COSC Study Guide 2013 Capter 3
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COSC Study Guide 2013 Capter 3

Course Number: COSC 103, Summer 2013

College/University: Central Texas College

Word Count: 1681

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1. A tool used for making calculations what was considered essential for engineering and science students through the 1960s is an abacus. False 2. The Difference engine was a calculator that operated using steam power. True 3. In 1947, it was estimated that there would only be a need for 100 electronic computers to satisfy the computing needs of the entire United States. False 4. Relocating business processes,...

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tool 1. A used for making calculations what was considered essential for engineering and science students through the 1960s is an abacus. False 2. The Difference engine was a calculator that operated using steam power. True 3. In 1947, it was estimated that there would only be a need for 100 electronic computers to satisfy the computing needs of the entire United States. False 4. Relocating business processes, such as development and production, to lower-cost locations is called privatizing. False 5. The product design stage of the lifecycle of a new hardware product often takes place under wraps. True 6. In the maintenance stage of the hardware product life cycle, as supply and demand for product reach an equilibrium, the manufacturer might reduce the price to keep the product attractive to buyers. True 7. Sometimes a software publisher releases a beta version of the software to individuals and companies in the general public to expose the software to the widest possible variety of computers and operating environments. True 8. Security specialists install and configure antivirus software and firewalls. True 9. A computer technician designs and tests new hardware products. False 10. Contract workers can be added to company staff when needed, instead of hiring fulltime workers who might later be laid off if the company is forced to downsize. True 11. Confidentiality is the obligation not to disclose willingly any information that should be kept private. True 12. RFID chips embedded in ID badges can be used to keep track of employees locations in an office or manufacturing facility. True 13. A LCD generates x-rays which are considered harmful. False 14. When using a computer, the proper position for your back is leaning forward slightly. False 15. To combat potential health hazards associated with computer use, you should try to take breaks every 20 minutes. True 16. The slide rule, developed in 1621 by William Oughtred, is based on logarithms discovered by John Napier. True 17. Population growth and business globalization are two important factors that have contributed to huge past investments in information technology. True 18. First-generation computers used vacuum tube technology. True 19. First-generation computers were characterized by custom application programs. True 20. Assembly language and machine language are the same. False 21. Second-generation computers were characterized by their use of operating systems. True 22. High-level languages were developed for first-generation computers. False 23. By 2000, one of the few remaining minicomputers was the IBM AS/400. True 24. Current processor technology requires very large scale integration (VLSI) that packs millions of components on a single chip. True 25. The first microcomputers required assembly by the user. True 26. The computer industry encompasses those companies that manufacture computers and computer components. True 27. All dot-com companies are universally considered part of the IT industry. False 28. 29. 30. All major companies in the IT industry are headquartered in Silicon Valley. False The end of the dot-com bubble meant a decline in IT sector job openings. True It is less expensive to replace software with brand new software than to purchase an upgrade. False 31. In the United States, the IT industry is fully regulated by the FCC. False 32. Industry observers expect the number of telecommuting IT workers to decrease over the next decade. False 33. A computer certification will totally prepare a person for a job in the IT industry. False 34. In IT, job titles are standardized. False 35. Your Web-based resume should fully utilize multimedia to demonstrate your capabilities; companies are expecting IT resumes to contain all aspects of multimedia. False 36. Laws and ethics are really just different words for the same concept. False 37. To reduce cell phone radiation, you should use hands-free devices. True 38. RFID chips, ID badges, and network logs are all used to monitor employee activities. 39. Which of the following would NOT be an example of government laws and regulations that currently affect the IT industry? Computer companies are required to obtain a permit to conduct research into encryption . 40. Companies in the IT industry can be separated into several broad categories, sometimes referred to as sectors or segments, including equipment manufacturers, chipmakers, software publishers, service companies, and retailers. 41. What is the significance of UNIVAC in the history of computing? Historians consider it to be the first commercially successful digital computer. 42. Of the following prototype computing devices, which one was on the drawing board first? Harvard Mark I 43. All of the following were available and used by second-generation computers EXCEPT integrated circuit technology. 44. VisiCalc was the first electronic spreadsheet software. 45. Which of the following jobs requires a wide-ranging knowledge of computers and communications protocols that can be applied quickly to resolve a crisis? Security specialist. 46. A step-by-step process by which numbers are manipulated is a calculation 47. The type of manual calculator first used in ancient Rome, Greece, India, China, and Japan is called an abacus. 48. A device consisting of several rods divided into ten squares, each labeled with two numbers, with the rods positioned according to the numbers in calculation, the is a Napiers Bones 49. A calculator that implements instructions autonomously is a mechanical calculator. 50. The first mass-produced mechanical calculator was the de Colmars Arithmometer. 51. Punched cards were used in 1970 mainframes 52. The U.S. Census Bureau held a competition to find a way to tabulate the 1890 census. The Hollerith Tabulating Machine won. The company is now known as IBM. 53. An experimental device that typically must be further developed and perfected before going into production is called prototype. 54. The first electronic computer to use vacuum tubes instead of switches was the ABC 55. IBM created a computer that integrated 73 IBM Automatic Accounting Machines into a single unified computing unit called the Harvard Mark 1. 56. The electronic device used to decode messages encrypted by the Germans was the Colossus 57. The general-purpose electronic computer designed to calculate trajectory tables for the U.S. Army was ENIAC 58. The first commercially successful digital computer was the UNIVAC. 59. Computers characterized by their use of vacuum tubes are considered firstgeneration. 60. A vacuum tube can have two states. 61. Computers characterized by their use of transistors are considered secondgeneration. 62. The birth of the software industry was a result of high-level languages developed for second-generation computers. 63. The first commercially successful minicomputer was the DEC PDP-8. 64. Computers characterized by their use of microprocessors are fourth-generation. 65. The first commercial microcomputer was the MITS Altair. 66. The first IBM PCs used PC-DOS as an operating system. 67. By the mid-1990s, IBM-compatible computer systems accounted for approximately 90 percentage of all personal computer sales. 68. The popularity of PCs was in large part brought about by the Internet. 69. According to the text, a narrow definition of the term computer industry would be those companies that manufacture computers and computer components . 70. All Answers are correct, are a segment of the IT industry. 71. Worldwide, consumers spend more than $ 1 trillion on information technology each year. 72. Factors affecting the success of the IT industry include: Population growth & business globalization. 73. The first phase of testing generally carried out by the software publishers in-house test team is called alpha testing 74. A set of software tests conducted by a team of off-site testers is called beta testing 75. Microsofts share of the total personal computer operating system market is about 90%. 76. After Microsofts share of the total personal computer operating system market, the remaining share is taken up by Apple and several Linux vendors. 77. Worldwide, Hewlett-Packard leads the pack among computer manufacturers with more than 17% market share. 78. Which of the following are marketing channels for computer hardware and software? all answers are correct. 79. Computer retail stores specialize in the sale and support of microcomputer software and hardware. 80. Mail order is a special type of retailing in which a vendor takes orders by phone or from an Internet site, and then ships the product to consumers. 81. Manufacturer direct refers to hardware manufacturers that sell their products directly to consumers. 82. A VAR combines commercially available products with specialty hardware or software. 83. Most IT departments are headed by a chief information officer. 84. A system analyst investigates the requirements of a business or organization, its employees, and its customers in order to plan and implement new or improved customer service. 85. A person who design, codes, and tests computer programs is a computer programmer. 86. A person who creates documentation for large programming projects is a technical writer. 87. It is anticipated that the highest future demand for computer professionals will be in all of the following roles EXCEPT technical writing. 88. Advantages of telecommuting include all the following EXCEPT data security. 89. All of the following are essential for secure business data transmitted over the Internet EXCEPT high-speed connections. 90. Careers in computer engineering focus on the design of computer hardware. 91. Careers in computer science focus on computer architecture and programming computers to make them work effectively and efficiently. 92. Information systems degrees focus on applying computers to business problems. 93. Information technology degrees focus on the computer equipment and software used by businesses. 94. When sending a resume by email, the resumes should be in all answers are popular formats 95. To get maximum exposure for your resume in an online job database, you should focus on nouns. 96. A hypertext version of your resume is called a Web portfolio. 97. The USA Patriot Act enhances the authority of law enforcement agents to prevent various terrorist acts such as monitoring electronic communication without a warrant. 98. The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act makes it a criminal offense to knowingly access a computer without authorization. 99. The Electronic Communications Privacy Act extends telephone wiretap laws by restricting government agents and unauthorized third parties from tapping into data transmissions without a search warrant. 100. The Homeland Security Act establishes an agency to monitor threats to the communication infrastructure.

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