Complete List of Terms and Definitions for Anatomy Phys 2

Terms Definitions
huge vastus
• Protraction: Forward movement
supine on the back
• Neurology study of nervous system
• Insertion  Point of attachment that moves
chewing muscle that works synergistically with the temporalis muscles to close the jaw masseter
During inspiration, contractions cause the downward movement of a dome-shaped muscle known as the ________ Diaphragm
Cartilage: Common features • chondrocytes• lacunae• rigid matrix
a sustained muscle contration; the muscle does not relax tetanus
Major chemical requirements of the human body for maintaining homeostasis include water, nutrients, and _____ Oxygen
The relaxation of respiratory muscles compresses the thorax and increases the air pressure in the ___________ Lungs
• Osteology study of structure and function of bones
Types of Muscle Tissue • Striated – skeletal, voluntary• Smooth – internal organs, involuntary• Cardiac – combination of striated and smooth, involuntary
Gross anatomy studies structures visable without the aid of a microscope
Cartilage: Basic types • Hyaline: (adults) found in articulating surfaces of bones • nose, trachea, bronchi, ends of the ribs, and the articulating surfaces of most joints• Fibro-cartilage: Dense, flexible• Intervertebral disks of the spine, between knee joints• Yellow (elastic): Firm, elastic • Pinna, epiglottis
sphincter muscle encircling the mouth, called "kissing muscle" orbiculis oris
Among the three major serous membranes of the body are the peritoneum, the pleura, and the ___________ Pericardium
The fundamental unit of all living things, including the human body is the _______ Cell
An example of a synarthrosis ocurring in the skull is a ______________________ Suture
Muscles that work against each other are said to be ________ Antagonastic
An accumulation of tissue in the spaces between the cells is a condition called _________ Edema
Arterial blood entering the kidney flows through the _________ Renal artery
• Myology – study of structure and function of muscles
• Molecule: a group of atoms that perform a specific funtion • DNA, RNA, proteins, hormones, neurotransmitters…
the location of the vesicles that store neurotransmitters= axon terminal
A vertical plane dividing the body into right and left sides represents a _____________ Sagittal Plane
The vertebral column is composed of 26 bones known as _______________ Vertebrae
The projection of the temporal bone that helps form the cheek-bone is the ____________________ Zygomatic process
The opening to the larynx is referred to as the _____________ Glottis
Breathing is controlled by an area of the brain called the respiratory control center, which includes part of the medulla oblongata and the _____ Pons
Lymph nodes may be found in the popliteal fossa, which is located behind the ______ Knee
The narrow, far region of the stomach is the ________ Pylorus
The second part of the small intestine and the place where most absorption occurs is the __________ JeJunum
Applied or Clinical Anatomy emphasizes structure and function as they relate to diagnosis and treatment
Two structures on the same side of the body such as the left arm and left leg are said to be _________________ Ipsilateral
The ankle of the lower leg is formed by a series of tarsals that number ___________ Seven
Membranous areas in the skull bones present in the newbon are known as _______________________ Fontanels (soft spots)
Because smooth muscle is found in the internal organs, it is sometimes called ___________ Visceral muscle
Three functions of the nose include moistening the air, filtering the air, and ___________ Warming the air
The last few inches of the colon that terminates at the anus is the __________ Rectum
what muscle is found in the walls of the viscera, the lining of the bronchial tubes and blood vessles? involuntary smooth muscle
The arms are connected to the rib cage by connecting bones organized as the _______________ Pectoral girdle
The volume of air that can be forced out of the lungs after a forced inspiration is the __________ Vital capacity