Lecture-10b
121 Pages
Lecture-10b

Course Number: CHEM 222, Fall 2013

College/University: CUNY Hunter

Word Count: 4840

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. All rights reserved. 3F. How to Name Alcohols IUPAC substitutive nomenclature: a name may have as many as four features Locants, prefixes, parent compound, and suffixes 6 54 32 1 OH 4-Methyl-1-hexanol 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Rules Select the longest continuous carbon chain to which the hydroxyl is directly attached. Change the name of the alkane corresponding to...

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All . rights reserved. 3F. How to Name Alcohols IUPAC substitutive nomenclature: a name may have as many as four features Locants, prefixes, parent compound, and suffixes 6 54 32 1 OH 4-Methyl-1-hexanol 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Rules Select the longest continuous carbon chain to which the hydroxyl is directly attached. Change the name of the alkane corresponding to this chain by dropping the final e and adding the suffix ol Number the longest continuous carbon chain so as to give the carbon atom bearing the hydroxyl group the lower number. Indicate the position of the hydroxyl group by using this number as a locant 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Examples OH 3 2 OH 4 1 2-Propanol (isopropyl alcohol) 5 43 32 1 OH OH 1,2,3-Butanetriol 2 1 OH 4-Methyl-1-pentanol (or 4-Methylpentan-1-ol) (NOT 2-Methyl-5-pentanol) 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Example 4 OH 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Example 4 (Contd) Find the longest chain as parent 8 6 5 7 4 3 2 1 or OH 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 OH Longest chain but does not contain the OH group 7-carbon chain containing the OH group Heptane as parent 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Example 4 (Contd) Use the lowest numbering for the carbon bearing OH the group 2 (lowest number of the carbon bearing the OH group) Use 2 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. 6 Example 4 (Contd) Parent and suffix 2-Heptanol Substituents Propyl 1 2 3 OH Complete name 3-Propyl-2-heptanol 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. 4 5 6 7 4.2 Naming Compounds Alkanes Identifying Substituents 2. Identify and name substituents (side chains). Name the substituents in the following molecules. 4. How to Name Cycloalkanes 4A. How to Name Monocyclic Cycloalkanes Cycloalkanes with only one ring Attach the prefix cycloH2C CH2 = C H2 Cyclopropane H 2C H 2C CH2 CH2 = C H2 Cyclopentane 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. 4.2 Naming Compounds Alkanes Finding The Parent Chain 1. Find the parent chain, the longest consecutive chain of carbons. If the parent chain is cyclic (a ring of carbons), add the prefix, cyclo to the beginning of the parent name. Klein, Organic Chemistry 1e Substituted cycloalkanes Isopropylcyclopropane tert-Butylcyclopentane 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. 4.2 Naming Compounds Alkanes Identifying Substituents 2. Identify and name substituents (side chains). A ring can be either a parent chain or a substituent depending on the number of carbons. 4.2 Naming Compounds Alkanes Number

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