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Terms Definitions
est East
pylon gate
La Minatura WRIGHT
Gable Roof
Dormer windows Dutch window
MIT's Green Building PEI
UCLA Medical Center PEI
vihara a Buddhist monastery.
Bay Window A projecting window
Easy edges cardboard furniture GEHRY
Vivian Beaumont Theater EERO SAARINEN
cornice any prominent, continuous, horizontally projecting feature surmounting a wall or other construction
Neumann, Residenz at Wurzburg, Wurzburg (1744)
Schinkel, Neuer Packhof, Berlin (1820)
Burlington, Chiswick House, London (1725)
Renaissance • 15th-17th century, Florence, Italy, "rebirth" mainly Greek and Roman, 1st period to name themselves
Chartres Cathedral 1134; Gothic; Gothic Cathedral
Des Moines Art Center ELIEL SAARINEN
Arch a curved symmetrical structure spanning an opening and typically supporting the weight of a bridge, roof, or wall above it
apse a semicircular or polygonal termination or recess in a building, usually vaulted and used esp. at the end of a choir in a church.
balustrade a railing with supporting balusters.
Towns: have cathedrals at the center (spiritual, education, and civic centers); guilds have importance (donate windows that often depict biblical scenes or patron saints that describe the subject of the guild which was a fraternal society of craftsmen or merchants similar to a modern day union or frat); cathedral served vital social and economic functions
Piranesi, Il Campo Marzio dell'Antica Roma, Series of etchings (1780)
Wagner, Villa Wagner II, Vienna (1910)
Ledoux, House of Pleasure, unbuilt (1770)
Partition A structure that separates or divides
Corinthian Column most elaborate type of capital
Eyes that Do Not See LE CORBUSIER
Ionic Columns volute capitals, elaborately molded base, slimmer shafts than Doric, with deeper fluting
Texture the properties held and sensations caused by the external surface.
pergola an arbor formed of horizontal trelliswork supported on columns or posts, over which vines or other plants are trained.
vestibule a passage, hall, or antechamber between the outer door and the interior parts of a house or building.
concrete artificial, stonelike material made of sand and gravel
bracket an L-shaped support projecting from a wall (as to hold a shelf)
symmetrical having similarity in size, shape, and relative position of corresponding parts
Neo-Classical characteristic of a revival of an earlier classical style, this style was used in the world fair
Ornament a decoration used to embellish parts of a building or object. Can be carved from stone, wood or precious metals, formed with plaster or clay, or impressed onto a surface.
Art Nouveau Architecture that peaked in popularity at the turn of the 20th century (1890-1905).The name "Art Nouveau" is French for "new art".
Art Nouveau is an approach to design according to which artists should work on everything from architecture to furniture, making art part of everyday life.
corbeling layers of flat stones without mortar to form walls with each layer further inward that the previous
cupola A dome, usually small, topping a roof.
Caryatid sculptured female figure used as an architectural support, such as a column
Balloon Framing the first-floor joists rest directly on a sill plate and the second-floor joists bear on ribbon (ledger) strips set into the studs
minaret a lofty, often slender, tower or turret attached to a mosque, surrounded by or furnished with one or more balconies, from which the muezzin calls the people to prayer.
merlon (in a battlement) the solid part between two crenels.
frieze the part of a classical entablature between the architrave and the cornice, usually decorated with sculpture in low relief
nave the principal longitudinal area of a church, extending from the main entrance or narthex to the chancel, usually flanked by aisles of less height and breadth: generally used only by the congregation.
quincunx an arrangement of five objects, as trees, in a square or rectangle, one at each corner and one in the middle.
atrium a courtyard flanked or surrounded by porticoes
desert varnish dark, lustrous coating on surfaces exposed to weathering in the desert
Spanish Eclectic or Mediterranean Spanish-style architecture takes its cues from the missions of the early Spanish missionaries—such as the one at San Juan Capistrano in California
Notre Dame of Paris: has incredible flying buttresses; contains a 13th century statue of Mary (not contraposto; single curve; graceful)
Prarie Style Frank Lloyd Wright is essentially the "father" of this style. Style focused specifically on midwestern regionalism, with its horizontal, open floor plans representing the expansive prairie region. Though avoiding historical stylistic trends of the competing period styles, this style made subtle use of Japanese architecture, specifically that culture's use of horizontal space, flowing interior spaces, hipped roofs with broad eaves, and long bands of windows that apparently invoke the idea of Japanese screens (small, patterned pane glass). Though short-lived in the U.S., this is the first American style to be taken seriously in Europe.
Buttress a prop; a structure built against a wall for support
oculus the opening of the ceiling in the Pantheon
Engaged column a semi detached column exactly or slightly or slight more than semicircular in plan
Platform Framing the second floor rests directly on first-floor exterior walls.
castellated built like a castle, esp. with turrets and battlements.
madrasa a school or college, esp. a school attached to a mosque where young men study theology.
georgian of or pertaining to the period of British history from the accession of George I in 1714 to the death of George IV in 1830, or the four kings named George who reigned successively during this period.
facade the front of a building, esp. an imposing or decorative one; any side of a building facing a public way or space and finished accordingly
spandrel an area between the extradoses of two adjoining arches, or between the extrados of an arch and a perpendicular through the extrados at the springing line.
tuscan order Roman order that resembles the Doric order but without a fluted shaft
paradise an enclosure beside a church such as an atrium or cloister
Saucer dome a dome thats flatter than a true dome
Form Follows Function An author will mold the formal elements of work in such a way that they serve his purposes for the artistic work as a whole
acropolis the city on a hill in Greece, had number of temples
Gothic stained glass colored glass used to form decorative or pictorial designs
transverse arch a supporting arch or rib that runs across a vault from side to side, dividing the bays.
podium a low wall forming a base for a construction, as a colonnade or dome; the masonry supporting a classical temple
Pillar Statue Used at Temple of Ramses II at Abu Simbel
lunette an area of wall enframed by an arch or vault
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