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MODULE # 11 INTAKE AND OUTPUT MEASUREMENT OBJECTIVE To be able to measure correctly and keep accurate records of patients fluid intake and output. THE USE OF THIS SKILL Many illnesses cause changes in the bodys ability to maintain fluid balance. Intake can be decreased as a result of anorexia, nausea, vomiting and many other conditions. Output can be altered by various disease processes in the body, especially kidney and heart problems. Many health conditions require a careful measurement of both intake and output for proper patient assessment. A record of this measurement is maintained for the use of all health team members including caregiver. INITIATING MEASUREMENT A patients fluid intake and fluid output may be measured for a variety of reasons. This specific information may be important to a complete and accurate assessment. The physicians may order that intake and output be measured for any of these reasons or for diagnosis and treatment progress. Most post-operative patients and patients with indwelling catheters are these reasons or for diagnosis and treatment progress.... View Full Document

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