Albert Bandura self-efficacy theory explanation paper
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Albert Bandura self-efficacy theory explanation paper

Course Number: CNA 374, Fall 2013

College/University: Wayne State University

Word Count: 1073

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Albert Banduras Self-Efficacy Theory Emma Wagner and Jennine Kottwitz Brief Overview Albert Banduras Self-Efficacy Theory states that people with high self-efficacy believe they have the ability to change their environment. It also states that the mere belief in ones self can boost the chances of achieving change. Albert Bandura himself, states in his book, Self-Efficacy in Changing Societies, The ability to...

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Banduras Albert Self-Efficacy Theory Emma Wagner and Jennine Kottwitz Brief Overview Albert Banduras Self-Efficacy Theory states that people with high self-efficacy believe they have the ability to change their environment. It also states that the mere belief in ones self can boost the chances of achieving change. Albert Bandura himself, states in his book, Self-Efficacy in Changing Societies, The ability to affect outcomes makes them predictable. Predictability fosters adoptive preparedness. Inability to exert influence over things that adversely affect ones life breeds apprehension, apathy, or despair. In other words, those that believe in themselves and can change their environment, thus creating more self-efficacy and vice versa. Bandura believed that there were four sources used to acquire and change ones self-efficacy; first through enactive attainments or performance, then through vicarious experiences which is completed by observing others succeed, third through verbal persuasion or persuading the audience to believe in ones ideas, and lastly through physiological arousal which is the stage where one judges their self-efficacy by how they perceive their anxiety in certain situations. The main principle of this theory can be summed up best by Henry Ford and Walt Disney. According to Henry Ford, Whether you think you can, or you think you cantyoure right. And as Walt Disney famously puts it, If you can dream it, you can do it. Basic Tenants The self-efficacy theory is of part a much larger social cognitive theory. It was created by Albert Bandura in attempt to broaden the social learning theory, which later evolved into the social cognitive theory. Bandura discovered that there was one key element missing from the theory and that was self-belief and the emergence of the self-efficacy theory. Three basic scales are used to judge self-efficacy: magnitude, strength, and generality. Magnitude refers to the difficulty level the person believes will be needed in order to complete the task. Strength is the amount of belief one has in successfully completing the task. And according to Fred Lunenburg, in his article Self-Efficacy in the Workplace, generality refers to the degree to which the expectation is generalized across situations. Bandura defined four sources of information that individuals can use to judge their efficacy. The first, performance outcomes are your past experiences in partaking a task. According to Bandura, performance outcomes are the most important source of self-efficacy. The second source is vicarious experiences which are the experiences of others and their attainment of tasks. Next is verbal persuasion which refers to the encouragement or discouragement relating to a persons ability or inability to complete a task. The last source is physiological feedback or emotional arousal which is defined as experiences in the body or emotions experienced while completing a task. Self-efficacy should not be confused with selfesteem

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