Complete List of Terms and Definitions for AP English Vocabulary 15

Terms Definitions
Equi Equal
relegate demote
sporadic irregular
syntax word order
barrage overwhelming quantity
theme central idea
chicanery trickery; deception
spurious not genuine;false;counterfit
truant adjective
absent without permission
synonym: astray or playing hooky
dulcet melodious, soft, soothing
flippant cavalier, carefree, disrespectful
DISCORDANT (adj.) inharmonious; conflicting
wistful yearning; sadly longing
diatribe bitter or abusive speech
Exigent urgent, demands promp action.
anapeste xx/ short short long
emit send out; give off
Necromancer a sorcerer, conjurer, wizard
Castigate to criticize or punish severely
petrarchan sonnet an italian sonnet 14
antithesis the juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas in balanced or parallel words, phrases, grammatical structure, or ideas
Negative PositiveSentence that begins by stating what is NOT true, then ending by stating what is true.
philanthropic adj. relating to monetary generosity
Invective an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
intestate not having made a will
validate to make valid; substantiate; confirm:
Aliteration The repitition of initial consonant sounds in words.
Ex. Daffy Duck, V for Vendetta
Jocund full of or showing high-spirited merriment
denouement from French "unknotting"; the events following the major climax of a plot in a drama or fiction
plaint poem about death (like a dirge)
Convention An established practice used by authors of literary works.
contraband goods whose importation or exportation or possession is prohibited by law
punctilious (adj.) - eager to follow rules
epitaph praise for a dead person (headstone)
Precocious (adj.)

1. Manifesting or characterized by unusually early development or maturity, especially in mental aptitude. 2. Botany Blossoming before the appearance of leaves.
pestilence a deadly or virulent epidemic disease.
juxtaposition the act of positioning close together (or side by side)
futile not successful, failing to have any result; useless; unimportant, frivolous
Acquiesce to comply passively; to accept; to assent; to agree
allegory a work in which concrete elements stand for abstractions
prose the usual language of speech and writing, lacking the special properties of meter and form that define poetry
syllepsis use of a word understood differently in relation t o two or more other words, which it modifies or governs.
inversion the usual word order is rearranged, often for the effect of emphasis or to maintain the meter
canon that which has been accepted as authentic
Viscous Having a gelatinous or gluey quality, lacking in easy movement or fluidity
Style The distinctive and unique manner in which a writer arranges words to achieve particular effects. Style essentially combines the idea to be expressed with the individuality of the author. These arrangements include individual word choices as well as matters such as the length of sentences, their structure, tone, and use of irony
parable a story designed to suggest a principle, illustrate a moral, or answer a question
paradox statement that appears to be self contradictory
bowdlerize to expurgate (a written work) by removing or modifying passages considered vulgar or objectionable.
wit the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of those connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure.
litotes a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite
ad populum concludes a proposition to be true because many people believe it
pulverize verb
make into a powder by breaking up or cause to become dust
synonym: destroy
fervid Marked by great passion or zeal: a fervid patriot.
Epic A very long narrative poem on a serious theme in dignified style. A great war, heroic journey, supernatural forces.
symbolism use of objects figures or colors to represent abstract thoughts
counterargument a challenge to a position; an opposing argument
belabor (v) to work on excessively; to thrash soundly
Comic Relief the inclusion of a humorous character scene
to contrast with the tragic elements of a work, thereby intensifying the next tragic event
couplet a pair of successive lines of verse, esp. a pair that rhyme and are of the same length.
Plot the action or sequence of events in a story, usually develops and grows.
non sequitur a fallacy of argument in which claims fail to connect logically (if you're really my friends, you'll lend me five hundred dollars)
synecdoche a figure of speech in which a part stands for the whole part
cuckold a man whose wife cheats on him with the implication that he cannot satisfy her physically
metaphor a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable
stream of consciousness a style of writing in which the author tries to reproduce the random flow of thoughts in the human mind