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Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________ ID: A 1 Chapter 21 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. At the Congress of Vienna, the Austrian representative Prince Metternich pursued the policy of legitimacy, meaning a. he wished to legitimate the French defeat. b. he sought legitimate control over central Europe to benefit Austria. c. wishing to restore legitimate monarchs on their thrones, preserving traditional institutions and values. d. he sought legitimate proof of England's economic and industrial support of Austria. e. he demanded that the state churches, Catholic or Protestant, become the primary rulers throughout all of Europe. ____ 2. After Napoleon's defeat, the Quadruple Alliance a. sent troops to sack Paris. b. restored the old Bourbon monarchy to France in the person of Louis XVIII. c. returned Corsica to Italian control. d. delivered an ultimatum to the pope demanding full control over all of Italy. e. declared war against the Ottoman Empire. ____ 3. The Congress of Vienna a. gave Prussia complete control over Polish lands. b. created policies that would maintain the European balance of power. c. failed to achieve long-lasting peace among European nations. d. treated France leniently following Napoleon's One Hundred Days. e. sanctioned the political power of the bourgeoisie. ____ 4. The foreign minister and diplomat who dominated the Congress of Vienna was a. Klemens von Metternich. b. Prince Talleyrand. c. Tsar Alexander I. d. Napoleon. e. Duke of Wellington. ____ 5. Klemens von Metternich a. supported much of the revolutionary ideology after Napoleon's defeat. b. thought that a free press was necessary to maintain the status quo. c. had little influence because of his extreme conservatism. d. was anti-religious and supported atheistic causes. e. believed European monarchs shared the common interest of stability. Name: ________________________ ID: A 2 ____ 6. Conservatism, the dominant political philosophy following the fall of Napoleon a. was rejected by the Congress of Vienna as inappropriate in the new liberal age. b. expressed that individual rights remained the best guide for human order. c. was exemplified by Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France , emphasizing the dangers of radical and "rational" political change. d. was too radical for Joseph de Maistre, the French spokesman for evolutionary conservatism. e. advocated the creation of oligarchic republics. ____ 7. At its most elementary Burkean level, conservatism a. sought to preserve the achievements of previous generations by subordinating individual rights to communal welfare.... View Full Document

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