Chapter 1--The Importance o
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Chapter 1--The Importance o

Course Number: BUS MGT 1000, Spring 2013

College/University: LaGuardia CC

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Chapter 1--The Importance of Business Ethics Chapter 1--The Importance of Business Ethics Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. Principles are A. laws and regulations that guide behavior in the world of business. B. mores, values, and customs that guide behavior in general. C. specific and pervasive boundaries for behavior that are universal and absolute. D. the...

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1--The Chapter Importance of Business Ethics Chapter 1--The Importance of Business Ethics Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. Principles are A. laws and regulations that guide behavior in the world of business. B. mores, values, and customs that guide behavior in general. C. specific and pervasive boundaries for behavior that are universal and absolute. D. the obligations businesses assume to maximize their positive impact and minimize their negative impact on stakeholders. E. the mores, values, and customs that parents teach their children. 2. Social responsibility is A. an organization's obligation to maximize its positive effects and minimize its negative effects on stakeholders. B. principles and standards that guide behavior in the world of business. C. a business's responsibility not to pollute the environment. D. a business's responsibility to manufacture products that function properly without harming consumers. E. charitable contributions made by a business to enhance its image. 3. The ____ was(were) enacted to restore confidence in financial reporting and business ethics after the accounting scandals of the early 2000s. A. Defense Industry Initiative on Business Ethics and Conduct B. Sarbanes-Oxley Act C. Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations D. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act E. Ferrell-Fraedrich Act 4. The term business ethics is best described by the following statement: A. It is the study and philosophy of human conduct, with an emphasis on determining right and wrong. B. It is an "inquiry into the nature and grounds of morality where the term morality is taken to mean moral judgments, standards and rules of conduct." C. It is the "study of the general nature of morals and of specific moral choices; moral philosophy; and the rules or standards governing the conduct of the members of a profession." D. It is an organization's obligation to maximize its positive effects and minimize its negative effects on stakeholders. E. It comprises the principles and standards that guide behavior in the world of business. 5. Which of the following is not one of the rights spelled out by John F. Kennedy in his "Consumers' Bill of Rights"? A. The right to choose B. The right to safety C. The right to be informed D. The right to be ethical E. The right to be heard 6. Business ethics was acknowledged as a field of study by business academics and practitioners in the A. 1990s. B. 1980s. C. 1970s. D. 1960s. E. years prior to 1960. 7. Business ethics, as a field, has passed through which of the following states? A. A field of study to theological discussion to recognition of social issues B. Recognition of social issues to a field of study to theological discussion C. A field of study to recognition of social issues to theological discussion D. Recognition of social issues to theological discussion to a field of study E. Theological discussion to recognition of social issues to a field of study 8. The rise of consumerism occurred during the A. 1940s. B. 1950s. C. 1960s. D. 1970s. E. 1980s. 9. Before the 1960s, ethical issues related to business were often discussed A. theologically and philosophically. B. economically. C. politically. D. sociologically. E. psychologically. 10. Which of the following was developed in the 1980s to guide corporate support for ethical conduct by establishing a method for discussing best practices? A. Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations B. Defense Industry Initiative on Business Ethics and Conduct C. Corporate codes of conduct D. United States Sentencing Commission E. MERCOSUR 11. The ____ focus(es) on firms taking action to prevent and detect business misconduct in cooperation with government regulation. A. United States Sentencing Commission B. Defense Industry Initiative on Business Ethics and Conduct C. World Trade Orgainzation D. Caux Round Table E. Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations 12. The study of business ethics is important to better understand all of the following except A. that a person's own moral philosophies and decision-making experience may not be sufficient to guide him or her in the business world. B. how and why people make ethical or unethical decisions. C. how to cope with conflicts between a person's own values and those of the organization in which he or she works. D. that business ethics is merely an extension of an individual's own personal ethics. E. how to identify ethical issues arising in the business world. 13. Individuals' personal ethics play a major role in the evaluation of business decisions only when their preferences or values A. differ from those of their employer. B. influence their performance in the workplace. C. are unethical. D. are ethical. E. result in negative publicity for their employer. 14. The ability of a business organization to achieve its business goals is directly affected by whether its behavior is judged to be right or wrong by A. society. B. its union members. C. its employees. D. Congress. E. its competitors. 15. Having acceptable personal ethics may not be sufficient to handle complex business ethical issues when an individual has A. family concerns. B. an unethical boss. C. limited business experience. D. financial concerns. E. a marketing background. 16. The study of business ethics in North America has evolved through ____ distinct stages. A. five B. four C. three D. ten E. nine 17. Which of the following is not generally considered a business ethics issue? A. Insider trading B. Accounting fraud C. Deceptive advertising D. Employee theft E. Abortion 18. Business professors began to teach and write about social responsibility during the A. 1960s. B. 1970s. C. 1980s. D. 1990s. E. 2000s 19. The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act outlawed A. accounting fraud. B. price collusion. C. corruption in government. D. bribery of officials in other countries. E. executive misconduct. 20. Which of the following was not a provision of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act? A. It stiffened penalties for corporate fraud. B. It created an accounting oversight board that requires corporations to establish codes of ethics for financial reporting and to develop greater transparency in financial reports. C. It requires top executives to sign off on their firms' financial statements. D. It outlawed bribery of officials in other countries. E. It made securities fraud a criminal offense. 21. Because of Sarbanes-Oxley, publicly traded companies must now develop ____ to assist in creating transparency in financial reporting. A. ethics officers. B. ethics programs. C. codes of ethics. D. legal counsel. E. accountants. 22. Which of the following was not cited by your text as an example of a global collaborative effort to establish standards of business conduct? A. Council on Economic Priorities' Social Accountability 8000 B. Ethical Trading Initiative C. U.S. Apparel Industry Partnership D. United States Sentencing Commission E. World Trade Organization 23. ____ is essential in building long-term relationships between businesses and consumers. A. Profits B. Dividends C. Trust D. Confidence E. Codes of ethics 24. In the 1920s, the "living wage" was A. opposed by the Progressive Movement. B. developed for the benefit of businesses. C. used to improve the state of the elderly. D. income sufficient for education, recreation, health, and retirement. E. intended to check the rapid increase in wages. 25. In the Reagan/Bush eras, the major focus of the business world was on A. self-regulation rather than regulation by government. B. decreasing the number of mergers. C. decreasing the multinational presence in the U.S. marketplace. D. increasing government influence on the economic arena. E. improving business ethics. 26. The six principles of the Defense Industry Initiative on Business Ethics and Conduct became the foundation for A. Better Business Bureau ethical guidelines. B. the Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations. C. the Good Citizen Corporate Compliance Program. D. the Federal Trade Commission compliance requirements. E. the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. 27. According to the Millennium Poll, ____ percent of respondents focus on social responsibility ahead of brand reputation or financial factors when forming impressions of companies. A. 100 B. 0 C. 20 D. 40 E. 60 28. The Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations set the tone for organizational ethics compliance programs by A. codifying into law incentives for organizations to take action such as developing effective internal legal and ethical compliance programs to prevent misconduct. B. establishing required ethical compliance programs and a systematic reporting system to obtain guaranteed protection from organizational fines. C. eliminating most of the federal legislation that created inefficient and time-consuming activities by businesses. D. providing a study of moral philosophies. E. providing an examination of company codes of ethics. 29. Which of the following statements about the Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations is false? A. They use a mechanical approach with legalistic logic to avert serious penalties. B. They strive to prevent misconduct. C. They encourage companies to develop standards and procedures capable of detecting and preventing misconduct. D. They take advantage of the carrot and stick approach by taking preventive action against misconduct. E. They encourage appointment of high-level personnel responsible for oversight of the compliance program. 30. Which of the following is not one of the benefits of being ethical and socially responsible in business? A. Greater employee commitment B. Greater employee turnover C. Improved customer trust and satisfaction D. Increased investor loyalty E. Better financial performance 31. Employees' perceptions of their firm as having an ethical climate leads to A. lack of focus on goals. B. negative performance. C. increased community involvement. D. improved relationships with competitors. E. performance-enhancing outcomes. 32. When employees see honesty, respect, and trust applied frequently in the workplace, they A. feel less pressure to compromise ethical standards. B. observe less misconduct. C. are more satisfied with their organizations overall. D. feel more valued as employees. E. All of these. 33. Investors are concerned about business ethics because they know that misconduct can A. foster stability. B. improve employee commitment. C. improve customer loyalty. D. lower stock prices. E. raise stock prices. 34. Most strong organizational climates usually focus on the core value of placing ____ interests first. A. customers' B. employees' C. stockholders' D. suppliers' E. distributors' 35. According to the text, disaster-relief programs, like those at Home Depot, help foster A. government regulation. B. customer dissatisfaction. C. employee commitment D. employee turnover. E. profitability. 36. How does ethics contribute to customer satisfaction? 37. Describe the evolution of business ethics as a field of study from before 1960 to the present. 38. Why is it important that businesspeople study business ethics? 39. How does ethics contribute to employee commitment? 40. Discuss the current state of business ethics in the twenty-first century. 41. Discuss the financial meltdown's causes and what could have done been to avoid it. Chapter 1--The Importance of Business Ethics Key 1. Principles are A. laws and regulations that guide behavior in the world of business. B. mores, values, and customs that guide behavior in general. C. specific and pervasive boundaries for behavior that are universal and absolute. D. the obligations businesses assume to maximize their positive impact and minimize their negative impact on stakeholders. E. the mores, values, and customs that parents teach their children. 2. Social responsibility is A. an organization's obligation to maximize its positive effects and minimize its negative effects on stakeholders. B. principles and standards that guide behavior in the world of business. C. a business's responsibility not to pollute the environment. D. a business's responsibility to manufacture products that function properly without harming consumers. E. charitable contributions made by a business to enhance its image. 3. The ____ was(were) enacted to restore confidence in financial reporting and business ethics after the accounting scandals of the early 2000s. A. Defense Industry Initiative on Business Ethics and Conduct B. Sarbanes-Oxley Act C. Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations D. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act E. Ferrell-Fraedrich Act 4. The term business ethics is best described by the following statement: A. It is the study and philosophy of human conduct, with an emphasis on determining right and wrong. B. It is an "inquiry into the nature and grounds of morality where the term morality is taken to mean moral judgments, standards and rules of conduct." C. It is the "study of the general nature of morals and of specific moral choices; moral philosophy; and the rules or standards governing the conduct of the members of a profession." D. It is an organization's obligation to maximize its positive effects and minimize its negative effects on stakeholders. E. It comprises the principles and standards that guide behavior in the world of business. 5. Which of the following is not one of the rights spelled out by John F. Kennedy in his "Consumers' Bill of Rights"? A. The right to choose B. The right to safety C. The right to be informed D. The right to be ethical E. The right to be heard 6. Business ethics was acknowledged as a field of study by business academics and practitioners in the A. 1990s. B. 1980s. C. 1970s. D. 1960s. E. years prior to 1960. 7. Business ethics, as a field, has passed through which of the following states? A. A field of study to theological discussion to recognition of social issues B. Recognition of social issues to a field of study to theological discussion C. A field of study to recognition of social issues to theological discussion D. Recognition of social issues to theological discussion to a field of study E. Theological discussion to recognition of social issues to a field of study 8. The rise of consumerism occurred during the A. 1940s. B. 1950s. C. 1960s. D. 1970s. E. 1980s. 9. Before the 1960s, ethical issues related to business were often discussed A. theologically and philosophically. B. economically. C. politically. D. sociologically. E. psychologically. 10. Which of the following was developed in the 1980s to guide corporate support for ethical conduct by establishing a method for discussing best practices? A. Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations B. Defense Industry Initiative on Business Ethics and Conduct C. Corporate codes of conduct D. United States Sentencing Commission E. MERCOSUR 11. The ____ focus(es) on firms taking action to prevent and detect business misconduct in cooperation with government regulation. A. United States Sentencing Commission B. Defense Industry Initiative on Business Ethics and Conduct C. World Trade Orgainzation D. Caux Round Table E. Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations 12. The study of business ethics is important to better understand all of the following except A. that a person's own moral philosophies and decision-making experience may not be sufficient to guide him or her in the business world. B. how and why people make ethical or unethical decisions. C. how to cope with conflicts between a person's own values and those of the organization in which he or she works. D. that business ethics is merely an extension of an individual's own personal ethics. E. how to identify ethical issues arising in the business world. 13. Individuals' personal ethics play a major role in the evaluation of business decisions only when their preferences or values A. differ from those of their employer. B. influence their performance in the workplace. C. are unethical. D. are ethical. E. result in negative publicity for their employer. 14. The ability of a business organization to achieve its business goals is directly affected by whether its behavior is judged to be right or wrong by A. society. B. its union members. C. its employees. D. Congress. E. its competitors. 15. Having acceptable personal ethics may not be sufficient to handle complex business ethical issues when an individual has A. family concerns. B. an unethical boss. C. limited business experience. D. financial concerns. E. a marketing background. 16. The study of business ethics in North America has evolved through ____ distinct stages. A. five B. four C. three D. ten E. nine 17. Which of the following is not generally considered a business ethics issue? A. Insider trading B. Accounting fraud C. Deceptive advertising D. Employee theft E. Abortion 18. Business professors began to teach and write about social responsibility during the A. 1960s. B. 1970s. C. 1980s. D. 1990s. E. 2000s 19. The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act outlawed A. accounting fraud. B. price collusion. C. corruption in government. D. bribery of officials in other countries. E. executive misconduct. 20. Which of the following was not a provision of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act? A. It stiffened penalties for corporate fraud. B. It created an accounting oversight board that requires corporations to establish codes of ethics for financial reporting and to develop greater transparency in financial reports. C. It requires top executives to sign off on their firms' financial statements. D. It outlawed bribery of officials in other countries. E. It made securities fraud a criminal offense. 21. Because of Sarbanes-Oxley, publicly traded companies must now develop ____ to assist in creating transparency in financial reporting. A. ethics officers. B. ethics programs. C. codes of ethics. D. legal counsel. E. accountants. 22. Which of the following was not cited by your text as an example of a global collaborative effort to establish standards of business conduct? A. Council on Economic Priorities' Social Accountability 8000 B. Ethical Trading Initiative C. U.S. Apparel Industry Partnership D. United States Sentencing Commission E. World Trade Organization 23. ____ is essential in building long-term relationships between businesses and consumers. A. Profits B. Dividends C. Trust D. Confidence E. Codes of ethics 24. In the 1920s, the "living wage" was A. opposed by the Progressive Movement. B. developed for the benefit of businesses. C. used to improve the state of the elderly. D. income sufficient for education, recreation, health, and retirement. E. intended to check the rapid increase in wages. 25. In the Reagan/Bush eras, the major focus of the business world was on A. self-regulation rather than regulation by government. B. decreasing the number of mergers. C. decreasing the multinational presence in the U.S. marketplace. D. increasing government influence on the economic arena. E. improving business ethics. 26. The six principles of the Defense Industry Initiative on Business Ethics and Conduct became the foundation for A. Better Business Bureau ethical guidelines. B. the Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations. C. the Good Citizen Corporate Compliance Program. D. the Federal Trade Commission compliance requirements. E. the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. 27. According to the Millennium Poll, ____ percent of respondents focus on social responsibility ahead of brand reputation or financial factors when forming impressions of companies. A. 100 B. 0 C. 20 D. 40 E. 60 28. The Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations set the tone for organizational ethics compliance programs by A. codifying into law incentives for organizations to take action such as developing effective internal legal and ethical compliance programs to prevent misconduct. B. establishing required ethical compliance programs and a systematic reporting system to obtain guaranteed protection from organizational fines. C. eliminating most of the federal legislation that created inefficient and time-consuming activities by businesses. D. providing a study of moral philosophies. E. providing an examination of company codes of ethics. 29. Which of the following statements about the Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations is false? A. They use a mechanical approach with legalistic logic to avert serious penalties. B. They strive to prevent misconduct. C. They encourage companies to develop standards and procedures capable of detecting and preventing misconduct. D. They take advantage of the carrot and stick approach by taking preventive action against misconduct. E. They encourage appointment of high-level personnel responsible for oversight of the compliance program. 30. Which of the following is not one of the benefits of being ethical and socially responsible in business? A. Greater employee commitment B. Greater employee turnover C. Improved customer trust and satisfaction D. Increased investor loyalty E. Better financial performance 31. Employees' perceptions of their firm as having an ethical climate leads to A. lack of focus on goals. B. negative performance. C. increased community involvement. D. improved relationships with competitors. E. performance-enhancing outcomes. 32. When employees see honesty, respect, and trust applied frequently in the workplace, they A. feel less pressure to compromise ethical standards. B. observe less misconduct. C. are more satisfied with their organizations overall. D. feel more valued as employees. E. All of these. 33. Investors are concerned about business ethics because they know that misconduct can A. foster stability. B. improve employee commitment. C. improve customer loyalty. D. lower stock prices. E. raise stock prices. 34. Most strong organizational climates usually focus on the core value of placing ____ interests first. A. customers' B. employees' C. stockholders' D. suppliers' E. distributors' 35. According to the text, disaster-relief programs, like those at Home Depot, help foster A. government regulation. B. customer dissatisfaction. C. employee commitment D. employee turnover. E. profitability. 36. How does ethics contribute to customer satisfaction? Pages 20-21 37. Describe the evolution of business ethics as a field of study from before 1960 to the present. Pages 11-16 38. Why is it important that businesspeople study business ethics? Pages 8-11 39. How does ethics contribute to employee commitment? Pages 18-19 40. Discuss the current state of business ethics in the twenty-first century. Pages 15-16 41. Discuss the financial meltdown's causes and what could have been done to avoid it. Page 16

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American Indian College - MGT - 330
The organization I work uses all forms of control: bureaucratic, market and clancontrol. An example that stands out in my mind as an employee is concurrent control inthe business manufacturing environment. The company believes in building quality intoe
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One way that leadership works to facilitate change is communicate the need forchange. We work in an every-changing business environment which is verycompetitive. This in and of itself creates the need for continued adjustments in order tocontinue to le
American Indian College - MGT - 330
ManagementManagement and LeadershipUniversity of Phoenix1Management2Management and LeadershipThe purpose of this paper is to analyze various functions of managementwithin the Microsoft Organization. The essence of Microsofts business mission wasf
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RUNNINGHEAD Solving Ethical Dilemmas1Solving Ethical DilemmasStakeholder DescriptionThe stakeholders in this dilemma include the Baker Greenleaf accounting firm, theSubsidiary Company, Dan Potter and Oliver Freeman. Baker Greenleaf is a large account
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13. Is a professional accountant a businessperson pursuing profit or a fiduciarythat is to act in the public interest?A professional accountant should never lower his or her ethically and morals standerswhen doing his or her job. They work according to
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Week 1 DQ 1Post your response to the following: Read the Where Were the Accountants? Ethics Case on pp.36-37 (Ch. 1) of the text. Answer the question as if you were Sam.Respond to your classmates as if you were Norm. How helpful are their responses?Th
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The Enron and WorldCom ScandalsEnron questions 1, 3, 5, 6, and 91. Which segment of its operations got Enron into difficulties?The difficulties commenced when an ethical clash had taken place; Kopper was allocated toFastow although still working for E
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RUNNINGHEAD: Business & Professional Ethics1Business & Professional EthicsArthur Andersen LLP was once one of the "Big Five" professional accounting servicesthat specialized in corporate taxes and consulting. Andersen is considered directly responsibl
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Week 3 DQ 1Post your response to the following: The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) is a major piece oflegislation that affects a tremendous number of corporations. Do you think SOX is reallynecessary? Explain your answer.The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) is a ne
American Indian College - ACC - 260
RUNNINGHEAD: Critiquing Philosophical Approaches to Ethical Decision Making1Critiquing Philosophical Approaches to Ethical Decision MakingSome students are required to learn to evaluate the philosophical approach taken for eachof the scenarios present
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Axia College MaterialAppendix BPhilosophical Approaches to Ethical Decision Making MatrixDetermine the ethical course of action for the following three scenarios from the perspective ofeach of the three philosophical approaches: consequentialism, deon
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RUNNINGHEAD: The Stakeholders Position1The Stakeholders PositionIn performing the analysis of the proposal for a new development, I consider two factors:100 senior citizens, 30 employees and his or her displacement, and the $150 million that the city
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Week 5 DQ 1Post your response to the following: Is the 5 question approach to ethical decision makingsuperior to the moral standards or Pastin approach? Explain your answer.The 5-question approach to ethical decision making is not superior to the moral
American Indian College - ACC - 260
RUNNINGHEAD: Presentation of the CEOs Position1Presentation of the CEOs PositionAs CEO of Kardell Paper Company, my name is Teodora Meloncon. It has come to myattention that the citizens of Riverside have some concerns that Kardell paper is dischargin