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Course Number: PSYCH 012, Spring 2013

College/University: Santa Clara

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1) During the first of Freud's psychosexual stages of development, the child derives satisfaction from stimulation of which body part? A) The mouth B) The genitals C) The eyes D) The ears Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 132 Topic: Psychoanalytic Perspectives Skill: Factual Objective: 6.1 2) Which term would Freud use when referring to the interdependence between mother and child? A) One-way B) Symbiotic C) Dual D)...

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During 1) the first of Freud's psychosexual stages of development, the child derives satisfaction from stimulation of which body part? A) The mouth B) The genitals C) The eyes D) The ears Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 132 Topic: Psychoanalytic Perspectives Skill: Factual Objective: 6.1 2) Which term would Freud use when referring to the interdependence between mother and child? A) One-way B) Symbiotic C) Dual D) Monotonous Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 132 Topic: Psychoanalytic Perspectives Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.1 3) _________ conducted ingenious research which demonstrated that infant monkeys become attached to a terrycloth-covered mother and would cling to it rather than a wire mother that provided them with food. A) Freud B) Erikson C) Piaget D) Harlow Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 132 Topic: Psychoanalytic Perspectives Skill: Factual Objective: 6.1 4) C.J. gains comfort through eating and drinking. She also cries to gain attention from her parents or to express discomfort. Freud would say that C.J. is in which stage of development? A) Symbiotic B) Dependent C) Anal D) Oral Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 132 Topic: Psychoanalytic Perspectives Skill: Applied Objective: 6.1 5) What is the crisis of Erikson's first stage of psychosocial development? A) Oral versus anal B) Independence versus reliance C) Interdependence versus symbiosis D) Trust versus mistrust Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 132 Topic: Psychoanalytic Perspectives Skill: Factual Objective: 6.1 Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 117 6) Bart depends on his mother for everything he needs. When he cries, she responds with food or a clean diaper or a cuddle. Erikson would say that Bart's mother is helping him resolve the conflict known as A) trust versus mistrust. B) the oral stage. C) fear versus comfort. D) the dependent stage. Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 132 Topic: Psychoanalytic Perspectives Skill: Applied Objective: 6.1 7) In the Harlow monkey studies, with which "mother" did the infant monkeys spend the most time? A) The mother without a bottle or terrycloth B) The mother with the bottle C) The mother covered in terrycloth D) The mother with a bottle and covered in terrycloth Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 132 Topic: Psychoanalytic Perspectives Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.1 8) Which of the following suggests that humans need and seek to form relationships early in life as a matter of genetics? A) Psychosexual theory B) Psychosocial theory C) Symbiosis theory D) Attachment theory Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 133 Topic: Ethological Perspectives Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.2 9) According to Bowlby's theory of attachment, which of the following will a child have developed by age 5 years? A) An internal model that includes self, mother, and relationships in general B) An external model that includes self, mother, and relationships in general C) An internal model that includes only self and the primary caregiver D) An internal model that includes self, and mother, but excludes a model of the father Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 133 Topic: Ethological Perspectives Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.2 10) _________ is most associated with the view that infants are biologically predisposed to form emotional bonds with caregivers and that the characteristics of those bonds shape later social and personality development. A) Freud B) Erikson C) Harlow D) Bowlby Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 133 Topic: Ethological Perspectives Skill: Factual Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 118 Objective: 6.2 11) According to your text, which statement about adopted children is true? A) Adopted children have fewer adjustment problems once they are old enough to understand that their adoption means that they were "chosen." B) Children who are adopted by the age of 6 months, with no history of institutionalization or abuse, are generally indistinguishable from nonadopted children. C) Children who are adopted by age 10 are indistinguishable from nonadopted children, provided that they are adopted into loving homes. D) Only 10% of adoptive children who come from abusive backgrounds ever actually have problems later on. Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 133 Topic: No Easy Answers Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.2 12) Chad cries and his mother responds immediately. When he coos at his mother, she smiles and cuddles him. Developmentalists would say that this is an example of which of the following? A) Maternity B) Synchrony C) Multiplicity D) Duplicity Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 134 Topic: The Parents' Attachment to the Infant Skill: Applied Objective: 6.3 13) Which of the following statements about attachment is true? A) Fathers appear to be incapable of many of the same attachment behaviors as mothers. B) Attachment to fathers is not as strong because mothers have a biological advantage. C) Attachment is enhanced through a consistent pattern of attachment behaviors. D) The development of synchrony is less important than contact immediately after birth. Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 134 Topic: The Parents' Attachment to the Infant Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.3 14) Which of the following statements about attachment is true? A) Contact immediately after birth is the most significant factor in attachment. B) Fathers' behavior with infants is different from the behavior of mothers even immediately after birth. C) By age 6 months, infants display distinctive patterns of responding to mother-father differences. D) Babies tend to laugh and wriggle around more with their mothers, but their behavior with their fathers is more subdued. Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 134 Topic: The Parents' Attachment to the Infant Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.3 15) When a child is in phase 2 of Bowlby's attachment sequence, which of the following behaviors would they most likely exhibit? A) The child will seek out a primary caregiver as a "safe base." B) The child will not distinguish between familiars and others in terms of smiling or beckoning behavior. C) The child will be less likely to beckon strangers. Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 119 D) The child will begin to imagine the outcomes of her behavior before exhibiting the behavior. Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 135 Topic: The Infant's Attachment to the Parents Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.4 16) Freddie is two months old. He smiles and coos at almost everyone he meets. Bowlby would say that Freddie is in which phase of attachment? A) Nonfocused orienting and signaling B) Focus on one or more figures C) Secure base behavior D) Internal model Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 135 Topic: The Infant's Attachment to the Parents Skill: Applied Objective: 6.4 17) Yong Park is nine months old. Lately when his mother tries to leave him in the church nursery, he cries and clings to his mother. His seems especially anxious if there is a new worker in the nursery. Considering his age, Yong Park is probably experiencing which of the following? A) Social referencing B) Bonding anxiety C) Attachment disorder D) Separation anxiety Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 136 Topic: The Infant's Attachment to the Parents Skill: Applied Objective: 6.4 18) Which of the following is a term applied to an infant's cry and protest at being left with someone other than their primary caregivers? A) Separation anxiety B) Stranger anxiety C) Bonding anxiety D) Social referencing Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 136 Topic: The Infant's Attachment to the Parents Skill: Factual Objective: 6.4 19) Some infants between 6 and 16 months experience a fear of people they do not know. Which of the following terms best identifies this fearful phase that seems to disappear as quickly as it came? A) Stranger anxiety B) Separation anxiety C) Social referencing D) Affect dysregulation Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 136 Topic: The Infant's Attachment to the Parents Skill: Factual Objective: 6.4 20) Callie, age 11 months, went to the circus with her mother. When a clown came bouncing up to Callie's stroller, Callie was anxious and looked at her mother. When Callie's mother began to laugh at the clown, Callie joined in the Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 120 laughter. Callie's behavior is called A) affective regulation. B) social referencing. C) stranger anxiety. D) bonding dependence. Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 136 Topic: The Infant's Attachment to the Parents Skill: Applied Objective: 6.4 21) Which of the following best exemplifies social referencing? A) Tom's father scolds Tom for being angry at his sister. B) Tom's father uses a light mood and a smile to transition Tom from an angry state to a calmer one. C) Tom's mother shows Tom pictures of different emotional expressions so that he can learn to imitate them. D) Tom's mother takes him away from his friends when he becomes angry at one of them for taking his toy. Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 136 Topic: The Infant's Attachment to the Parents Skill: Applied Objective: 6.4 22) Which of the following terms is used to describe children who readily separate from their caregivers and seem to enjoy exploring their surroundings? A) Securely attached B) Affectively attached C) Irregularly attached D) Insecurely attached Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 136 Topic: Variations in Attachment Quality Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.5 23) A child shows no interest in contact with her mother following a separation. This child does not specifically resist the mothers' efforts, but she will not seek much contact. She shows no preference for her mother over a stranger. Which of the following best describes this child? A) Securely attached B) Insecure/avoidant C) Secure/resistant D) Insecure/disorganized Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 136 Topic: Variations in Attachment Quality Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.5 24) Which of the following is a recognized category of attachment? A) Formalized B) Unstructured C) Chaotic D) Insecure/ambivalent Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 136 Topic: Variations in Attachment Quality Skill: Factual Objective: 6.5 Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 121 25) What is the term associated with expressions of discomfort, such as crying, when removed from an attachment figure? A) Stranger anxiety B) Separation anxiety C) Insecure attachment D) Avoidant attachment Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 136 Topic: Variations in Attachment Quality Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.5 26) When Mason cries, his mother responds by picking him up. When he coos, his mother talks to him. She smiles when he smiles. These are examples of which of the following? A) Reinforcement schedules B) Classical conditioning C) Maternal behavior shaping D) Contingent responsiveness Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 138 Topic: Caregiver Characteristics and Attachment Skill: Applied Objective: 6.6 27) Julie's mother is extremely busy with her job, which she does at home. Some days Julie's mom is responsive and attentive, other days she is so overwhelmed by work that she is emotionally unavailable. Which of the following attachment styles is Julie likely to develop? A) Secure/Ambivalent B) Insecure/Ambivalent C) Insecure/Detached D) Insecure/Disorganized Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 138 Topic: Caregiver Characteristics and Attachment Skill: Applied Objective: 6.6 28) According to your textbook, which of the following is a predictor of attachment quality? A) Marital status B) Childs gender C) Ethnicity D) Number of other children Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 138 Topic: Caregiver Characteristics and Attachment Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.6 29) If a mother is chronically and severely depressed, which of the following would you likely see in her child? A) Synchrony B) Secure attachment C) Decreased likelihood of mental illness in the future D) Over feeding Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 139 Topic: Caregiver Characteristics and Attachment Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 122 Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.6 30) According to your textbook, which of the following is LEAST likely to have an adverse effect on a child's social and psychological wellness? A) Marital conflict B) Depression in the primary caregiver C) Neglect by the parents D) Living in a single parent household Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 138-139 Topic: Caregiver Characteristics and Attachment Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.6 31) Which of the following statements is true about attachment? A) Securely attached infants have no greater social skills once they reach adolescence than insecurely attached infants. B) Insecure avoidant infants are less likely as adolescents to act out sexually. C) Attachment relationships are more critical to adult intimate relationships than other types of relationships. D) Quality of attachment in infancy predicted sexual dysfunction in adults better than a sexual abuse history did. Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 139-140 Topic: Long-Term Consequences of Attachment Quality Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.7 32) Which of the following countries has the greatest percentage of securely attached children? A) Great Britain B) Japan C) United States D) Germany Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 140 Topic: Cross-Cultural Research on Attachment Skill: Factual Objective: 6.8 33) What did researchers find in cross-cultural studies of attachment? A) Insecure attachment was more common in western cultures. B) European countries value independence, fostering insecure attachment. C) Avoidant children were more common in Israel and Japan. D) Secure attachment is the most common pattern in the eight countries studied. Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 140 Topic: Cross-Cultural Research on Attachment Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.8 34) What is unique about the Efe culture in regard to child rearing? A) Children typically have only one primary caregiver. B) Children are raised by their fathers, not their mothers. C) Children are raised by the entire community. D) Children are left to fend for themselves as soon as they are able to walk. Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 140 Topic: Cross-Cultural Research on Attachment Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 123 Skill: Factual Objective: 6.8 35) The emotional and behavioral predispositions present at birth are thought to be the foundation of personality. These predispositions are collectively referred to as A) foundations. B) temperament. C) moods. D) motivations. Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 141 Topic: Personality, Temperament, and Self-Concept Skill: Factual Objective: 6.9 36) Roberto is 11 months old. He smiles a lot, is generally cheerful and shows little anxiety around strangers. Which type of temperament does Roberto have? A) Difficult B) Slow-to-warm-up C) Easy D) Approachful Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 141 Topic: Dimensions of Temperament Skill: 6.9 37) Applied Objective: Your neighbor Sarah told you that her two children were obviously very different and it was noticeable right from birth. According to Sarah, her son was fussy and rarely slept through the night, while her daughter was calm and adapted very easily to any situation. Sarah is describing which aspect of her children's differing personalities? A) Attachment pattern B) Patterns of sociability C) Temperament D) Mood Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 141 Topic: Dimensions of Temperament Skill: Applied Objective: 6.9 38) Which of the following terms is used to describe the temperament of children who are less regular with their body functions and slower to develop stable eating and sleeping patterns? A) Difficult B) Slow to warm C) Easy D) Secure Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 141 Topic: Dimensions of Temperament Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.9 39) Which of the following is the best definition of temperament? A) The typical pattern of responses that a child shows when angry or frustrated. B) One of three personality patterns displayed by children. C) Inborn behavioral and emotional predispositions that form the basis of personality. D) The degree to which a child will allow himself to be influenced by others. Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 124 Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 141 Topic: Dimensions of Temperament Skill: Factual Objective: 6.9 40) Which of the following are described in terms of activity level, distractibility, and persistence? A) Types of infant personalities B) Personality dimensions C) Dimensions of temperament D) Characteristics of self-concept Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 142 Topic: Dimensions of Temperament Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.9 41) Which of the following is one of the dimensions proposed by researchers who study temperament? A) Activity level B) Personality C) Intelligence D) Perceptual skills Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 142 Topic: Dimensions of Temperament Skill: Factual Objective: 6.9 42) Approach/positive emotionality is one aspect of which perspective of temperament? A) Classic B) Trait C) Categorical D) Response Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 142 Topic: Dimensions of Temperament Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.9 43) According to trait theory, what is the opposite of approach/positive emotionality (or sociability)? A) Inhibition B) Irrationality C) Irregularity D) Introspection Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 142 Topic: Dimensions of Temperament Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.9 44) According to the trait perspective of temperament, which of the following refers to an infant's relative tendency to move often and vigorously or remain passive? A) Hyperactivity B) Activity level C) Effortful control D) Motor sociability Register to View AnswerCopyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 125 Diff: 1 Page Ref: 142 Topic: Dimensions of Temperament Skill: Factual Objective: 6.9 45) Which of the following is true regarding the long-term stability of temperament? A) The research data varies greatly so we can't draw any reliable conclusions on the longevity of temperament. B) Temperament remains stable through the age of 2 years, but then it becomes unpredictable. C) Difficult children tend to demonstrate the greatest level of instability in temperament. D) Most studies have found that the basic temperament of a child stays relatively stable at least through age 12. Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 142 Topic: Origins and Stability of Temperament Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.10 46) Which two neurotransmitters regulate the brain's response to new information and unusual situations? A) Adrenaline; noradrenaline B) Adrenaline; dopamine C) Dopamine; noradrenaline D) Dopamine; serotonin Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 143 Topic: Origins and Stability of Temperament Skill: Factual Objective: 6.10 47) Which of the following is associated with shyness? A) Temporal lobe deficiency B) Frontal lobe asymmetry C) Occipital lobe favoring D) Cortical stimulation Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 143 Topic: Origins and Stability of Temperament Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.10 48) ________ is the process of selecting experiences based on temperament. A) Self-fulfilling prophecy B) Self-regulation C) Hypothetical placement D) Niche-picking Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 143 Topic: Origins and Stability of Temperament Skill: Factual Objective: 6.10 49) Research correlates neurological differences with differences in temperament. What is a basic argument against the conclusions drawn from this data? A) The relationship between brain structure and shyness is illusory. B) Environmental influences can alter brain structure just as brain structure can alter behavior. C) Since it is correlational data, no conclusions can be drawn. D) environmental influences have a greater influence on behavior than do differences in brain structure. Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 143 Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 126 Topic: Origins and Stability of Temperament Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.10 50) Which of the following best summarizes the findings of the research conducted by Hou, Chen, & Chen (2005) on parental influences of temperament? A) Parental behavior at age 1 predicted temperament at age 7. B) Parental behavior had little influence on changes in temperament. C) Parental behavior at age 4 predicted behavioral inhibition at age 7. D) Parental behavior positively impacted temperamental changes. Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 143 Topic: Origins and Stability of Temperament Skill: Factual Objective: 6.10 51) What is another term for subjective self? A) Existential self B) Objective self C) Metacognitive self D) Rational self Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 144 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Factual Objective: 6.11 52) How does a child develop a subjective self? A) By recognizing himself in the mirror B) By recognizing her personal characteristics C) Through developing a personality D) By understanding her ability to have an effect on her environment Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 144 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.11 53) From Research Report on page 144: Which of the following statements about gender and temperament is true? A) Boys are generally more sociable than girls. B) Girls are more emotionally intense that boys. C) Boys tend to show more fear responses than girls do. D) Temperament differences between boys and girls are smaller than what is perceived by parents and other adults. Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 144 Topic: Research Report Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.11 54) Taniya and Daniel are the parents of a well-behaved, predictable, and easy-going daughter. Their neighbors Doug and Diane have a daughter who they consider to be a tomboy because she likes to play ball and rough-andtumble activities in the yard. This is an example of which of the following? A) Temperamental stereotyping B) Gender differences C) Temperamental gender typing D) Gender dysfunction Register to View AnswerCopyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 127 Diff: 2 Page Ref: 144 Topic: Research Report Skill: Applied Objective: 6.11 55) Which of the following is another term for the objective self? A) Categorical self B) Subjective self C) Irrational self D) Regulated self Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 145 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Factual Objective: 6.11 56) Which of the following best describes the toddler's understanding that he or she is defined by membership in various categories, such as gender or personality characteristics? A) Subjective self B) Superficial self C) Objective self D) Inhibited self Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 145 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.11 57) Grasping the objective self requires which of the following? A) Self-recognition B) Self-subjection C) Self-attachment D) The existential self Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 145 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.11 58) Megan is a toddler who participated in an experiment. Her mother placed a dot of rouge on her nose and sat her in front of a mirror to see if she would reach for the mirror or her own nose in order to touch the red spot. If Megan reaches for her own nose, she is demonstrating A) self-awareness. B) self-envy. C) self-exploration. D) self-examination. Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 145 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Applied Objective: 6.11 59) At what age will a toddler show a sharp increase in self-awareness? A) 9 - 12 months B) 13 - 17 months C) 18 - 20 months D) 21 - 24 months Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 128 Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 145 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.11 60) Research suggests that infants can identify changes in the emotions expressed in others' faces by what age? A) 2-3 months B) 4 months C) 5 months D) 6-9 months Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 145 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.11 61) When an infant demonstrates an understanding of the emotions of others and how those emotions affect behavior, and also understands his or her own emotions and their expression, they are demonstrating their A) conscious self. B) social self. C) personal self. D) emotional self. Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 145 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Factual Objective: 6.11 62) At what age do self-conscious emotions typically arise? A) 18 months B) 30 months C) 34 months D) 36 months Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 146 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Factual Objective: 6.11 63) Which of the following is NOT a self-conscious emotion? A) Shame B) Embarrassment C) Pride D) Happiness Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 146 Topic: Self-Concept Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.11 64) Which of the following is an example of family day care, according to your text's definition? A) Josh stays with his grandmother at her home when his mother is working. B) Susanne's daughter stays with their neighbor Mindy and her children when Suzanne is working. C) Zack stays with his sister and a sitter in their own home while their parents work. D) Amanda has a nanny who lives in her home during the week while Amanda's parents are working. Register to View AnswerCopyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 129 Diff: 3 Page Ref: 147 Topic: Difficulties in Studying Nonparental Care Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.12 65) Which of the following is a complicating factor in studying the effects of family day care? A) There is too much individual variation between familial caregivers. B) Very few children have family day care. C) Most children who have family day care are also enrolled in another type of day care. D) Most children who have family day care come from wealthy families. Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 147 Topic: Difficulties in Studying Nonparental Care Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.12 66) Which of the following is probably to blame when explaining discrepancies in research findings related to day care and its influence on cognitive development? A) Studies involving day care fail to account for the size of the facility and number of children enrolled. B) Studies that relate to impoverished children are more accurate if the studies are small. C) Too many studies focus on the problems of middle class children but not impoverished children. D) There is a discrepancy in the level of stimulation a child would receive at home versus day care. Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 147 Topic: Effects on Physical and Cognitive Development Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.13 67) Which of the following groups of children is most likely to experience some negative effects from non-familial day care? A) African-American children from middle-class homes B) Children from lower socio-economic classes C) Children from affluent homes D) White children from middle-class homes Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 148 Topic: Effects on Physical and Cognitive Development Skill: Factual Objective: 6.13 68) All-in-all, what seems to be the most important factor in cognitive development in children? A) Frequent interaction between caregiver and child B) Appropriate levels of stimulation C) The temperament of the caregiver D) The temperament of the child Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 148 Topic: Effects on Physical and Cognitive Development Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.13 69) Which of the following statements about social development and day care is true? A) Children in nonparental care seem to have a higher rate of insecure attachment than children with exclusively maternal care. B) Children in nonparental care show no substantive differences in attachment from children cared for exclusively by their parents. C) Their is a heightened risk of insecure attachment in children placed in day care after the age of 1. Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 130 D) Parental behaviors are more associated with social development if the day care arrangements are unstable. Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 148 Topic: Effects on Social Development Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.14 70) According to your text, kindergartners who had spent as few as _____ hours per week in nonparental care showed more aggressive behavior than their peers. A) 10 B) 25 C) 30 D) 40 Register to View AnswerDiff: 1 Page Ref: 149 Topic: Effects on Social Development Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.14 71) What is the name of the stress hormone that has been linked to differences in behavior of children in day care versus children reared exclusively at home? A) Thyroxine B) Cortisol C) Testosterone D) Estrogen Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 149 Topic: Interpreting Research on Nonparental Care Skill: Factual Objective: 6.15 72) With regard to children's play areas, which of the following characteristic of toys is more important than quantity? A) Variety B) Quality C) Complexity D) Cognitive integrity Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 149 Topic: Interpreting Research on Nonparental Care Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.15 73) What is the suggested group size for infants in day care? A) 4-6 children B) 6-8 children C) 8-10 children D) 10-12 children Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 150 Topic: Developmental Science at Home Skill: Factual Objective: 6.15 74) For children younger than 2, the teacher/child ration should be no higher than _____. A) 1:2 B) 1:3 Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 131 C) 1:4 D) 1:6 Register to View AnswerDiff: 2 Page Ref: 150 Topic: Developmental Science at Home Skill: Factual Objective: 6.15 75) Jaslin is a caregiver in a local day care. Parents often describe her as involved, positive, and responsive to the children. Jaslin would be defined as what type of caregiver? A) Sympathetic B) Knowledgeable C) Well organized D) Sensitive Register to View AnswerDiff: 3 Page Ref: 150 Topic: Developmental Science at Home Skill: Conceptual Objective: 6.15 Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 132

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1) According1tooFreud, the3development of the anal stage9 years between what ages in children?t 3 years to 5 years 5 to 7 years 7 to occurs B2) The authorsLearningtext Stepping the"period ofautonomy" infatuation" of which of the following?" of your bou
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
What does your text suggest is the most significant physical development of middle childhood?Improvement in fine motor coordination that makes it possible to write, play a musical instrument, paint,and drawWhich of the following statements is correct r
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1) Which of the following accurately reflects Freud's view of development in middle childhood?To develop friendships with members of the opposite sex.To form emotional bonds with peers and to move beyond those developed with parents.To develop a sense
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1) Which of the following best defines adolescence?The period between the ages of 10 and 17The transition to pubertyThe transitional period between childhood and adulthoodThe transitional period from childhood to teenage-hoodAnswer: CDiff: 1 Page Re
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1) Celebrating the attainment of dating age and quinceanera are examples of which of the following?ConfirmationTrans-pubertal eventsIdentity ritualsRites of passageAnswer: DDiff: 1 Page Ref: 305-306Topic: Chapter IntroductionSkill: AppliedObjecti
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1) The basic underlying, inevitable aging process called senescence is also known as _.Basic agingPrimary agingSecondary agingTertiary agingAnswer: BDiff: 1 Page Ref: 334Topic: Physical FunctioningSkill: FactualObjective: 13.12) Sports injuries
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1) According to Erikson, what is the central crisis of early adulthood?Autonomy versus dependenceIdentity versus role confusionIntimacy versus isolationGenerativity versus stagnationAnswer: CDiff: 1 Page Ref: 363Topic: Erikson's Stage of Intimacy v
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1) Why do we know so little about normal middle-aged brains?Research has mostly focused more on children's brain functions.Most research has focused on changes associated with trauma and disease.Research has generally been focused on the brain function
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1) Which of the following theorists viewed the issues of generativity and stagnation as critical issues that mostmiddle-aged adults must deal with?Sigmund FreudErik EriksonJean PiagetAlbert BanduraAnswer: BDiff: 2 Page Ref: 414Topic: Erikson's Gen
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1) The scientific study of aging is known as _.gerontologyoncologyagontologyontologyAnswer: ADiff: 2 Page Ref: 434Topic: Variability in Late AdulthoodSkill: FactualObjective: 17.12) At what point in the human life cycle do the greatest number of
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1) In 2006, how long had the world's longest-married couple been together?65 years75 years85 years95 yearsAnswer: CDiff: 1 Page Ref: 459Topic: Chapter IntroductionSkill: FactualObjective: N/A2) How did Erikson characterize the developmental task
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MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
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MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
MyCQs Test Creation FormMyCQs is an iOS app that allows students to create, share and take Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) tests on their iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. If you are planning on creating a lot of tests, you can use this form to do so quickly an
Santa Clara - PSYCH - 012
Health and WellnessBy Brussela GavarreteHealth and Wellness Health Habbits Sexually Transmitted Diseases Intimate Partner AbuseHealth and Wellness Early Adulthood is relatively a healthyperiod of life. However, risky behaviorssuch as: Poor eatin
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Physical and cognitivechanges in adolescenceBy Raynie HadnotBrain during AdolescenceThe brain goes through 2 growth spurtsbetween age 13 and 15During this time the cerebral cortexbecomes thicker and neuronal pathwaybecomes more efficientThe brain
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CHAPTER 11Physical & CognitiveDevelopment inAdolescencePhysical changes associated with maturity andaccompanying psychological & cognitive developmentsThe transition from childhood to adulthood within theadolescent yearsAdolescent Health &Sensati
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BU - CS - databases
I t's your choice!New Modular Organization!Appncatirms emphasis: A course that covers the principles of database systems and emphasizeshow they are used in developing data-intensive applications..f,;~tY'W';Yl~t';:;,~7' A course that has a strong syst
BU - CS - databases
Written Assignment #2CAS CS 460/660: Introduction to Database SystemsSpring 2013Due: Monday, Feb 25, 2013, in classProblem 1. (Based on Exercise 5.2) [25pts]Consider the following database schema:Suppliers(sid: integer, sname: string, address: strin
BU - CS - databases
CAS CS 460!Introduction to Database Systems!1.1!About the course Administrivia! Instructor:" George Kollios, gkollios@cs.bu.edu"MCS 283, Mon 2:30-4:00 and Tue 11-12:30" Teaching Fellow:" Haohan Zhu, zhu@bu.edu"EMA 309, Wed 3:00-4:30 and Thu 11
BU - CS - databases
CAS CS 460/660Entity/Relationship Model!1.1!Review! What a DBMS offer?"" Efcient data organization" Efcient data retrieval" Data integrity"1.2!Review-the big picture! Data Modelling" Relational" E-R"Data Organization Query Languages" SQ
BU - CS - databases
CAS CS 460/660Relational Model!1.1!Review! E/R Model:"sincenamessndidlotEmployeesdnameWorks_InbudgetDepartments Entities, relationships, attributes" Cardinalities: 1:1, 1:n, m:1, m:n" Keys: superkeys, candidate keys, primary keys"1.2!
BU - CS - databases
Relational Query Languages! Query = retrieval program Language examples: Theoretical:1. Relational Algebra2. Relational Calculusa. tuple relational calculus (TRC)b. domain relational calculus (DRC) Practical1. SQL (SEQUEL from System R)2. QUEL
BU - CS - databases
SQL Introduction! Standard DML/DDL for relational DBs DML = Data Manipulation Language (queries, updates) DDL = Data Definition Language (create tables, indexes, ) Also includes: view definition security integrity constraints transactions Histor
BU - CS - databases
More SQL!Today: Nested Queries More SQLNested Queries in SQL! Queries containing other queriesouter query"inner query" Inner query: Can appear in FROM or WHERE clauseExample:"SELECT cname"FROMborrower"WHERE cname IN (SELECT cname"FROM dep
BU - CS - databases
Summary thus far!Clause!-!SELECT[DISTINCT]!!FROM!!WHERE!!INTO!!GROUP BY!!HAVING!!ORDER BY!Evaluation Order!-!4!!1!!2!!7!!3!!5!!6!Semantics (RA/RA*)!!* (or )!!X*!!* !!!!Cant express!!* !!Cant express!More SQL
BU - CS - databases
Review!Three things managed by a DBMS1. Data organization E/R Model Relational Model2. Data Retrieval Relational Algebra SQL3. Data Integrity Integrity ConstraintsIntegrity Constraints!Purpose: prevent semantic inconsistencies in datae.g.:"
BU - CS - databases
Functional Dependencies!An example:!loan-info=!bnameDowntownDowntownRedwoodPerryRedwoodlnoL-170L-170L-230L-234L-13cnameJonesSmithTurnerHayesJohnsonamt10001000100015001000Observe:!tuples with the same value for lno will always
BU - CS - databases
Normalization!Decomposition techniques for ensuring:!Lossless joins!Dependency preservation!Redundancy avoidance!!We will look at some normal forms:!Boyce-Codd Normal Form (BCNF)!3rd Normal Form (3NF)!Boyce-Codd Normal Form (BCNF)!What is a no
BU - CS - databases
Matthew PiatetskyCS 460Project 1: DesignCREATE TABLE Users(uid char(10),first_name varchar(20),last_name varchar(30),date_of_birth date,gender char(1),password varchar(10),hometown_location varchar (30)current_location varchar(30)education_inf
BU - CS - databases
CAS CS 460Introduction to Database Systems1.1About the course Administrivias Instructor: George Kollios, gkollios@cs.bu.eduMCS 283, Mon 2:30-4:00 and Tue 11-12:30s Teaching Fellow: Haohan Zhu, zhu@bu.eduEMA 309, Wed 3:00-4:30 and Thu 11:00-12:30
BU - CS - databases
CAS CS 460/660Entity/Relationship Model1.1Reviews What a DBMS offer? Efficient data organization Efficient data retrieval Data integrity1.2Review-the big pictures Data Modelling Relational E-RData Organizations Query Languages SQL Relation
BU - CS - databases
CAS CS 460/660Entity/Relationship Model1.1Reviews What a DBMS offer? Efficient data organization Efficient data retrieval Data integrity1.2Review-the big pictures Data Modelling Relational E-RData Organizations Query Languages SQL Relation
BU - CS - databases
CAS CS 460/660Relational Model1.1Reviews E/R Model:sincenamessndidlotEmployeesdnameWorks_InbudgetDepartmentss Entities, relationships, attributess Cardinalities: 1:1, 1:n, m:1, m:ns Keys: superkeys, candidate keys, primary keys1.2Review
BU - CS - databases
Relational Query LanguagesRelationals Query = retrieval programs Language examples: Theoretical:1. Relational Algebra2. Relational Calculusa. tuple relational calculus (TRC)b. domain relational calculus (DRC) Practical1. SQL (SEQUEL from System
BU - CS - databases
SQL IntroductionSQL Standard DML/DDL for relational DBs DML = Data Manipulation Language (queries, updates) DDL = Data Definition Language (create tables, indexes, ) Also includes: view definition security integrity constraints transactions Hist
BU - CS - databases
More SQLMoreToday: Nested Queries More SQLNested Queries in SQLNested Queries containing other queriesouter queryinner query Inner query: Can appear in FROM or WHERE clauseExample:SELECT cnameFROMborrowerWHERE cname IN (SELECT cnameFROM d
BU - CS - databases
ReviewReviewThree things managed by a DBMS1. Data organizationE/R ModelRelational Model1. Data RetrievalRelational AlgebraSQL1. Data IntegrityIntegrity ConstraintsIntegrity ConstraintsIntegrityPurpose: prevent semantic inconsistencies in data