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Name: __________________________ Date: _____________ 1. The first psychological laboratory was established by A) William James. B) John Watson. C) Wilhelm Wundt. D) Sigmund Freud. E) Jean Piaget. 2. Humanistic psychologists focused on the importance of A) childhood memories. B) genetic predispositions. C) unconscious thoughts. D) healthy growth potential. E) punishment and reinforcement. 3. When we see certain outcomes as obvious based on what has occurred, we may be experiencing A) empiricism. B) critical thinking. C) hindsight bias. D) overconfidence. E) humility. 4. Our tendency to believe we know more than we do illustrates A) naturalistic observation. B) illusory correlation. C) overconfidence. D) the standard deviation. E) placebo. 5. The function of dendrites is to A) receive incoming signals from other neurons. B) release neurotransmitters into the spatial junctions between neurons. C) coordinate the activation of the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems. D) control pain through the release of opiate-like chemicals into the brain. E) transmit signals to other neurons. 6. An axon is A) a cell that serves as the basic building block of the nervous system. B) a layer of fatty tissue that encases the fibers of many neurons. C) an antagonist molecule that blocks neurotransmitter receptor sites. D) the extension of a neuron that carries messages away from the cell body. E) a junction between a sending and receiving neuron. 7. In transmitting sensory information to the brain, an electrical signal travels from the ________ of a single neuron. A) cell body to the axon to the dendrites B) dendrites to the axon to the cell body C) axon to the cell body to the dendrites D) dendrites to the cell body to the axon E) axon to the dendrites to the cell body 8. Which of the following are located exclusively within the brain and spinal cord? A) sensory neurons B) motor neurons C) myelin sheath D) interneurons E) axons 9. As you are reading this question, the cells in your eyes are firing in response to the light coming from this paper. Which type of neuron is carrying this message to the brain?... View Full Document

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