APOL_Critical_Thinking_Assignment_Tatyana_Fadeeva
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APOL_Critical_Thinking_Assignment_Tatyana_Fadeeva

Course: APOL 104, Spring 2013

School: Liberty

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Tatyana Fadeeva APOL 104 4/23/2013 Critical Thinking Assignment Part I Buddhism Question of Origin Of the three prominent worldviews, Buddhists are Pantheists; they have no personal God or deity. Instead, they believe that God and the Universe are one (Weider and Gutierrez). They also believe the world has no beginning (Things are created repeatedly through time), middle, and end. Buddhism was split from Hinduism...

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Fadeeva APOL Tatyana 104 4/23/2013 Critical Thinking Assignment Part I Buddhism Question of Origin Of the three prominent worldviews, Buddhists are Pantheists; they have no personal God or deity. Instead, they believe that God and the Universe are one (Weider and Gutierrez). They also believe the world has no beginning (Things are created repeatedly through time), middle, and end. Buddhism was split from Hinduism because of the disagreements about the roots and goals (Carner and Hindson). Question of Identity Most Buddhists believe once the physical body is gone so should the mind. Buddhists believe after the physical body leaves, the mind stays. The Buddhists aim to have the mind leave along with the body. They believe they are not separate minds/beings. Question of Meaning/Purpose It is not as important to have a purpose of being on Earth as it is to escape to attain Nirvana. They rely on Buddhas Four Truths: Suffering is life, desires cause suffering, to stop suffering, you must first stop desire, stop desire with the Eightfold Path (Carner and Hindson). Question of Morality Morality is interwoven through all Buddhist teaching. Purpose and Morality connect side by side with the Eightfold Path. It is a set of virtues including right thought, understanding, and meditation. There are also 9 virtues monks chant every day including: worthiness, knowledge, leadership, wisdom, and fortune (Carner and Hindson). Question of Destiny In Buddhist worldview, God does not control our destiny, we do. When going through the cycle of life, birth, death, and reincarnation, what we think, say, and do will determine if good or bad Karma will follow. When reincarnated, who you are when reborn will be determined by the Karma until one finally reaches the state of Nirvana. Part II Compare/Contrast Christianity and Buddhism Question of Origin The Christian and Buddhism Worldviews greatly differ from one another. Christians believe that there is a God, even a Holy Trinity. Buddhists do not believe in any higher power. Christians believe God that created the Earth in 6 days and rested on the seventh day. Buddhists do not believe in a beginning (creation) or an end. They also believe that God and the Earth are one. Question of Identity Christians believe God made each of us in an image of Himself. Buddhists believe they are not separate beings. Humans and animals are One in essence and therefore are partners (Weider and Gutierrez). Question of Meaning/Purpose The purpose for Christians is to believe that God the creator sent His one and only son, Jesus Christ to die for our sins so that we may live; to have a personal relationship with Him. Unlike Hinduism, Buddhists do not see life as an illusion. Suffering is life and in order to stop it, one must follow the teachings of the Eightfold Path. Otherwise, one will continue to be reincarnated and never reach the state of Nirvana (Weider and Gutierrez). Question of Morality In a Christian Worldview, the Question of Morality is interwoven with the Ten Commandments. For the Buddhist Worldview, it is interwoven through Buddhist teachings, the Eightfold Path, and the 9 virtues chanted every day. Buddhists believe God and the Universe are One so one must treat everything including animals, plants, and the Earth as such (Weider and Gutierrez). Question of Destiny Christians believe that acting in a way God would be pleased is a RESULT of salvation and not the actual salvation. If you have not received God as your Savior and lived a way that is pleasing to God, you could be on the right path to Hell. If the opposite is done, the gates of Heaven shall be opened to you. Buddhists, on the other hand, believe destiny is not controlled by a higher power, it is controlled by you. The way you live life will determine what kind of Karma you have. The better the Karma one has, the more chance of achieving the state of Nirvana. References Hindson, E & Caner, E. The Popular Encyclopedia of Apologetics. 2008. Harvest House Publishers. Weider, L., & Gutierrez, B. Consider. 2011. Academx Publishing Services Inc.
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