterotrophs and obtain their food by _.ingestionBloom's Level: RememberSection: 32.01Topi
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 33 - Test Bank: Noncoelomate InvertebratesChapter 33Test Bank: Noncoelomate InvertebratesFill in the Blank Questions1. In most Cnidarians, fertilized eggs give rise to free-swimming, multicellular, ciliatedlarvae, known as _.planulaBloom's
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 34 Test Bank: Coelomate InvertebratesChapter 34Test Bank: Coelomate InvertebratesFill in the Blank Questions1. A _ is a circular or U-shaped ridge around the mouth, bearing either one or tworows of ciliated, hollow tentacles.lophophoreBloom
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 35 - Test Bank: VertebratesChapter 35Test Bank: VertebratesFill in the Blank Questions1. An animal with a single hollow nerve cord, a flexible rod on the dorsal side of the primitivegut, and pharyngeal slits is a(n) _.chordateBloom's Level:
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 36 - Test Bank: Plant FormChapter 36Test Bank: Plant FormMultiple Choice Questions1. Plant cells that give rise to two cells, one of which is free to differentiate into various kindsof cells that contribute to the plant body, are calledA. en
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 37 - Test Bank: Vegetative Plant DevelopmentChapter 37Test Bank: Vegetative Plant DevelopmentMultiple Choice Questions1. Plant tissues that contain cells capable of repeated division and are found at the root andshoot apices are calledA. pri
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 38 - Test Bank: Transport in PlantsChapter 38Test Bank: Transport in PlantsMultiple Choice Questions1. The process by which water is "pulled" up through the xylem columns of plants andevaporated out of the leaves is calledA. root pressure.B
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 39 - Test Bank: Plant Nutrition and SoilsChapter 39Test Bank: Plant Nutrition and SoilsMultiple Choice Questions1. Plants can remove harmful chemicals from the soil by the process ofA. glandular secretion by leaves.B. CO2 activation.C. phyt
UMiami - BIO - 1011
Chapter 40 - Test Bank: Plant Defense ResponsesChapter 40Test Bank: Plant Defense ResponsesMultiple Choice Questions1. _ occurs when a chemical signal secreted by the roots of one plant blocks thegermination of nearby seeds or inhibits the growth of
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Apostle Says Religious FreedomIs Being ThreatenedMy dear young friends, I am pleased to speak to this BYU-Idahoaudience. I am conscious that I am also speaking to many in otherplaces. In this time of the Internet, what we say in one place isinstantly
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Kip HackingChapter #11 Test Review1. Pre-Modern- reality is invisible (spiritual) & unknowable except by revelation (or enlightenment)everything you see is imperfect you cannot know truth unless told by God2. Epistemology- (study of how we know) super
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Kip HackingRebel Assignment1. During the past 40 years, Americans have watched as hip moved from asuspicious-looking counterculture to a consumer-driven mandate. It has becomeour national currency, our social deity. Everyone from Tina Brown to Target
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 1 Text AssignmentNew World Beginnings, 33,000 B.C.-A.D. 1769READ pages 1-21, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) Bering Land Bridge- It was a land bridge that connected Eurasia with North America in thearea of pres
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 1 Text AssignmentNew World Beginnings, 33,000 B.C.-A.D. 1769READ pages 1-21, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) Bering Land Bridge2.) Hiawatha3.) Iroquois Confederacy4.) Marco Polo5.) Vasco de Gama6.) Ferdinan
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 2 Text AssignmentThe Planting of English America, 1500-1733READ pages 23-39, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) King Henry VIII- He was the King of England who broke with the Roman Catholic church in 1530s. Thisla
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 2 Text AssignmentThe Planting of English America, 1500-1733READ pages 23-39, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.)2.)3.)4.)5.)6.)7.)8.)9.)10.)11.)12.)King Henry VIIIQueen ElizabethSir Walter RaleighPrim
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Kip HackingPeriod 3Chapter 3 Text AssignmentSettling the Northern Colonies, 1619-1700READ pages 41-61, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) Mayflower Compact- It was a simple agreement to form a crude government and to sub
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 3 Text AssignmentSettling the Northern Colonies, 1619-1700READ pages 41-61, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) Mayflower Compact2.) William Bradford3.) Great Migration (1630s)4.) John Winthrop5.) Anne Hutchinso
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 4 TextAmerican Life in the Seventeenth Century, 1607-1692READpages6278,definethefollowingtermsunderstandingtheirsignificance:1.)2.)3.)4.)5.)6.)7.)8.)1.)Headright System- Under its terms, whoever paid the passage of a laborer received t
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 4 TextAmerican Life in the Seventeenth Century, 1607-1692READpages6278,definethefollowingtermsunderstandingtheirsignificance:1.)2.)3.)4.)5.)6.)7.)8.)1.)Headright SystemNathaniel BaconBacons RebellionMiddle PassageHarvard CollegeWi
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Kip HackingPeriod 3Chapter 5 TextColonial Society on the Eve of Revolution, 1700-1775READ pages 80-99, define the following terms understanding their significance:1.)2.)Great Awakening- This was the 1st rousing religious revival. It exploded in 173
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Kip HackingPeriod 3Chapter 5 TextColonial Society on the Eve of Revolution, 1700-1775READ pages 80-99, define the following terms understanding their significance:1.)2.)Great Awakening3.)Jonathan Edwards4.)Triangular TradeGeorge Whitefield
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
AP VocabularyChapters 1 -5American PageantMr. Frauselhttp:/www.vailhs.net/downloads/6AP%20Vocabulary%20Ch.%201-5.docMarco Polo - Italian explorer; spent many years in China or near it; his return to Europe in 1295sparked a European interest in findi
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 6 Text AssignmentThe Dual For North America, 1608-1763READ pages 101-117, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) Edict of Nantes (1598)- It was issued by the French crown, and granted limited tolerationto the French P
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 6 Text AssignmentThe Dual For North America, 1608-1763READ pages 101-117, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) Edict of Nantes (1598)- It was issued by the French crown, and granted limited tolerationto the French P
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 7 Text AssignmentThe Road To Revolution, 1763-1775READ pages 119-137, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.)2.)3.)4.)5.)6.)7.)8.)9.)10.)11.)12.)13.)14.)15.)16.)17.)18.)19.)20.)21.)22.)Mercantilism
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 7 Text AssignmentThe Road To Revolution, 1763-1775READ pages 119-137, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.)2.)3.)4.)5.)6.)7.)8.)9.)10.)11.)12.)13.)14.)15.)16.)17.)18.)19.)20.)21.)22.)23.)24.)25
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 8 Text AssignmentAmerica Secedes From The Empire, 1775-1783READ pages 139-157, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) 2nd Continental Congress- All the 13 colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia on May10, 1775.
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 8 Text AssignmentAmerica Secedes From The Empire, 1775-1783READ pages 139-157, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) 2nd Continental Congress- All the 13 colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia on May10, 1775.
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 9 Text AssignmentThe Confederation and the Constitution, 1776-1790READ pages 159-180, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) Civic Virtue- The idea that democracy depended on the unselfish commitment of eachcitizen to
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Chapter 9 Text AssignmentThe Confederation and the Constitution, 1776-1790READ pages 159-180, define the following terms and understand their significance:1.) Civic Virtue2.) Fundamental Law3.) Bills of Rights4.) Articles of Confederation5.) Old No
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Declaration of IndependenceREAD the Declaration of Independence and answer the following questions using the actual language ofthe Declaration when appropriate.Be Prepared to discuss any of the following issues intelligently in class.1.)Which truths
Brigham Young University, Hawaii - HISTORY - AP US
Declaration of IndependenceREAD the Declaration of Independence and answer the following questions using the actual language ofthe Declaration when appropriate.Be Prepared to discuss any of the following issues intelligently in class.1.)Which truths