ch3
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ch3

Course Number: BUSINESS 101, Spring 2013

College/University: Erasmus Universiteit...

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ch3 Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. The credit side of an account is the right side, while the debit side is the left side. True False 2. In a computerized accounting system, posting may be done automatically but journalizing must be done by someone with an understanding of recording transactions. True False 3. The running balance form or the T account...

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___________________________________________________________________________ 1. The ch3 Student: credit side of an account is the right side, while the debit side is the left side. True False 2. In a computerized accounting system, posting may be done automatically but journalizing must be done by someone with an understanding of recording transactions. True False 3. The running balance form or the T account form is typically used in the trial balance to display the accounts and their amounts. True False 4. Dividends are an expense of a corporation and reduce both total assets and liabilities. True False 5. Dividends increase owners' equity and therefore should be added to retained earnings. True False 6. Every business transaction is recorded by a debit to a balance sheet account and a credit to an income statement account. True False 7. Earning revenue increases owners' equity and expenses reduce owners' equity, therefore, revenues are recorded with debit entries and expenses are recorded with credit entries. True False 8. A trial balance cannot be distributed to stockholders in lieu of a balance sheet. True False 9. Accounts are usually arranged in the ledger in financial statement order, that is, assets first, followed by liabilities, owners' equity, expenses, and revenues. True False 10. A credit to a ledger account refers to the entry of an amount on the right side of an account. True False 11. The left-hand side of an account is used for recording debits and the right-hand side for recording credits. True False 12. If the number of debit entries in an account is greater than the number of credit entries, the account will have a debit balance. True False 13. Liability accounts should only be debited and never credited. True False 14. Increases in owners' equity are recorded by credits; increases in assets and in liabilities are recorded by debits. True False 15. When making a general journal entry, there can only be one debit and one credit. True False 16. A business that is profitable and liquid will have more accounts with credit balances than with debit balances. True False 17. Every transaction affects equal numbers of ledger accounts and is recorded by equal dollar amounts of debits and credits. True False 18. When a company uses the double-entry method, the total dollar amount of debits recorded must equal the total dollar amount of credits recorded, but the number of debit and credit entries may differ. True False 19. If ledger accounts are maintained in three-column, running balance form, the journal should be maintained in the same format. True False 20. The general ledger is sometimes called the book of original entry because it is the accounting record where transactions are first recorded. True False 21. Each business transaction is initially recorded in a journal and later transferred to the appropriate accounts in the general ledger. True False 22. The matching principle refers to the relationship between revenues and expenses. True False 23. An increase in a liability is recorded by a credit; an increase in owners' equity by a debit. True False 24. Revenues increase owners' equity and are, therefore, recorded by crediting the revenues account. True False 25. The accrual basis of accounting recognizes expenses only when they are paid. True False 26. Every transaction which affects an income statement account also affects a balance sheet account. True False 27. A trial balance that balances provides proof that all transactions were correctly journalized and posted to the ledger. True False 28. A trial balance proves that equal amounts of debits and credits were posted to the ledger. True False 29. Dividends are an expense to a corporation and appear on the income statement. True False 30. A CEO or CFO associated with fraudulent financial reporting could be fined but not imprisoned under the Sarbanes Oxley Act. True False 31. "I was just following orders" is an acceptable defense if you committed an unethical action during an audit. True False 32. Sally Smith had expenses of $800 in June which she paid in July. She declared these expenses on her June income statement. By doing this, she is following the accounting principle of: A. Revenue realization. B. Adequate disclosure. C. Matching. D. Conservatism. 33. The price of the goods sold or services rendered during a given accounting period is called: A. Net income. B. Profit. C. Revenue. D. Equity. 34. The principle that states revenue should be recognized at the time goods are sold or services rendered is called: A. Adequate disclosure. B. Conservatism. C. Matching. D. Revenue realization. 35. Recognizing revenue when it is earned and not when cash is received and recognizing expenses when the related goods or services are used rather than when they are paid for is called: A. Revenue recognition. B. Accrual accounting. C. Conservatism. D. Matching. 36. The agreement of the debit and credit totals of the trial balance gives assurance that: A. All transactions were posted correctly. B. No transactions were omitted. C. The number of accounts with debit balances equals the number of accounts with credit balances. D. The total debits equal the total credits. 37. The sequence of accounting procedures used to record, classify, and summarize accounting information is called the: A. Accounting cycle. B. Accounting period. C. Accrual accounting. D. Double-entry bookkeeping. 38. The purchase of equipment on credit is recorded by a: A. Debit to Equipment and a credit to Accounts Payable. B. Debit to Accounts Payable and a credit to Equipment. C. Debit to Equipment and a debit to Accounts Payable. D. Credit to Equipment and a credit to Accounts Payable. 39. The collection of accounts receivable is recorded by a: A. Debit to Cash and a debit to Accounts Receivable. B. Credit to Cash and a credit to Accounts Receivable. C. Debit to Cash and a credit to Accounts Receivable. D. Credit to Cash and a debit to Accounts Receivable. 40. Which of the following accounts normally has a debit balance? A. Accounts payable. B. Retained earnings. C. Accounts receivable. D. Service revenue. 41. In the general ledger, a separate "account" is maintained for each: A. Type of asset and liability and for each element of owners' equity. B. Business transaction. C. Business day. D. Journal entry. 42. In accounting, the terms debit and credit indicate, respectively: A. Increase and decrease. B. Left and right. C. Decrease and increase. D. Right and left. 43. In a ledger, debit entries cause: A. Increases in owners' equity, decreases in liabilities, and increases in assets. B. Decreases in liabilities, increases in assets, and decreases in owners' equity. C. Decreases in assets, decreases in liabilities, and increases in owners' equity. D. Decreases in assets, increases in liabilities, and increases in owners' equity. 44. Which of the following accounts normally has a credit balance? A. Cash. B. Service revenue. C. Accounts receivable. D. Utilities expense. 45. Which of the following is not true regarding the general ledger account for Cash? A. The balance of the account indicates the amount of cash owned by the business on a particular date. B. Each debit entry in the Cash account represents a cash receipt. C. Debit entries are made before credit entries. D. Credit entries in the Cash account represent cash payments. 46. The rules of debit and credit may be summarized as follows: A Accounts on the left side of the balance sheet are increased by debits, whereas, accounts on the right . side of the balance sheet are increased by credits. B. The balance of a ledger account is increased by debit entries and is decreased by credit entries. C Accounts on the left side of the balance sheet are increased by credits, whereas accounts on the right . side of the balance sheet are increased by debits. D. The balance of a ledger account is increased by credit entries and is decreased by debit entries. 47. The essential point of a double-entry system of accounting is that every transaction: A. Affects accounts on both sides of the balance sheet. B. Is recorded in both the journal and the ledger. C. Increases one ledger account and decreases another. D. Affects two or more ledger accounts and is recorded by an equal dollar amount of debits and credits. 48. Double-entry accounting is characterized by which of the following? A. Every transaction affects both an asset account and either a liability account or an owners' equity account. B. The number of general ledger accounts with debit balances is equal to the number with credit balances. C. The total dollar amount of debit entries posted to the general ledger is equal to the dollar amount of the credit entries. D. The number of debit entries posted to the general ledger equals the number of credit entries. 49. The process of originally recording a business transaction in the accounting records is termed: A. Journalizing. B. Footing. C. Posting. D. Balancing. 50. If the trial balance has a higher debit balance than credit balance, it signifies: A. Assets are more than liabilities. B. A profit. C. A loss. D. An error has been made. 51. Brett Tarek, a manager at D&J Landscaping, Inc. needs information regarding the amount of accounts payable currently owed by the company. This information would most easily be found in the: A. General ledger. B. General journal. C. Income statement. D. Notes to the financial statements. 52. Which of the following accounting procedures requires the greatest knowledge of generally accepted accounting principles? A. Journalizing business transactions. B. Posting journal entries to ledger accounts. C. Preparing a trial balance. D. Locating errors in a trial balance. 53. Transactions are recorded in the general journal in: A. Numerical order. B. Chronological order. C. Account number order. D. Financial statement order. 54. A transaction is first recorded in which of the following accounting records? A. Trial balance. B. Ledger. C. General journal. D. Balance sheet. 55. What type of account will normally contain a debit balance? A. Asset. B. Liability. C. Owners' equity. D. Revenue. 56. If the trial balance has a smaller debit balance than credit balance, it signifies: A. Assets are more than liabilities. B. A profit. C. A loss. D. An error has been made. 57. The manager of Grande Home Improvements purchased several cash registers for the business on June 10 but does not remember whether he paid cash for the full price or still owes a balance to the vendor. Where is the best place for the manager to get the information about this transaction? A. A trial balance prepared at the end of June. B. The general journal. C. A balance sheet prepared at the end of June. D. The ledger account for equipment. 58. Sue Costa, owner of A-1 Cleaning Services, invested an additional $75,000 in the company. Which of the following would be a part of the correct journal entry to record this transaction? A. A debit to the Cash account. B. A debit to the Equity account. C. A debit to the Capital Stock account. D. A debit to the Cash Received account. 59. If a company purchases equipment on account: A. Assets will increase and owners' equity will also increase. B. Assets will increase and owners' equity will decrease. C. Assets will increase and owners' equity will remain unchanged. D. Assets will increase and liabilities will decrease. 60. Preparing a journal entry in proper form involves all the following except: A. Listing all accounts debited before any credits. B. Computing the balances in accounts involved in the transaction. C. Indicating the date of the transaction. D. Providing a brief written explanation of the transaction. 61. The journal entry to record a particular business transaction includes a credit to a liability account. This transaction is most likely also to include: A. Issuance of new capital stock. B. The purchase of an asset on account. C. A cash payment. D. A credit to Accounts Receivable. 62. The journal entry to record a particular business transaction includes a credit to the Cash account. This transaction is most likely also to include: A. Issuance of new capital stock. B. The purchase of an asset on account. C. Payment of an outstanding note payable. D. A credit to Accounts Receivable. 63. The collection of an account receivable is recorded by a debit to Cash and a credit to Accounts Payable. If this error is not corrected: A. Total liabilities are understated. B. Total assets are understated. C. Total liabilities are overstated. D. Owners' equity is overstated. 64. Posting is the process of: A. Transferring debit and credit entries from the journal into the appropriate ledger accounts. B. Determining that the dollar amount of debit entries recorded in the ledger is equal to the dollar amount of credit entries. C. Entering information into a computerized data base. D. Preparing journal entries to describe each business transaction. 65. If a company purchases equipment for cash: A. Assets will increase and owners' equity will also increase. B. Assets will increase and owners' equity will decrease. C. Assets will increase and owners' equity will remain unchanged. D. Total assets and owners' equity will remain unchanged. 66. A trial balance that is out of balance indicates that: A. The number of ledger accounts with debit balances is not equal to the number of accounts with credit balances. B. A debit has been posted to the wrong account. C. There is not an equality of debit and credit amounts in the ledger. D. A journal entry has been completely omitted from the posting process. 67. A trial balance consists of: A. A two-column schedule of all debit and credit entries posted to ledger accounts. B. A two-column financial statement intended for distribution to interested parties outside the business. C. A two-column schedule showing the totals of all debits and of all credits made in journal entries. D. A two-column schedule listing names and balances of all ledger accounts. 68. Green Systems sold and delivered modems to Blue Computers for $660,000 to be paid by Blue in three equal installments over the next three months. The journal entry made by Blue Computers to record the last of the three installment payments will include: A. A debit of $220,000 to Modem Expense. B. A debit of $220,000 to Accounts Receivable. C. A debit of $220,000 to Cash. D. A debit of $220,000 to Accounts Payable. 69. Which of the following errors would be disclosed by preparation of a trial balance? A. The collection of an account receivable was recorded by a debit to the Land account rather than to the Cash account. B.The collection of an account receivable for $219 was recorded by a $291 debit to Cash and a $291 credit to Accounts Receivable. C. The collection of a $365 account receivable was not recorded at all. D. The collection of a $325 account receivable was recorded by a $325 debit to Cash and a $325 debit to Accounts Receivable. 70. Which of the following errors would not be disclosed by preparation of a trial balance? A. An error was made in computing the balance of the Cash account. B. A journal entry included a debit to the Equipment account for $3,200, but this amount was erroneously posted as $2,300. C. During the posting process, a $1,700 debit to Cash was accidentally entered in the credit side of the Cash account. D. The journal entries recorded on the last day of the year have never been posted to the ledger. 71. Black Systems sold and delivered modems to White Computers for $330,000 to be paid by White in three equal installments over the next three months. The journal entry made by Black Systems to record this transaction will include: A. A debit to Sales Revenue for $330,000. B. A debit to Accounts Receivable for $330,000. C. A debit to Accounts Receivable for $110,000. D. A debit to Cash Paid for $330,000. 72. The statement "This business produced net income of $520,000" is unclear because it failed to specify: A. The accounting method, that is, accrual or cash basis. B. Whether the amount earned is before or after expenses. C. The time period. D. The amount of cash withdrawn from the business by the owner. 73. The term revenue can best be described as: A. The selling price of goods and services rendered to customers during a given accounting period. B. The cash received from selling goods and serving customers during a given accounting period. C. The net increase in owners' equity during a given period. D. The "bottom line" in the income statement. 74. The realization principle indicates that revenue usually should be recognized and recorded in the accounting records: A. When goods are sold or services are rendered to customers. B. When cash is collected from customers. C. At the end of the accounting period. D. Only when the revenue can be matched by an equal dollar amount of expenses. 75. In February of each year, the Carlton Hotel holds a very popular wine tasting event. Tickets must be ordered and paid for in advance, and are typically sold out by November of the preceding year. The realization principle indicates that the revenue from these ticket sales should be recognized in the period in which the: A. Order is placed. B. Wine tasting event is held. C. Payments are received. D. Expenses associated with the wine tasting are paid in full. 76. Collection of an accounts receivable: A. Increases the total assets of a company. B. Decreases the total assets of a company. C. Does not change the total assets of a company. D. Reduces a company's total liabilities. 77. The matching principle is best demonstrated by: A. Using debits to record decreases in owners' equity and credits to record increases. B. The equation Assets = Liabilities + Owners' Equity. C. Allocating the cost of an asset to expense over the periods during which benefits are derived from the asset. D. Offsetting the cash receipts of the period with the cash payments made during the period. 78. Net income is: A. The excess of debits over credits. B. The increase in owners' equity resulting from the profitable operations of the business. C. The excess of credits over debits. D. The increase in assets of a company during a year. 79. Clinton prepares monthly financial statements. Which of the following violates the matching principle? A A portion of the salary payments made this month are not recognized as expense because some of the . work was done by employees last month. B. The premium on a six-month insurance policy is charged immediately to expense. C. Expenses for the period exceed revenues. D. The cost of advertising done during the month is charged to expense even though no payment is due for 60 days. 80. The matching principle: A. Applies only to situations in which a cash payment occurs before an expense is recognized. B. Applies only to situations in which a cash receipt occurs before revenue is recognized. C. Is used in accrual accounting to determine the proper period in which to recognize revenue. D. Is used in accrual accounting to determine the proper period for recognition of expenses. 81. The reason that revenue is recorded by a credit entry to a revenue account is: A. That revenue always involves a debit to the Cash account. B. Explained by the realization principle. C. Explained by the matching principle. D. That revenue increases owners' equity. 82. Revenues increase owners' equity because: A. Revenues increase net income which increases retained earnings. B. Revenues are recorded by a credit. C. Of the matching principle. D. The realization principle requires revenues be recognized with an increase to owners' equity. 83. The reason that both expenses and dividends are recorded by debit entries is that: A. All dividend and expense transactions involve offsetting credit entries to the Cash account. B. Both expenses and dividends are offset against revenues in the income statement. C. Both expenses and dividends reduce owners' equity. D. The statement is untrue-expenses are recorded by debits, but dividends are recorded by credits to the owners' equity account. 84. A journal entry which records revenue must include: A. A debit to Cash. B. A credit to a revenue account. C. A credit to the owners' equity account. D. A debit to the owners' equity account. 85. A journal entry to record revenue could include each of the following, except: A. A credit to a revenue account. B. A credit to the Capital Stock account. C. A debit to Cash. D. A debit to Accounts Receivable. 86. A journal entry to recognize an expense must include: A. A credit to Accounts Payable. B. A credit to an expense account. C. A credit to Cash. D. A debit to an expense account. 87. A journal entry to recognize an expense could include each of the following, except: A. A debit to an expense account. B. A credit to Accounts Payable. C. A debit to a liability account. D. A credit to Cash. 88. Which of the following accounts normally does not have a debit balance? A. Dividends. B. Wage Expense. C. Building. D. Capital Stock. 89. On June 18, Baltic Arena paid $6,600 to Marvin Maintenance, Inc. for cleaning the arena following a monster truck show held on June 9th. This transaction: A. Is recorded by debiting the Retained Earnings account. B. Is recorded by debiting Cash and crediting Cleaning Expense. C. Causes a decrease in owners' equity by increasing expenses for June. D. May not be recorded until all revenue generated from the monster truck show has been collected in cash. 90. Davis, Inc., a music group, entertained at a black-tie dinner dance on April 26, and collected the fee in full at the end of the evening. This transaction: A. Causes an increase in assets and revenue, as well as an increase in owners' equity. B. Is recorded by debiting Cash and crediting the Retained Earnings account. C. Causes an increase in assets and a decrease in owners' equity. D. Violates the matching principle unless any expenses associated with this cash receipt are paid prior to recording the revenue. 91. At the end of October, Flagship Marina received a bill for fuel used in October. Payment is not due until November 30. This transaction: A. Should not be recorded in the accounting records until November. B. Causes a decrease in assets and in owners' equity in November, when the bill is paid. C. Should be recorded as an expense of October, regardless of the payment date. D. Is recorded as a liability in October, but is not considered an expense until paid. 92. On June 27, Healthy Life Services, Inc. performed extensive tests on lab specimens submitted by several customers and sent invoices totaling $5,200, due in 30 days. A. No revenue from rendering these services should be recorded until payment is received. B. This situation causes an increase in assets and in revenue in June, but has no effect on owners' equity until payment is received. C. Revenue is earned in June, but assets are not increased until payment is received. D. Assets, revenue, and owners' equity are increased in June, regardless of when payments are received for the services rendered. The following transactions occurred during March, the first month of operations for Quality Galleries, Inc. * Capital stock was issued in exchange for $360,000 cash. * Purchased $180,000 of equipment by making a $60,000 cash down payment and signing a note payable for the balance. * Made a $35,000 cash payment on the note payable from the purchase of equipment. * Sold a piece of equipment for cash of $18,000. The equipment was sold at cost, so there is no gain or loss on the sale. 93. What is the balance in the Cash account at the end of March? A. $283,000. B. $343,000. C. $318,000. D. $378,000. 94. What are total assets of Quality Galleries at the end of March? A. $283,000. B. $162,000. C. $445,000. D. $480,000. 95. What is the balance in the Note Payable account at the end of March? A. $120,000. B. $85,000. C. $35.000. D. $155,000 96. What is the total owners' equity at the end of March? A. $283,000. B. $445,000. C. $480,000. D. $360,000. The following transactions occurred during May, the first month of operations for Hunter Products, Inc: * Issued 50,000 shares of capital stock to the owners of the corporation in exchange for $600,000 cash. * Purchased a piece of land for $400,000, making a $150,000 cash down payment and signing a note payable for the balance. * Made a $60,000 cash payment on the note payable from the purchase of land. * Purchased equipment on credit from BBW, Inc. for $63,000. 97. What is the balance in the Cash account at the end of May? A. $210,000. B. $390,000. C. $600,000. D. $810,000. 98. What are total assets of Hunter Products at the end of May? A. $913,000. B. $790,000. C. $853,000. D. $916,000. 99. What is the total of Hunter Products' liabilities at the end of May? A. $253,000. B. $190,000. C. $63,000. D. $313,000. 100.What is the total owners' equity at the end of May? A. $810,000. B. $600,000. C. $790,000. D. $660,000. 101.Master Equipment has a $17,400 liability to Arrow Paint Co. When Master Equipment makes a partial payment of $7,600 on this liability, which of following is true about the journal entry made by Master to record this transaction? A. The Cash Paid Out account is debited $7,600. B. The liability account Accounts Payable is credited $9,800. C. The Cash account is debited $7,600. D. The Accounts Payable account is debited $7,600. 102.Eagle News has a $6,000 account receivable from one of its advertisers, Allwood Floors. When Eagle receives $3,600 from Allwood as partial payment: A. Eagle should debit Accounts Receivable for $3,600. B. Eagle should credit Cash for $3,600. C. Eagle should credit Accounts Receivable for $3,600. D. Eagle makes no journal entry until the total of $6,000 is received from Allwood. 103.Bruno's Pizza Restaurant makes full payment of $8,300 on an account payable to Stella's Cheese Co. Stella's would record this transaction with a: A. Debit to Accounts Payable for $8,300. B. Credit to Cash for $8,300. C. Credit to Accounts Receivable for $8,300. D. Credit to Accounts Payable for $8,300. 104.The purchase of office equipment at a cost of $7,600 with an immediate payment of $4,200 and agreement to pay the balance within 60 days is recorded by: A. A debit of $7,600 to Office Equipment, a debit of $4,200 to Accounts Receivable, and a credit of $3,400 to Accounts Payable. B. A debit of $7,600 to Office Equipment, a credit of $4,200 to Cash, and a credit of $3,400 to Accounts Receivable. C. A debit of $3,400 to Accounts Receivable, a debit of $4,200 to Cash, and a credit of $7,600 to Office Equipment. D. A debit of $7,600 to Office Equipment, a credit of $4,200 to Cash, and a credit of $3,400 to Accounts Payable. 105.Land is purchased by making a cash down payment of $40,000 and signing a note payable for the balance of $130,000. The journal entry to record this transaction in the accounting records of the purchaser includes: A. A credit to Land for $40,000. B. A debit to Cash for $40,000. C. A debit to Land for $170,000. D. A debit to Note Payable for $130,000. The bookkeeper for Wood Mfg. made the following journal entry on January 30, 2009: 106.This transaction involves: A. The sale of land and building for $286,000. B. Payment of $221,000 on a note payable. C. The receipt of $65,000 cash. D. An increase in liabilities of $221,000. 107.Before the journal entry above, Wood had assets, liabilities, and owners' equity of $450,000, $100,000, and $350,000, respectively. What are total assets immediately after the above transaction occurs? A. $221,000. B. $671,000. C. $735,500. D. $450,000. The following entry appears in Martin Supply's general journal on March 10, 2010: 108.This transaction involves: A. Martin's collection of $35,000 on an account receivable. B. Payment of $21,000 cash by Martin. C. A $21,000 overall increase in Martin's assets. D. Sale of equipment by Martin for $51,000. 109.Before the journal entry above, Martin had assets of $900,000; liabilities of $460,000; and owners' equity of $440,000. Total assets immediately after the above transaction has been recorded amount to: A. $905,000. B. $921,000. C. $956,000. D. $794,000. Montauk Oil Co. reports these account balances at December 31, 2010 On January 2, 2011, Montauk Oil collected $50,000 of its accounts receivable and paid $20,000 of its accounts payable. 110.In a trial balance prepared at December 31, 2010 the total of the debit column is: A. $1,540,000. B. $780,000. C. $1,020,000. D. $700,000. 111.In a trial balance prepared at January 3, 2011, the total of the debit column is: A. $760,000. B. $1,570,000. C. $740,000. D. $370,000. 112.On January 3, 2011, total liabilities are: A. $370,000. B. $350,000. C. $300,000. D. $70,000. Ceramic Products, Inc. reports these account balances at January 1, 2009 (shown in alphabetical order): On January 5, Ceramic Products collected $12,000 of its accounts receivable and paid $11,000 on its note payable. 113.In a trial balance prepared for Ceramic Products on January 1, 2009, the total of the credit column is: A. $182,000. B. $196000. C. $166,000. D. $286,000. 114.In a trial balance prepared on January 5, 2009, the total of the credit column is: A. $275,000. B. $286,000. C. $287,000. D. $297,000. 115.On January 5, 2009, total liabilities are: A. $0. B. $30,000. C. $56,000. D. $41,000. 116.Ben Dryden, president of Jet Glass, Inc, noticed a $8,000 debit to Accounts Payable in the company's general ledger. This debit could correspond to: A. A $8,000 sale to a customer. B. A purchase of equipment costing $8,000 on credit. C. A payment of $8,000 to a supplier to settle a balance due. D. The failure to pay this month's $8,000 utility bill on time. The following entry appears in Galloway Paints general journal on April 23, 2011: 117.This transaction involves: A. Galloway's collection of $20,000 on an account payable. B. Payment of $6,000 cash by Galloway C. A $26,000 overall increase in Galloway's assets. D. Sale of inventory by Galloway for $26,000. 118.Before the journal entry above, Galloway had assets of $450,000; liabilities of $230,000; and owners' equity of $220,000. Total assets immediately after the above transaction has been recorded amount to: A. $430,000. B. $450,000. C. $470,000. D. $476,000. Indirect Oil Co. reports these account balances at December 31, 2011 On January 2, 2012, Indirect Oil collected $25,000 of its accounts receivable and paid $20,000 of its accounts payable. 119.In a trial balance prepared at December 31, 2011 the total of the debit column is: A. $805,000. B. $780,000. C. $415,000. D. $390,000. 120.In a trial balance prepared at January 3, 2012, the total of the debit column is: A. $760,000. B. $825,000. C. $740,000. D. $370,000. 121.On January 3, 2012, total liabilities are: A. $185,000. B. $165,000. C. $150,000. D. $70,000. Wilson Trucking, Inc. reports these account balances at January 1, 2012 (shown in alphabetical order): On January 5, Wilson Trucking collected $175,000 of its accounts receivable, paid $150,000 on its accounts payable, and paid $11,000 on its note payable. 122.In a trial balance prepared for Wilson Trucking on January 1, 2012, the total of the credit column is: A. $1,580,000. B. $1,560,000. C. $1,620,000. D. $3,120,000. 123.In a trial balance prepared for Wilson Trucking on January 5, 2012, the total of the debit column is: A. $1,580,000. B. $1,399,000. C. $1,620,000. D. $3,120,000. 124.In a trial balance prepared on January 5, 2012, the total of the credit column is: A. $1,350,000. B. $1,399,000. C. $1,560,000. D. $1,721,000. 125.On January 5, 2012, total liabilities are: A. $0. B. $579,000. C. $1,399,000. D. $1,721,000. 126.On January 5, 2012, total assets are: A. $1,350,000. B. $1,399,000. C. $1,560,000. D. $1,574,000. 127.Accounting terminology Listed below are nine technical accounting terms introduced in this chapter: (A.) The accounting record in which transactions are initially recorded. (B.) A concept designed to avoid overstatement of the financial strength of a company. (C.) A schedule prepared to determine the equality of the debit and credit amounts in the ledger. (D.) An amount entered in the right side of a ledger account. (E.) The sequence of procedures involved in recording transactions, processing the information in the accounting system, and summarizing the information in the form of financial statements. (F.) The accounting record that contains a separate account for each type of asset and liability, and for each element of owners' equity appearing in the balance sheet. (G.) The system of accounting in which every business transaction is recorded by equal dollar amounts of debit and credit entries. 128.Recording transactions directly in T accounts; trial balance On July 20, Mollie Rose began a new business called MR Printing, which provides typing, duplicating, and printing services. The following six transactions were completed by the business during July. (A.) Issued to Rose 1,000 shares of capital stock in exchange for her investment of $200,000 cash. (B.) Purchased land and a small building for $450,000, paying $165,000 cash and signing a note payable for the balance. The land was considered to be worth $240,000 and the building $210,000. (C.) Purchased office equipment for $30,000 from Quality Interiors, Inc. Paid $17,000 cash and agreed to pay the balance within 60 days. (D.) Purchased a motorcycle on credit for $3,400 to be used for making deliveries to customers. Mollie agreed to make payment to Spokes, Inc. within 10 days. (E.) Paid in full the account payable to Spokes, Inc. (F.) Borrowed $30,000 from a bank and signed a note payable due in six months. Instructions (A.) Record the above transactions directly in the T accounts below. Identify each entry in a T account with the letter shown for the transaction. This exercise does not call for the use of a journal. (B.) Prepare a trial balance at July 31 by completing the form provided. 129.Recording transactions in T accounts; trial balance On May 15, George Manny began a new business, called Sounds, Inc., a recording studio to be rented out to artists on an hourly or daily basis. The following six transactions were completed by the business during May: (A.) Issued to Manny 5,000 shares of capital stock in exchange for his investment of $200,000 cash. (B.) Purchased land and a building for $410,000, paying $100,000 cash and signing a note payable for the balance. The land was considered to be worth $310,000 and the building $100,000. (C.) Installed special insulation and soundproofing throughout most of the building at a cost of $120,000. Paid $32,000 cash and agreed to pay the balance in 60 days. Manny considers these items to be additional costs of the building. (D.) Purchased office furnishings costing $18,000 and recording equipment costing $88,400 from Music Supplies. Sounds paid $28,000 cash with the balance due in 30 days. (E.) Borrowed $180,000 from a bank by signing a note payable. (F.) Paid the full amount of the liability to Music Supplies arising from the purchases in D above. Instructions (A.) Record the above transactions directly in the T accounts below. Identify each entry in a T account with the letter shown for the transaction. This exercise does not call for the use of a journal. (B.) Prepare a trial balance at May 31 by completing the form provided. SOUNDS, INC. Trial Balance May 31, 20__ Debit Credit 130.Recording transactions journal entry grid A list of accounts for Harding Company is given below, followed by a series of transactions. Indicate the accounts that would be debited and credited in recording each transaction by placing the appropriate number (or numbers) in the space provided. 131.Listed below are accounts of Global Company, each identified by a number. Following this list of accounts is a series of transactions. You are to indicate for each transaction the accounts that should be debited and credited by inserting the proper account numbers in the space provided. 132.Recording transactions in general journal Enter the following transactions in the two-column journal of Baumann Bathrooms. Include a brief explanation of the transaction as part of each journal entry. 133.Recording transactions in general journal Enter the following transactions in the two-column journal of Festive Parties, Inc. Include a brief explanation of the transaction as part of each journal entry. 134.Journalize and post basic transactions Precision Grading Co. was organized to grade construction sites. * On June 1, owner Dave Precision deposited $90,000 in a new bank account opened in the name of the business in exchange for stock. * On June 3, the company acquired grading equipment costing $89,000, paying $43,000 cash and signing a note payable for the balance. * On June 10, the company paid $13,000 of the amount owed for equipment acquired on June 3. Instructions: Journalize these three transactions and post to the ledger accounts. 135.Journalize and post basic transactions Geller Landscaping was organized on April 5 when the corporation issued 20,000 shares of capital stock to Larry Geller in exchange for $60,000 cash. * On April 8, the business acquired gardening equipment by paying cash of $26,000 and signing a $20,000 note payable, due in four monthly installments of $5,000 each, beginning on April 15. * On April 15, Larry Geller made the first payment on the note payable by writing a check from the business bank account. Instructions: Journalize these three transactions and post to the ledger accounts. 136.Effects of a series of transactions on balance sheet items Fieldstone, Inc. had the following transactions during the month of March, the first month of operations for the business: * The corporation issued 12,000 shares of capital stock to Sandy Fieldstone in exchange for $120,000 cash. * Purchased $73,000 of equipment; made a $18,000 down payment and signed a note payable for the balance. * Made payment of $9,000 on the amount owed for equipment. (A.) Compute the balance in the Cash account at the end of March. (B.) What are the total assets of Fieldstone, Inc. at the end of March? (C.) Compute the balance in the Notes Payable account at the end of March. (D.) What is the total amount of owners' equity at the end of March? 137.Effects of a series of transactions on balance sheet items Clark Plumbing had the following transactions during the month of June, the first month of operations for the business: * The corporation issued 12,000 shares of capital stock to Bill Clark in exchange for his investment of $72,000 cash. * Purchased $36,000 of equipment; made an $8,000 down payment and signed a note payable for the balance. * Made payment of $4,000 on the amount owed for equipment. (A.) Compute the balance in the Cash account at the end of June. (B.) What are the total assets of Clark Plumbing at the end of June? (C.) Compute the balance in the Notes Payable account at the end of June. (D.) What is the total amount of owners' equity at the end of June? 138.Double-entry accounting The accounting system of most businesses, whether manual or computer-based, is some form of a doubleentry system of accounting. (A.) What is meant by the term "double-entry accounting"? (B.) Explain how the double-entry system is applied in accounting for the following transaction: Majestic Company purchases a piece of equipment costing $6,000, paying $3,000 cash with the balance of the purchase price to be paid within 60 days. 139.Rules of debit and credit as applied to balance sheet accounts Items in the balance sheet are classified into three categories: assets, liabilities, and owners' equity. (A.) Identify by name two ledger accounts in each of the first two categories above (assets and liabilities) and one owners' equity account. State whether each account would normally have a debit or credit balance. (B.) Describe briefly the rules of debits and credits as applied to the three categories of balance sheet accounts: asset accounts, liability accounts, and owners' equity accounts. 140.Matching principle In April, Grinnel Paving, Inc. acquired a large quantity of crushed stone on account with payment due in 90 days. The stone was used in May when Grinnel Paving, Inc. completed a large parking lot for a local shopping center. In early July, Grinnel Paving, Inc. paid the supplier from which the crushed stone had been purchased. In which month should Grinnel Paving, Inc. recognize the cost of the crushed stone as an expense? What accounting principle provides the justification for the answer? 141.Given the following list of accounts and their amounts for Hayden's Co. in alphabetical order, prepare a trial balance for December 31, 2009 as it should be presented. 142.The following trial balance of Brian's Pickle Co for June 30, 2010 does not balance. The following errors were discovered: 1. A purchase of supplies for cash was posted as $40 when it should have been $400. 2. The first two numbers of the amount for notes payable were transposed while being copied from the account balance to the trial balance. The correct amount of Notes Payable should be $51,500. 3. A collection of cash was debited to the cash account in the amount of $5,500 but was not credited to the revenue account. 4. A purchase of supplies for $725 on account was not recorded. Instructions: Prepare a corrected trial balance ch3 Key 1. The credit side of an account is the right side, while the debit side is the left side. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-02 Describe a ledger account and a ledger. Topic: The Ledger Williams - Chapter 03 #1 2. In a computerized accounting system, posting may be done automatically but journalizing must be done by someone with an understanding of recording transactions. TRUE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Topic: The Journal Williams - Chapter 03 #2 3. The running balance form or the T account form is typically used in the trial balance to display the accounts and their amounts. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #3 4. Dividends are an expense of a corporation and reduce both total assets and liabilities. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #4 5. Dividends increase owners' equity and therefore should be added to retained earnings. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #5 6. Every business transaction is recorded by a debit to a balance sheet account and a credit to an income statement account. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-04 Explain the double-entry system of accounting. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #6 7. Earning revenue increases owners' equity and expenses reduce owners' equity, therefore, revenues are recorded with debit entries and expenses are recorded with credit entries. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-06 Explain the nature of net income; revenue; and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #7 8. A trial balance cannot be distributed to stockholders in lieu of a balance sheet. TRUE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #8 9. Accounts are usually arranged in the ledger in financial statement order, that is, assets first, followed by liabilities, owners' equity, expenses, and revenues. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-02 Describe a ledger account and a ledger. Topic: The Ledger Williams - Chapter 03 #9 10. A credit to a ledger account refers to the entry of an amount on the right side of an account. TRUE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-02 Describe a ledger account and a ledger. Topic: The Ledger Williams - Chapter 03 #10 11. The left-hand side of an account is used for recording debits and the right-hand side for recording credits. TRUE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-04 Explain the double-entry system of accounting. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #11 12. If the number of debit entries in an account is greater than the number of credit entries, the account will have a debit balance. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-04 Explain the double-entry system of accounting. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #12 13. Liability accounts should only be debited and never credited. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #13 14. Increases in owners' equity are recorded by credits; increases in assets and in liabilities are recorded by debits. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #14 15. When making a general journal entry, there can only be one debit and one credit. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-04 Explain the double-entry system of accounting. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #15 16. A business that is profitable and liquid will have more accounts with credit balances than with debit balances. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #16 17. Every transaction affects equal numbers of ledger accounts and is recorded by equal dollar amounts of debits and credits. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-02 Describe a ledger account and a ledger. Topic: The Ledger Williams - Chapter 03 #17 18. When a company uses the double-entry method, the total dollar amount of debits recorded must equal the total dollar amount of credits recorded, but the number of debit and credit entries may differ. TRUE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-04 Explain the double-entry system of accounting. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #18 19. If ledger accounts are maintained in three-column, running balance form, the journal should be maintained in the same format. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Topic: The Journal Williams - Chapter 03 #19 20. The general ledger is sometimes called the book of original entry because it is the accounting record where transactions are first recorded. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Topic: The Journal Williams - Chapter 03 #20 21. Each business transaction is initially recorded in a journal and later transferred to the appropriate accounts in the general ledger. TRUE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Topic: The Journal Williams - Chapter 03 #21 22. The matching principle refers to the relationship between revenues and expenses. TRUE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #22 23. An increase in a liability is recorded by a credit; an increase in owners' equity by a debit. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #23 24. Revenues increase owners' equity and are, therefore, recorded by crediting the revenues account. TRUE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #24 25. The accrual basis of accounting recognizes expenses only when they are paid. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #25 26. Every transaction which affects an income statement account also affects a balance sheet account. TRUE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #26 27. A trial balance that balances provides proof that all transactions were correctly journalized and posted to the ledger. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #27 28. A trial balance proves that equal amounts of debits and credits were posted to the ledger. TRUE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #28 29. Dividends are an expense to a corporation and appear on the income statement. FALSE AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-06 Explain the nature of net income; revenue; and expenses. Topic: Dividends Williams - Chapter 03 #29 30. A CEO or CFO associated with fraudulent financial reporting could be fined but not imprisoned under the Sarbanes Oxley Act. FALSE AACSB: Ethics AICPA BB: Legal AICPA FN: Reporting Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-10 Distinguish between accounting cycle procedures and the knowledge of accounting. Topic: Concluding Remarks Williams - Chapter 03 #30 31. "I was just following orders" is an acceptable defense if you committed an unethical action during an audit. FALSE AACSB: Ethics AICPA BB: Legal AICPA FN: Reporting Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-10 Distinguish between accounting cycle procedures and the knowledge of accounting. Topic: Concluding Remarks Williams - Chapter 03 #31 32. Sally Smith had expenses of $800 in June which she paid in July. She declared these expenses on her June income statement. By doing this, she is following the accounting principle of: A. Revenue realization. B. Adequate disclosure. C. Matching. D. Conservatism. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #32 33. The price of the goods sold or services rendered during a given accounting period is called: A. Net income. B. Profit. C. Revenue. D. Equity. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-06 Explain the nature of net income; revenue; and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #33 34. The principle that states revenue should be recognized at the time goods are sold or services rendered is called: A. Adequate disclosure. B. Conservatism. C. Matching. D. Revenue realization. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #34 35. Recognizing revenue when it is earned and not when cash is received and recognizing expenses when the related goods or are services used rather than when they are paid for is called: A. Revenue recognition. B. Accrual accounting. C. Conservatism. D. Matching. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #35 36. The agreement of the debit and credit totals of the trial balance gives assurance that: A. All transactions were posted correctly. B. No transactions were omitted. C. The number of accounts with debit balances equals the number of accounts with credit balances. D. The total debits equal the total credits. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #36 37. The sequence of accounting procedures used to record, classify, and summarize accounting information is called the: A. Accounting cycle. B. Accounting period. C. Accrual accounting. D. Double-entry bookkeeping. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-01 Identify the steps in the accounting cycle and discuss the role of accounting records in an organization. Topic: The Accounting Cycle Williams - Chapter 03 #37 38. The purchase of equipment on credit is recorded by a: A. Debit to Equipment and a credit to Accounts Payable. B. Debit to Accounts Payable and a credit to Equipment. C. Debit to Equipment and a debit to Accounts Payable. D. Credit to Equipment and a credit to Accounts Payable. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #38 39. The collection of accounts receivable is recorded by a: A. Debit to Cash and a debit to Accounts Receivable. B. Credit to Cash and a credit to Accounts Receivable. C. Debit to Cash and a credit to Accounts Receivable. D. Credit to Cash and a debit to Accounts Receivable. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #39 40. Which of the following accounts normally has a debit balance? A. Accounts payable. B. Retained earnings. C. Accounts receivable. D. Service revenue. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-04 Explain the double-entry system of accounting. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #40 41. In the general ledger, a separate "account" is maintained for each: A. Type of asset and liability and for each element of owners' equity. B. Business transaction. C. Business day. D. Journal entry. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-02 Describe a ledger account and a ledger. Topic: The Ledger Williams - Chapter 03 #41 42. In accounting, the terms debit and credit indicate, respectively: A. Increase and decrease. B. Left and right. C. Decrease and increase. D. Right and left. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #42 43. In a ledger, debit entries cause: A. Increases in owners' equity, decreases in liabilities, and increases in assets. B. Decreases in liabilities, increases in assets, and decreases in owners' equity. C. Decreases in assets, decreases in liabilities, and increases in owners' equity. D. Decreases in assets, increases in liabilities, and increases in owners' equity. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #43 44. Which of the following accounts normally has a credit balance? A. Cash. B. Service revenue. C. Accounts receivable. D. Utilities expense. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #44 45. Which of the following is not true regarding the general ledger account for Cash? A. The balance of the account indicates the amount of cash owned by the business on a particular date. B. Each debit entry in the Cash account represents a cash receipt. C. Debit entries are made before credit entries. D. Credit entries in the Cash account represent cash payments. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-02 Describe a ledger account and a ledger. Topic: The Ledger Williams - Chapter 03 #45 46. The rules of debit and credit may be summarized as follows: A Accounts on the left side of the balance sheet are increased by debits, whereas, accounts on the right . side of the balance sheet are increased by credits. B. The balance of a ledger account is increased by debit entries and is decreased by credit entries. C Accounts on the left side of the balance sheet are increased by credits, whereas accounts on the right . side of the balance sheet are increased by debits. D. The balance of a ledger account is increased by credit entries and is decreased by debit entries. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-04 Explain the double-entry system of accounting. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #46 47. The essential point of a double-entry system of accounting is that every transaction: A. Affects accounts on both sides of the balance sheet. B. Is recorded in both the journal and the ledger. C. Increases one ledger account and decreases another. D. Affects two or more ledger accounts and is recorded by an equal dollar amount of debits and credits. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-04 Explain the double-entry system of accounting. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #47 48. Double-entry accounting is characterized by which of the following? A. Every transaction affects both an asset account and either a liability account or an owners' equity account. B. The number of general ledger accounts with debit balances is equal to the number with credit balances. C. The total dollar amount of debit entries posted to the general ledger is equal to the dollar amount of the credit entries. D. The number of debit entries posted to the general ledger equals the number of credit entries. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-04 Explain the double-entry system of accounting. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #48 49. The process of originally recording a business transaction in the accounting records is termed: A. Journalizing. B. Footing. C. Posting. D. Balancing. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Topic: The Journal Williams - Chapter 03 #49 50. If the trial balance has a higher debit balance than credit balance, it signifies: A. Assets are more than liabilities. B. A profit. C. A loss. D. An error has been made. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #50 51. Brett Tarek, a manager at D&J Landscaping, Inc. needs information regarding the amount of accounts payable currently owed by the company. This information would most easily be found in the: A. General ledger. B. General journal. C. Income statement. D. Notes to the financial statements. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Topic: The Journal Williams - Chapter 03 #51 52. Which of the following accounting procedures requires the greatest knowledge of generally accepted accounting principles? A. Journalizing business transactions. B. Posting journal entries to ledger accounts. C. Preparing a trial balance. D. Locating errors in a trial balance. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-10 Distinguish between accounting cycle procedures and the knowledge of accounting. Topic: Concluding Remarks Williams - Chapter 03 #52 53. Transactions are recorded in the general journal in: A. Numerical order. B. Chronological order. C. Account number order. D. Financial statement order. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Topic: The Journal Williams - Chapter 03 #53 54. A transaction is first recorded in which of the following accounting records? A. Trial balance. B. Ledger. C. General journal. D. Balance sheet. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Topic: The Journal Williams - Chapter 03 #54 55. What type of account will normally contain a debit balance? A. Asset. B. Liability. C. Owners' equity. D. Revenue. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #55 56. If the trial balance has a smaller debit balance than credit balance, it signifies: A. Assets are more than liabilities. B. A profit. C. A loss. D. An error has been made. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #56 57. The manager of Grande Home Improvements purchased several cash registers for the business on June 10 but does not remember whether he paid cash for the full price or still owes a balance to the vendor. Where is the best place for the manager to get the information about this transaction? A. A trial balance prepared at the end of June. B. The general journal. C. A balance sheet prepared at the end of June. D. The ledger account for equipment. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-02 Describe a ledger account and a ledger. Topic: The Use of Accounts Williams - Chapter 03 #57 58. Sue Costa, owner of A-1 Cleaning Services, invested an additional $75,000 in the company. Which of the following would be a part of the correct journal entry to record this transaction? A. A debit to the Cash account. B. A debit to the Equity account. C. A debit to the Capital Stock account. D. A debit to the Cash Received account. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #58 59. If a company purchases equipment on account: A. Assets will increase and owners' equity will also increase. B. Assets will increase and owners' equity will decrease. C. Assets will increase and owners' equity will remain unchanged. D. Assets will increase and liabilities will decrease. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #59 60. Preparing a journal entry in proper form involves all the following except: A. Listing all accounts debited before any credits. B. Computing the balances in accounts involved in the transaction. C. Indicating the date of the transaction. D. Providing a brief written explanation of the transaction. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Topic: The Journal Williams - Chapter 03 #60 61. The journal entry to record a particular business transaction includes a credit to a liability account. This transaction is most likely also to include: A. Issuance of new capital stock. B. The purchase of an asset on account. C. A cash payment. D. A credit to Accounts Receivable. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #61 62. The journal entry to record a particular business transaction includes a credit to the Cash account. This transaction is most likely also to include: A. Issuance of new capital stock. B. The purchase of an asset on account. C. Payment of an outstanding note payable. D. A credit to Accounts Receivable. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #62 63. The collection of an account receivable is recorded by a debit to Cash and a credit to Accounts Payable. If this error is not corrected: A. Total liabilities are understated. B. Total assets are understated. C. Total liabilities are overstated. D. Owners' equity is overstated. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #63 64. Posting is the process of: A. Transferring debit and credit entries from the journal into the appropriate ledger accounts. B. Determining that the dollar amount of debit entries recorded in the ledger is equal to the dollar amount of credit entries. C. Entering information into a computerized data base. D. Preparing journal entries to describe each business transaction. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Topic: The Journal Williams - Chapter 03 #64 65. If a company purchases equipment for cash: A. Assets will increase and owners' equity will also increase. B. Assets will increase and owners' equity will decrease. C. Assets will increase and owners' equity will remain unchanged. D. Total assets and owners' equity will remain unchanged. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #65 66. A trial balance that is out of balance indicates that: A. The number of ledger accounts with debit balances is not equal to the number of accounts with credit balances. B. A debit has been posted to the wrong account. C. There is not an equality of debit and credit amounts in the ledger. D. A journal entry has been completely omitted from the posting process. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #66 67. A trial balance consists of: A. A two-column schedule of all debit and credit entries posted to ledger accounts. B. A two-column financial statement intended for distribution to interested parties outside the business. C. A two-column schedule showing the totals of all debits and of all credits made in journal entries. D. A two-column schedule listing names and balances of all ledger accounts. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #67 68. Green Systems sold and delivered modems to Blue Computers for $660,000 to be paid by Blue in three equal installments over the next three months. The journal entry made by Blue Computers to record the last of the three installment payments will include: A. A debit of $220,000 to Modem Expense. B. A debit of $220,000 to Accounts Receivable. C. A debit of $220,000 to Cash. D. A debit of $220,000 to Accounts Payable. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #68 69. Which of the following errors would be disclosed by preparation of a trial balance? A. The collection of an account receivable was recorded by a debit to the Land account rather than to the Cash account. B. The collection of an account receivable for $219 was recorded by a $291 debit to Cash and a $291 credit to Accounts Receivable. C. The collection of a $365 account receivable was not recorded at all. D. The collection of a $325 account receivable was recorded by a $325 debit to Cash and a $325 debit to Accounts Receivable. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #69 70. Which of the following errors would not be disclosed by preparation of a trial balance? A. An error was made in computing the balance of the Cash account. B. A journal entry included a debit to the Equipment account for $3,200, but this amount was erroneously posted as $2,300. C. During the posting process, a $1,700 debit to Cash was accidentally entered in the credit side of the Cash account. D. The journal entries recorded on the last day of the year have never been posted to the ledger. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #70 71. Black Systems sold and delivered modems to White Computers for $330,000 to be paid by White in three equal installments over the next three months. The journal entry made by Black Systems to record this transaction will include: A. A debit to Sales Revenue for $330,000. B. A debit to Accounts Receivable for $330,000. C. A debit to Accounts Receivable for $110,000. D. A debit to Cash Paid for $330,000. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #71 72. The statement "This business produced net income of $520,000" is unclear because it failed to specify: A. The accounting method, that is, accrual or cash basis. B. Whether the amount earned is before or after expenses. C. The time period. D. The amount of cash withdrawn from the business by the owner. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #72 73. The term revenue can best be described as: A. The selling price of goods and services rendered to customers during a given accounting period. B. The cash received from selling goods and serving customers during a given accounting period. C. The net increase in owners' equity during a given period. D. The "bottom line" in the income statement. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #73 74. The realization principle indicates that revenue usually should be recognized and recorded in the accounting records: A. When goods are sold or services are rendered to customers. B. When cash is collected from customers. C. At the end of the accounting period. D. Only when the revenue can be matched by an equal dollar amount of expenses. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #74 75. In February of each year, the Carlton Hotel holds a very popular wine tasting event. Tickets must be ordered and paid for in advance, and are typically sold out by November of the preceding year. The realization principle indicates that the revenue from these ticket sales should be recognized in the period in which the: A. Order is placed. B. Wine tasting event is held. C. Payments are received. D. Expenses associated with the wine tasting are paid in full. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #75 76. Collection of an accounts receivable: A. Increases the total assets of a company. B. Decreases the total assets of a company. C. Does not change the total assets of a company. D. Reduces a company's total liabilities. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #76 77. The matching principle is best demonstrated by: A. Using debits to record decreases in owners' equity and credits to record increases. B. The equation Assets = Liabilities + Owners' Equity. C. Allocating the cost of an asset to expense over the periods during which benefits are derived from the asset. D. Offsetting the cash receipts of the period with the cash payments made during the period. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #77 78. Net income is: A. The excess of debits over credits. B. The increase in owners' equity resulting from the profitable operations of the business. C. The excess of credits over debits. D. The increase in assets of a company during a year. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #78 79. Clinton prepares monthly financial statements. Which of the following violates the matching principle? A A portion of the salary payments made this month are not recognized as expense because some of . the work was done by employees last month. B. The premium on a six-month insurance policy is charged immediately to expense. C. Expenses for the period exceed revenues. D. The cost of advertising done during the month is charged to expense even though no payment is due for 60 days. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #79 80. The matching principle: A. Applies only to situations in which a cash payment occurs before an expense is recognized. B. Applies only to situations in which a cash receipt occurs before revenue is recognized. C. Is used in accrual accounting to determine the proper period in which to recognize revenue. D. Is used in accrual accounting to determine the proper period for recognition of expenses. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #80 81. The reason that revenue is recorded by a credit entry to a revenue account is: A. That revenue always involves a debit to the Cash account. B. Explained by the realization principle. C. Explained by the matching principle. D. That revenue increases owners' equity. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #81 82. Revenues increase owners' equity because: A. Revenues increase net income which increases retained earnings. B. Revenues are recorded by a credit. C. Of the matching principle. D. The realization principle requires revenues be recognized with an increase to owners' equity. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #82 83. The reason that both expenses and dividends are recorded by debit entries is that: A. All dividend and expense transactions involve offsetting credit entries to the Cash account. B. Both expenses and dividends are offset against revenues in the income statement. C. Both expenses and dividends reduce owners' equity. D. The statement is untrue-expenses are recorded by debits, but dividends are recorded by credits to the owners' equity account. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #83 84. A journal entry which records revenue must include: A. A debit to Cash. B. A credit to a revenue account. C. A credit to the owners' equity account. D. A debit to the owners' equity account. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #84 85. A journal entry to record revenue could include each of the following, except: A. A credit to a revenue account. B. A credit to the Capital Stock account. C. A debit to Cash. D. A debit to Accounts Receivable. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #85 86. A journal entry to recognize an expense must include: A. A credit to Accounts Payable. B. A credit to an expense account. C. A credit to Cash. D. A debit to an expense account. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #86 87. A journal entry to recognize an expense could include each of the following, except: A. A debit to an expense account. B. A credit to Accounts Payable. C. A debit to a liability account. D. A credit to Cash. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-08 Understand how revenue and expense transactions are recorded in an accounting system. Topic: Recording Income Statement Transactions: An Illustration Williams - Chapter 03 #87 88. Which of the following accounts normally does not have a debit balance? A. Dividends. B. Wage Expense. C. Building. D. Capital Stock. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #88 89. On June 18, Baltic Arena paid $6,600 to Marvin Maintenance, Inc. for cleaning the arena following a monster truck show held on June 9th. This transaction: A. Is recorded by debiting the Retained Earnings account. B. Is recorded by debiting Cash and crediting Cleaning Expense. C. Causes a decrease in owners' equity by increasing expenses for June. D. May not be recorded until all revenue generated from the monster truck show has been collected in cash. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #89 90. Davis, Inc., a music group, entertained at a black-tie dinner dance on April 26, and collected the fee in full at the end of the evening. This transaction: A. Causes an increase in assets and revenue, as well as an increase in owners' equity. B. Is recorded by debiting Cash and crediting the Retained Earnings account. C. Causes an increase in assets and a decrease in owners' equity. D. Violates the matching principle unless any expenses associated with this cash receipt are paid prior to recording the revenue. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #90 91. At the end of October, Flagship Marina received a bill for fuel used in October. Payment is not due until November 30. This transaction: A. Should not be recorded in the accounting records until November. B. Causes a decrease in assets and in owners' equity in November, when the bill is paid. C. Should be recorded as an expense of October, regardless of the payment date. D. Is recorded as a liability in October, but is not considered an expense until paid. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #91 92. On June 27, Healthy Life Services, Inc. performed extensive tests on lab specimens submitted by several customers and sent invoices totaling $5,200, due in 30 days. A. No revenue from rendering these services should be recorded until payment is received. B. This situation causes an increase in assets and in revenue in June, but has no effect on owners' equity until payment is received. C. Revenue is earned in June, but assets are not increased until payment is received. D. Assets, revenue, and owners' equity are increased in June, regardless of when payments are received for the services rendered. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #92 The following transactions occurred during March, the first month of operations for Quality Galleries, Inc. * Capital stock was issued in exchange for $360,000 cash. * Purchased $180,000 of equipment by making a $60,000 cash down payment and signing a note payable for the balance. * Made a $35,000 cash payment on the note payable from the purchase of equipment. * Sold a piece of equipment for cash of $18,000. The equipment was sold at cost, so there is no gain or loss on the sale. Williams - Chapter 03 93. What is the balance in the Cash account at the end of March? A. $283,000. B. $343,000. C. $318,000. D. $378,000. $360,000 - $60,000 - $35,000 + $18,000 = $283,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #93 94. What are total assets of Quality Galleries at the end of March? A. $283,000. B. $162,000. C. $445,000. D. $480,000. $283,000 + $180,000 - $18,000 = $445,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #94 95. What is the balance in the Note Payable account at the end of March? A. $120,000. B. $85,000. C. $35.000. D. $155,000 $120,000 - $35,000 = $85,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #95 96. What is the total owners' equity at the end of March? A. $283,000. B. $445,000. C. $480,000. D. $360,000. Total owners' equity = $360,000 (capital stock issued) AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #96 The following transactions occurred during May, the first month of operations for Hunter Products, Inc: * Issued 50,000 shares of capital stock to the owners of the corporation in exchange for $600,000 cash. * Purchased a piece of land for $400,000, making a $150,000 cash down payment and signing a note payable for the balance. * Made a $60,000 cash payment on the note payable from the purchase of land. * Purchased equipment on credit from BBW, Inc. for $63,000. Williams - Chapter 03 97. What is the balance in the Cash account at the end of May? A. $210,000. B. $390,000. C. $600,000. D. $810,000. $600,000 - $150,000 - $60,000 = $390,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #97 98. What are total assets of Hunter Products at the end of May? A. $913,000. B. $790,000. C. $853,000. D. $916,000. $390,000 + $400,000 + $63,000 = $853,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #98 99. What is the total of Hunter Products' liabilities at the end of May? A. $253,000. B. $190,000. C. $63,000. D. $313,000. $250,000 - $60,000 + $63,000 = $253,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #99 100. What is the total owners' equity at the end of May? A. $810,000. B. $600,000. C. $790,000. D. $660,000. Total owners' equity = $600,000 (capital stock issued) AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #100 101. Master Equipment has a $17,400 liability to Arrow Paint Co. When Master Equipment makes a partial payment of $7,600 on this liability, which of following is true about the journal entry made by Master to record this transaction? A. The Cash Paid Out account is debited $7,600. B. The liability account Accounts Payable is credited $9,800. C. The Cash account is debited $7,600. D. The Accounts Payable account is debited $7,600. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #101 102. Eagle News has a $6,000 account receivable from one of its advertisers, Allwood Floors. When Eagle receives $3,600 from Allwood as partial payment: A. Eagle should debit Accounts Receivable for $3,600. B. Eagle should credit Cash for $3,600. C. Eagle should credit Accounts Receivable for $3,600. D. Eagle makes no journal entry until the total of $6,000 is received from Allwood. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #102 103. Bruno's Pizza Restaurant makes full payment of $8,300 on an account payable to Stella's Cheese Co. Stella's would record this transaction with a: A. Debit to Accounts Payable for $8,300. B. Credit to Cash for $8,300. C. Credit to Accounts Receivable for $8,300. D. Credit to Accounts Payable for $8,300. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #103 104. The purchase of office equipment at a cost of $7,600 with an immediate payment of $4,200 and agreement to pay the balance within 60 days is recorded by: A. A debit of $7,600 to Office Equipment, a debit of $4,200 to Accounts Receivable, and a credit of $3,400 to Accounts Payable. B. A debit of $7,600 to Office Equipment, a credit of $4,200 to Cash, and a credit of $3,400 to Accounts Receivable. C. A debit of $3,400 to Accounts Receivable, a debit of $4,200 to Cash, and a credit of $7,600 to Office Equipment. D. A debit of $7,600 to Office Equipment, a credit of $4,200 to Cash, and a credit of $3,400 to Accounts Payable. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #104 105. Land is purchased by making a cash down payment of $40,000 and signing a note payable for the balance of $130,000. The journal entry to record this transaction in the accounting records of the purchaser includes: A. A credit to Land for $40,000. B. A debit to Cash for $40,000. C. A debit to Land for $170,000. D. A debit to Note Payable for $130,000. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #105 The bookkeeper for Wood Mfg. made the following journal entry on January 30, 2009: Williams - Chapter 03 106. This transaction involves: A. The sale of land and building for $286,000. B. Payment of $221,000 on a note payable. C. The receipt of $65,000 cash. D. An increase in liabilities of $221,000. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Analyze Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #106 107. Before the journal entry above, Wood had assets, liabilities, and owners' equity of $450,000, $100,000, and $350,000, respectively. What are total assets immediately after the above transaction occurs? A. $221,000. B. $671,000. C. $735,500. D. $450,000. $450,000 + $201,500 + $84,500 - $65,000 = $671,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #107 The following entry appears in Martin Supply's general journal on March 10, 2010: Williams - Chapter 03 108. This transaction involves: A. Martin's collection of $35,000 on an account receivable. B. Payment of $21,000 cash by Martin. C. A $21,000 overall increase in Martin's assets. D. Sale of equipment by Martin for $51,000. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Analyze Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #108 109. Before the journal entry above, Martin had assets of $900,000; liabilities of $460,000; and owners' equity of $440,000. Total assets immediately after the above transaction has been recorded amount to: A. $905,000. B. $921,000. C. $956,000. D. $794,000. $900,000 + $35,000 + $21,000 - $51,000 = $905,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #109 Montauk Oil Co. reports these account balances at December 31, 2010 On January 2, 2011, Montauk Oil collected $50,000 of its accounts receivable and paid $20,000 of its accounts payable. Williams - Chapter 03 110. In a trial balance prepared at December 31, 2010 the total of the debit column is: A. $1,540,000. B. $780,000. C. $1,020,000. D. $700,000. $80,000 + $100,000 + $200,000 + $160,000 + $240,000 = $780,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #110 111. In a trial balance prepared at January 3, 2011, the total of the debit column is: A. $760,000. B. $1,570,000. C. $740,000. D. $370,000. $110,000 + $50,000 + $200,000 + $160,000 + $240,000 = $760,000 or $780,000 (from above) - $20,000 payment of liability = $760,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #111 112. On January 3, 2011, total liabilities are: A. $370,000. B. $350,000. C. $300,000. D. $70,000. $90,000 + $260,000 = $350,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #112 Ceramic Products, Inc. reports these account balances at January 1, 2009 (shown in alphabetical order): On January 5, Ceramic Products collected $12,000 of its accounts receivable and paid $11,000 on its note payable. Williams - Chapter 03 113. In a trial balance prepared for Ceramic Products on January 1, 2009, the total of the credit column is: A. $182,000. B. $196000. C. $166,000. D. $286,000. $24,000 + $28,000 + $185,000 + $49,000 = $286,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #113 114. In a trial balance prepared on January 5, 2009, the total of the credit column is: A. $275,000. B. $286,000. C. $287,000. D. $297,000. $28,000 + $13,000 + $185,000 + $49,000 = $275,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #114 115. On January 5, 2009, total liabilities are: A. $0. B. $30,000. C. $56,000. D. $41,000. $28,000 + $13,000 = $41,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #115 116. Ben Dryden, president of Jet Glass, Inc, noticed a $8,000 debit to Accounts Payable in the company's general ledger. This debit could correspond to: A. A $8,000 sale to a customer. B. A purchase of equipment costing $8,000 on credit. C. A payment of $8,000 to a supplier to settle a balance due. D. The failure to pay this month's $8,000 utility bill on time. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #116 The following entry appears in Galloway Paints general journal on April 23, 2011: Williams - Chapter 03 117. This transaction involves: A. Galloway's collection of $20,000 on an account payable. B. Payment of $6,000 cash by Galloway C. A $26,000 overall increase in Galloway's assets. D. Sale of inventory by Galloway for $26,000. AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Analyze Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #117 118. Before the journal entry above, Galloway had assets of $450,000; liabilities of $230,000; and owners' equity of $220,000. Total assets immediately after the above transaction has been recorded amount to: A. $430,000. B. $450,000. C. $470,000. D. $476,000. $450,000 + $26,000 - $6,000 = $470,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #118 Indirect Oil Co. reports these account balances at December 31, 2011 On January 2, 2012, Indirect Oil collected $25,000 of its accounts receivable and paid $20,000 of its accounts payable. Williams - Chapter 03 119. In a trial balance prepared at December 31, 2011 the total of the debit column is: A. $805,000. B. $780,000. C. $415,000. D. $390,000. $100,000 + $80,000 + $40,000 + $50,000 + $120,000 = $390,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #119 120. In a trial balance prepared at January 3, 2012, the total of the debit column is: A. $760,000. B. $825,000. C. $740,000. D. $370,000. $100,000 + $80,000 + $45,000 + $25,000 + $120,000 = $370,000 or $390,000 (from above) - $20,000 payment of liability = $370,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #120 121. On January 3, 2012, total liabilities are: A. $185,000. B. $165,000. C. $150,000. D. $70,000. $35,000 + $130,000 = $165,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #121 Wilson Trucking, Inc. reports these account balances at January 1, 2012 (shown in alphabetical order): On January 5, Wilson Trucking collected $175,000 of its accounts receivable, paid $150,000 on its accounts payable, and paid $11,000 on its note payable. Williams - Chapter 03 122. In a trial balance prepared for Wilson Trucking on January 1, 2012, the total of the credit column is: A. $1,580,000. B. $1,560,000. C. $1,620,000. D. $3,120,000. $220,000 + $680,000 + $520,000 + $140,000 = $1,560,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #122 123. In a trial balance prepared for Wilson Trucking on January 5, 2012, the total of the debit column is: A. $1,580,000. B. $1,399,000. C. $1,620,000. D. $3,120,000. $25,000 + $480,000 + $174,000 + $320,000 + $400,000 = $1,399,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #123 124. In a trial balance prepared on January 5, 2012, the total of the credit column is: A. $1,350,000. B. $1,399,000. C. $1,560,000. D. $1,721,000. ($220,000 - $150,000 = $70,000) + $680,000 + ($520,000 - $11,000 = $509,000) + $140,000 = $1,399,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: The Trial Balance Williams - Chapter 03 #124 125. On January 5, 2012, total liabilities are: A. $0. B. $579,000. C. $1,399,000. D. $1,721,000. $70,000 + $509,000 = $579,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #125 126. On January 5, 2012, total assets are: A. $1,350,000. B. $1,399,000. C. $1,560,000. D. $1,574,000. ($200,000 - $175,000 = $25,000) + $480,000 + ($160,000 + 175,000 - $150,000 - $11,000 = $174,000) + $320,000 + $400,000 = $1,399,000 AACSB: Analytic AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 03-03 Understand how balance sheet accounts are increased or decreased. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Williams - Chapter 03 #126 127. Accounting terminology Listed below are nine technical accounting terms introduced in this chapter: (A.) The accounting record in which transactions are initially recorded. (B.) A concept designed to avoid overstatement of the financial strength of a company. (C.) A schedule prepared to determine the equality of the debit and credit amounts in the ledger. (D.) An amount entered in the right side of a ledger account. (E.) The sequence of procedures involved in recording transactions, processing the information in the accounting system, and summarizing the information in the form of financial statements. (F.) The accounting record that contains a separate account for each type of asset and liability, and for each element of owners' equity appearing in the balance sheet. (G.) The system of accounting in which every business transaction is recorded by equal dollar amounts of debit and credit entries. (A.) Journal; (B.) Conservatism; (C.) Trial balance; (D.) Credit; (E.) Accounting cycle; (F.) Ledger; (G.) Double-entry AACSB: Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking AICPA FN: Measurement Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 03-01 Identify the steps in the accounting cycle and discuss the role of accounting records in an organization. Learning Objective: 03-02 Describe a ledger account and a ledger. Learning Objective: 03-04 Explain the double-entry system of accounting. Learning Objective: 03-05 Explain the purpose of a journal and its relationship to the ledger. Learning Objective: 03-07 Apply the realization and matching principles in recording revenue and expenses. Learning Objective: 03-09 Prepare a trial balance and explain its uses and limitations. Topic: Debit and Credit Entries Topic: The Accounting Cycle Topic: The Journal Topic: The Ledger Topic: The Trial Balance Topic: What Journal Topic: What is the Net Income? Williams - Chapter 03 #127

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Self-Control NotesWhy do we study the consequences of sophistication into ones lack of self-control? Because it leaves money on the tableo sophisticated voters will vote for paternalismo sophisticated employees like benefits with control built-ino so
UPenn - PSYC - 265
Social Dilemma: Each person has an incentive to do one thing, but everyone would be better offif everyone did something else. Or, what is smart for the individual is stupid for the group.Some have suggested that solving social dilemmas is a major reason
UPenn - PSYC - 265
Social Preference Models 2 NotesIn looking at the ultimatum game with Fehr-Schmidt preferences, we convincedourselves of a couple thingso The responder always accepts offers of at least .5 Thus, there is always anequilibriumo The proposer/dictator ne
UPenn - PSYC - 265
Social Preference Models NotesPrevious models outside utility theory mapped behaviors that can lead to inconsistency.Here, we just mean to be precise when we say that people care about fairness. Otherwise,the inequity aversion model is a model of ratio
Waterloo - MATH - 239
MATH 239 Winter 2009 Assignment 1 SolutionsTOTAL MARKS: 29 1. Adam has to leave home while its still dark on Wednesday morning. But . there is a blackout. He has 12 pairs of socks in his drawer, coming in six colours, two pairs of each colour. Its too da
Waterloo - MATH - 239
MATH 239 ASSIGNMENT 2 Sample Solutions1. Suppose Adam has a total of 19 pennies, 39 dimes, and 9 toonies ($ 2 coins) on his dresser. Let the weight of a coin be its monetary value. Let bn be the number of ways one can obtain a total of n cents from this
Waterloo - MATH - 239
MATH 239 Winter 2009 Assignment 3 Solutions[41 marks] 1. Let uk,n denote the number of solutions to the equation t1 + + tk = n where each ti is an integer, n is an integer, k 6, ti 10 for 1 i 6 and ti 0 for i > 6. Prove that uk,n xn = x60 (1 x)k .n0Fro
Waterloo - MATH - 239
MATH 239 ASSIGNMENT 4 Sample Solutions1. 12 marks For each of the following sets, write down a decomposition that uniquely creates the elements of that set. (a) The cfw_0, 1-strings that have no substring of 1s with length 3, and no substrings of 0s of l
Waterloo - MATH - 239
MATH 239 Winter 2009 Assignment 5 Solutions[23 marks] 1. Prove that the following two graphs are not isomorphic.Solution. [3 marks] First step: note that each graph has only one vertex of degree 3. (In the first graph, it is B, and in the second, V.) In
Waterloo - MATH - 239
MATH 239 ASSIGNMENT 6 Draft Solutions 33 marks total1. 5 marks (a) Let G be a graph in which exactly two of the vertices u, v have odd degree. Prove that G contains a path from u to v. Solution: Suppose to the contrary that there is no path from u to v.