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1 0.75 Question out of 0.75 points Animations that grafted emotion-conveying faces onto toy trains have been developed to alleviate symptoms of Answer Selected Register to View Answerautism. Correct Register to View Answerautism. Question 2 0.75 out of 0.75 points The Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky suggested that children's ability to solve prob lems is enhanced by Answer Selected Register to View Answerinner speech. Correct Register to View Answerinner speech. Question 3 0.75 out of 0.75 points According to Piaget, egocentrism is to conservation as the ________ stage is to the ________ stage. Answer Selected Register to View Answerpreoperational; concrete operational Correct Register to View Answerpreoperational; concrete operational Question 4 0.75 out of 0.75 points Psychologist Simon Baron-Cohen has proposed that autism is indicative of an inborn Answer Selected Register to View Answermale systemizing tendency. Correct Register to View Answermale systemizing tendency. Question 5 0.75 out of 0.75 points Already at 15 months of age, Justin strongly senses that he can rely on his father to comfort and protect him. According to Erikson, this most clearly contributes to Answer Selected Register to View Answerbasic trust. Correct Register to View Answerbasic trust. Question 6 0 out of 0.75 points Nature is to nurture as ________ is to ________. Answer Selected Register to View Answerheredity; maturation Correct Register to View Answertemperament; responsive parenting Question 7 0 out of 0.75 points Edith abuses both her 3-year-old and 1-year-old daughters. Her behavior is most likely related to a lack of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeran early and secure attachment to her own parents. Question 8 0.75 out of 0.75 points Which of the following factors contributes most positively to the development of secure attachment between human infants and their mothers? Answer Selected Register to View Answerresponsive parenting Correct Register to View Answerresponsive parenting Question 9 0.75 out of 0.75 points The heart begins to beat during the ________ period of prenatal development. Answer Selected Register to View Answerembryonic Correct Register to View Answerembryonic Question 10 0 out of 0.75 points The placenta develops from the outer cells of the Answer Selected Register to View Answerembryo. Correct Register to View Answerzygote. Question 11 0 out of 0.75 points A belief that adult personality is completely determined in early childhood would be most relevant to the issue of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerstability and change. Question 12 0 out of 0.75 points One of the three major concerns of developmental psychology involves a focus on Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answercontinuity and stages. Question 13 0 out of 0.75 points A failure to practice important motor skills can result in a loss of agility because unused neural connections Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerare pruned. Question 14 0 out of 0.75 points Habituation refers to the Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerdecreasing responsiveness to a stimulus to which one is repeatedly exposed. Question 15 0 out of 0.75 points A reflex refers to Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeran automatic response to sensory stimulation. Question 16 0 out of 0.75 points French toddlers preferred playing with chamomile-scented toys if Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answertheir mothers had once used a skin balm with a chamomile scent. Question 17 0 out of 0.75 points Object permanence is the understanding that Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthings continue to exist even when they are not perceived. Question 18 0 out of 0.75 points Incorrectly assuming that something that is clearly understood by us will also be clearly understood by others illustrates Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthe curse of knowledge. Question 19 0 out of 0.75 points Which psychologist was most influential in shaping our understanding of cognitive de velopment? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerJean Piaget Question 20 0 out of 0.75 points Incorporating new information into existing theories is to ________ as modifying existing theories in light of new information is to ________. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerassimilation; accommodation Question 1 0.75 out of 0.75 points Newborns have been observed to show the greatest visual interest in a Answer Selected Register to View Answerfacelike image. Correct Register to View Answerfacelike image. Question 2 0.75 out of 0.75 points Mr. Hersch triggered a rooting reflex in his infant son by touching him on the Answer Selected Register to View Answercheek. Correct Register to View Answercheek. Question 3 0.75 out of 0.75 points Babies are born with several reflexes for getting food. One of these is to Answer Selected Register to View Answeropen the mouth in search of a nipple when touched on the cheek. Correct Register to View Answeropen the mouth in search of a nipple when touched on the cheek. Question 4 0.75 out of 0.75 points Horace, the youngest child of a high school athletic director, was able to roll over at 3 months, crawl at 6 months, and walk at 12 months. This ordered sequence of motor de velopment was largely due to Answer Selected Register to View Answermaturation. Correct Register to View Answermaturation. Question 5 0.75 out of 0.75 points Children for whom amniotic fluid analysis indicated high prenatal testosterone develop more Answer Selected Register to View Answerautistic traits. Correct Register to View Answerautistic traits. Question 6 0.75 out of 0.75 points Piaget emphasized how the child's mind grows through interaction with the physical en vironment. Vygotsky emphasized how the child's mind grows through Answer Selected Register to View Answersocial mentoring. Correct Register to View Answersocial mentoring. Question 7 0.75 out of 0.75 points According to Piaget, children come to understand that the volume of a substance re mains constant despite changes in its shape during the ________ stage. Answer Selected Register to View Answerconcrete operational Correct Register to View Answerconcrete operational Question 8 0.75 out of 0.75 points Animations that grafted emotion-conveying faces onto toy trains have been developed to alleviate symptoms of Answer Selected Register to View Answerautism. Correct Register to View Answerautism. Question 9 0.75 out of 0.75 points Four-year-old Jennifer mistakenly believes that her mother would like to receive a toy doll as a Christmas present. This best illustrates Piaget's concept of Answer Selected Register to View Answeregocentrism. Correct Register to View Answeregocentrism. Question 10 0.75 out of 0.75 points Interpreting new experiences in terms of existing schemas is called Answer Selected Register to View Answerassimilation. Correct Register to View Answerassimilation. Question 11 0.75 out of 0.75 points When researcher Karen Wynn showed 5-month-old infants a numerically impossible outcome, the infants Answer Selected Register to View Answerstared longer at the outcome. Correct Register to View Answerstared longer at the outcome. Question 12 0.75 out of 0.75 points According to Piaget, a child can represent things with words and images but cannot reason with logic during the ________ stage. Answer Selected Register to View Answerpreoperational Correct Register to View Answerpreoperational Question 13 0.75 out of 0.75 points Some mothers feed their infants when they show signs of hunger, whereas others fail to respond predictably to their infants' demands for food. These different maternal feeding practices are most likely to contribute to differences in infant Answer Selected Register to View Answerattachment. Correct Register to View Answerattachment. Question 14 0.75 out of 0.75 points Edith abuses both her 3-year-old and 1-year-old daughters. Her behavior is most likely related to a lack of Answer Selected Register to View Answeran early and secure attachment to her own parents. Correct Register to View Answeran early and secure attachment to her own parents. Question 15 0.75 out of 0.75 points Harlow observed that most monkeys raised in total isolation Answer Selected Register to View Answerwere incapable of mating upon reaching sexual maturity. Correct Register to View Answerwere incapable of mating upon reaching sexual maturity. Question 16 0.75 out of 0.75 points A critical period is a phase during which Answer Selected Register to View Answerexposure to certain experiences is needed for proper development. Correct Register to View Answerexposure to certain experiences is needed for proper development. Question 17 0.75 out of 0.75 points A belief that adult personality is completely determined in early childhood would be most relevant to the issue of Answer Selected Register to View Answerstability and change. Correct Register to View Answerstability and change. Question 18 0.75 out of 0.75 points The heart begins to beat during the ________ period of prenatal development. Answer Selected Register to View Answerembryonic Correct Register to View Answerembryonic Question 19 0.75 out of 0.75 points Alcohol may cause fetal damage by leaving chemical marks on DNA that switch genes abnormally on or off. This best illustrates Answer Selected Register to View Answeran epigenetic effect. Correct Register to View Answeran epigenetic effect. Question 20 0.75 out of 0.75 points A child's temperament is likely to be Answer Selected Register to View Answerstable over time. Correct Register to View Answerstable over time. Question 1 0.75 out of 0.75 points Psychologist Jonathan Haidt has described our moral intuitions as Answer Selected Register to View Answerquick gut feelings. Correct Register to View Answerquick gut feelings. Question 2 0.75 out of 0.75 points Fourteen-year-old Lisa was asked, What would happen if everyone in the world sud denly went blind? She responded, Those who had previously been blind would be come leaders. Lisa's answer indicates she is in the ________ stage of development. Answer Selected Register to View Answerformal operational Correct Register to View Answerformal operational Question 3 0.75 out of 0.75 points The corrupt behavior of many ordinary people who served as Nazi concentration camp guards best illustrates that immorality often results from Answer Selected Register to View Answersocial influence. Correct Register to View Answersocial influence. Question 4 0.75 out of 0.75 points Juanita suffers from a painful back condition. Smoking marijuana would reduce her pain, but she thinks it would be wrong because it is prohibited by the laws of her state. Juanita is demonstrating Kohlberg's ________ level of morality. Answer Selected Register to View Answerconventional Correct Register to View Answerconventional Question 5 0.75 out of 0.75 points Sixteen-year-old Brenda questions her parents' values but does not fully accept her friends' standards either. Her confusion about what she really wants and values in life suggests that Brenda is struggling with the problem of Answer Selected Register to View Answeridentity. Correct Register to View Answeridentity. Question 6 0.75 out of 0.75 points Physical abilities such as muscular strength, reaction time, sensory keenness, and car diac output reach their peak during Answer Selected Register to View Answerearly adulthood. Correct Register to View Answerearly adulthood. Question 7 0.75 out of 0.75 points Menopause refers to Answer Selected Register to View Answerthe cessation of menstruation. Correct Register to View Answerthe cessation of menstruation. Question 8 0.75 out of 0.75 points African infants have had a greater chance of survival if they have a living maternal grandmother who is without young children of her own. This fact has been used to sup port an evolutionary explanation of Answer Selected Register to View Answermenopause. Correct Register to View Answermenopause. Question 9 0.75 out of 0.75 points Most 20-year-olds outperform most 70-year-olds on video games due to age-related dif ferences in Answer Selected Register to View Answerinformation-processing speed. Correct Register to View Answerinformation-processing speed. Question 10 0 out of 0.75 points Between the middle of the last century and the early years of the current century Answer Selected Register to View Answerhuman birthrates have increased and life expectancy at birth has increased. Correct Register to View Answerhuman birthrates have decreased and life expectancy at birth has increased. Question 11 0.75 out of 0.75 points Aging cells may die without being replaced due to the shortening of Answer Selected Register to View Answertelomeres. Correct Register to View Answertelomeres. Question 12 0.75 out of 0.75 points A cross-sectional study is one in which Answer Selected Register to View Answerdifferent age groups are tested at the same time. Correct Register to View Answerdifferent age groups are tested at the same time. Question 13 0.75 out of 0.75 points Compared with when she was an adolescent, elderly Mrs. Packer is likely to experience a sad mood with Answer Selected Register to View Answerless intensity and for a longer time. Correct Register to View Answerless intensity and for a longer time. Question 14 0.75 out of 0.75 points Marie feels socially useful in her career as a financial investment advisor. Erik Erikson would have suggested that Marie experiences a sense of Answer Selected Register to View Answergenerativity. Correct Register to View Answergenerativity. Question 15 0.75 out of 0.75 points An integrated understanding of successful aging in terms of appropriate nutrition, family support, and an optimistic outlook is most clearly provided by Answer Selected Register to View Answera biopsychosocial approach. Correct Register to View Answera biopsychosocial approach. Question 16 0.75 out of 0.75 points When children grow up and leave home, mothers most frequently report feeling Answer Selected Register to View Answerhappy. Correct Register to View Answerhappy. Question 17 0.75 out of 0.75 points Brad and Jane exercise very little control over their two young children, and they usually allow them to do whatever they want. Psychologists would characterize Brad and Jane as ________ parents. Answer Selected Register to View Answerpermissive Correct Register to View Answerpermissive Question 18 0.75 out of 0.75 points Ten-year-old Heidi is maturing early and already towers over all the girls and most of the boys in her fifth-grade class. Heidi is likely to be Answer Selected Register to View Answerthe object of some teasing. Correct Register to View Answerthe object of some teasing. Question 19 0.75 out of 0.75 points The McDougals use harsh discipline on their children and demand unquestioning obedi ence. Psychologists are likely to characterize the McDougals as ________ parents. Answer Selected Register to View Answerauthoritarian Correct Register to View Answerauthoritarian Question 20 0.75 out of 0.75 points At age 12, Sean is happy, self-reliant, and has a positive self-image. It is most likely that Sean's parents are Answer Selected Register to View Answerauthoritative. Correct Register to View Answerauthoritative. Question 1 0.5 out of 0.5 points An impaired theory of mind is most closely associated with Answer Selected Register to View Answerautism. Correct Register to View Answerautism. Question 2 0.5 out of 0.5 points At about 8 months, children become increasingly likely to react to newcomers with tears and distress. This best illustrates Answer Selected Register to View Answerstranger anxiety. Correct Register to View Answerstranger anxiety. Question 3 0.5 out of 0.5 points One variation of autism spectrum disorder is characterized by normal intelligence, often accompanied by exceptional skill in a particular area, but deficient social and commu nication skills. This disorder is called Answer Selected Register to View AnswerAsperger syndrome. Correct Register to View AnswerAsperger syndrome. Question 4 0.5 out of 0.5 points Which of the following is correct? Answer Selected Register to View AnswerEarly maturing boys are more popular and self-assured than boys who mature late. Correct Register to View AnswerEarly maturing boys are more popular and self-assured than boys who mature late. Question 5 0.5 out of 0.5 points The Harlows' studies of attachment in monkeys showed that Answer Selected Register to View Answera cloth mother produced the greatest attachment response. Correct Register to View Answera cloth mother produced the greatest attachment response. Question 6 0.5 out of 0.5 points Adolescence is marked by the onset of Answer Selected Register to View Answerpuberty. Correct Register to View Answerpuberty. Question 7 0.5 out of 0.5 points According to Erikson, the central psychological challenges pertaining to adolescence, young adulthood, and middle age, respectively, are Answer Selected Register to View Answeridentity formation; intimacy; generativity. Correct Register to View Answeridentity formation; intimacy; generativity. Question 8 0.5 out of 0.5 points A developmental stage between adolescent dependence and responsible adulthood is called Answer Selected Register to View Answeremerging adulthood. Correct Register to View Answeremerging adulthood. Question 9 0.5 out of 0.5 points In teen calls to hotline counseling services, the most discussed topic is Answer Selected Register to View Answerpeer relationships. Correct Register to View Answerpeer relationships. Question 10 0.5 out of 0.5 points Compared with their counterparts of 40 years ago, American men today are marrying Answer Selected Register to View Answerat an older age and American women are marrying at an older age. Correct Register to View Answerat an older age and American women are marrying at an older age. Question 11 0.5 out of 0.5 points When children grow up and leave home, mothers most frequently report feeling Answer Selected Register to View Answerhappy. Correct Register to View Answerhappy. Question 12 0.5 out of 0.5 points One study of 4 1/2- to 6-year-old children in 10 American cities found that the children's rate of aggressiveness was influenced more by ________ than by the amount of time they spent in day-care programs. Answer Selected Register to View Answerall of these factors Correct Register to View Answerall of these factors Question 13 0.5 out of 0.5 points Compared with authoritarian parents, authoritative parents are likely to be Answer Selected Register to View Answermore responsive. Correct Register to View Answermore responsive. Question 14 0.5 out of 0.5 points Infants' tendency to gaze longer at novel stimuli than at familiar ones provides compel ling evidence regarding their Answer Selected Register to View Answermental abilities. Correct Register to View Answermental abilities. Question 15 0.5 out of 0.5 points Jessica acts so differently with her parents than with her girlfriends that she often thinks her personality is completely phony. Erik Erikson would have suggested that Jessica is experiencing Answer Selected Register to View Answerrole confusion. Correct Register to View Answerrole confusion. Question 16 0.5 out of 0.5 points Although 3-year-old Adam happily explores the attractive toys located in the dentist's waiting room, he periodically returns to his mother's side for brief moments. Adam most clearly displays signs of Answer Selected Register to View Answersecure attachment. Correct Register to View Answersecure attachment. Question 17 0 out of 0.5 points Three-year-olds were shown a model of a room with a miniature stuffed dog placed be hind a miniature couch. By using the model to locate an actual stuffed dog behind a couch in a real room, the children demonstrated their capacity for Answer Selected Register to View Answerconcrete operational reasoning. Correct Register to View Answersymbolic thinking. Question 18 0.5 out of 0.5 points Five-year-olds who were surprised to discover that a Band-Aids box contained pencils were able to anticipate their friend's false belief about the contents of the box. This best illustrates that the children had developed a Answer Selected Register to View Answertheory of mind. Correct Register to View Answertheory of mind. Question 19 0.5 out of 0.5 points Infants accustomed to a puppet jumping three times on stage show surprise if the pup pet jumps only twice. This suggests that Piaget Answer Selected Register to View Answerunderestimated the cognitive capacities of infants. Correct Register to View Answerunderestimated the cognitive capacities of infants. Question 20 0 out of 0.5 points Genetically identical twins first begin their separate paths of prenatal development dur ing ________ development. Answer Selected Register to View Answerembryonic Correct Register to View Answerzygotic Question 21 0 out of 0.5 points A teratogen is a(n) Answer Selected Register to View Answerfertilized egg that undergoes rapid cell division. Correct Register to View Answersubstance that can cross the placental barrier and harm an unborn child. Question 22 0.5 out of 0.5 points Distinguishing between very gradual and very abrupt developmental changes over the life span is most central to the major issue of Answer Selected Register to View Answercontinuity and stages. Correct Register to View Answercontinuity and stages. Question 23 0.5 out of 0.5 points According to Kohlberg, postconventional morality involves Answer Selected Register to View Answeraffirmation of self-defined ethical principles. Correct Register to View Answeraffirmation of self-defined ethical principles. Question 24 0.5 out of 0.5 points Kohlberg emphasized that human behavior becomes less selfish as we mature due to Answer Selected Register to View Answercognitive development. Correct Register to View Answercognitive development. Question 25 0.5 out of 0.5 points According to Kohlberg, morality based on the avoidance of punishment and the attain ment of concrete rewards represents ________ morality. Answer Selected Register to View Answerpreconventional Correct Register to View Answerpreconventional Question 26 0.5 out of 0.5 points Which of the following is an example of imprinting? Answer Selected Register to View AnswerA duckling demonstrates attachment to a bouncing ball. Correct Register to View AnswerA duckling demonstrates attachment to a bouncing ball. Question 27 0.5 out of 0.5 points When golden hamsters were repeatedly threatened and attacked while young, they suffered long-term changes in Answer Selected Register to View Answerbrain chemistry. Correct Register to View Answerbrain chemistry. Question 28 0.5 out of 0.5 points Studies of monkeys raised with artificial mothers suggest that mother-infant emotional bonds result primarily from mothers providing infants with Answer Selected Register to View Answerbody contact. Correct Register to View Answerbody contact. Question 29 0 out of 0.5 points On which of the following tasks is a 20-year-old most likely to outperform a 70-year-old? Answer Selected Register to View Answerrecalling previously presented names of cities Correct Register to View Answerrecalling previously presented nonsense syllables Question 30 0.5 out of 0.5 points Older people are NOT increasingly susceptible to Answer Selected Register to View Answercommon cold viruses. Correct Register to View Answercommon cold viruses. Question 31 0.5 out of 0.5 points A series of small strokes that progressively damage an older adult's brain is most likely to produce Answer Selected Register to View Answerdementia. Correct Register to View Answerdementia. Question 32 0.5 out of 0.5 points Jarrud thinks he should obey his teachers only if they are carefully watching him. Kohl berg would suggest that Jarrud demonstrates a(n) ________ morality. Answer Selected Register to View Answerpreconventional Correct Register to View Answerpreconventional Question 33 0.5 out of 0.5 points Female breasts are to ________ as male testes are to ________. Answer Selected Register to View Answersecondary sex characteristics; primary sex characteristics Correct Register to View Answersecondary sex characteristics; primary sex characteristics Question 34 0.5 out of 0.5 points Stranger anxiety develops soon after Answer Selected Register to View Answerthe concept of object permanence. Correct Register to View Answerthe concept of object permanence. Question 35 0.5 out of 0.5 points In Erikson's theory, individuals generally focus on developing ________ during adoles cence and then ________ during young adulthood. Answer Selected Register to View Answeridentity; intimacy Correct Register to View Answeridentity; intimacy Question 36 0.5 out of 0.5 points Underlying Alzheimer's disease is a deterioration in neurons that produce Answer Selected Register to View Answeracetylcholine. Correct Register to View Answeracetylcholine. Question 37 0 out of 0.5 points After their grown children have left home, most couples experience Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answergreater happiness and enjoyment in their relationship. Question 38 0 out of 0.5 points From ages 3 to 6, the brain's neural networks are sprouting most rapidly in the Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerfrontal lobes. Question 39 0 out of 0.5 points Four-year-old Karen can't remember anything of the first few months of her life. This is best explained by the fact that Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthe hippocampus and frontal lobes are immature during early infancy. Question 40 0 out of 0.5 points One study found that English-speaking adults could relearn subtle sound contrasts in the Hindu or Zulu they had spoken as children even though they had no ________ the Hindu or Zulu language they had once spoken. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerconscious memory of Question 1 0.5 out of 0.5 points The average age at which puberty begins is ________ in boys; in girls, it is ________. Answer Selected Register to View Answer13; 11 Correct Register to View Answer13; 11 Question 2 0.5 out of 0.5 points According to Erikson, the central psychological challenges pertaining to adolescence, young adulthood, and middle age, respectively, are Answer Selected Register to View Answeridentity formation; intimacy; generativity. Correct Register to View Answeridentity formation; intimacy; generativity. Question 3 0.5 out of 0.5 points An older person who can look back on life with satisfaction and reminisce with a sense of completion has attained Erikson's stage of Answer Selected Register to View Answerintegrity. Correct Register to View Answerintegrity. Question 4 0.5 out of 0.5 points Adolescence is marked by the onset of Answer Selected Register to View Answerpuberty. Correct Register to View Answerpuberty. Question 5 0.5 out of 0.5 points One study of 4 1/2- to 6-year-old children in 10 American cities found that the children's rate of aggressiveness was influenced more by ________ than by the amount of time they spent in day-care programs. Answer Selected Register to View Answerall of these factors Correct Register to View Answerall of these factors Question 6 0 out of 0.5 points Primary sex characteristics are to ________ as secondary sex characteristics are to ________. Answer Selected Register to View Answermale testes; female ovaries Correct Register to View Answerfemale ovaries; deepened male voice Question 7 0.5 out of 0.5 points Researchers have discovered that the midlife transition between early and middle adult hood is characterized by unusually high levels of Answer Selected Register to View Answernone of these feelings or events. Correct Register to View Answernone of these feelings or events. Question 8 0.5 out of 0.5 points As people progress into late adulthood, they increasingly use words that convey ________ emotions, and the amygdala shows diminishing activity in response to ________ events. Answer Selected Register to View Answerpositive; negative Correct Register to View Answerpositive; negative Question 9 0.5 out of 0.5 points Jessica acts so differently with her parents than with her girlfriends that she often thinks her personality is completely phony. Erik Erikson would have suggested that Jessica is experiencing Answer Selected Register to View Answerrole confusion. Correct Register to View Answerrole confusion. Question 10 0.5 out of 0.5 points A public initiation into adult responsibilities and status is called a Answer Selected Register to View Answerrite of passage. Correct Register to View Answerrite of passage. Question 11 0.5 out of 0.5 points A child's realization that others may have beliefs that the child knows to be false best il lustrates the development of Answer Selected Register to View Answera theory of mind. Correct Register to View Answera theory of mind. Question 12 0.5 out of 0.5 points Theories of human development have been most susceptible to criticism for overem phasizing Answer Selected Register to View Answerdiscrete age-linked stages. Correct Register to View Answerdiscrete age-linked stages. Question 13 0.5 out of 0.5 points A teratogen is a(n) Answer Selected Register to View Answersubstance that can cross the placental barrier and harm an unborn child. Correct Register to View Answersubstance that can cross the placental barrier and harm an unborn child. Question 14 0.5 out of 0.5 points Genetically identical twins first begin their separate paths of prenatal development dur ing ________ development. Answer Selected Register to View Answerzygotic Correct Register to View Answerzygotic Question 15 0.5 out of 0.5 points Lewis is a 70-year-old retired college professor. In contrast to when he was 30, he now probably Answer Selected Register to View Answerdoes not hear as well. Correct Register to View Answerdoes not hear as well. Question 16 0.5 out of 0.5 points When asked to recall the one or two most important events over the last half century, older adults tend to name events that occurred when they were between ________ years of age. Answer Selected Register to View Answer10 and 30 Correct Register to View Answer10 and 30 Question 17 0.5 out of 0.5 points Lilianne is beginning to develop a fear of strangers and will reach for her mother when she sees someone who is unfamiliar. It is likely that Lilianne has also just Answer Selected Register to View Answerdeveloped a sense of object permanence. Correct Register to View Answerdeveloped a sense of object permanence. Question 18 0.5 out of 0.5 points An impaired theory of mind is most closely associated with Answer Selected Register to View Answerautism. Correct Register to View Answerautism. Question 19 0.5 out of 0.5 points Piaget emphasized how the child's mind grows through interaction with the physical en vironment. Vygotsky emphasized how the child's mind grows through Answer Selected Register to View Answersocial mentoring. Correct Register to View Answersocial mentoring. Question 20 0.5 out of 0.5 points The sexual abuse of a very young child is so emotionally repulsive to most people that they immediately recognize it as shamefully immoral. This best illustrates that moral judgments may reflect Answer Selected Register to View Answeraffectively laden intuitions. Correct Register to View Answeraffectively laden intuitions. Question 21 0.5 out of 0.5 points Compared with the children of authoritarian parents, the children of authoritative parents are Answer Selected Register to View Answermore likely to develop a sense of self-reliance and more likely to demonstrate social competence. Correct Register to View Answermore likely to develop a sense of self-reliance and more likely to demonstrate social competence. Question 22 0.5 out of 0.5 points A series of small strokes that progressively damage an older adult's brain is most likely to produce Answer Selected Register to View Answerdementia. Correct Register to View Answerdementia. Question 23 0.5 out of 0.5 points Whose stage theory of moral development was based on how people reasoned about ethical dilemmas? Answer Selected Register to View AnswerKohlberg Correct Register to View AnswerKohlberg Question 24 0.5 out of 0.5 points In Erikson's theory, individuals generally focus on developing ________ during adoles cence and then ________ during young adulthood. Answer Selected Register to View Answeridentity; intimacy Correct Register to View Answeridentity; intimacy Question 25 0.5 out of 0.5 points Most people's earliest memories do not predate ________ of age. Answer Selected Register to View Answer3 years Correct Register to View Answer3 years Question 26 0.5 out of 0.5 points To which of Kohlberg's levels would moral reasoning based on the existence of funda mental human rights pertain? Answer Selected Register to View Answerpostconventional morality Correct Register to View Answerpostconventional morality Question 27 0.5 out of 0.5 points Edith abuses both her 3-year-old and 1-year-old daughters. Her behavior is most likely related to a lack of Answer Selected Register to View Answeran early and secure attachment to her own parents. Correct Register to View Answeran early and secure attachment to her own parents. Question 28 0.5 out of 0.5 points Two-year-old Anna perceives her parents as cold and rejecting. This is most indicative of Answer Selected Register to View Answerinsecure attachment. Correct Register to View Answerinsecure attachment. Question 29 0.5 out of 0.5 points Providing children with a safe haven in times of stress contributes most directly to Answer Selected Register to View Answersecure attachment. Correct Register to View Answersecure attachment. Question 30 0.5 out of 0.5 points Infant visual preferences have been discovered by assessing infants' Answer Selected Register to View Answerhabituation. Correct Register to View Answerhabituation. Question 31 0.5 out of 0.5 points Maturation is to education as ________ is to ________. Answer Selected Register to View Answernature; nurture Correct Register to View Answernature; nurture Question 32 0.5 out of 0.5 points Habituation refers to the Answer Selected Register to View Answerdecreasing responsiveness to a stimulus to which one is repeatedly exposed. Correct Register to View Answerdecreasing responsiveness to a stimulus to which one is repeatedly exposed. Question 33 0 out of 0.5 points Adolescents' sense of what's fair is most likely to change from simple equality to equity when they achieve Answer Selected Register to View Answera theory of mind. Correct Register to View Answerformal operations. Question 34 0.5 out of 0.5 points The ability to think logically about hypothetical situations is indicative of the ________ stage of development. Answer Selected Register to View Answerformal operational Correct Register to View Answerformal operational Question 35 0.5 out of 0.5 points The corrupt behavior of many ordinary people who served as Nazi concentration camp guards best illustrates that immorality often results from Answer Selected Register to View Answersocial influence. Correct Register to View Answersocial influence. Question 36 0.5 out of 0.5 points Psychologists David Premack and Guy Woodruff described chimpanzees' seeming abil ity to read intentions as indicative of Answer Selected Register to View Answera theory of mind. Correct Register to View Answera theory of mind. Question 37 0.5 out of 0.5 points According to Piaget, imagining an action and mentally reversing it would be an example of a Answer Selected Register to View Answermental operation. Correct Register to View Answermental operation. Question 38 0.5 out of 0.5 points If children cannot grasp the principle of conservation, they are unable to Answer Selected Register to View Answerrecognize that the quantity of a substance remains the same despite changes in its shape. Correct Register to View Answerrecognize that the quantity of a substance remains the same despite changes in its shape. Question 39 0.5 out of 0.5 points Sixteen-year-old Brenda questions her parents' values but does not fully accept her friends' standards either. Her confusion about what she really wants and values in life suggests that Brenda is struggling with the problem of Answer Selected Register to View Answeridentity. Correct Register to View Answeridentity. Question 40 0.5 out of 0.5 points Compared with their counterparts in more collectivist countries, 17-year-olds in North America are more likely to experience Answer Selected Register to View Answersocial identity. Correct Register to View Answersocial identity. Question 1 0.5 out of 0.5 points As teens mature, the growth of myelin facilitates Answer Selected Register to View Answercommunication between the frontal lobes and other brain regions. Correct Register to View Answercommunication between the frontal lobes and other brain regions. Question 2 0 out of 0.5 points The development stage of adolescence is likely to be most brief in cultures where teens are Answer Selected Register to View Answerexperiencing role confusion. Correct Register to View Answerfinancially self-supporting. Question 3 0 out of 0.5 points A teratogen is a(n) Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersubstance that can cross the placental barrier and harm an unborn child. Question 4 0 out of 0.5 points Alcohol may cause fetal damage by leaving chemical marks on DNA that switch genes abnormally on or off. This best illustrates Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeran epigenetic effect. Question 5 0 out of 0.5 points If research suggested that a pregnant mother's use of an artificial sweetener caused harm to the the fetus, artificial sweetener would be considered a(n) Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerteratogen. Question 6 0 out of 0.5 points Physical exercise in later life promotes ________ in the hippocampus. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthe process of neurogenesis Question 7 0 out of 0.5 points A diminishing sense of smell is associated with the pathology that foretells Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerAlzheimer's disease. Question 8 0 out of 0.5 points Deficient social interaction and an impaired understanding of others' emotional states is most characteristic of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerautism. Question 9 0 out of 0.5 points During Piaget's sensorimotor stage, children acquire a Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersense of object permanence. Question 10 0 out of 0.5 points By a week after birth, infants are able to distinguish between their mothers' and strangers' Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answervoices. Question 11 0 out of 0.5 points Among the hallmarks of growing up are a boy's first ejaculation and a girl's first menstru al period, which also is called Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermenarche. Question 12 0 out of 0.5 points When psychologists discuss maturation, they are referring to stages of growth that are NOT influenced by Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answernurture. Question 13 0 out of 0.5 points After puberty, the self-concept usually becomes Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermore positive in both boys and girls. Question 14 0 out of 0.5 points Dr. Joan Goodman is studying how memory changes as people get older. She is most likely a(n) ________ psychologist. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerdevelopmental Question 15 0 out of 0.5 points Compared with their counterparts in more collectivist countries, 17-year-olds in North America are more likely to experience Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersocial identity. Question 16 0 out of 0.5 points Physical abilities such as muscular strength, reaction time, sensory keenness, and car diac output reach their peak during Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerearly adulthood. Question 17 0 out of 0.5 points For several months following a sudden and unexpected divorce, Henry was excessively preoccupied with thoughts of his ex-wife. His reaction resulted from the disruption of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerattachment. Question 18 0 out of 0.5 points Carol is distressed because post-childbirth complications prevented her from being in close physical contact with her child during its first few hours of life. Carol should be told that Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerhuman infants do not have well-defined critical periods for the formation of a motherinfant attachment. Question 19 0 out of 0.5 points One-year-old Eunice is not overly fearful of strangers but she clearly prefers being held by her mother than by anyone else. Her behavior best illustrates Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersecure attachment. Question 20 0 out of 0.5 points Fourteen-year-old Lisa was asked, What would happen if everyone in the world sud denly went blind? She responded, Those who had previously been blind would be come leaders. Lisa's answer indicates she is in the ________ stage of development. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerformal operational Question 21 0 out of 0.5 points According to Kohlberg, morality based on the avoidance of punishment and the attain ment of concrete rewards represents ________ morality. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerpreconventional Question 22 0 out of 0.5 points According to Kohlberg, postconventional morality involves Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeraffirmation of self-defined ethical principles. Question 23 0 out of 0.5 points Whose stage theory of moral development was based on how people reasoned about ethical dilemmas? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerKohlberg Question 24 0 out of 0.5 points Which is the correct sequence of stages in Piaget's theory of cognitive development? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational Question 25 0 out of 0.5 points Underlying Alzheimer's disease is a deterioration in neurons that produce Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeracetylcholine. Question 26 0 out of 0.5 points To which of Kohlberg's levels would moral reasoning based on the existence of funda mental human rights pertain? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerpostconventional morality Question 27 0 out of 0.5 points Five-year-olds who were surprised to discover that a Band-Aids box contained pencils were able to anticipate their friend's false belief about the contents of the box. This best illustrates that the children had developed a Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answertheory of mind. Question 28 0 out of 0.5 points According to Piaget, imagining an action and mentally reversing it would be an example of a Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermental operation. Question 29 0 out of 0.5 points According to Piaget, egocentrism refers to Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthe difficulty perceiving things from another person's point of view. Question 30 0 out of 0.5 points After living together for a year, Sylvia and Yefim have decided to marry. Research on premarital cohabitation most strongly suggests that Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answertheir marriage will have a higher-than-average probability of ending in divorce. Question 31 0 out of 0.5 points An integrated understanding of successful aging in terms of appropriate nutrition, family support, and an optimistic outlook is most clearly provided by Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answera biopsychosocial approach. Question 32 0 out of 0.5 points Three-year-olds who experienced a fire evacuation caused by a burning popcorn maker were unable to remember the cause of this vivid event when they were 10-year-olds. This best illustrates Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerinfantile amnesia. Question 33 0 out of 0.5 points Horace, the youngest child of a high school athletic director, was able to roll over at 3 months, crawl at 6 months, and walk at 12 months. This ordered sequence of motor de velopment was largely due to Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermaturation. Question 34 0 out of 0.5 points French toddlers preferred playing with chamomile-scented toys if Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answertheir mothers had once used a skin balm with a chamomile scent. Question 35 0 out of 0.5 points According to Piaget, the ability to think logically about events first develops during the ________ stage. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerconcrete operational Question 36 0 out of 0.5 points According to Vygotsky, parents who say No, no! when pulling a child's hand away from a cake are giving the child a tool for Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerself-control. Question 37 0 out of 0.5 points An impaired theory of mind is most closely associated with Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerautism. Question 38 0 out of 0.5 points The importance of schemas was most clearly highlighted by Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerPiaget's cognitive development theory. Question 39 0 out of 0.5 points Jessica acts so differently with her parents than with her girlfriends that she often thinks her personality is completely phony. Erik Erikson would have suggested that Jessica is experiencing Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerrole confusion. Question 40 0 out of 0.5 points Dr. Matsuko's major research interest is the long-term effects of child-rearing practices on the psychological adjustment of offspring. It is most likely that Dr. Matsuko is a(n) ________ psychologist. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerdevelopmental Question 1 0 out of 0.5 points The same people are retested over a long period in a ________ study. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerlongitudinal Question 2 0 out of 0.5 points Professor Kuilema compared the moral intuitions of one group of children, a second group of adolescents, and a third group of adults by assessing their reactions to a vari ety of moral dilemmas. Professor Kuilema conducted a ________ study. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answercross-sectional Question 3 0 out of 0.5 points Infants' tendency to gaze longer at novel stimuli than at familiar ones provides compel ling evidence regarding their Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermental abilities. Question 4 0 out of 0.5 points A public initiation into adult responsibilities and status is called a Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerrite of passage. Question 5 0 out of 0.5 points Jessica acts so differently with her parents than with her girlfriends that she often thinks her personality is completely phony. Erik Erikson would have suggested that Jessica is experiencing Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerrole confusion. Question 6 0 out of 0.5 points Which is the correct order of stages of prenatal development? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerzygote, embryo, fetus Question 7 0 out of 0.5 points Cross-sectional research Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answercompares people of different ages with one another. Question 8 0 out of 0.5 points Research on the American family indicates that Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerall of these statements are true. Question 9 0 out of 0.5 points Stranger anxiety develops soon after Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthe concept of object permanence. Question 10 0 out of 0.5 points A developmental stage between adolescent dependence and responsible adulthood is called Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeremerging adulthood. Question 11 0 out of 0.5 points As men advance through middle adulthood they experience a gradual decline in Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerall of these things. Question 12 0 out of 0.5 points A teratogen is a(n) Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersubstance that can cross the placental barrier and harm an unborn child. Question 13 0 out of 0.5 points Distinguishing between very gradual and very abrupt developmental changes over the life span is most central to the major issue of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answercontinuity and stages. Question 14 0 out of 0.5 points During the course of successful prenatal development, a human organism begins as a(n) Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerzygote and finally develops into a fetus. Question 15 0 out of 0.5 points During adolescence, maturation of the ________ lags behind maturation of the ________. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerfrontal lobes; limbic system Question 16 0 out of 0.5 points The development stage of adolescence is likely to be most brief in cultures where teens are Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerfinancially self-supporting. Question 17 0 out of 0.5 points Which of the following statements concerning the effects of aging is true? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerThe aging process can be significantly affected by the individual's activity patterns. Question 18 0 out of 0.5 points According to Piaget, the ability to think logically about abstract propositions is indicative of the stage of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerformal operations. Question 19 0 out of 0.5 points Piaget held that egocentrism is characteristic of the Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerpreoperational stage. Question 20 0 out of 0.5 points In preconventional morality, the person Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerobeys to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards. Question 21 0 out of 0.5 points Kohlberg emphasized that human behavior becomes less selfish as we mature due to Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answercognitive development. Question 22 0 out of 0.5 points Lawrence Kohlberg focused on the development of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermoral reasoning. Question 23 0 out of 0.5 points Avoiding physical punishment is to ________ morality as respecting the laws of society is to ________ morality. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerpreconventional; conventional Question 24 0 out of 0.5 points Infant motor development is typically characterized by individual differences in ________ of the major developmental milestones. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthe age-related timing but not the sequence Question 25 0 out of 0.5 points French toddlers preferred playing with chamomile-scented toys if Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answertheir mothers had once used a skin balm with a chamomile scent. Question 26 0 out of 0.5 points Mr. and Mrs. Batson can't wait to begin toilet training their year-old daughter. The Bat sons most clearly need to be informed about the importance of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermaturation. Question 27 0 out of 0.5 points A mother who is slow in responding to her infant's cries of distress is most likely to en courage Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerinsecure attachment. Question 28 0 out of 0.5 points A critical period is a phase during which Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerexposure to certain experiences is needed for proper development. Question 29 0 out of 0.5 points In a pleasant but unfamiliar setting, infants with a secure maternal attachment are most likely to Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeruse their mothers as a base from which to explore the new surroundings. Question 30 0 out of 0.5 points After Nadia learned that penguins can't fly, she had to modify her existing concept of birds. This best illustrates the process of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeraccommodation. Question 31 0 out of 0.5 points The process of developing a sense of identity during adolescence was highlighted by Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerErikson's psychosocial development theory. Question 32 0 out of 0.5 points According to Erikson, older adults can most effectively cope with the prospect of their own death if they have achieved a sense of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerintegrity. Question 33 0 out of 0.5 points Abner, a 70-year-old retired teacher, feels that his life has not been of any real value or significance. According to Erikson, Abner has failed to achieve a sense of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerintegrity. Question 34 0 out of 0.5 points People typically experience an increasing sense of confidence and self-esteem Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerfrom the mid-teen years to midlife. Question 35 0 out of 0.5 points According to Vygotsky, parents who say No, no! when pulling a child's hand away from a cake are giving the child a tool for Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerself-control. Question 36 0 out of 0.5 points According to Piaget, egocentrism is to conservation as the ________ stage is to the ________ stage. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerpreoperational; concrete operational Question 37 0 out of 0.5 points One variation of autism spectrum disorder is characterized by normal intelligence, often accompanied by exceptional skill in a particular area, but deficient social and commu nication skills. This disorder is called Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerAsperger syndrome. Question 38 0 out of 0.5 points Mrs. Pearson cut Judy's hot dog into eight pieces and Sylvia's into six pieces. Sylvia cried because she felt she wasn't getting as much hot dog as Judy. Piaget would say that Sylvia doesn't understand the principle of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerconservation. Question 39 0 out of 0.5 points Incorrectly assuming that something that is clearly understood by us will also be clearly understood by others illustrates Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthe curse of knowledge. Question 40 0 out of 0.5 points Incorporating new information into existing theories is to ________ as modifying existing theories in light of new information is to ________. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerassimilation; accommodation Question 1 0 out of 0.5 points From ages 3 to 6, the brain's neural networks are sprouting most rapidly in the Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerfrontal lobes. Question 2 0 out of 0.5 points With repeated presentations of a bright red toy, 2-month-old Anita began to respond with less visual attention to the toy. Her decreasing responsiveness best illustrates Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerhabituation. Question 3 0 out of 0.5 points Mr. and Mrs. Batson can't wait to begin toilet training their year-old daughter. The Bat sons most clearly need to be informed about the importance of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermaturation. Question 4 0 out of 0.5 points As people progress into late adulthood, they increasingly use words that convey ________ emotions, and the amygdala shows diminishing activity in response to ________ events. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerpositive; negative Question 5 0 out of 0.5 points Researchers have discovered that the midlife transition between early and middle adult hood is characterized by unusually high levels of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answernone of these feelings or events. Question 6 0 out of 0.5 points In terms of incidence, susceptibility to short-term illnesses ________ with age and sus ceptibility to long-term ailments ________ with age. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerdecreases; increases Question 7 0 out of 0.5 points Research on the American family indicates that Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerall of these statements are true. Question 8 0 out of 0.5 points Cross-sectional research Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answercompares people of different ages with one another. Question 9 0 out of 0.5 points Insecurely attached infants who are left by their mothers in an unfamiliar setting often will Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerbe indifferent toward their mothers on their return. Question 10 0 out of 0.5 points Research on older people has shown that Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthey become increasingly prone to car accidents. Question 11 0 out of 0.5 points A diminishing sense of smell is associated with the pathology that foretells Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerAlzheimer's disease. Question 12 0 out of 0.5 points When researcher Karen Wynn showed 5-month-old infants a numerically impossible outcome, the infants Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerstared longer at the outcome. Question 13 0 out of 0.5 points Which of the following represents the correct order of Piaget's stages of cognitive devel opment? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational Question 14 0 out of 0.5 points Five-year-olds who were surprised to discover that a Band-Aids box contained pencils were able to anticipate their friend's false belief about the contents of the box. This best illustrates that the children had developed a Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answertheory of mind. Question 15 0 out of 0.5 points Theories of human development have been most susceptible to criticism for overem phasizing Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerdiscrete age-linked stages. Question 16 0 out of 0.5 points If research suggested that a pregnant mother's use of an artificial sweetener caused harm to the fetus, the artificial sweetener would be considered a(n) Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerteratogen. Question 17 0 out of 0.5 points One of the most consistently damaging teratogens is Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeralcohol. Question 18 0 out of 0.5 points Lawrence Kohlberg focused on the development of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermoral reasoning. Question 19 0 out of 0.5 points Kohlberg emphasized that human behavior becomes less selfish as we mature due to Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answercognitive development. Question 20 0 out of 0.5 points Adolescents' sense of what's fair is most likely to change from simple equality to equity when they achieve Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerformal operations. Question 21 0 out of 0.5 points The preferred age for retirement is quite different in Mexico than in Western Europe. This best illustrates that ________ differs from culture to culture. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthe social clock Question 22 0 out of 0.5 points Two closed, pyramid-shaped beakers containing clearly identical amounts of a liquid are judged by a child to hold different amounts after one of the beakers is inverted. The child apparently lacks a Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerconcept of conservation. Question 23 0 out of 0.5 points A researcher who administers a personality test to the same children every 3 years as they progress through school is conducting a(n) ________ study. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerlongitudinal Question 24 0 out of 0.5 points In considering day-care opportunities for their four children, Mr. and Mrs. Taylor should be most concerned about whether the experience will influence Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersecure attachment in their 6-month-old daughter, Julia. Question 25 0 out of 0.5 points The McDougals use harsh discipline on their children and demand unquestioning obedi ence. Psychologists are likely to characterize the McDougals as ________ parents. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerauthoritarian Question 26 0 out of 0.5 points According to Vygotsky, parents who say No, no! when pulling a child's hand away from a cake are giving the child a tool for Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerself-control. Question 27 0 out of 0.5 points Piaget emphasized how the child's mind grows through interaction with the physical en vironment. Vygotsky emphasized how the child's mind grows through Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersocial mentoring. Question 28 0 out of 0.5 points According to Piaget, children come to understand that the volume of a substance re mains constant despite changes in its shape during the ________ stage. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerconcrete operational Question 29 0 out of 0.5 points Deficient social interaction and an impaired understanding of others' emotional states is most characteristic of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerautism. Question 30 0 out of 0.5 points Taking certain drugs during pregnancy is likely to expose unborn children to Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerteratogen. Question 31 0 out of 0.5 points A series of small strokes that progressively damage an older adult's brain is most likely to produce Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerdementia. Question 32 0 out of 0.5 points Aaron cried when his mother left him in the infant nursery at church, and he was not re assured or comforted by her return a short while later. Aaron showed signs of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerinsecure attachment. Question 33 0 out of 0.5 points Some mothers feed their infants when they show signs of hunger, whereas others fail to respond predictably to their infants' demands for food. These different maternal feeding practices are most likely to contribute to differences in infant Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerattachment. Question 34 0 out of 0.5 points Two-year-old Anna perceives her parents as cold and rejecting. This is most indicative of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerinsecure attachment. Question 35 0 out of 0.5 points Erikson would have suggested that adolescents can most effectively develop a sense of identity by Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerinvestigating the personal suitability of various occupational and social roles. Question 36 0 out of 0.5 points Compared with their counterparts in more collectivist countries, 17-year-olds in North America are more likely to experience Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersocial identity. Question 37 0 out of 0.5 points In preconventional morality, the person Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerobeys to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards. Question 38 0 out of 0.5 points Newborns vigorously root for a nipple when Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answertheir cheek is touched. Question 39 0 out of 0.5 points Adolescence is marked by the onset of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerpuberty. Question 40 0 out of 0.5 points Which of the following statements concerning the effects of aging is true? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerThe aging process can be significantly affected by the individual's activity patterns. Question 1 0 out of 0.5 points Many people would find it more morally repulsive to kill someone by thrusting a knife into his or her body than by shooting him or her with a gun from a distance. This is best explained in terms of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerHaidt's intuitionist perspective. Question 2 0 out of 0.5 points According to Erikson, achieving a sense of identity is the special task of the Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeradolescent. Question 3 0 out of 0.5 points Lawrence Kohlberg focused on the development of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermoral reasoning. Question 4 0 out of 0.5 points Older adults who feel satisfied when reflecting on their lives demonstrate what Erikson called a sense of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerintegrity. Question 5 0 out of 0.5 points Researchers have discovered that the midlife transition between early and middle adult hood is characterized by unusually high levels of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answernone of these feelings or events. Question 6 0 out of 0.5 points Newborns have been observed to show the greatest visual interest in a Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerfacelike image. Question 7 0 out of 0.5 points A failure to practice important motor skills can result in a loss of agility because unused neural connections Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerare pruned. Question 8 0 out of 0.5 points Horace, the youngest child of a high school athletic director, was able to roll over at 3 months, crawl at 6 months, and walk at 12 months. This ordered sequence of motor de velopment was largely due to Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermaturation. Question 9 0 out of 0.5 points The first ejaculation is to an adolescent boy as ________ is to an adolescent girl. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermenarche Question 10 0 out of 0.5 points Two characteristics of authoritarian parents are that they Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerimpose rules and expect obedience. Question 11 0 out of 0.5 points According to Erikson, teens who suffer role confusion have not yet Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersolidified a sense of identity. Question 12 0 out of 0.5 points In teen calls to hotline counseling services, the most discussed topic is Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerpeer relationships. Question 13 0 out of 0.5 points The terminal decline phenomenon involves a decrease in mental ability that accompan ies the approach of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerdeath. Question 14 0 out of 0.5 points A diminishing sense of smell is associated with the pathology that foretells Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerAlzheimer's disease. Question 15 0 out of 0.5 points Nature is to nurture as ________ is to ________. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answertemperament; responsive parenting Question 16 0 out of 0.5 points One-year-old Eunice is not overly fearful of strangers but she clearly prefers being held by her mother than by anyone else. Her behavior best illustrates Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersecure attachment. Question 17 0 out of 0.5 points Carol is distressed because post-childbirth complications prevented her from being in close physical contact with her child during its first few hours of life. Carol should be told that Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerhuman infants do not have well-defined critical periods for the formation of a motherinfant attachment. Question 18 0 out of 0.5 points The sexual abuse of a very young child is so emotionally repulsive to most people that they immediately recognize it as shamefully immoral. This best illustrates that moral judgments may reflect Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeraffectively laden intuitions. Question 19 0 out of 0.5 points During Piaget's sensorimotor stage, children acquire a Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answersense of object permanence. Question 20 0 out of 0.5 points By a week after birth, infants are able to distinguish between their mothers' and strangers' Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answervoices. Question 21 0 out of 0.5 points Incorporating new information into existing theories is to ________ as modifying existing theories in light of new information is to ________. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerassimilation; accommodation Question 22 0 out of 0.5 points Preschoolers' acquisition of a theory of mind suggests that Piaget overestimated young children's Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeregocentrism. Question 23 0 out of 0.5 points The egocentrism of preschoolers was most strongly emphasized by Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerPiaget's cognitive development theory. Question 24 0 out of 0.5 points One of the most consistently damaging teratogens is Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answeralcohol. Question 25 0 out of 0.5 points A preference for our mother's voice over our father's voice has been detected as early as Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerthe day after birth. Question 26 0 out of 0.5 points Questions about whether anxious children will grow up to be either fearful or relaxed adults most directly highlight the issue of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerstability and change. Question 27 0 out of 0.5 points Questions about the extent to which maladaptive habits learned in childhood can be overcome in adulthood are most directly relevant to the issue of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerstability and change. Question 28 0 out of 0.5 points Infants' tendency to gaze longer at novel stimuli than at familiar ones provides compel ling evidence regarding their Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermental abilities. Question 29 0 out of 0.5 points A researcher who administers a personality test to the same children every 3 years as they progress through school is conducting a(n) ________ study. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerlongitudinal Question 30 0 out of 0.5 points Longitudinal research Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerstudies the same people at different times. Question 31 0 out of 0.5 points After puberty, the self-concept usually becomes Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answermore positive in both boys and girls. Question 32 0 out of 0.5 points Adolescence is marked by the onset of Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerpuberty. Question 33 0 out of 0.5 points Which of the following is correct? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerEarly maturing boys are more popular and self-assured than boys who mature late. Question 34 0 out of 0.5 points Whose stage theory of moral development was based on how people reasoned about ethical dilemmas? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerKohlberg Question 35 0 out of 0.5 points Which of the following was not found by the Harlows in socially deprived monkeys? Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerThey showed abnormal physical development. Question 36 0 out of 0.5 points The term critical period refers to Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answera restricted time for learning. Question 37 0 out of 0.5 points Cross-sectional research Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answercompares people of different ages with one another. Question 38 0 out of 0.5 points Infants develop a fear of strangers at about 8 months of age because they can't assimil ate unfamiliar faces into their Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerschemas. Question 39 0 out of 0.5 points One variation of autism spectrum disorder is characterized by normal intelligence, often accompanied by exceptional skill in a particular area, but deficient social and commu nication skills. This disorder is called Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View AnswerAsperger syndrome. Question 40 0 out of 0.5 points According to Piaget, a person first comprehends that division is the reverse of multiplic ation during the ________ stage. Answer Selected Answer: [None Given] Correct Register to View Answerconcrete operational ... View Full Document

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