Homeostasis Exam Review
27 Pages

Homeostasis Exam Review

Course: NUR 214, Spring 2008

School: Purdue

Word Count: 2158

Rating:

Document Preview

Homeostasis Exam Review Voluntary and Involuntary Homeostatic Mechanisms Voluntary Close windows Turn up heat Increased water intake Atrophy: shrink in size Common in: o o o o Skeletal muscle Brain Heart Ovaries/testes as hormone production decreases 1/27/2008 2:34:00 PM Involuntary Shivering Vasoconstriction Renal absorption of water Can be tied to physiologic disuse or decreased stimulation Causes: o o o...

Unformatted Document Excerpt
Coursehero >> Indiana >> Purdue >> NUR 214

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one
below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Course Hero has millions of student submitted documents similar to the one below including study guides, practice problems, reference materials, practice exams, textbook help and tutor support.

Exam Homeostasis Review Voluntary and Involuntary Homeostatic Mechanisms Voluntary Close windows Turn up heat Increased water intake Atrophy: shrink in size Common in: o o o o Skeletal muscle Brain Heart Ovaries/testes as hormone production decreases 1/27/2008 2:34:00 PM Involuntary Shivering Vasoconstriction Renal absorption of water Can be tied to physiologic disuse or decreased stimulation Causes: o o o Disuse bed rest, immobilization/cast, weightlessness (space travel) Denervation nerve injury Lack of endocrine stimulation decreased hormone stimulation Hypertrophy: increase in SIZE of cell Heart and kidneys most commonly affected Can be a normal variance or pathologic Physiologic: o o o Increased muscle size from exercise Increased BP from exercise Breast tissue during pregnancy Pathologic ventricular hypertrophy d/t hypertension Compensatory contralateral kidney size/function post nephrectomy Changes in Cell Number: o o Increased # of cells (functional tissue) Normal o o normal) Change is adaptive to environmental change Examples: o o Bronchus of smoker Oral mucosa of snuff users Liver regeneration Callus from repeated friction Hormonal - breast & endometrium during pregnancy Pathological goiter, abnormal endometrial proliferation Metaplasia: reversible replacement of one mature cell type by a less mature form of cell (closest to o Asbestos With chronic exposure, additional tissue change can occur Dysplasia: abnormal changes in size, shape and organization of normal cell Response to a stimulus NOT cancer but could progress Can regress after removal of stimulus Example Cervical tissue pap smear Anaplasia: cancer More primitive cell form Loss of differentiation Characteristic of malignant cells Autosomal Dominant Inheritance Affects homozygous & heterozygous ***Male and female offspring equally affected*** Each birth and independent event Rarely gene mutations can occur in families with no hx of disease ***NO carriers, if have trait then will show disease*** HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE (chromosome 4) ACHONDROPLASIA NEUROFIBROMATOSIS Autosomal Codominant Inheritance Both normal and abnormal genes are expressed A & B blood type alleles can be transmitted as codominant traits SICKLE CELL DISEASE Autosomal Recessive Inheritance Diseases rare Numerous carriers Disease affects ONLY homozygotes 25% from 2 carriers will be affected Males & females equally affected CYSTIC FIBROSIS PHENYLKETONURIA (PKU) TAY-SACHS DISEASE X-Linked Recessive Inheritance On sex chromosomes Females usually not affected, men most often affected Trait NEVER passed from father to son Gene passed from an affected father to all of his daughters, who as carriers, transmit it to roughly 50% of their sons CLASSIC HEMOPHILIA DUCHENNE TYPE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY Genetic Mutations Somatic NOT transmissible (ex. one blue eye, one brown eye) Genetic transmissible cell line affected Chromosomal Defect NOT genetic Teratogens drugs/virus damage developing fetus Negative Feedback Loops "Closed System" Most common Operates within narrow limits ***Self-limiting*** ***Purpose = maintaining homeostasis*** Have stimulating & inhibiting component "Dynamic equilibrium" Examples: o o o o Thermostat PCO2 Thirst Insulin Positive Feedback Loop "Open System" Sustains & increases itself Amplifying effect Drives system further away from its "setpoint" = instability Vicious circle until broken Physiologic situations can lead to death Examples: o o o o o o o o o Inflammation ***triggered by cytokines (inflammatory response) & complement proteins ( cell permeability)*** Local Inflammation o o Redness Warmth Congestive Heart Failure Increased BP with increasing intracranial pressure Tumor growth Hypercalcemia of cancer Keloid scar tissue Riots Political "band wagon" Labor contractions Breastfeeding o o Swelling Pain Leukocytosis ( WBC) Fever erythrocyte sedimentation rate Hemodynamic Phase: dilutes toxins & localizes offending agent Occurs within seconds Vasoconstriction (Initial) Vasodilation Swelling Cold Phase (temp ) Blood vessels constrict, chilling Heat production > heat loss Warm Phase (temp Blood vessels dilate Skin red, hot touch ) Sweating Phase (temp ) Heat production < heat loss Systemic Inflammation o o o Acute Inflammatory Response o o o o Fever (Pyrexia) White Blood Cells Neutrophils (60-70%) o o o 1st to arrive biggest response Live about 10 hours Mature form = "segs" or "polys" or "granulocytes" Immature form = "bands" o o o Ingest bacteria, dead cells & cellular debris Removed as pus "Shift to left": # of neutrophils elevated = systemic infection Live 8-12 days with allergies & parasite infections (caustic protein) Contain histamine & heparin Associated with: Lymphocytes o o o o B cells T cells Part of immune response Involved in antibody production Allergic rxn Stress response Autoimmune responses Eosinophils (1-3%) o o Basophils (0-1%) o o Monocytes o o o Larges of normal blood cell Produced by bone marrow Migrates to site of inflammation o Tissue Injury Hypoxia o o o Most common cause Decreased oxygen & hemoglobin Pulmonary or Cardiac disease o o Causes o Effects Free Radicals o o Unstable molecules Capable of injurious bonding with proteins, lipids & carbohydrates to damage membranes & nucleic acids o o o Final common pathway for injury from many sources Can be an issue reperfusion injury Antioxidants help stabilize molecules (i.e. donating an e -) Excessive heat coagulates proteins Blisters Burns Crystallizes cell water Alters blood flow by vasoconstriction Freezing tissue damages cell wall causing ischemia & necrosis Ultraviolet Ionizing Cyanosis Dusky, grey Ischemia impaired blood flow d/t clot or arterial occlusive disease Impaired O2 carrying capacity (CO) Shock Respiratory failure ( PO2) Usually arrive in 3-7 days More active cell form More efficient phagocytosis Morphs into a macrophage Disruption in oxidative enzymes w/in cells (i.e. cyanide poisoning) Thermal Tissue Injury o o o Cold Tissue Injury o o o Radiation Tissue Injury o o Chemical/Biological Tissue Injury o Damage caused by: Malnutrition Inflammation Trauma Genetic Defects Tissue Healing First Intention Minimal tissue loss/scaring Second Intention scarring/tissue damage Heals slower Burns (2 Keloid Scar: nodular, fibrous growth scar tissue Partially d/t lack contact inhibition Apparent genetic component prevalence AA Difficult to modify appearance 45-100% recurrence rate Leukocytosis: # of WBCs Normal WBC count 5000-10,000 mm3 Actions of WBCs o o o Blood Types Type A Type B Type AB = universal recipient Type O = universal donor Infants and older adults less adaptive to changes in internal or external environment Active vs Passive Immunity Active Immunity o o Individual generates immune response after exposure to foreign antigen Basis of immunizations "Borrows" immune products from some source other than self Emigration from plasma to tissue Chemotaxis guided to bacteria/debris Phagocytosis engulf foreign material nd Clotting Key enzymes blocked Osmotic damage (cellular swelling) Third Intention Heal from inside out Wound dehiscence or surgically opened sores Passive abscess &3 rd degree) Bed Immunity o Antibody vs Antigen Maternal antibodies in newborn (4-6 mos) Tetanus antitoxin Antivenoms Immunoglobulins Antibody protein produced by B cells in response to antigen Antigen substance, usually protein, on surface of a cell or bacterium that stimulates the production of an antibody o Cells that fight antigens = leukocytes/lymphocytes Hematopoietic Tree Cell-Mediated vs Passive Immunity Cell-Mediated Immunity T-cell (thymus) functions Killer cells & suppressor cells Attack: Virus infected cells Tumor cells Tissue transplants Humoral B-cell (bone) functions When stimulated becomes plasma cell Produce immunoglobulins Epitope specific Neutralize bacteria/virus Phagocytosis Activate inflammatory response AIDS kills T-helper cells, so lymphocytes can't do their job Complement System Part of Humoral Immune System Complement = function of immunoglobulins Functions: o Cell lysis (puncture cell membrane) o vascular permeability inflammation Coat bacteria/antigen (more readily ingested by phagocytes) Make an opening in vascular & cellular wall trying to get into Immunoglobulins IgG 75-80% Found in lymph nodes, spleen Attack virus, bacteria, fungi IgA 10-15% Found in GI & GU tracts (present in tears, saliva) Protects mucus membranes from microorganisms RA factor Necrosis TISSUE o o Result of local cell death/breakdown Coagulative o o Wet o Dry D/T coagulative necrosis D/T neutrophils invading site/liquefy dead tissue Usually internal organ (site cold, edema, black) Becomes FIRM Occurs in hypoxic injury heart, kidneys LIQUIFIES Common injury in brain (bacteria) CLUMPED CHEESE Usually from pulmonary TB ABO antibodies Protects against parasites IgM 5-10% Found in lymph nodes, spleen IgD Found on B-cell surface Assist in B-cell differentiation IgE Found in body fluids Allergic rxn Liquefactive Caseous GANGRENOUS o o Gas Impaired blood flow to extremity Skin dry, shrinks, turns black D/T clostridium infection Anaerobic bacteria (hyperbaric chamber) Usually fatal (death d/t septic shock) Adaptation: change in response to a need or situation Usually positive, may be unique, linked to survival Genetic o o Inheritable change in genetic code Does NOT self-regulate Behavioral Psychological o Emotional or intellectual adjustments to real (or imagined) threats to one's own security or self image Physiological o Results from genetic, behavioral and/or cultural responses to changes in the environment Outcome of continuous process of self-regulation Ability to adapt peaks in early adults Benign vs Malignant Tumors Benign Abnormal growth Slow growing well differentiated NOT cancer Rarely recurs after removal Non-invasive Does NOT metastasize Carcinogensis Initiation o Damages DNA Promotion o o Alter genetic structure of cell Inhibit cell apoptosis Tumor cells have growth advantage DNA repaired DNA mutated but not to point cancer DNA mutated to cancer cell line Malignant Cancer Rarely encapsulated Faster growth rate Invasive disease Metastasizes Progression o o Invade other tissues Angiogenesis Tumors over 0.5 mm require vasculature Cancer Nomenclature Carcinomas epithelial cells Sarcomas connective tissue Lymphomas lymph tissue Leukemias hematologic tissue o Tumor Markers Associated with cancer cells (but not guaranteed) Can be hormones, enzymes, antigens, antibodies, genes Found on tumor membrane, blood, urine, spinal fluid ***Value is for evaluation progression and/or response to treatment*** AFP CEA PSA HCG CA-125 primary liver cancer, cirrhosis colon prostate testicular multiple myeloma ovarian Tumor Suppressor Genes Genetic portion of DNA Stops, inhibits or suppress cell growth ***p53 most common mutated tumor suppressor gene currently found on human cancers Angiogenesis: creation of new blood vessels Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) o o o Protein Normal cells small amount present Cancer cells secrete into surrounding tissues Sends signal to start growing & forming new blood vessels Myeloma plasma cells Bence-Jones Protein - Proto-oncogenes and Tumor Suppressor Genes Proto-oncogenes Genetic portion of DNA Regulates normal cell growth & repair ***mutation allows uncontrolled cell growth*** Apoptosis: active process of cellular self-destruction Programmed cell death o o o o Isolated cells Not associated with inflammation/injury Normal & abnormal cells Cell deterioration, fragmentation, phagocytosis Cancer Risk: cancer results from environmental, immune, radiation, and virus impact on susceptible individuals Environmental o o o o Diet Alcohol Tobacco UV light Exposure can cause DNA damage & cell mutation Viruses Immune System Anything that impairs immune function results in increased cancer risk Prevention Smoking Nutrition Sunlight exposure Occupational exposure Anti-rejection drugs High dose steroids Stress AIDS Early Detection Pap Smear Breast Self Exam Mammogram Colonoscopy Prostate Specific Antigen Digital Rectal Exam Testicular Self Exam Chemotherapy Generally systemic therapy Attack rapidly dividing cells Drug resistance can develop Blood-brain barrier minimized value of chemo in CNS disease Radiation sensitizers Side Effects: o o o o o o N/V Mucositis & stomatitis Diarrhea & constipation Fatigue Bone marrow suppression Alopecia fat, fiber Radiation o Other o o o Cancer Prevention and Early Detection Hormonal Therapy and Immunotherapy for Cancer Hormonal trying to manipulate environment cancer likes Immunotherapy enhance immune function or search for specific target on cell o Major side effects include "flu-like" symptoms Biopsy: method of obtaining a sample of tissue in order to diagnose cancer Surgical Biopsy Needle Biopsy o o o May be done under fluoroscopy Fine needle aspiration Core biopsy Cancer Maturity and Grading Grading = aggressiveness Aggressiveness is related to cell maturity Less a cell matures before it reproduces, the faster its growth rate Grading: classification of the tumor according to the degree of cell differentiation (maturity) o o Identifies how aggressive a tumor is G1 Well differentiated o o o Least malignant Resembles normal cells TURTLE Some Anaplasia Less malignant More malignant More anaplastic Most malignant Highly analastic RABBIT G2 Moderately well differentiated G3 Poorly differentiated G4 Undifferentiated Metastasis and Degree of Spread Metastasis cancerous cells found in tissue other than tissue of origin o Steps: Release of cells from tumor Spread to distant site Trapping in microcirculation Penetrate vessel walls Move into adjacent tissue Numeric Staging System o Stage 0 In situ cancer o o Stage 1 Early local invasion by no metastasis Stage 2 Limited local involvement; regional nodes involved, but not distant metastasis Stage 3 Extensive local disease and/or extensive regional node involvement without detectable distant metastasis Stage 4 tumor with identifiable metastasis no matter what the status of the local tumor site o o TNM Staging o T = primary tumor o o T0 = no tumor T1 = tumor in situ T1-4 = size of tumor N0 = no nodes involved N1-4 = number nodes M0 = no metastasis M1 = metastasis present Mx = cannot assess status N = regional lymph nodes M = metastasis

Find millions of documents on Course Hero - Study Guides, Lecture Notes, Reference Materials, Practice Exams and more. Course Hero has millions of course specific materials providing students with the best way to expand their education.

Below is a small sample set of documents:

Binghamton - BIOL - 224
MUSCLES Describe Three Types of Muscles 1. _ a. What does it move?b. What part of nervous system is contraction controlled by?2. _ a. What does it move?b. What part of nervous system is contraction controlled by?3. _ a. What does it move?b.
Purdue - NUR - 214
QuickTimeTM and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.QuickTimeTM and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.QuickTimeTM and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.QuickTimeTM and a decompressor are needed to see this pict
Binghamton - HPE - 332
Dietary AnalysisNutrition-HPE 332By: Courtney GreerNutritional analysis of my diet has definitely made me realize all the good and bad things about what I am putting into my body. Know one really thinks about the nutritional importance of the foo
Binghamton - HPE - 332
Week 2 Discussion Questions 1. Define a rural community, describing rural culture and values. (general, not a specific town) Rural communities seem to be stuck in the old days. There are advantages and disadvantages of living in the rural community.
RIT - ENG - 101
Project 3Engineering Statistics1. In this experiment we want to see whether the mean life exceeds 540 hours or not with a level of significance of .015. Since we know the statistic is a Z-distribution then we went ahead and calculated the Z value
Vanderbilt - PSY - 1630
Study questions 3rd hour exam Psychology 1630 Chapter 12 1. Know the basic changes in the brain during middle childhood (ages 6-8) a. Myelination (particularly in the frontal cortex) continues up to adulthood myelination provides the axon of cortica
RIT - EN - 362
User Manual Outline: Warranties, Restrictions Background o Describe systems used and their origin/purpose Table of Contents Introduction o Describe manual and goals Chapter 1: Login to Unix with putty o Install putty o Use putty to login o Brief comm
St. Bonaventure - CLAR - 110
1 CLAR 110-06 September 12, 2007 The Criticism of &quot;I Want a Wife I think that Judy Brady did a great job of getting her point across and telling men that women can only do so much. Mrs. Brady brought together two of the three elements of writing toge
RIT - EN - 362
Software Requirements Specifications DocumentXXXXXXXXX Tor Software Requirements Specification DocumentVersion: (1.1)Date: (10/19/2007)C:\temp\d7e83d9e760ff537c1819406db9ef59adee0a049.docPage 1 of 1704/09/08fSoftware Requirements Spec
Assumption College - HIST - 116
Industrial Workers of the 19th Century in England&quot;The Life of the Industrial Worker in 19th Century England&quot; was written by Michael Sadler, the chairman of a Parliament committee in charge of investigating working conditions in textile factories. S
RIT - EN - 362
The Pirate Bay OrganizationXXXX1. IntroductionThe Pirate Bay Organization (TPB) runs the website ThePirateBay.org. They claim themselves as the &quot;Worlds largest Bit Torrent website&quot;, they serve millions of people by indexing .torrent files used by
Assumption College - HIST - 116
Liberalism vs. Darwinism1st Major Paper 3/16/08Petry 2Liberalism vs. DarwinismLiberalism and Darwinism have long been intensely debated as both are popular points of view regarding how our society can be run most effectively. Each are classifi
Assumption College - MAN - 234
1Four Functions of Management: Pool ManagerFor the past three summers, Ive been employed at one of my local town pools, and have ended up working an average of 35 to 40 hours a week. Needless to say, throughout my time there, Ive ran into a wide v
Assumption College - MAN - 234
Petry 1Up until the end of high school, we dont have much of a say in the decisionmaking process in aspects affecting our lives, most of the decisions are made for us. This all changes when we reach the end of high school and are considered in soci
Wilkes - CHM - 115
Chapter 9 Chemical EquilibriaReactions at equilibrium Chemical equilibrium - the stage in a chemical reaction when there is no further tendency for the composting of the reaction mixture (the concentrations or partial pressures of the reactants and
Wilkes - CHM - 115
The Recycling of Copper MetalName _ _ Data Mass of flask + copper: 104.4113_Lab Section _Mass of empty flask: _103.4516_ Mass of copper to be reacted: .9597_Mass of watch glass + filter paper + copper: _86.4900_ Mass of watch glass + filter pa
Wilkes - CHM - 115
Preparation and Testing of Buffer SolutionsAbstract: This experiment was performed in order to examine the properties and components of buffers. A buffer was created and then tested at 10% strength. A buffer was also created at a target pH. The pKa
Wilkes - CHM - 115
Spectrophotometry and the Beer-Lambert LawAbstract: This experiment explores the correlation between absorbance of aspirin solutions and their concentrations. Solutions of varying were examined using a spectrophotometer and then using the transmitt
Yale - PSYC - 371
Ricardo Rodriguez Laboratory in Animal Cognition Paper Critique Brosnan et. al. Monkeys Reject Equal Pay Or Do They? The concept of &quot;fairness,&quot; in the sense that some thing or situation is &quot;free from bias, dishonesty, or injustice,&quot; is one that man
Yale - RLST - 140
PAPER NOTESPaper Topic: The 4 Luminaries Cross Analysis o Texts: SbJ First thought in three forms Zoroastrianos EgG (Egyptian Gospel) 3/3/2008 11:19:00 PMAKA Holy book of the great invisible spiritPurpose: o To determine the exact nature a
Yale - PHYS - 110
QuickTimeTM and a decompressor QuickTimeTM and a are needed to see this picture. decompressor are needed to see this picture.QuickTimeTM and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.Q ui k Tim eTM a nd a c d ecomp ressor ar e need ed t o see t
Yale - PSYC - 371
Ricardo Rodriguez PSYC 371: Laboratory in Animal Cognition Paper #2: Project Proposal Causal cognition in Rhesus Macaques: Deriving causal reasoning systems in Macaca Mulatta via exploratory play Cause and effect are an integral part of perceived rea
Yale - SPAN - 247
Ricardo Rodrguez diciembre 23, 2007 Waas Sappening? Un investigacin del Chicanismo y la Identidad En el ensayo de Chon Noriega, &quot;Waas sappening?,&quot; es evidente que se trata de muchos aspectos de la naturaleza social y poltica de ser chicano por medio
Yale - PHYS - 110
Notes on Chapters 1 and 2Scientific method Observation &quot;recognize a problem&quot; Develop hypothesis &quot;make educated guess&quot; o Scientific hypothesis must be testable Predict consequences of hypothesis Test hypothesis with experiments Form general rule that
Pittsburgh - ENGLIT - 0500
1 Changing Patriarchy the Female Driving Forces Shakespearean plays are written within the patriarchal ideologies of the Elizabethan era. Women were considered to be subordinate to men. This inferiority was clearly projected in the portrayal and rep
Clemson - PSYCH - 101
Study Guide and ReviewChapter 6 Sensation and PerceptionSensation and Perception What is the difference? Where do they take place? Psychophysics Absolute and difference thresholds Signal detection Adaptation, deprivation, overload, selective attent
Pittsburgh - PS - 1521
Status Quo StatesI Poland 1 Recreated with notable gaps and land from Russian empire Polish corrider taken by Germany 2 Multiply ethnic 3 1st government dominated by General Joseph Piludski fought against Russians and lead troops to gates of Kiev co
Loyola Chicago - CMUN - 160
CMUN 160 MIDTERM QUIZ REVIEW The Origins of Writing by Andrew Robinson, page 36 Uses of reading Put agreements, laws, &amp; commandments on record Predict future Ancient societies obsessed with what to come in the future Provided identity card or proper
Wofford - ENG - 310
Audience: Male Soccer Team Setting: Pre-Game speech to State Championship Alright gentleman.listen up For you freshman you have waited for three months for this moment, for you seniors most of you have waited four years for this, for me eleven. You g
Loyola Chicago - CMUN - 160
Cultural anthropology the study of patterns and meanings that lie behind the world in other cultures. Culture members of the same community that share the same beliefs Ethnocentric fallacy the idea that our beliefs and behaviors are right and true
Loyola Chicago - CMUN - 160
WEEK 1: INTRODUCTION Anthropology: the study/science of humans Archaeology: investigates the human past, main directs of investigations-material goods, asks&quot;What do these objects tell us about the past?&quot; Physical anthropology: investigates humans as
Pittsburgh - PS - 1521
IOrigins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold WarA Big 3 Meetings 1 1945 Teheran Meeting shifting of Polish border to the west toward Russia secret agreement Roosevelt didn't want E. European Americans to know he gave away pieces of their land when
Wofford - ENG - 310
The battle to annihilate procrastination is one that should be taken to the nooks and crannies of the world. This is because procrastination has shattered so many lives and continues to destroy so much more. It makes people live beneath their potenti
Embry-Riddle FL/AZ - IT - 109
Florida Employment BreakdownSource: The Florida Legistlature Office of Economic and Demographic Research Average Annual Employment, % by Category, 2005 Natural Resources and Mining Construction Manufacturing Trade, Transportation, and Utilities Info
Wofford - ENG - 310
Today I am here to share my views on organ donation. I have used the Wikipedia online encyclopedia as a reference. My hope is that you may take what I say and give someone the ultimate gift after you have left this earth.the gift of life. Organ donat
Clemson - SOC - 201
Chapter 2 CultureHenslin Chapter 2 OutlineAdapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor's manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7th ed.). Boston: Allyn &amp; Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2007). Essentials of sociology: A dow
Clemson - SOC - 201
Henslin Chapter 3 OutlineAdapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor's manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7th ed.). Boston: Allyn &amp; Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2007). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach
Clemson - SOC - 201
Henslin Chapter 6 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor's manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7th ed.). Boston: Allyn &amp; Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2007). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach
Clemson - SOC - 201
Chapter 5 Social Groups and Formal OrganizationsHenslin Chapter 5 OutlineAdapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor's manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7th ed.). Boston: Allyn &amp; Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2007).
Princeton - ECO - 101
Department of Economics Comments on the Economics 101 FinalFall 2007 Professor Elizabeth C. Bogan 1. You are expected to know the assigned chapters from the texts, the main points from the Economist readings since the midterm, and the readings in you
SMU - PHIL - 1318
Contemporary Moral ProblemsReview for First Exam Utilitarianism Consequentialism Jeremy Bentham `Good' `Bad' Quantitative View of Happiness John Stuart Mill Principle of Utility Qualitative View of Happiness `Higher-quality' pleasures `Lower-quality
Vassar - PHILOSOPHY - Phil-102
Wood 1 Lindsay Wood History of Western Philosophy II Prof. Borradori 4 April 2008The Seventh Seal in the Present with Pascal The Seventh Seal, the legendary 1957 Ingmar Bergman film, has been analyzed by philosophers, and cherished by all, for decad
Vassar - COGNITIVE - COGS-100
Wood 1 Lindsay Wood Intro Cognitive Science Prof. Livingston 18 February 2008 The Mind Matters: Weighing in on Dualism and Reductionism Cognitive science may be a relatively new discipline, but humans have been thinking about their minds for centurie
Vassar - PHILOSOPHY - Phil-102
Wood 1 Lindsay Wood History Western Philosophy II: Phil-102-52 Prof. Borradori The Matrix and Descartes, Paper 1 Is it All a Dream? Descartes and The Matrix Although Cartesian Dualism has become an extremely controversial, and repeatedly disputed, vi
TCU - SAD - asd
Players may now have a primary talent set and a secondary talent set. Players make two talent sets and can switch between them for a charge of 10 gold every time they switch. They do not have to see a trainer in order to switch between these two tale
TCU - SAD - asd
new member meals (with other new members)
TCU - SAD - asd
se7en usual suspects
Princeton - CEE - 262B
Lizzy Drumm CEE 262B Midterm Key Concepts Grouped by artist: Eiffel: - France wanted to recapture glory it once had and the Eiffel tower served as the perfect symbol of the new world view, looking into the future, industrialization/progress - Tower o
Princeton - CEE - 262B
Othmar AmmannMajor Works: George Washington Bridge Bayonne Bridge Bronx-Whitestone Bridge Goethals Bridge Outerbridge Crossing Throgs Neck Bridge Verrazano Narrows Bridge George Washington Bridge NYC 1931 steel suspensionBayonne Bridge Staten Isla
Princeton - CEE - 262B
QuickTimeTM and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.QuickTimeTM and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.QuickTimeTM and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
Embry-Riddle FL/AZ - BA - 201
Joe Purnell_ Name Homework Lost at sea You are adrift on a private yacht in the South Pacific. As a consequence of a fire of unknown origin, much of the yacht and its contents have destroyed. The yacht is now slowly sinking. Your location is unclear
Alvernia University - COM - 101
Reaction to Humanity EssayIt is very hard to believe that American soldiers would murder innocent men, women and children. Then again, it is hard to believe many of the stories that came back from Vietnam, and the other &quot;wars.&quot; When you're in enemy
Northwestern - PHIL - 255
Aaron Paul Houska Kafka/Nietszche 2nd PaperA Continuum of Convalescence &quot;The Concalescence&quot; represents Zarathustra's coming to terms with his vision laid out in the previous book, and the first steps in his comprehension of it. It is in this sectio
Pittsburgh - ENGLIT - 0500
When Illusion Suceeds Ms. La Trobe says it best in Virginia Woolf's Between the Acts: 'This is death, death, death - when illusion fails.' (p. 180) Various characters in the novel create illusions to escape from the reality that grieves them. And tho
Loyola Chicago - BIO - 102
Chapter 22Darwin introduces a new theory A new era of biology began on November 24, 1859, the day Charles Darwin publishedOn the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection focused biologists' attention on the great diversity of organisms
St. Thomas TX - BIOL - 2402
BIOLOGY 2402 Anatomy and Physiology LectureChapter 18THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEMCOMPARISON OF CONTROL BY THE NERVOUS AND ENDOCRINE SYSTEMNervous System and Endocrine System are the two major regulatory systems of the body. Together, they regulate and
Loyola Chicago - BIO - 102
Chapter 36Plants review of the basicsReview of plant tissue systemsDermal-epidermis, peridermGround- parenchyma.Vascular-xylem and phloemXylem &amp; PhloemXylemCells dead at maturityPhloemCells alive at maturityWater solutionSugars a
Loyola Chicago - BIO - 102
Rhizopus, asexual reproductionRhizopus, sexual reproductionPowdery mildew, sexual reproductionPowdery mildew, asexual reproduction 400XCoprinus, mushroom cap sectionCoprinus, basidia and basidiosporesPenecillium conidia Lichen thallus 100X
Loyola Chicago - BIO - 102
Chapter 25Investigating the Tree of LifePhylogeny is the evolutionary history of a species or group of related species Biologists draw on the fossil record, which provides information about ancient organismsThey also use systematicsDragonf
Loyola Chicago - BIO - 102
Chapter 37Plant nutritionEvery organism continually exchanges energy &amp; materials with its environment root &amp; shoot systems of a vascular plant ensure extensive networking w/ both sources &amp; reservoirs of inorganic nutrients plants derive most
Colorado - IPHY - 3430
Communication, Integration, and HomeostasisLECTURE OUTLINE (CHAPTER 6) (animation from last lecture-Na+ gates usually closed and K+ gates usually opened when cell at rest. Electrical force into intracellular and diffusion force out of cell= out to n