Complete List of Terms and Definitions for Ancient Rome 32

Terms Definitions
Virgil ...
Republic senate,consuls, assembly
Veto Refuse laws.
the pantheon, 120
Augustus Title; exalted one
cornelia julius' first wife
Ampitheater Round or oval theater.
Roman Republic begins 509 BC
anatomy study of body structure
barbarians nomadic and foreign invaders
Senate formed when Roman government changed
Populares "favoring the people", reformers representing the poor
Jesus founder of Christian religion, Christian's believe he is the Son of God
tribunes elected leader of the plebeians
octavian took the name of agustus
SPQR Roman motto "senatus Poulusque Romanus"
epistle An epistle (pronounced /ɪˈpɪs.l/; Greek ἐπιστολή, epistolē, 'letter') is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter.
Diocletian reorganized the Roman government and divided the empire into 2 parts
Which emperor began Rome's stability and revival? Diocletian
This structure carried fresh water into Rome. aqueducts
assassinated murdered by surprise attack for political reasons
Census A count of a countries people.
Mercenaries foreign soldiers who fought for money
Sig: these soldiers fought and in return they would get money. they often switched sides on behalf of their physical advantages.
founding of rome exact date 753 BC
roads Romans were great builders. Roman soldiers and slaves built these for thousands of miles all over the empire. They were famous for building these. All __________led to Rome"
Checks and Balances methods to balance power
The Romans destroyed ________ around 150 B.C. and won the third Punic war Carthage
princeps Latin for "first citizen." Augustus and other Roman emperors gave themselves this title to distinguish themselves from Hellenistic monarchs
emperor the supreme ruler of an empire
Peninsula An area of land almost entirely surrounded by water.
Villa A large country estate an important source of food for ancient rome
The first Triumvirate Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus
empire many territories and people who are controlled by one government
clovis King of Franks; conquered Gaul; earned support of Gaul and Church of Rome by converting; Ruled lands in Frankish custom but kept Roman legacy
Hannibal Launched the second Punic War against Rome in 218 BC
Members of an Indo-European tribe who built Rome Latins
Huns attacked German Tribes from the east and the Roman Empire
Pompeii Roman city near Naples, Italy, which was buried during an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79.
Gladiator slaves, prisoners of war and condemned criminals sometimes fought animals or even one another; they were the entertainment at the colosseum
Europe Continent where Italy and Rome is located
How long did Roman Peace last? 200 years
Nero The first Roman persecution of the Christians took place during the reign of this emperor
consul two chiefs officals selected by the Roman assembly
tribune plebeian officials of ancient rome who had the power to veto
Italian peninsula was not rich in mineral resources
Humanism a philosophy in which interests and values of human beings are of primary importance
dome anything shaped like a hemisphere or inverted bowl.
New Testament The second part of the Christian Bible, containing descriptions of the life and teachings of Jesus and his early followers.
Cleopatra queen of Egypt; had an affair with Julius Caesar and had a child together named Caesarion. Caesar and Cleopatra wanted to rule together but he was assassinated later. Later she married Marc Antony which was supposed to be a peace maker between Rome and Egypt and Antony was still going to rule with Octavian. Octavian did not approve and attacked Egypt. Cleopatra and Marc Antony decided to kill themselves rather than having it done by Octavian.
These people were in charge of the treasury and public records. queastors
Elite a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status
Lepidus One of the three rulers in the triumvirate, resigned before conflict
Twelve Tables the laws of plebeians written on Twelve Tablets
legion A unit of soldiers in the ancient Roman army.
parable a short narrative designed to teach a moral lesson
Tenant Farmers Farmed and lived on somebody else's land in exchange for giving part of the profit
patrician a member of the noble families who controlled all power in the early years of the Roman Republic
Where were the greeks located in Italy? Southern Tip
flamines acted as individual priests to Gods; 3 for jupiter, mars, and quirinus; 12 for lesser ones; specilized in knowledge of prayers and rituals specific to their particular diety
What was the Roman senate made up of Patricians
martyr a person who willingly suffers or dies for his or her own beliefs
patricians and plebians struggled between eachother for equal rights
tiber river a river in central Italy, flowing through Rome into the Mediterranean. 244 mi. (395 km) long.
Role Of The Senate council of wealthy & Powerful Romans
held power for life
2 jobs:
1) advised the consuls (leaders)
2) controlled the city's finances
Representative a person who is elected by citizens to speak or act for them
Servius Tullius King of Rome. Held first census, and assigned all Romans a class
Antony was a daring general in the army of Julius Caesar who rose to become one of Caesar's closest colleagues. After Caesar was assassinated in 44 B.C., Antony jumped into the struggle for control of Rome. Marc Anthony
Pompey Was in the 1st Triumvirate; had a very strong Army.
Representative Democracy when commoners hire or vote for others to vote in their stead
3rd Punic War 149-146 BCE, Rome concurs and destroys Carthage.
Punic Wars a series of wars against Carthage, a city in northern Africa
why Rome grew where it did fertile land,ash made rich soil,mountainous
Roman ruler (312-37); reunited E and W Roman empires and made new capital (Constantinople) on the site of Byzantium; Issued the Edict of Milan which legalized Christianity in 313. Constantine the Great
Byzantine Empire The name by which the eastern half of the Roman empire became known as, located in Middle East
List four theories that explain why the Roman empire disappeared. 1. Christianity weakened army
2. plague killed 10% of population
3. constant invasion destroyed cities and farms
4. non italians weren't loyal to Rome
march 15 44 bc the ides of march and the day that julius caesar was killed
Who were the Patricians? Who were the Plebeians? Patricians- 5% of population (wealthy class). Plebeains made up 95% population and were not wealthy
Explain the 2 ideas of Jesus that attracted followers. a.)he promised that those who believed in God and followed his teachings would have everlasting life